NCERT Textbook: पाठ 5 - अक्षरों का महत्व, हिंदी, कक्षा - 6 Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Hindi (Vasant) Class 6

Class 6 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 5 - अक्षरों का महत्व, हिंदी, कक्षा - 6 Class 6 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


28 oLkar
v{kjksa dk egÙo
v{kjksa dh dgkuh---
;g iqLrd v{kjksa ls cuh gSA lkjh iqLrosaQ v{kjksa ls cuh gSaA rjg&rjg dh iqLrosaQA
rjg&rjg osQ v{kjA
nqfu;k esa vc rd djksM+ksa iqLrosaQ Ni pqdh gSaA g”kkjksa iqLrosaQ jks”k Nirh gSaA rjg&rjg
osQ v{kjksa esa g”kkjksa dh rknkn esa jks”k gh lekpkj&i=k Nirs jgrs gSaA bu lcosQ ewy esa gSa
v{kjA ge dYiuk Hkh ugha dj ldrs fd ;fn vkneh v{kjksa dks u tkurk] rks vkt bl
nqfu;k dk D;k gky gksrkA
dksbZ dg ldrk gS fd ge v{kjksa dks vukfn dky ls tkurs gSaA v{kjksa dk Kku gesa
fdlh bZ'oj ls feyk gSA
5
2020-21
Page 2


28 oLkar
v{kjksa dk egÙo
v{kjksa dh dgkuh---
;g iqLrd v{kjksa ls cuh gSA lkjh iqLrosaQ v{kjksa ls cuh gSaA rjg&rjg dh iqLrosaQA
rjg&rjg osQ v{kjA
nqfu;k esa vc rd djksM+ksa iqLrosaQ Ni pqdh gSaA g”kkjksa iqLrosaQ jks”k Nirh gSaA rjg&rjg
osQ v{kjksa esa g”kkjksa dh rknkn esa jks”k gh lekpkj&i=k Nirs jgrs gSaA bu lcosQ ewy esa gSa
v{kjA ge dYiuk Hkh ugha dj ldrs fd ;fn vkneh v{kjksa dks u tkurk] rks vkt bl
nqfu;k dk D;k gky gksrkA
dksbZ dg ldrk gS fd ge v{kjksa dks vukfn dky ls tkurs gSaA v{kjksa dk Kku gesa
fdlh bZ'oj ls feyk gSA
5
2020-21
v{kjksa dk egÙo  29
iqjkus ”kekus osQ yksx lpeqp gh lksprs Fks fd v{kjksa dh [kkst bZ'oj us dh gSA ij
vkt ge tkurs gSa fd v{kjksa dh [kkst fdlh bZ'oj us ugha] cfYd Lo;a vkneh us dh
gSA vc rks ge ;g Hkh tkurs gSa fd fdu v{kjksa dh [kkst fdl ns'k esa fdl le; gqbZ!
gekjh ;g èkjrh yxHkx ik¡p vjc lky iqjkuh gSA nks&rhu vjc lky rd bl
èkjrh ij fdlh izdkj osQ tho&tarq ugha FksA fiQj djksM+ksa lky rd osQoy tkuojksa vkSj
ouLifr;ksa dk gh bl èkjrh ij jkT; jgkA vkneh us bl èkjrh ij dksbZ ik¡p yk[k lky
igys tUe fy;kA èkhjs&èkhjs mldk fodkl gqvkA
dksbZ nl g”kkj lky igys vkneh us xk¡oksa dks clkuk 'kq: fd;kA og [ksrh djus
yxkA og iRFkjksa osQ vkS”kkjksa dk bLrseky djrk FkkA fiQj mlus rk¡cs vkSj dk¡ls osQ Hkh
vkS”kkj cuk,A
izkxSfrgkfld ekuo us lcls igys fp=kksa osQ ”kfj, vius Hkko O;Dr fd,A tSls]
i'kqvksa] if{k;ksa] vknfe;ksa vkfn osQ fp=kA bu fp=k&laosQrksa ls ckn esa Hkko&laosQr
vfLrRo esa vk,A tSls] ,d NksVs o`Ùk osQ pgq¡ vksj fdj.kksa dh |ksrd js[kk,¡ [khapus ij
og ^lw;Z* dk fp=k cu tkrk FkkA ckn esa ;gh fp=k ^rki* ;k ^èkwi* dk |ksrd cu x;kA
bl rjg vusd Hkko&laosQr vfLrRo esa vk,A
rc tkdj dkI
+
kQh ckn esa vkneh us v{kjksa dh [kkst dhA v{kjksa dh [kkst osQ
flyflys dks 'kq: gq, eqf'dy ls Ng g”kkj lky gq, gSaA osQoy Ng g”kkj lky!
f'kdkj dk n`'; (eè; Hkkjr)
2020-21
Page 3


28 oLkar
v{kjksa dk egÙo
v{kjksa dh dgkuh---
;g iqLrd v{kjksa ls cuh gSA lkjh iqLrosaQ v{kjksa ls cuh gSaA rjg&rjg dh iqLrosaQA
rjg&rjg osQ v{kjA
nqfu;k esa vc rd djksM+ksa iqLrosaQ Ni pqdh gSaA g”kkjksa iqLrosaQ jks”k Nirh gSaA rjg&rjg
osQ v{kjksa esa g”kkjksa dh rknkn esa jks”k gh lekpkj&i=k Nirs jgrs gSaA bu lcosQ ewy esa gSa
v{kjA ge dYiuk Hkh ugha dj ldrs fd ;fn vkneh v{kjksa dks u tkurk] rks vkt bl
nqfu;k dk D;k gky gksrkA
dksbZ dg ldrk gS fd ge v{kjksa dks vukfn dky ls tkurs gSaA v{kjksa dk Kku gesa
fdlh bZ'oj ls feyk gSA
5
2020-21
v{kjksa dk egÙo  29
iqjkus ”kekus osQ yksx lpeqp gh lksprs Fks fd v{kjksa dh [kkst bZ'oj us dh gSA ij
vkt ge tkurs gSa fd v{kjksa dh [kkst fdlh bZ'oj us ugha] cfYd Lo;a vkneh us dh
gSA vc rks ge ;g Hkh tkurs gSa fd fdu v{kjksa dh [kkst fdl ns'k esa fdl le; gqbZ!
gekjh ;g èkjrh yxHkx ik¡p vjc lky iqjkuh gSA nks&rhu vjc lky rd bl
èkjrh ij fdlh izdkj osQ tho&tarq ugha FksA fiQj djksM+ksa lky rd osQoy tkuojksa vkSj
ouLifr;ksa dk gh bl èkjrh ij jkT; jgkA vkneh us bl èkjrh ij dksbZ ik¡p yk[k lky
igys tUe fy;kA èkhjs&èkhjs mldk fodkl gqvkA
dksbZ nl g”kkj lky igys vkneh us xk¡oksa dks clkuk 'kq: fd;kA og [ksrh djus
yxkA og iRFkjksa osQ vkS”kkjksa dk bLrseky djrk FkkA fiQj mlus rk¡cs vkSj dk¡ls osQ Hkh
vkS”kkj cuk,A
izkxSfrgkfld ekuo us lcls igys fp=kksa osQ ”kfj, vius Hkko O;Dr fd,A tSls]
i'kqvksa] if{k;ksa] vknfe;ksa vkfn osQ fp=kA bu fp=k&laosQrksa ls ckn esa Hkko&laosQr
vfLrRo esa vk,A tSls] ,d NksVs o`Ùk osQ pgq¡ vksj fdj.kksa dh |ksrd js[kk,¡ [khapus ij
og ^lw;Z* dk fp=k cu tkrk FkkA ckn esa ;gh fp=k ^rki* ;k ^èkwi* dk |ksrd cu x;kA
bl rjg vusd Hkko&laosQr vfLrRo esa vk,A
rc tkdj dkI
+
kQh ckn esa vkneh us v{kjksa dh [kkst dhA v{kjksa dh [kkst osQ
flyflys dks 'kq: gq, eqf'dy ls Ng g”kkj lky gq, gSaA osQoy Ng g”kkj lky!
f'kdkj dk n`'; (eè; Hkkjr)
2020-21
30 oLkar
eè; vejhdk osQ vksaf”kcok vkfnokfl;ksa osQ fp=k
(nkb± vksj ls ckb± vksj dks Øe'k%) rwIk
+
Qku dk nsOkrk tks lkjs vkdk'k dks ?ksjrk gS]
uxkM+k] ia[kksa ls lq'kksfHkr uxkM+k] æks.kdkd] dkSok vkSj nok[kkus esa vknehA
v{kjksa dh [kkst osQ lkFk ,d u, ;qx dh 'kq#vkr gqbZA vkneh vius fopkj vkSj
vius fglkc&fdrkc dks fy[kdj j[kus yxkA rcls ekuo dks ^lH;* dgk tkus yxkA
vkneh us tcls fy[kuk 'kq: fd;k rcls ^bfrgkl* vkjaHk gqvkA fdlh Hkh dkSe ;k ns'k
dk bfrgkl rc ls 'kq: gksrk gS tcls vkneh osQ fy[ks gq, ys[k feyus yx tkrs gSaA
bl izdkj] bfrgkl dks 'kq: gq, eqf'dy ls Ng g”kkj lky gq, gSaA mlosQ igys osQ
dky dks ^izkxSfrgkfld dky* ;kuh bfrgkl osQ igys dk dky dgrs gSaA
vr% ge ns[krs gSa fd ;fn vkneh v{kjksa dh [kkst ugha djrk rks vkt ge bfrgkl
dks u tku ikrsA ge ;g u tku ikrs fd fiNys oqQN g”kkj lkyksa esa vkneh fdl izdkj
jgrk Fkk] D;k&D;k lksprk Fkk] dkSu&dkSu jktk gq, bR;kfnA
v{kjksa dh [kkst euq"; dh lcls cM+h [kkst gSA v{kjksa dh [kkst djus osQ ckn gh
euq"; vius fopkjksa dks fy[kdj j[kus yxkA bl izdkj] ,d ih<+h osQ Kku dk bLrseky
nwljh ih<+h djus yxhA v{kjksa dh [kkst djus osQ ckn fiNys Ng g”kkj lkyksa esa ekuo
tkfr dk rs”kh ls fodkl gqvkA
;g egÙo gS v{kjksa dk vkSj muls cuh gqbZ fyfi;ksa dkA vr% ge lcdks v{kjksa
dh dgkuh ekywe gksuh pkfg,A vkt ftu v{kjksa dks ge i<+rs ;k fy[krs gSa os dc
cuk, x,] dgk¡ cus vkSj fdlus cuk,] ;g tkuuk ”k:jh gS HkhA
q q q q q xq.kkdj eqys
2020-21
Page 4


28 oLkar
v{kjksa dk egÙo
v{kjksa dh dgkuh---
;g iqLrd v{kjksa ls cuh gSA lkjh iqLrosaQ v{kjksa ls cuh gSaA rjg&rjg dh iqLrosaQA
rjg&rjg osQ v{kjA
nqfu;k esa vc rd djksM+ksa iqLrosaQ Ni pqdh gSaA g”kkjksa iqLrosaQ jks”k Nirh gSaA rjg&rjg
osQ v{kjksa esa g”kkjksa dh rknkn esa jks”k gh lekpkj&i=k Nirs jgrs gSaA bu lcosQ ewy esa gSa
v{kjA ge dYiuk Hkh ugha dj ldrs fd ;fn vkneh v{kjksa dks u tkurk] rks vkt bl
nqfu;k dk D;k gky gksrkA
dksbZ dg ldrk gS fd ge v{kjksa dks vukfn dky ls tkurs gSaA v{kjksa dk Kku gesa
fdlh bZ'oj ls feyk gSA
5
2020-21
v{kjksa dk egÙo  29
iqjkus ”kekus osQ yksx lpeqp gh lksprs Fks fd v{kjksa dh [kkst bZ'oj us dh gSA ij
vkt ge tkurs gSa fd v{kjksa dh [kkst fdlh bZ'oj us ugha] cfYd Lo;a vkneh us dh
gSA vc rks ge ;g Hkh tkurs gSa fd fdu v{kjksa dh [kkst fdl ns'k esa fdl le; gqbZ!
gekjh ;g èkjrh yxHkx ik¡p vjc lky iqjkuh gSA nks&rhu vjc lky rd bl
èkjrh ij fdlh izdkj osQ tho&tarq ugha FksA fiQj djksM+ksa lky rd osQoy tkuojksa vkSj
ouLifr;ksa dk gh bl èkjrh ij jkT; jgkA vkneh us bl èkjrh ij dksbZ ik¡p yk[k lky
igys tUe fy;kA èkhjs&èkhjs mldk fodkl gqvkA
dksbZ nl g”kkj lky igys vkneh us xk¡oksa dks clkuk 'kq: fd;kA og [ksrh djus
yxkA og iRFkjksa osQ vkS”kkjksa dk bLrseky djrk FkkA fiQj mlus rk¡cs vkSj dk¡ls osQ Hkh
vkS”kkj cuk,A
izkxSfrgkfld ekuo us lcls igys fp=kksa osQ ”kfj, vius Hkko O;Dr fd,A tSls]
i'kqvksa] if{k;ksa] vknfe;ksa vkfn osQ fp=kA bu fp=k&laosQrksa ls ckn esa Hkko&laosQr
vfLrRo esa vk,A tSls] ,d NksVs o`Ùk osQ pgq¡ vksj fdj.kksa dh |ksrd js[kk,¡ [khapus ij
og ^lw;Z* dk fp=k cu tkrk FkkA ckn esa ;gh fp=k ^rki* ;k ^èkwi* dk |ksrd cu x;kA
bl rjg vusd Hkko&laosQr vfLrRo esa vk,A
rc tkdj dkI
+
kQh ckn esa vkneh us v{kjksa dh [kkst dhA v{kjksa dh [kkst osQ
flyflys dks 'kq: gq, eqf'dy ls Ng g”kkj lky gq, gSaA osQoy Ng g”kkj lky!
f'kdkj dk n`'; (eè; Hkkjr)
2020-21
30 oLkar
eè; vejhdk osQ vksaf”kcok vkfnokfl;ksa osQ fp=k
(nkb± vksj ls ckb± vksj dks Øe'k%) rwIk
+
Qku dk nsOkrk tks lkjs vkdk'k dks ?ksjrk gS]
uxkM+k] ia[kksa ls lq'kksfHkr uxkM+k] æks.kdkd] dkSok vkSj nok[kkus esa vknehA
v{kjksa dh [kkst osQ lkFk ,d u, ;qx dh 'kq#vkr gqbZA vkneh vius fopkj vkSj
vius fglkc&fdrkc dks fy[kdj j[kus yxkA rcls ekuo dks ^lH;* dgk tkus yxkA
vkneh us tcls fy[kuk 'kq: fd;k rcls ^bfrgkl* vkjaHk gqvkA fdlh Hkh dkSe ;k ns'k
dk bfrgkl rc ls 'kq: gksrk gS tcls vkneh osQ fy[ks gq, ys[k feyus yx tkrs gSaA
bl izdkj] bfrgkl dks 'kq: gq, eqf'dy ls Ng g”kkj lky gq, gSaA mlosQ igys osQ
dky dks ^izkxSfrgkfld dky* ;kuh bfrgkl osQ igys dk dky dgrs gSaA
vr% ge ns[krs gSa fd ;fn vkneh v{kjksa dh [kkst ugha djrk rks vkt ge bfrgkl
dks u tku ikrsA ge ;g u tku ikrs fd fiNys oqQN g”kkj lkyksa esa vkneh fdl izdkj
jgrk Fkk] D;k&D;k lksprk Fkk] dkSu&dkSu jktk gq, bR;kfnA
v{kjksa dh [kkst euq"; dh lcls cM+h [kkst gSA v{kjksa dh [kkst djus osQ ckn gh
euq"; vius fopkjksa dks fy[kdj j[kus yxkA bl izdkj] ,d ih<+h osQ Kku dk bLrseky
nwljh ih<+h djus yxhA v{kjksa dh [kkst djus osQ ckn fiNys Ng g”kkj lkyksa esa ekuo
tkfr dk rs”kh ls fodkl gqvkA
;g egÙo gS v{kjksa dk vkSj muls cuh gqbZ fyfi;ksa dkA vr% ge lcdks v{kjksa
dh dgkuh ekywe gksuh pkfg,A vkt ftu v{kjksa dks ge i<+rs ;k fy[krs gSa os dc
cuk, x,] dgk¡ cus vkSj fdlus cuk,] ;g tkuuk ”k:jh gS HkhA
q q q q q xq.kkdj eqys
2020-21
v{kjksa dk egÙo  31
iz'u&vH;kl
fucaèk ls
1- ikB esa ,slk D;ksa dgk x;k gS fd v{kjksa osQ lkFk ,d u, ;qx dh 'kq#vkr gqbZ\
2- v{kjksa dh [kkst dk flyflyk dc vkSj oSQls 'kq: gqvk\ ikB i<+dj mÙkj fy[kksA
3- v{kjksa osQ Kku ls igys euq"; viuh ckr dks nwj&njk”k osQ bykdksa rd igq¡pkus
osQ fy, fdu&fdu ekè;eksa dk lgkjk ysrk Fkk\
fucaèk ls vkxs
1- v{kjksa osQ egÙo dh rjg èofu osQ egÙo osQ ckjs esa ftruk tkurs gks] fy[kksA
2- ekSf[kd Hkk"kk dk thou esa D;k egÙo gksrk gS\ bl ij f'k{kd osQ lkFk d{kk
esa ckrphr djksA
3- gj oSKkfud [kkst osQ lkFk fdlh&u&fdlh oSKkfud dk uke tqM+k gksrk gS]
ysfdu v{kjksa osQ lkFk ,slk ugha gS] D;ksa\ irk djks vkSj f'k{kd dks crkvksA
4- ,d Hkk"kk dks dbZ fyfi;ksa esa fy[kk tk ldrk gSA mlh rjg dbZ Hkk"kkvksa dks
,d gh fyfi esa fy[kk tk ldrk gSA uhps ,d gh ckr dks vyx&vyx Hkk"kkvksa
esa fy[kk x;k gSA bUgsa è;ku ls ns[kks vkSj buesa fn, x, o.kks± dh enn ls dksbZ
u;k 'kCn cukus dh dksf'k'k djksµ
D;k 'kkunkj fnu gS! ¯gnh mnwZ
iatkch ck¡Xyk
mfM+;k rfey
rsyqxw
vuqeku vkSj dYiuk
1- iqjkus ”kekus esa yksx ;g D;ksa lksprs Fks fd v{kj vkSj Hkk"kk dh [kkst bZ'oj us
dh Fkh\ vuqeku yxkvks vkSj crkvksA
2020-21
Page 5


28 oLkar
v{kjksa dk egÙo
v{kjksa dh dgkuh---
;g iqLrd v{kjksa ls cuh gSA lkjh iqLrosaQ v{kjksa ls cuh gSaA rjg&rjg dh iqLrosaQA
rjg&rjg osQ v{kjA
nqfu;k esa vc rd djksM+ksa iqLrosaQ Ni pqdh gSaA g”kkjksa iqLrosaQ jks”k Nirh gSaA rjg&rjg
osQ v{kjksa esa g”kkjksa dh rknkn esa jks”k gh lekpkj&i=k Nirs jgrs gSaA bu lcosQ ewy esa gSa
v{kjA ge dYiuk Hkh ugha dj ldrs fd ;fn vkneh v{kjksa dks u tkurk] rks vkt bl
nqfu;k dk D;k gky gksrkA
dksbZ dg ldrk gS fd ge v{kjksa dks vukfn dky ls tkurs gSaA v{kjksa dk Kku gesa
fdlh bZ'oj ls feyk gSA
5
2020-21
v{kjksa dk egÙo  29
iqjkus ”kekus osQ yksx lpeqp gh lksprs Fks fd v{kjksa dh [kkst bZ'oj us dh gSA ij
vkt ge tkurs gSa fd v{kjksa dh [kkst fdlh bZ'oj us ugha] cfYd Lo;a vkneh us dh
gSA vc rks ge ;g Hkh tkurs gSa fd fdu v{kjksa dh [kkst fdl ns'k esa fdl le; gqbZ!
gekjh ;g èkjrh yxHkx ik¡p vjc lky iqjkuh gSA nks&rhu vjc lky rd bl
èkjrh ij fdlh izdkj osQ tho&tarq ugha FksA fiQj djksM+ksa lky rd osQoy tkuojksa vkSj
ouLifr;ksa dk gh bl èkjrh ij jkT; jgkA vkneh us bl èkjrh ij dksbZ ik¡p yk[k lky
igys tUe fy;kA èkhjs&èkhjs mldk fodkl gqvkA
dksbZ nl g”kkj lky igys vkneh us xk¡oksa dks clkuk 'kq: fd;kA og [ksrh djus
yxkA og iRFkjksa osQ vkS”kkjksa dk bLrseky djrk FkkA fiQj mlus rk¡cs vkSj dk¡ls osQ Hkh
vkS”kkj cuk,A
izkxSfrgkfld ekuo us lcls igys fp=kksa osQ ”kfj, vius Hkko O;Dr fd,A tSls]
i'kqvksa] if{k;ksa] vknfe;ksa vkfn osQ fp=kA bu fp=k&laosQrksa ls ckn esa Hkko&laosQr
vfLrRo esa vk,A tSls] ,d NksVs o`Ùk osQ pgq¡ vksj fdj.kksa dh |ksrd js[kk,¡ [khapus ij
og ^lw;Z* dk fp=k cu tkrk FkkA ckn esa ;gh fp=k ^rki* ;k ^èkwi* dk |ksrd cu x;kA
bl rjg vusd Hkko&laosQr vfLrRo esa vk,A
rc tkdj dkI
+
kQh ckn esa vkneh us v{kjksa dh [kkst dhA v{kjksa dh [kkst osQ
flyflys dks 'kq: gq, eqf'dy ls Ng g”kkj lky gq, gSaA osQoy Ng g”kkj lky!
f'kdkj dk n`'; (eè; Hkkjr)
2020-21
30 oLkar
eè; vejhdk osQ vksaf”kcok vkfnokfl;ksa osQ fp=k
(nkb± vksj ls ckb± vksj dks Øe'k%) rwIk
+
Qku dk nsOkrk tks lkjs vkdk'k dks ?ksjrk gS]
uxkM+k] ia[kksa ls lq'kksfHkr uxkM+k] æks.kdkd] dkSok vkSj nok[kkus esa vknehA
v{kjksa dh [kkst osQ lkFk ,d u, ;qx dh 'kq#vkr gqbZA vkneh vius fopkj vkSj
vius fglkc&fdrkc dks fy[kdj j[kus yxkA rcls ekuo dks ^lH;* dgk tkus yxkA
vkneh us tcls fy[kuk 'kq: fd;k rcls ^bfrgkl* vkjaHk gqvkA fdlh Hkh dkSe ;k ns'k
dk bfrgkl rc ls 'kq: gksrk gS tcls vkneh osQ fy[ks gq, ys[k feyus yx tkrs gSaA
bl izdkj] bfrgkl dks 'kq: gq, eqf'dy ls Ng g”kkj lky gq, gSaA mlosQ igys osQ
dky dks ^izkxSfrgkfld dky* ;kuh bfrgkl osQ igys dk dky dgrs gSaA
vr% ge ns[krs gSa fd ;fn vkneh v{kjksa dh [kkst ugha djrk rks vkt ge bfrgkl
dks u tku ikrsA ge ;g u tku ikrs fd fiNys oqQN g”kkj lkyksa esa vkneh fdl izdkj
jgrk Fkk] D;k&D;k lksprk Fkk] dkSu&dkSu jktk gq, bR;kfnA
v{kjksa dh [kkst euq"; dh lcls cM+h [kkst gSA v{kjksa dh [kkst djus osQ ckn gh
euq"; vius fopkjksa dks fy[kdj j[kus yxkA bl izdkj] ,d ih<+h osQ Kku dk bLrseky
nwljh ih<+h djus yxhA v{kjksa dh [kkst djus osQ ckn fiNys Ng g”kkj lkyksa esa ekuo
tkfr dk rs”kh ls fodkl gqvkA
;g egÙo gS v{kjksa dk vkSj muls cuh gqbZ fyfi;ksa dkA vr% ge lcdks v{kjksa
dh dgkuh ekywe gksuh pkfg,A vkt ftu v{kjksa dks ge i<+rs ;k fy[krs gSa os dc
cuk, x,] dgk¡ cus vkSj fdlus cuk,] ;g tkuuk ”k:jh gS HkhA
q q q q q xq.kkdj eqys
2020-21
v{kjksa dk egÙo  31
iz'u&vH;kl
fucaèk ls
1- ikB esa ,slk D;ksa dgk x;k gS fd v{kjksa osQ lkFk ,d u, ;qx dh 'kq#vkr gqbZ\
2- v{kjksa dh [kkst dk flyflyk dc vkSj oSQls 'kq: gqvk\ ikB i<+dj mÙkj fy[kksA
3- v{kjksa osQ Kku ls igys euq"; viuh ckr dks nwj&njk”k osQ bykdksa rd igq¡pkus
osQ fy, fdu&fdu ekè;eksa dk lgkjk ysrk Fkk\
fucaèk ls vkxs
1- v{kjksa osQ egÙo dh rjg èofu osQ egÙo osQ ckjs esa ftruk tkurs gks] fy[kksA
2- ekSf[kd Hkk"kk dk thou esa D;k egÙo gksrk gS\ bl ij f'k{kd osQ lkFk d{kk
esa ckrphr djksA
3- gj oSKkfud [kkst osQ lkFk fdlh&u&fdlh oSKkfud dk uke tqM+k gksrk gS]
ysfdu v{kjksa osQ lkFk ,slk ugha gS] D;ksa\ irk djks vkSj f'k{kd dks crkvksA
4- ,d Hkk"kk dks dbZ fyfi;ksa esa fy[kk tk ldrk gSA mlh rjg dbZ Hkk"kkvksa dks
,d gh fyfi esa fy[kk tk ldrk gSA uhps ,d gh ckr dks vyx&vyx Hkk"kkvksa
esa fy[kk x;k gSA bUgsa è;ku ls ns[kks vkSj buesa fn, x, o.kks± dh enn ls dksbZ
u;k 'kCn cukus dh dksf'k'k djksµ
D;k 'kkunkj fnu gS! ¯gnh mnwZ
iatkch ck¡Xyk
mfM+;k rfey
rsyqxw
vuqeku vkSj dYiuk
1- iqjkus ”kekus esa yksx ;g D;ksa lksprs Fks fd v{kj vkSj Hkk"kk dh [kkst bZ'oj us
dh Fkh\ vuqeku yxkvks vkSj crkvksA
2020-21
32 oLkar
2- v{kjksa osQ egÙo osQ lkFk gh euq"; osQ thou esa xhr] u`R; vkSj [ksyksa dk Hkh
egÙo gSA d{kk esa lewg esa ckrphr djosQ buosQ egÙo osQ ckjs esa tkudkjh
bdëh djks vkSj d{kk esa izLrqr djksA
3- D;k gksrk vxj---
(d) gekjs ikl v{kj u gksrs
([k) Hkk"kk u gksrh
Hkk"kk dh ckr
1- vukfn dky esa js[kkafdr 'kCn dk vFkZ gS ftldh dksbZ 'kq#vkr ;k vkfn u gksA
;g 'kCn ewy 'kCn osQ 'kq: esa oqQN tksM+us ls cuk gSA bls milxZ dgrs gSaA bu
milxks± dks vyx djosQ ewy 'kCnksa dks fy[kdj mudk vFkZ le>ksµ
vliQy
----------------------
vn`';
----------------------
vuqfpr
----------------------
vuko';d
----------------------
vifjfpr
----------------------
vfuPNk
----------------------
2- oSls rks la[;k,¡ laKk gksrh gSa ij dHkh&dHkh ;s fo'ks"k.k dk dke Hkh djrh gSa]
tSls uhps fy[ks okD; esaµ
l gekjh èkjrh yxHkx ik¡p vjc lky iqjkuh gSA
l dksbZ nl g”kkj lky igys vkneh us xk¡oksa dks clkuk 'kq: fd;kA
bu okD;ksa esa js[kkafdr va'k ^lky* laKk osQ ckjs esa fo'ks"k tkudkjh ns jgs gSa]
blfy, la[;kokpd fo'ks"k.k gSaA la[;kokpd fo'ks"k.k dk bLrseky mUgha ph”kksa
osQ fy, gksrk gS ftUgsa fxuk tk losQ] tSlsµpkj larjs] ik¡p cPps] rhu 'kgj
vkfnA ij ;fn fdlh ph”k dks fxuk ugha tk ldrk rks mlosQ lkFk la[;k okys
'kCnksa osQ vykok ekirksy vkfn osQ 'kCnksa dk bLrseky Hkh fd;k tkrk gSµ
l rhu tx ikuh
l ,d fdyks phuh
;gk¡ js[kkafdr fgLls ifjek.kokpd fo'ks"k.k gSa D;ksafd budk laca/ ekirksy ls
gSA vc vkxs fy[ks gq, dks i<+ksA [kkyh LFkkuksa esa ckDl esa fn, x, ekirksy osQ
mfpr 'kCn Nk¡Vdj fy[kksA
2020-21
Read More
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