NCERT Textbook: पाठ 5 - किस तरह आखिरकार मैं हिंदी में आया, कृतिका, हिंदी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 5 - किस तरह आखिरकार मैं हिंदी में आया, कृतिका, हिंदी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


,d ,slh ckrµ,d ,slk tqeyk
1
µeq>ls dg fn;k x;k Fkk fd
eSa ftl gkyr esa Fkk] mlh gkyr esa vkSj tks oqQN ik¡p&lkr #i;s esjs ikl Fks] mUgha
dks ysdj fnYyh osQ fy, igyh gh cl tks eq>s feyrh Fkh] pqipki mlh ij p<+k
vkSj py fn;kA
r; dj fy;k fd gk¡] vc eq>s tks Hkh dke djuk gS] djuk 'kq: dj nsuk
pkfg,! fny esa] fnekx esa] ;gh lek;k gqvk Fkk fd og dkeµisa¯Vx gS_ blh dh
f'k{kk vc eq>s ysuh gS vkSj I
+
kQkSjuA mdhy vkVZ LowQy dk uke Hkj eSaus lqu j[kk
Fkk_ fnYyh esa dgk¡ gS] ;g irk u Fkk---[kSj] fdLlk eq[rlj
2
 fd esjk bfErgku
ysdj vkSj esjk 'kkSd ns[kdj eq>s fcyk&I
+
kQhl osQ HkrhZ dj fy;k x;kA
eSaus nks&rhu txgksa osQ ckn djksy ckx esa ycs&lM+d
3
 ,d dejk fy;k
vkSj jks”kkuk ogk¡ ls dukV Iysl dks lqcg dh Dykl esa igq¡pus yxkA
1- okD; 2- laf{kIr] lkj:i 3- lM+d osQ fdukjs
fdl rjg vkf[kjdkj eSa fganh esa vk;k
5
•
'ke'ksj cgknqj ¯lg
]
•
Page 2


,d ,slh ckrµ,d ,slk tqeyk
1
µeq>ls dg fn;k x;k Fkk fd
eSa ftl gkyr esa Fkk] mlh gkyr esa vkSj tks oqQN ik¡p&lkr #i;s esjs ikl Fks] mUgha
dks ysdj fnYyh osQ fy, igyh gh cl tks eq>s feyrh Fkh] pqipki mlh ij p<+k
vkSj py fn;kA
r; dj fy;k fd gk¡] vc eq>s tks Hkh dke djuk gS] djuk 'kq: dj nsuk
pkfg,! fny esa] fnekx esa] ;gh lek;k gqvk Fkk fd og dkeµisa¯Vx gS_ blh dh
f'k{kk vc eq>s ysuh gS vkSj I
+
kQkSjuA mdhy vkVZ LowQy dk uke Hkj eSaus lqu j[kk
Fkk_ fnYyh esa dgk¡ gS] ;g irk u Fkk---[kSj] fdLlk eq[rlj
2
 fd esjk bfErgku
ysdj vkSj esjk 'kkSd ns[kdj eq>s fcyk&I
+
kQhl osQ HkrhZ dj fy;k x;kA
eSaus nks&rhu txgksa osQ ckn djksy ckx esa ycs&lM+d
3
 ,d dejk fy;k
vkSj jks”kkuk ogk¡ ls dukV Iysl dks lqcg dh Dykl esa igq¡pus yxkA
1- okD; 2- laf{kIr] lkj:i 3- lM+d osQ fdukjs
fdl rjg vkf[kjdkj eSa fganh esa vk;k
5
•
'ke'ksj cgknqj ¯lg
]
•
50          Ñfrdk
'ke'ksj dh ,d dykÑfr
Page 3


,d ,slh ckrµ,d ,slk tqeyk
1
µeq>ls dg fn;k x;k Fkk fd
eSa ftl gkyr esa Fkk] mlh gkyr esa vkSj tks oqQN ik¡p&lkr #i;s esjs ikl Fks] mUgha
dks ysdj fnYyh osQ fy, igyh gh cl tks eq>s feyrh Fkh] pqipki mlh ij p<+k
vkSj py fn;kA
r; dj fy;k fd gk¡] vc eq>s tks Hkh dke djuk gS] djuk 'kq: dj nsuk
pkfg,! fny esa] fnekx esa] ;gh lek;k gqvk Fkk fd og dkeµisa¯Vx gS_ blh dh
f'k{kk vc eq>s ysuh gS vkSj I
+
kQkSjuA mdhy vkVZ LowQy dk uke Hkj eSaus lqu j[kk
Fkk_ fnYyh esa dgk¡ gS] ;g irk u Fkk---[kSj] fdLlk eq[rlj
2
 fd esjk bfErgku
ysdj vkSj esjk 'kkSd ns[kdj eq>s fcyk&I
+
kQhl osQ HkrhZ dj fy;k x;kA
eSaus nks&rhu txgksa osQ ckn djksy ckx esa ycs&lM+d
3
 ,d dejk fy;k
vkSj jks”kkuk ogk¡ ls dukV Iysl dks lqcg dh Dykl esa igq¡pus yxkA
1- okD; 2- laf{kIr] lkj:i 3- lM+d osQ fdukjs
fdl rjg vkf[kjdkj eSa fganh esa vk;k
5
•
'ke'ksj cgknqj ¯lg
]
•
50          Ñfrdk
'ke'ksj dh ,d dykÑfr
fdl rjg vkf[kjdkj eSa ¯gnh esa vk;k          51
jkLrs esa dHkh&dHkh pyrs&pyrs Mªkbax Hkh cukrk vkSj dHkh&dHkh ;k lkFk&lkFk
dfork,¡ Hkh fy[krkA bldk ”kjk Hkh [k;ky ;k ogeks&xqeku u Fkk fd ;s dfork,¡
dHkh izdkf'kr gksaxhA cl] eu dh ekSt ;k rjax ;k dksbZ Vhl&lh FkhA pquk¡ps
1
vaxzs”kh esaµtSlh Hkh oqQN vkSj mnwZ esa (x”ky
2
 osQ 'ksj
3
) fy[krkA vkSj gj ph”k
vkSj gj psgjs dks cxkSj ns[krk fd mlesa viuh Mªkbax osQ fy, D;k rRo [kkst
ldrk gw¡ ;k ik ldrk g¡w ;k ik low¡QxkA vk¡[ksa Fkd tkrh Fkha] cgqr Fkd tkrh Fkha]
exj ml [kkst dk] gj ph”k vkSj psgjs vkSj n`'; ;k fLFkfr vkSj xfr dk] viuk
fof'k"V vkd"kZ.k de u gksrk FkkA cl vk¡[kksa dh gh etcwjh FkhA dHkh&dHkh
rst cgknqj (esjs HkkbZ) oqQN #i;s Hkst nsrs Fks ;k lkbucksMZ isaV djosQ oqQN lgkjk
dj ysrk FkkA esjs lkFk ,d i=kdkj egksn; Hkh vkdj jgus yxs Fks_ egkjk"Vªh_
csdkj Fks] rhl&pkyhl osQ chp esa_ og bykgkckn ;wfuoflZVh osQ gksLVyksa dk
dHkh&dHkh f”kØ djrsA ^bykgkckn] ekbZ ohdusl!*
vanj ls esjk ân; cgqr mf}Xu jgrkA ;|fi vius dks n`';ksa vkSj fp=kksa esa
[kks nsus dh eq>esa 'kfDr Fkh_ exj vanj ls nq[kh FkkA iRuh dk nsgkar] Vh-ch- ls]
gks pqdk FkkA fnYyh dh lM+dksa ij vosQykA ,dne vosQykA vkSj cl]
?kwerk&?kwerk] dfork,¡ ?klhVrk ;k LosQp_ vkSj viuh [kksyh esa vkdj---viuk
vosQykiu [kksdj cksj gksrkA
esjs dfo fe=k vkSj ch-,- osQ lgikBh ujsanz 'kekZ ,e-,- dj pqosQ Fks vkSj
fnYyh esa ,d ckj muls eqdkyr Hkh gqbZ FkhA irk ugha og dkaxzsl dh jktuhfr
esa layXu Fks ;k dksbZ i=kdkjh olhyk
4
 [kkst jgs FksA rHkh ,d ckj cPpu LVwfM;ks
esa vk,A Dykl [kRe gks pqdh FkhA eSa tk pqdk FkkA og ,d uksV NksM+ x, esjs
fy,A eq>s ugha ;kn fd mlesa D;k fy[kk Fkk_ exj og ,d cgqr eq[rlj&lk
vkSj vPNk&lk uksV FkkA eSaus dgha cgqr xgjkbZ ls vius dks ÑrK eglwl fd;kA
1- vr%] blfy,] bl izdkj 2- I
+
kQkjlh vkSj mnwZ esa eqDrd dkO; dk ,d izdkj 3- x”ky osQ nks
pj.k 4- ”kfj;k] lgkjk
•
Page 4


,d ,slh ckrµ,d ,slk tqeyk
1
µeq>ls dg fn;k x;k Fkk fd
eSa ftl gkyr esa Fkk] mlh gkyr esa vkSj tks oqQN ik¡p&lkr #i;s esjs ikl Fks] mUgha
dks ysdj fnYyh osQ fy, igyh gh cl tks eq>s feyrh Fkh] pqipki mlh ij p<+k
vkSj py fn;kA
r; dj fy;k fd gk¡] vc eq>s tks Hkh dke djuk gS] djuk 'kq: dj nsuk
pkfg,! fny esa] fnekx esa] ;gh lek;k gqvk Fkk fd og dkeµisa¯Vx gS_ blh dh
f'k{kk vc eq>s ysuh gS vkSj I
+
kQkSjuA mdhy vkVZ LowQy dk uke Hkj eSaus lqu j[kk
Fkk_ fnYyh esa dgk¡ gS] ;g irk u Fkk---[kSj] fdLlk eq[rlj
2
 fd esjk bfErgku
ysdj vkSj esjk 'kkSd ns[kdj eq>s fcyk&I
+
kQhl osQ HkrhZ dj fy;k x;kA
eSaus nks&rhu txgksa osQ ckn djksy ckx esa ycs&lM+d
3
 ,d dejk fy;k
vkSj jks”kkuk ogk¡ ls dukV Iysl dks lqcg dh Dykl esa igq¡pus yxkA
1- okD; 2- laf{kIr] lkj:i 3- lM+d osQ fdukjs
fdl rjg vkf[kjdkj eSa fganh esa vk;k
5
•
'ke'ksj cgknqj ¯lg
]
•
50          Ñfrdk
'ke'ksj dh ,d dykÑfr
fdl rjg vkf[kjdkj eSa ¯gnh esa vk;k          51
jkLrs esa dHkh&dHkh pyrs&pyrs Mªkbax Hkh cukrk vkSj dHkh&dHkh ;k lkFk&lkFk
dfork,¡ Hkh fy[krkA bldk ”kjk Hkh [k;ky ;k ogeks&xqeku u Fkk fd ;s dfork,¡
dHkh izdkf'kr gksaxhA cl] eu dh ekSt ;k rjax ;k dksbZ Vhl&lh FkhA pquk¡ps
1
vaxzs”kh esaµtSlh Hkh oqQN vkSj mnwZ esa (x”ky
2
 osQ 'ksj
3
) fy[krkA vkSj gj ph”k
vkSj gj psgjs dks cxkSj ns[krk fd mlesa viuh Mªkbax osQ fy, D;k rRo [kkst
ldrk gw¡ ;k ik ldrk g¡w ;k ik low¡QxkA vk¡[ksa Fkd tkrh Fkha] cgqr Fkd tkrh Fkha]
exj ml [kkst dk] gj ph”k vkSj psgjs vkSj n`'; ;k fLFkfr vkSj xfr dk] viuk
fof'k"V vkd"kZ.k de u gksrk FkkA cl vk¡[kksa dh gh etcwjh FkhA dHkh&dHkh
rst cgknqj (esjs HkkbZ) oqQN #i;s Hkst nsrs Fks ;k lkbucksMZ isaV djosQ oqQN lgkjk
dj ysrk FkkA esjs lkFk ,d i=kdkj egksn; Hkh vkdj jgus yxs Fks_ egkjk"Vªh_
csdkj Fks] rhl&pkyhl osQ chp esa_ og bykgkckn ;wfuoflZVh osQ gksLVyksa dk
dHkh&dHkh f”kØ djrsA ^bykgkckn] ekbZ ohdusl!*
vanj ls esjk ân; cgqr mf}Xu jgrkA ;|fi vius dks n`';ksa vkSj fp=kksa esa
[kks nsus dh eq>esa 'kfDr Fkh_ exj vanj ls nq[kh FkkA iRuh dk nsgkar] Vh-ch- ls]
gks pqdk FkkA fnYyh dh lM+dksa ij vosQykA ,dne vosQykA vkSj cl]
?kwerk&?kwerk] dfork,¡ ?klhVrk ;k LosQp_ vkSj viuh [kksyh esa vkdj---viuk
vosQykiu [kksdj cksj gksrkA
esjs dfo fe=k vkSj ch-,- osQ lgikBh ujsanz 'kekZ ,e-,- dj pqosQ Fks vkSj
fnYyh esa ,d ckj muls eqdkyr Hkh gqbZ FkhA irk ugha og dkaxzsl dh jktuhfr
esa layXu Fks ;k dksbZ i=kdkjh olhyk
4
 [kkst jgs FksA rHkh ,d ckj cPpu LVwfM;ks
esa vk,A Dykl [kRe gks pqdh FkhA eSa tk pqdk FkkA og ,d uksV NksM+ x, esjs
fy,A eq>s ugha ;kn fd mlesa D;k fy[kk Fkk_ exj og ,d cgqr eq[rlj&lk
vkSj vPNk&lk uksV FkkA eSaus dgha cgqr xgjkbZ ls vius dks ÑrK eglwl fd;kA
1- vr%] blfy,] bl izdkj 2- I
+
kQkjlh vkSj mnwZ esa eqDrd dkO; dk ,d izdkj 3- x”ky osQ nks
pj.k 4- ”kfj;k] lgkjk
•
52          Ñfrdk
esjh cgqr gh cqjh vknr gS] i=kksa dk tokc u nsukA pkgs lSdM+ksa tokc ck”k i=kksa
osQ eu&gh&eu fy[k&fy[kdj gok esa lk¡l osQ lkFk fc[kjkrk jg¡w dbZ fnuksa
rd---! rks esjs bl ekSu dh ^miyfCèk* esjh ÑrKrk dks O;Dr djrh gqbZ] ,d
dfork mHkjh] vaxzs”kh esa (v-iQlksl!)] ,d lkWusV
1
 (og Hkh vrqdkar eqDrNan
2
esa m- iQ!) exj mudks fy[k ysus osQ ckn eSaus viuk tokc mudks xks;k
3
 Hkst fn;kA
dbZ eghus fudy x, vkSj ?kVukpØ ls eSa nsgjknwu vk x;kA viuh llqjky
dh osQfeLV~Lk ,aM MªfxLV~l dh nqdku ij oaQikmaMjh lh[kus yxk vkSj vPNh&[kklh
egkjr eq>s Vs<+s&es<+s] vtwck bckjr
4
 esa fy[ks uqL[kksa dks i<+ ldus dh gks xbZA
mlh o"kZ xq#oj Jh 'kkjnkpj.k th mdhy us nsgjknwu esa gh isa¯Vx Dykl [kksy
yh Fkh] esjs lkSHkkX; lsA (;g esjs nsgjknwu ykSVus dk cgkuk Fkk) og can gks xbZ
rks eSa vdlj lksprk fd dfork vkSj dyk dh nqfu;k esaµtks vc rd esjh ,dkar
nqfu;k jgh Fkh] fdlh ls mls xj”k ugha vkSj vc Hkh cgqr oqQN oSlh gh ckr
gSµvc eSa dgk¡ gw¡\ esjh vkarfjd fnypfLi;ksa ls fdlh dks fnypLih ugha Fkh
vkSj eSa eq¡g [kksydj oqQN ugha dg ldrk Fkk fdlh lsA vius ls cM+ksa dk]
xq#tuksa dk vnc&fygk”k] muosQ lkeus eq¡g u [kksyuk] 'kk;n esjh ?kq^h esa iM+k
FkkA viuh cgqr gh vkarfjd ,dkafrdrk
5
 dk eSa vH;klh rks gks x;k Fkk] exj
vanj ls cgqr f[kUu vkSj nq[kh Fkk vkSj ifjfLFkfr osQ lkFk lkeatL; cSBkus dh
dksf'k'k dj jgk FkkA drZO;] tgk¡ rd gks ldrk FkkA---,sls esa u tkus D;ksa ,d
fnu] ;ksa gh] ogh lkWusV eSaus cPpu dks iksLV dj fn;kA cPpu xfeZ;ksa dh Nqf^;ksa
esa (lu~ 37) nsgjknwu vk,] czteksgu xqIr osQ ;gk¡ BgjsA bfÙkI
+
kQkd
6
 nsf[k, fd
;gh (vc MkWDVj) czteksgu xqIr esjs HkkbZ osQ fe=k vkSj muosQ firk th esjs
firk th osQ iM+kslh vkSj fe=k jg pqosQ Fks] nsgjknwu esa ghA czteksgu osQ lkFk
cPpu fMLisaljh esa vkdj eq>ls feys] ,d fnu esgeku Hkh jgsA
1- ;wjksih; dfork dk ,d yksdfiz; Nan ftldk iz;ksx ¯gnh dfo;ksa us Hkh fd;k gS 2- ijaijkxr
Nan osQ caèku ls eqDr dfork 3- ekuks] tSls 4- okD; dh cukoV 5- ,dkdhiu 6- la;ksx
•
Page 5


,d ,slh ckrµ,d ,slk tqeyk
1
µeq>ls dg fn;k x;k Fkk fd
eSa ftl gkyr esa Fkk] mlh gkyr esa vkSj tks oqQN ik¡p&lkr #i;s esjs ikl Fks] mUgha
dks ysdj fnYyh osQ fy, igyh gh cl tks eq>s feyrh Fkh] pqipki mlh ij p<+k
vkSj py fn;kA
r; dj fy;k fd gk¡] vc eq>s tks Hkh dke djuk gS] djuk 'kq: dj nsuk
pkfg,! fny esa] fnekx esa] ;gh lek;k gqvk Fkk fd og dkeµisa¯Vx gS_ blh dh
f'k{kk vc eq>s ysuh gS vkSj I
+
kQkSjuA mdhy vkVZ LowQy dk uke Hkj eSaus lqu j[kk
Fkk_ fnYyh esa dgk¡ gS] ;g irk u Fkk---[kSj] fdLlk eq[rlj
2
 fd esjk bfErgku
ysdj vkSj esjk 'kkSd ns[kdj eq>s fcyk&I
+
kQhl osQ HkrhZ dj fy;k x;kA
eSaus nks&rhu txgksa osQ ckn djksy ckx esa ycs&lM+d
3
 ,d dejk fy;k
vkSj jks”kkuk ogk¡ ls dukV Iysl dks lqcg dh Dykl esa igq¡pus yxkA
1- okD; 2- laf{kIr] lkj:i 3- lM+d osQ fdukjs
fdl rjg vkf[kjdkj eSa fganh esa vk;k
5
•
'ke'ksj cgknqj ¯lg
]
•
50          Ñfrdk
'ke'ksj dh ,d dykÑfr
fdl rjg vkf[kjdkj eSa ¯gnh esa vk;k          51
jkLrs esa dHkh&dHkh pyrs&pyrs Mªkbax Hkh cukrk vkSj dHkh&dHkh ;k lkFk&lkFk
dfork,¡ Hkh fy[krkA bldk ”kjk Hkh [k;ky ;k ogeks&xqeku u Fkk fd ;s dfork,¡
dHkh izdkf'kr gksaxhA cl] eu dh ekSt ;k rjax ;k dksbZ Vhl&lh FkhA pquk¡ps
1
vaxzs”kh esaµtSlh Hkh oqQN vkSj mnwZ esa (x”ky
2
 osQ 'ksj
3
) fy[krkA vkSj gj ph”k
vkSj gj psgjs dks cxkSj ns[krk fd mlesa viuh Mªkbax osQ fy, D;k rRo [kkst
ldrk gw¡ ;k ik ldrk g¡w ;k ik low¡QxkA vk¡[ksa Fkd tkrh Fkha] cgqr Fkd tkrh Fkha]
exj ml [kkst dk] gj ph”k vkSj psgjs vkSj n`'; ;k fLFkfr vkSj xfr dk] viuk
fof'k"V vkd"kZ.k de u gksrk FkkA cl vk¡[kksa dh gh etcwjh FkhA dHkh&dHkh
rst cgknqj (esjs HkkbZ) oqQN #i;s Hkst nsrs Fks ;k lkbucksMZ isaV djosQ oqQN lgkjk
dj ysrk FkkA esjs lkFk ,d i=kdkj egksn; Hkh vkdj jgus yxs Fks_ egkjk"Vªh_
csdkj Fks] rhl&pkyhl osQ chp esa_ og bykgkckn ;wfuoflZVh osQ gksLVyksa dk
dHkh&dHkh f”kØ djrsA ^bykgkckn] ekbZ ohdusl!*
vanj ls esjk ân; cgqr mf}Xu jgrkA ;|fi vius dks n`';ksa vkSj fp=kksa esa
[kks nsus dh eq>esa 'kfDr Fkh_ exj vanj ls nq[kh FkkA iRuh dk nsgkar] Vh-ch- ls]
gks pqdk FkkA fnYyh dh lM+dksa ij vosQykA ,dne vosQykA vkSj cl]
?kwerk&?kwerk] dfork,¡ ?klhVrk ;k LosQp_ vkSj viuh [kksyh esa vkdj---viuk
vosQykiu [kksdj cksj gksrkA
esjs dfo fe=k vkSj ch-,- osQ lgikBh ujsanz 'kekZ ,e-,- dj pqosQ Fks vkSj
fnYyh esa ,d ckj muls eqdkyr Hkh gqbZ FkhA irk ugha og dkaxzsl dh jktuhfr
esa layXu Fks ;k dksbZ i=kdkjh olhyk
4
 [kkst jgs FksA rHkh ,d ckj cPpu LVwfM;ks
esa vk,A Dykl [kRe gks pqdh FkhA eSa tk pqdk FkkA og ,d uksV NksM+ x, esjs
fy,A eq>s ugha ;kn fd mlesa D;k fy[kk Fkk_ exj og ,d cgqr eq[rlj&lk
vkSj vPNk&lk uksV FkkA eSaus dgha cgqr xgjkbZ ls vius dks ÑrK eglwl fd;kA
1- vr%] blfy,] bl izdkj 2- I
+
kQkjlh vkSj mnwZ esa eqDrd dkO; dk ,d izdkj 3- x”ky osQ nks
pj.k 4- ”kfj;k] lgkjk
•
52          Ñfrdk
esjh cgqr gh cqjh vknr gS] i=kksa dk tokc u nsukA pkgs lSdM+ksa tokc ck”k i=kksa
osQ eu&gh&eu fy[k&fy[kdj gok esa lk¡l osQ lkFk fc[kjkrk jg¡w dbZ fnuksa
rd---! rks esjs bl ekSu dh ^miyfCèk* esjh ÑrKrk dks O;Dr djrh gqbZ] ,d
dfork mHkjh] vaxzs”kh esa (v-iQlksl!)] ,d lkWusV
1
 (og Hkh vrqdkar eqDrNan
2
esa m- iQ!) exj mudks fy[k ysus osQ ckn eSaus viuk tokc mudks xks;k
3
 Hkst fn;kA
dbZ eghus fudy x, vkSj ?kVukpØ ls eSa nsgjknwu vk x;kA viuh llqjky
dh osQfeLV~Lk ,aM MªfxLV~l dh nqdku ij oaQikmaMjh lh[kus yxk vkSj vPNh&[kklh
egkjr eq>s Vs<+s&es<+s] vtwck bckjr
4
 esa fy[ks uqL[kksa dks i<+ ldus dh gks xbZA
mlh o"kZ xq#oj Jh 'kkjnkpj.k th mdhy us nsgjknwu esa gh isa¯Vx Dykl [kksy
yh Fkh] esjs lkSHkkX; lsA (;g esjs nsgjknwu ykSVus dk cgkuk Fkk) og can gks xbZ
rks eSa vdlj lksprk fd dfork vkSj dyk dh nqfu;k esaµtks vc rd esjh ,dkar
nqfu;k jgh Fkh] fdlh ls mls xj”k ugha vkSj vc Hkh cgqr oqQN oSlh gh ckr
gSµvc eSa dgk¡ gw¡\ esjh vkarfjd fnypfLi;ksa ls fdlh dks fnypLih ugha Fkh
vkSj eSa eq¡g [kksydj oqQN ugha dg ldrk Fkk fdlh lsA vius ls cM+ksa dk]
xq#tuksa dk vnc&fygk”k] muosQ lkeus eq¡g u [kksyuk] 'kk;n esjh ?kq^h esa iM+k
FkkA viuh cgqr gh vkarfjd ,dkafrdrk
5
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vanj ls cgqr f[kUu vkSj nq[kh Fkk vkSj ifjfLFkfr osQ lkFk lkeatL; cSBkus dh
dksf'k'k dj jgk FkkA drZO;] tgk¡ rd gks ldrk FkkA---,sls esa u tkus D;ksa ,d
fnu] ;ksa gh] ogh lkWusV eSaus cPpu dks iksLV dj fn;kA cPpu xfeZ;ksa dh Nqf^;ksa
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cPpu fMLisaljh esa vkdj eq>ls feys] ,d fnu esgeku Hkh jgsA
1- ;wjksih; dfork dk ,d yksdfiz; Nan ftldk iz;ksx ¯gnh dfo;ksa us Hkh fd;k gS 2- ijaijkxr
Nan osQ caèku ls eqDr dfork 3- ekuks] tSls 4- okD; dh cukoV 5- ,dkdhiu 6- la;ksx
•
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og cPpu dh 'kq: dh /we dk ”kekuk FkkA ^izcy >a>kokr lkFkh!* nsgjknwu
osQ mlh lky dh ;knxkj gS] fdl ”kksj dh vk¡/h vkbZ Fkh] mI
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cPpu mlh vk¡/h&ckfj'k esa ,d fxjrs gq, isM+ osQ uhps vk tkus ls cky&cky
cps Fks! (ge lcdk lkSHkkX;!) vkt eSa Li"V ns[k jgk g¡w fd tks rwI
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eu vkSj efLr"d dh nqfu;k esa xq”kj jgk Fkk og blls Hkh dgha izcy FkkA
iRuh&fo;ksx gky gh esa gqvk FkkA vkSj oSQlh iRuh dk fo;ksx! tks bl eLr u`R;
djrs f'ko dh mek Fkh---vkRek ls v¼k±fxuhA fuEu eè; oxZ osQ lu~*30 osQ
Hkkoqd vkn'kks± vkSj mRlkgksa vkSj la?k"kks± dh ;qok lafxuh! eSa dYiuk gh dj
ldrk gw¡ fd og dfo osQ fy, D;k oqQN u jgh gksxh! ,d fu'Ny dfo]
ftlosQ vkj&ikj vki ns[k ldrs gSaA ckr dk
/uh] ok.kh dk /uhA ân; eD[ku] ladYi I
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dh&lh ughaA exj Hkjh cjlkr dh >ek>eA cj[kk]
bykgkckn dhA xkM+h ij igq¡puk FkkA jkr dk oDrA
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ughaA cPpu us fcLrj dk¡/s ij j[kk vkSj LVs'ku dh
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bykgkckn eq>s cPpu gh [khapdj yk ldrs FksA
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FkkA eSa Lo;a ughaA vkSj ml ij eSa cPpu dks rc tkurk Hkh fdruk Fkk! cjk; uke
3
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exj ml ifjp; osQ ftrus Hkh {k.k Fks lVhd FksA Fks oks ek=k {k.k ghA vktdy
dh rjg gh] eSa cgqr de dgha vkrk&tkrk ;k fdlh ls feyrk&tqyrk FkkA
1- vkfrF; djus okyk 2- vkxzg 3- uke osQ fy,] fn[kkus dks
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