NCERT Textbook: पाठ 6 - पार नज़र के, हिंदी, कक्षा - 6 Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Hindi (Vasant) Class 6

Class 6 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 6 - पार नज़र के, हिंदी, कक्षा - 6 Class 6 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


34 oLkar
ikj u”kj osQ
og ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk FkkA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls gksrs
gq, tkus dh eukgh Fkh---ysfdu NksVw
us ,d fnu vius ikik dk
flD;ksfjVh&ikl fy;k vkSj tk ig¡qpk
lqjax esa---fiQj D;k gqvk\
¶NksVw! fdruh ckj dgk gS rqels
fd ml rjI
+
kQ er tk;k djks!¸
¶fiQj ikik D;ksa tkrs gSa ml
rjI
+
kQ jks”k&jks”k\¸
¶ikik dks dke ij tkuk
gksrk gSA¸
jks”kkuk ;gh okrkZyki gqvk djrk
Fkk NksVw dh ek¡ vkSj NksVw osQ chpA
ml rjI
+
kQ ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk Fkk
vkSj NksVw osQ ikik blh lqjax ls gksrs
gq, dke ij tk;k djrs FksA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls tkus
6
2020-21
Page 2


34 oLkar
ikj u”kj osQ
og ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk FkkA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls gksrs
gq, tkus dh eukgh Fkh---ysfdu NksVw
us ,d fnu vius ikik dk
flD;ksfjVh&ikl fy;k vkSj tk ig¡qpk
lqjax esa---fiQj D;k gqvk\
¶NksVw! fdruh ckj dgk gS rqels
fd ml rjI
+
kQ er tk;k djks!¸
¶fiQj ikik D;ksa tkrs gSa ml
rjI
+
kQ jks”k&jks”k\¸
¶ikik dks dke ij tkuk
gksrk gSA¸
jks”kkuk ;gh okrkZyki gqvk djrk
Fkk NksVw dh ek¡ vkSj NksVw osQ chpA
ml rjI
+
kQ ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk Fkk
vkSj NksVw osQ ikik blh lqjax ls gksrs
gq, dke ij tk;k djrs FksA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls tkus
6
2020-21
ikj u”kj osQ   35
dh eukgh FkhA pan pqfuank yksx gh bl lqjaxuqek jkLrs dk bLrseky dj ldrs Fks vkSj
NksVw osQ ikik bUgha pqfuank yksxksa esa ls ,d FksA
vkt Nqêh Fkh vkSj NksVw osQ ikik ?kj gh ij vkjke I
+
kQjek jgs FksA u”kj cpkdj]
pksjh&fNis NksVw us ikik dk flD;ksfjVh&ikl gfFk;k gh fy;k vkSj py fn;k lqjax dh
rjI
+
kQA
oSls rks mudh iwjh dkyksuh gh ”kehu osQ uhps clh FkhA ;g tks lqjaxuqek jkLrk
Fkkµvanj nh;s ty jgs Fks vkSj izos'k djus ls igys ,d can njok”ks dk lkeuk djuk
iM+rk FkkA njok”ks esa ,d [kk¡pk cuk gqvk FkkA NksVw us [kk¡ps esa dkMZ Mkyk] rqjar njok”kk
[kqy x;kA NksVw us lqjax esa izos'k fd;kA vanj okys [kk¡ps esa flD;ksfjVh&ikl vk igq¡pk
FkkA mls mBk fy;k] dkMZ mBkrs gh njok”kk can gqvkA NksVw us pkjksa rjI
+
kQ u”kj nkSM+kbZA
lqjaxuqek og jkLrk Åij dh rjI
+
kQ tkrk Fkk----;kuh ”kehu osQ Åij dk lI
+
kQj dj vkus
dk ekSdk fey x;k FkkA
exj dgk¡\ ekSdk gkFk yxrs gh fiQly x;k! lqjax esa txg&txg yxk, fujh{kd
;a=kksa dh tkudkjh NksVw dks ugha FkhA exj NksVw osQ izos'k djrs gh igys fujh{kd ;a=k
esa lansgkLin fLFkfr n'kkZus okyh gjdr gqbZ] brus NksVs dn dk O;fDr lqjax esa oSQls
vk;k\ nwljs fujh{kd ;a=k us rqjar NksVw dh rlohj [khap yhA fdlh ,d fu;a=k.k osaQnz
esa bl rlohj dh tk¡p dh xbZ vkSj [krjs dh lwpuk nh xbZA
bu lkjh xfrfofèk;ksa ls vutku NksVw vkxs c<+ jgk FkkA rHkh tkus dgk¡ ls flikgh
nkSM+s pys vk,A NksVw dks idM+dj okil ?kj NksM+ vk,A ?kj ij ek¡ NksVw dk bar”kkj dj
jgh FkhA cl] vc NksVw dh [kSfj;r u FkhA NksVw osQ ikik u gksrs rks NksVw dk cpuk
eqf'dy FkkA
¶NksM+ks Hkh! eSa bls le>k nw¡xk lcA fiQj og ,slh xyrh dHkh ugha djsxkA¸ ikik
us NksVw dks cpk fy;kA cksys] ¶NksVw] eSa tgk¡ dke djrk gw¡ u] og {ks=k ”kehu ls Åij
gSA vke vkneh ogk¡ ugha tk ldrk] D;ksafd ogk¡ osQ ekgkSy esa th gh ugha ldrkA¸
¶rks fiQj vki oSQls tkrs gSa ogk¡\¸ NksVw dk loky ykf”keh FkkA
¶eSa ogk¡ ,d [kkl fdLe dk Lisl&lwV igudj tkrk g¡wA bl Lisl&lwV ls eq>s
vkWDlhtu feyrk gS] ftlls eSa lk¡l ys ldrk gw¡A blh Lisl&lwV dh otg ls ckgj
2020-21
Page 3


34 oLkar
ikj u”kj osQ
og ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk FkkA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls gksrs
gq, tkus dh eukgh Fkh---ysfdu NksVw
us ,d fnu vius ikik dk
flD;ksfjVh&ikl fy;k vkSj tk ig¡qpk
lqjax esa---fiQj D;k gqvk\
¶NksVw! fdruh ckj dgk gS rqels
fd ml rjI
+
kQ er tk;k djks!¸
¶fiQj ikik D;ksa tkrs gSa ml
rjI
+
kQ jks”k&jks”k\¸
¶ikik dks dke ij tkuk
gksrk gSA¸
jks”kkuk ;gh okrkZyki gqvk djrk
Fkk NksVw dh ek¡ vkSj NksVw osQ chpA
ml rjI
+
kQ ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk Fkk
vkSj NksVw osQ ikik blh lqjax ls gksrs
gq, dke ij tk;k djrs FksA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls tkus
6
2020-21
ikj u”kj osQ   35
dh eukgh FkhA pan pqfuank yksx gh bl lqjaxuqek jkLrs dk bLrseky dj ldrs Fks vkSj
NksVw osQ ikik bUgha pqfuank yksxksa esa ls ,d FksA
vkt Nqêh Fkh vkSj NksVw osQ ikik ?kj gh ij vkjke I
+
kQjek jgs FksA u”kj cpkdj]
pksjh&fNis NksVw us ikik dk flD;ksfjVh&ikl gfFk;k gh fy;k vkSj py fn;k lqjax dh
rjI
+
kQA
oSls rks mudh iwjh dkyksuh gh ”kehu osQ uhps clh FkhA ;g tks lqjaxuqek jkLrk
Fkkµvanj nh;s ty jgs Fks vkSj izos'k djus ls igys ,d can njok”ks dk lkeuk djuk
iM+rk FkkA njok”ks esa ,d [kk¡pk cuk gqvk FkkA NksVw us [kk¡ps esa dkMZ Mkyk] rqjar njok”kk
[kqy x;kA NksVw us lqjax esa izos'k fd;kA vanj okys [kk¡ps esa flD;ksfjVh&ikl vk igq¡pk
FkkA mls mBk fy;k] dkMZ mBkrs gh njok”kk can gqvkA NksVw us pkjksa rjI
+
kQ u”kj nkSM+kbZA
lqjaxuqek og jkLrk Åij dh rjI
+
kQ tkrk Fkk----;kuh ”kehu osQ Åij dk lI
+
kQj dj vkus
dk ekSdk fey x;k FkkA
exj dgk¡\ ekSdk gkFk yxrs gh fiQly x;k! lqjax esa txg&txg yxk, fujh{kd
;a=kksa dh tkudkjh NksVw dks ugha FkhA exj NksVw osQ izos'k djrs gh igys fujh{kd ;a=k
esa lansgkLin fLFkfr n'kkZus okyh gjdr gqbZ] brus NksVs dn dk O;fDr lqjax esa oSQls
vk;k\ nwljs fujh{kd ;a=k us rqjar NksVw dh rlohj [khap yhA fdlh ,d fu;a=k.k osaQnz
esa bl rlohj dh tk¡p dh xbZ vkSj [krjs dh lwpuk nh xbZA
bu lkjh xfrfofèk;ksa ls vutku NksVw vkxs c<+ jgk FkkA rHkh tkus dgk¡ ls flikgh
nkSM+s pys vk,A NksVw dks idM+dj okil ?kj NksM+ vk,A ?kj ij ek¡ NksVw dk bar”kkj dj
jgh FkhA cl] vc NksVw dh [kSfj;r u FkhA NksVw osQ ikik u gksrs rks NksVw dk cpuk
eqf'dy FkkA
¶NksM+ks Hkh! eSa bls le>k nw¡xk lcA fiQj og ,slh xyrh dHkh ugha djsxkA¸ ikik
us NksVw dks cpk fy;kA cksys] ¶NksVw] eSa tgk¡ dke djrk gw¡ u] og {ks=k ”kehu ls Åij
gSA vke vkneh ogk¡ ugha tk ldrk] D;ksafd ogk¡ osQ ekgkSy esa th gh ugha ldrkA¸
¶rks fiQj vki oSQls tkrs gSa ogk¡\¸ NksVw dk loky ykf”keh FkkA
¶eSa ogk¡ ,d [kkl fdLe dk Lisl&lwV igudj tkrk g¡wA bl Lisl&lwV ls eq>s
vkWDlhtu feyrk gS] ftlls eSa lk¡l ys ldrk gw¡A blh Lisl&lwV dh otg ls ckgj
2020-21
36 oLkar
dh BaM ls eSa vius vkidks cpk ldrk gw¡A [kkl fdLe osQ twrksa dh otg ls ”kehu
osQ Åij esjk pyuk eqefdu gksrk gSA ”kehu osQ Åij pyus&fiQjus osQ fy, gesa ,d
fo'ks"k izdkj dk izf'k{k.k fn;k tkrk gSA¸
NksVw lqu jgk FkkA ikik vkxs crkus yxs] ¶,d le; Fkk] tc vius eaxy xzg ij
lHkh yksx ”kehu osQ Åij gh jgrs FksA cxSj fdlh rjg osQ ;a=kksa dh enn osQ] cxSj
fdlh [kkl fdLe dh iks'kkd osQ] gekjs iqj[ks ”kehu osQ Åij jgk djrs Fks ysfdu
èkhjs&èkhjs okrkoj.k esa ifjorZu vkus yxkA dbZ rjg osQ tho èkjrh ij jgk djrs Fks]
,d osQ ckn ,d lc ejus yxsA bl ifjorZu dh tM+ esa Fkkµlwjt esa gqvk ifjorZuA
lwjt ls gesa jks'kuh feyrh gS] Å".krk feyrh gSA bUgha rÙoksa ls thoksa dk iks"k.k gksrk
gSA lwjt esa ifjorZu gksrs gh ;gk¡ dk izkÑfrd larqyu fcxM+ x;kA izÑfr osQ cnys gq,
:i dk lkeuk djus esa ;gk¡ osQ i'kq&i{kh] isM+&ikSèks] vU; tho v{ke lkfcr gq,A
osQoy gekjs iwoZtksa us bl fLFkfr dk lkeuk fd;kA
¶vius rduhdh Kku osQ vkèkkj ij geus ”kehu osQ uhps viuk ?kj cuk fy;kA
”kehu osQ Åij yxs fofHkUu ;a=kksa osQ lgkjs ge lw;Z&'kfDr] lwjt dh jks'kuh vkSj xehZ
dk bLrseky djrs vk jgs gSaA mUgha ;a=kksa osQ lgkjs ge ;gk¡ ”kehu osQ uhps th jgs gSaA
;a=k lqpk# :i ls pyrs jgsa] blosQ fy, cM+h lroZQrk cjruh iM+rh gSA eq> tSls oqQN
pqfuank yksx bUgha ;a=kksa dk è;ku j[krs gaSA¸
¶cM+k gks tkm¡Qxk rks eSa Hkh ;gh dke d:¡ xkA¸ NksVw us viuh ea'kk ”kkfgj dhA
¶fcyoqQy! exj mlosQ fy, [kwc i<+uk gksxkA ek¡ vkSj ikik dh ckr lquuh gksxh!¸
ek¡ us dgkA
nwljs fnu NksVw osQ ikik dke ij pys x,A ns[kk rks OkaQVªksy :e dk okrkoj.k
cnyk&cnyk&lk FkkA f'kÝ
+
V [kRe dj ?kj tk jgs LVkI
+
kQ osQ izeq[k us Vh-oh- LØhu dh
rjI
+
kQ b'kkjk fd;kA LØhu ij ,d fcanq >yd jgk FkkA og crkus yxk] ¶;g dksbZ
vkleku dk rkjk ugha gS] D;ksafd OkaQI;wVj ls irk py jgk gS fd ;g viuh txg
vfMx ugha jgk gSA fiNys oqQN ?kaVksa osQ nkSjku blus viuh txg cnyh gSA OkaQI;wVj osQ
vuqlkj ;g gekjh èkjrh dh rjI
+
kQ c<+rk pyk vk jgk gSA¸
2020-21
Page 4


34 oLkar
ikj u”kj osQ
og ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk FkkA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls gksrs
gq, tkus dh eukgh Fkh---ysfdu NksVw
us ,d fnu vius ikik dk
flD;ksfjVh&ikl fy;k vkSj tk ig¡qpk
lqjax esa---fiQj D;k gqvk\
¶NksVw! fdruh ckj dgk gS rqels
fd ml rjI
+
kQ er tk;k djks!¸
¶fiQj ikik D;ksa tkrs gSa ml
rjI
+
kQ jks”k&jks”k\¸
¶ikik dks dke ij tkuk
gksrk gSA¸
jks”kkuk ;gh okrkZyki gqvk djrk
Fkk NksVw dh ek¡ vkSj NksVw osQ chpA
ml rjI
+
kQ ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk Fkk
vkSj NksVw osQ ikik blh lqjax ls gksrs
gq, dke ij tk;k djrs FksA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls tkus
6
2020-21
ikj u”kj osQ   35
dh eukgh FkhA pan pqfuank yksx gh bl lqjaxuqek jkLrs dk bLrseky dj ldrs Fks vkSj
NksVw osQ ikik bUgha pqfuank yksxksa esa ls ,d FksA
vkt Nqêh Fkh vkSj NksVw osQ ikik ?kj gh ij vkjke I
+
kQjek jgs FksA u”kj cpkdj]
pksjh&fNis NksVw us ikik dk flD;ksfjVh&ikl gfFk;k gh fy;k vkSj py fn;k lqjax dh
rjI
+
kQA
oSls rks mudh iwjh dkyksuh gh ”kehu osQ uhps clh FkhA ;g tks lqjaxuqek jkLrk
Fkkµvanj nh;s ty jgs Fks vkSj izos'k djus ls igys ,d can njok”ks dk lkeuk djuk
iM+rk FkkA njok”ks esa ,d [kk¡pk cuk gqvk FkkA NksVw us [kk¡ps esa dkMZ Mkyk] rqjar njok”kk
[kqy x;kA NksVw us lqjax esa izos'k fd;kA vanj okys [kk¡ps esa flD;ksfjVh&ikl vk igq¡pk
FkkA mls mBk fy;k] dkMZ mBkrs gh njok”kk can gqvkA NksVw us pkjksa rjI
+
kQ u”kj nkSM+kbZA
lqjaxuqek og jkLrk Åij dh rjI
+
kQ tkrk Fkk----;kuh ”kehu osQ Åij dk lI
+
kQj dj vkus
dk ekSdk fey x;k FkkA
exj dgk¡\ ekSdk gkFk yxrs gh fiQly x;k! lqjax esa txg&txg yxk, fujh{kd
;a=kksa dh tkudkjh NksVw dks ugha FkhA exj NksVw osQ izos'k djrs gh igys fujh{kd ;a=k
esa lansgkLin fLFkfr n'kkZus okyh gjdr gqbZ] brus NksVs dn dk O;fDr lqjax esa oSQls
vk;k\ nwljs fujh{kd ;a=k us rqjar NksVw dh rlohj [khap yhA fdlh ,d fu;a=k.k osaQnz
esa bl rlohj dh tk¡p dh xbZ vkSj [krjs dh lwpuk nh xbZA
bu lkjh xfrfofèk;ksa ls vutku NksVw vkxs c<+ jgk FkkA rHkh tkus dgk¡ ls flikgh
nkSM+s pys vk,A NksVw dks idM+dj okil ?kj NksM+ vk,A ?kj ij ek¡ NksVw dk bar”kkj dj
jgh FkhA cl] vc NksVw dh [kSfj;r u FkhA NksVw osQ ikik u gksrs rks NksVw dk cpuk
eqf'dy FkkA
¶NksM+ks Hkh! eSa bls le>k nw¡xk lcA fiQj og ,slh xyrh dHkh ugha djsxkA¸ ikik
us NksVw dks cpk fy;kA cksys] ¶NksVw] eSa tgk¡ dke djrk gw¡ u] og {ks=k ”kehu ls Åij
gSA vke vkneh ogk¡ ugha tk ldrk] D;ksafd ogk¡ osQ ekgkSy esa th gh ugha ldrkA¸
¶rks fiQj vki oSQls tkrs gSa ogk¡\¸ NksVw dk loky ykf”keh FkkA
¶eSa ogk¡ ,d [kkl fdLe dk Lisl&lwV igudj tkrk g¡wA bl Lisl&lwV ls eq>s
vkWDlhtu feyrk gS] ftlls eSa lk¡l ys ldrk gw¡A blh Lisl&lwV dh otg ls ckgj
2020-21
36 oLkar
dh BaM ls eSa vius vkidks cpk ldrk gw¡A [kkl fdLe osQ twrksa dh otg ls ”kehu
osQ Åij esjk pyuk eqefdu gksrk gSA ”kehu osQ Åij pyus&fiQjus osQ fy, gesa ,d
fo'ks"k izdkj dk izf'k{k.k fn;k tkrk gSA¸
NksVw lqu jgk FkkA ikik vkxs crkus yxs] ¶,d le; Fkk] tc vius eaxy xzg ij
lHkh yksx ”kehu osQ Åij gh jgrs FksA cxSj fdlh rjg osQ ;a=kksa dh enn osQ] cxSj
fdlh [kkl fdLe dh iks'kkd osQ] gekjs iqj[ks ”kehu osQ Åij jgk djrs Fks ysfdu
èkhjs&èkhjs okrkoj.k esa ifjorZu vkus yxkA dbZ rjg osQ tho èkjrh ij jgk djrs Fks]
,d osQ ckn ,d lc ejus yxsA bl ifjorZu dh tM+ esa Fkkµlwjt esa gqvk ifjorZuA
lwjt ls gesa jks'kuh feyrh gS] Å".krk feyrh gSA bUgha rÙoksa ls thoksa dk iks"k.k gksrk
gSA lwjt esa ifjorZu gksrs gh ;gk¡ dk izkÑfrd larqyu fcxM+ x;kA izÑfr osQ cnys gq,
:i dk lkeuk djus esa ;gk¡ osQ i'kq&i{kh] isM+&ikSèks] vU; tho v{ke lkfcr gq,A
osQoy gekjs iwoZtksa us bl fLFkfr dk lkeuk fd;kA
¶vius rduhdh Kku osQ vkèkkj ij geus ”kehu osQ uhps viuk ?kj cuk fy;kA
”kehu osQ Åij yxs fofHkUu ;a=kksa osQ lgkjs ge lw;Z&'kfDr] lwjt dh jks'kuh vkSj xehZ
dk bLrseky djrs vk jgs gSaA mUgha ;a=kksa osQ lgkjs ge ;gk¡ ”kehu osQ uhps th jgs gSaA
;a=k lqpk# :i ls pyrs jgsa] blosQ fy, cM+h lroZQrk cjruh iM+rh gSA eq> tSls oqQN
pqfuank yksx bUgha ;a=kksa dk è;ku j[krs gaSA¸
¶cM+k gks tkm¡Qxk rks eSa Hkh ;gh dke d:¡ xkA¸ NksVw us viuh ea'kk ”kkfgj dhA
¶fcyoqQy! exj mlosQ fy, [kwc i<+uk gksxkA ek¡ vkSj ikik dh ckr lquuh gksxh!¸
ek¡ us dgkA
nwljs fnu NksVw osQ ikik dke ij pys x,A ns[kk rks OkaQVªksy :e dk okrkoj.k
cnyk&cnyk&lk FkkA f'kÝ
+
V [kRe dj ?kj tk jgs LVkI
+
kQ osQ izeq[k us Vh-oh- LØhu dh
rjI
+
kQ b'kkjk fd;kA LØhu ij ,d fcanq >yd jgk FkkA og crkus yxk] ¶;g dksbZ
vkleku dk rkjk ugha gS] D;ksafd OkaQI;wVj ls irk py jgk gS fd ;g viuh txg
vfMx ugha jgk gSA fiNys oqQN ?kaVksa osQ nkSjku blus viuh txg cnyh gSA OkaQI;wVj osQ
vuqlkj ;g gekjh èkjrh dh rjI
+
kQ c<+rk pyk vk jgk gSA¸
2020-21
ikj u”kj osQ   37
¶varfj{k ;ku rks ugha gS\¸
NksVw osQ ikik us viuk lansg
izdV fd;kA
¶lansg gesa Hkh gSA vki vc
bl ij cjkcj è;ku jf[k,xkA¸
NksVw osQ ikik lksp esa Mwc
x,A
D;k lpeqp varfj{k ;ku
gksxk\ dgk¡ ls vk jgk gksxk\
lkSj eaMy esa gekjh èkjrh osQ
vykok vkSj dkSu ls xzg ij
thoksa dk vfLrRo gksxk\ oSQls
gks ldrk gS\ vkSj vxj gksxk Hkh rks D;k bruh izxfr dj pqdk gksxk fd varfj{k ;ku
NksM+ losQ\--- oSls rks gekjs iwoZtksa us Hkh varfj{k ;kuksa] mixzgksa dk iz;ksx fd;k FkkA exj
vc gekjs fy, ;g vlaHko gSA mlosQ fy, vko';d ek=kk esa ÅtkZ rks gks! dk'k! bl
u, esgeku dks u”knhd ls ns[kk tk ldrk! gk¡ vxj og blh rjI
+
kQ vk jgk gksxk] rc
rks ;g laHko gks losQxkA ns[ksaA
---vc varfj{k ;ku ls ,d ;kaf=kd gkFk ckgj fudykA gj iy mldh yackbZ c<+rh
gh tk jgh Fkh---
NksVw osQ ikik us voyksdu tkjh j[kkA
dkyksuh oQh izcaèk lfefr dh lHkk cqykbZ xbZ FkhA vè;{k Hkk"k.k ns jgs Fks] ¶gky
gh esa feyh tkudkjh ls irk pyrk gS fd nks varfj{k ;ku gekjs eaxy xzg dh rjI
+
kQ
c<+rs pys vk jgs gSaA buesa ls ,d varfj{k ;ku gekjs fxnZ pDdj dkV jgk gSA OkaQI;wVj
osQ vuqlkj ;s varfj{k ;ku u”knhd osQ gh fdlh xzg ls NksM+s x, gSaA ,slh gkyr esa
gesa D;k djuk pkfg,µbldh dksbZ lqfuf'pr ;kstuk cukuh ”k:jh gSA uacj ,d vkidk
D;k [k;ky gS\¸
2020-21
Page 5


34 oLkar
ikj u”kj osQ
og ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk FkkA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls gksrs
gq, tkus dh eukgh Fkh---ysfdu NksVw
us ,d fnu vius ikik dk
flD;ksfjVh&ikl fy;k vkSj tk ig¡qpk
lqjax esa---fiQj D;k gqvk\
¶NksVw! fdruh ckj dgk gS rqels
fd ml rjI
+
kQ er tk;k djks!¸
¶fiQj ikik D;ksa tkrs gSa ml
rjI
+
kQ jks”k&jks”k\¸
¶ikik dks dke ij tkuk
gksrk gSA¸
jks”kkuk ;gh okrkZyki gqvk djrk
Fkk NksVw dh ek¡ vkSj NksVw osQ chpA
ml rjI
+
kQ ,d lqjaxuqek jkLrk Fkk
vkSj NksVw osQ ikik blh lqjax ls gksrs
gq, dke ij tk;k djrs FksA vke
vkneh osQ fy, bl jkLrs ls tkus
6
2020-21
ikj u”kj osQ   35
dh eukgh FkhA pan pqfuank yksx gh bl lqjaxuqek jkLrs dk bLrseky dj ldrs Fks vkSj
NksVw osQ ikik bUgha pqfuank yksxksa esa ls ,d FksA
vkt Nqêh Fkh vkSj NksVw osQ ikik ?kj gh ij vkjke I
+
kQjek jgs FksA u”kj cpkdj]
pksjh&fNis NksVw us ikik dk flD;ksfjVh&ikl gfFk;k gh fy;k vkSj py fn;k lqjax dh
rjI
+
kQA
oSls rks mudh iwjh dkyksuh gh ”kehu osQ uhps clh FkhA ;g tks lqjaxuqek jkLrk
Fkkµvanj nh;s ty jgs Fks vkSj izos'k djus ls igys ,d can njok”ks dk lkeuk djuk
iM+rk FkkA njok”ks esa ,d [kk¡pk cuk gqvk FkkA NksVw us [kk¡ps esa dkMZ Mkyk] rqjar njok”kk
[kqy x;kA NksVw us lqjax esa izos'k fd;kA vanj okys [kk¡ps esa flD;ksfjVh&ikl vk igq¡pk
FkkA mls mBk fy;k] dkMZ mBkrs gh njok”kk can gqvkA NksVw us pkjksa rjI
+
kQ u”kj nkSM+kbZA
lqjaxuqek og jkLrk Åij dh rjI
+
kQ tkrk Fkk----;kuh ”kehu osQ Åij dk lI
+
kQj dj vkus
dk ekSdk fey x;k FkkA
exj dgk¡\ ekSdk gkFk yxrs gh fiQly x;k! lqjax esa txg&txg yxk, fujh{kd
;a=kksa dh tkudkjh NksVw dks ugha FkhA exj NksVw osQ izos'k djrs gh igys fujh{kd ;a=k
esa lansgkLin fLFkfr n'kkZus okyh gjdr gqbZ] brus NksVs dn dk O;fDr lqjax esa oSQls
vk;k\ nwljs fujh{kd ;a=k us rqjar NksVw dh rlohj [khap yhA fdlh ,d fu;a=k.k osaQnz
esa bl rlohj dh tk¡p dh xbZ vkSj [krjs dh lwpuk nh xbZA
bu lkjh xfrfofèk;ksa ls vutku NksVw vkxs c<+ jgk FkkA rHkh tkus dgk¡ ls flikgh
nkSM+s pys vk,A NksVw dks idM+dj okil ?kj NksM+ vk,A ?kj ij ek¡ NksVw dk bar”kkj dj
jgh FkhA cl] vc NksVw dh [kSfj;r u FkhA NksVw osQ ikik u gksrs rks NksVw dk cpuk
eqf'dy FkkA
¶NksM+ks Hkh! eSa bls le>k nw¡xk lcA fiQj og ,slh xyrh dHkh ugha djsxkA¸ ikik
us NksVw dks cpk fy;kA cksys] ¶NksVw] eSa tgk¡ dke djrk gw¡ u] og {ks=k ”kehu ls Åij
gSA vke vkneh ogk¡ ugha tk ldrk] D;ksafd ogk¡ osQ ekgkSy esa th gh ugha ldrkA¸
¶rks fiQj vki oSQls tkrs gSa ogk¡\¸ NksVw dk loky ykf”keh FkkA
¶eSa ogk¡ ,d [kkl fdLe dk Lisl&lwV igudj tkrk g¡wA bl Lisl&lwV ls eq>s
vkWDlhtu feyrk gS] ftlls eSa lk¡l ys ldrk gw¡A blh Lisl&lwV dh otg ls ckgj
2020-21
36 oLkar
dh BaM ls eSa vius vkidks cpk ldrk gw¡A [kkl fdLe osQ twrksa dh otg ls ”kehu
osQ Åij esjk pyuk eqefdu gksrk gSA ”kehu osQ Åij pyus&fiQjus osQ fy, gesa ,d
fo'ks"k izdkj dk izf'k{k.k fn;k tkrk gSA¸
NksVw lqu jgk FkkA ikik vkxs crkus yxs] ¶,d le; Fkk] tc vius eaxy xzg ij
lHkh yksx ”kehu osQ Åij gh jgrs FksA cxSj fdlh rjg osQ ;a=kksa dh enn osQ] cxSj
fdlh [kkl fdLe dh iks'kkd osQ] gekjs iqj[ks ”kehu osQ Åij jgk djrs Fks ysfdu
èkhjs&èkhjs okrkoj.k esa ifjorZu vkus yxkA dbZ rjg osQ tho èkjrh ij jgk djrs Fks]
,d osQ ckn ,d lc ejus yxsA bl ifjorZu dh tM+ esa Fkkµlwjt esa gqvk ifjorZuA
lwjt ls gesa jks'kuh feyrh gS] Å".krk feyrh gSA bUgha rÙoksa ls thoksa dk iks"k.k gksrk
gSA lwjt esa ifjorZu gksrs gh ;gk¡ dk izkÑfrd larqyu fcxM+ x;kA izÑfr osQ cnys gq,
:i dk lkeuk djus esa ;gk¡ osQ i'kq&i{kh] isM+&ikSèks] vU; tho v{ke lkfcr gq,A
osQoy gekjs iwoZtksa us bl fLFkfr dk lkeuk fd;kA
¶vius rduhdh Kku osQ vkèkkj ij geus ”kehu osQ uhps viuk ?kj cuk fy;kA
”kehu osQ Åij yxs fofHkUu ;a=kksa osQ lgkjs ge lw;Z&'kfDr] lwjt dh jks'kuh vkSj xehZ
dk bLrseky djrs vk jgs gSaA mUgha ;a=kksa osQ lgkjs ge ;gk¡ ”kehu osQ uhps th jgs gSaA
;a=k lqpk# :i ls pyrs jgsa] blosQ fy, cM+h lroZQrk cjruh iM+rh gSA eq> tSls oqQN
pqfuank yksx bUgha ;a=kksa dk è;ku j[krs gaSA¸
¶cM+k gks tkm¡Qxk rks eSa Hkh ;gh dke d:¡ xkA¸ NksVw us viuh ea'kk ”kkfgj dhA
¶fcyoqQy! exj mlosQ fy, [kwc i<+uk gksxkA ek¡ vkSj ikik dh ckr lquuh gksxh!¸
ek¡ us dgkA
nwljs fnu NksVw osQ ikik dke ij pys x,A ns[kk rks OkaQVªksy :e dk okrkoj.k
cnyk&cnyk&lk FkkA f'kÝ
+
V [kRe dj ?kj tk jgs LVkI
+
kQ osQ izeq[k us Vh-oh- LØhu dh
rjI
+
kQ b'kkjk fd;kA LØhu ij ,d fcanq >yd jgk FkkA og crkus yxk] ¶;g dksbZ
vkleku dk rkjk ugha gS] D;ksafd OkaQI;wVj ls irk py jgk gS fd ;g viuh txg
vfMx ugha jgk gSA fiNys oqQN ?kaVksa osQ nkSjku blus viuh txg cnyh gSA OkaQI;wVj osQ
vuqlkj ;g gekjh èkjrh dh rjI
+
kQ c<+rk pyk vk jgk gSA¸
2020-21
ikj u”kj osQ   37
¶varfj{k ;ku rks ugha gS\¸
NksVw osQ ikik us viuk lansg
izdV fd;kA
¶lansg gesa Hkh gSA vki vc
bl ij cjkcj è;ku jf[k,xkA¸
NksVw osQ ikik lksp esa Mwc
x,A
D;k lpeqp varfj{k ;ku
gksxk\ dgk¡ ls vk jgk gksxk\
lkSj eaMy esa gekjh èkjrh osQ
vykok vkSj dkSu ls xzg ij
thoksa dk vfLrRo gksxk\ oSQls
gks ldrk gS\ vkSj vxj gksxk Hkh rks D;k bruh izxfr dj pqdk gksxk fd varfj{k ;ku
NksM+ losQ\--- oSls rks gekjs iwoZtksa us Hkh varfj{k ;kuksa] mixzgksa dk iz;ksx fd;k FkkA exj
vc gekjs fy, ;g vlaHko gSA mlosQ fy, vko';d ek=kk esa ÅtkZ rks gks! dk'k! bl
u, esgeku dks u”knhd ls ns[kk tk ldrk! gk¡ vxj og blh rjI
+
kQ vk jgk gksxk] rc
rks ;g laHko gks losQxkA ns[ksaA
---vc varfj{k ;ku ls ,d ;kaf=kd gkFk ckgj fudykA gj iy mldh yackbZ c<+rh
gh tk jgh Fkh---
NksVw osQ ikik us voyksdu tkjh j[kkA
dkyksuh oQh izcaèk lfefr dh lHkk cqykbZ xbZ FkhA vè;{k Hkk"k.k ns jgs Fks] ¶gky
gh esa feyh tkudkjh ls irk pyrk gS fd nks varfj{k ;ku gekjs eaxy xzg dh rjI
+
kQ
c<+rs pys vk jgs gSaA buesa ls ,d varfj{k ;ku gekjs fxnZ pDdj dkV jgk gSA OkaQI;wVj
osQ vuqlkj ;s varfj{k ;ku u”knhd osQ gh fdlh xzg ls NksM+s x, gSaA ,slh gkyr esa
gesa D;k djuk pkfg,µbldh dksbZ lqfuf'pr ;kstuk cukuh ”k:jh gSA uacj ,d vkidk
D;k [k;ky gS\¸
2020-21
38 oLkar
dkyksuh dh lqj{kk dh
iwjh f”kEesnkjh uacj ,d ij FkhA
mUgksaus oqQN dkx”k lesVrs gq,
cksyuk vkjaHk fd;k] ¶bu nksuksa varfj{k
;kuksa dks tykdj [kkd dj nsus dh {kerk
ge j[krs gSa] exj blls gesa dksbZ tkudkjh
gkfly ugha gks losQxhA varfj{k ;ku csdkj dj
”kehu ij mrjus ij etcwj dj nsus okys ;a=k gekjs ikl ugha gSaA
gkyk¡fd] vxj ;s varfj{k ;ku [kqn&c&[kqn ”kehu ij mrjrs gSa] rks mUgsa csdkj
dj nsus dh {kerk geesa vo'; gSA esjh tkudkjh osQ vuqlkj bu varfj{k ;kuksa esa flI
+
kZQ
;a=k gSaA fdlh rjg osQ tho buesa lokj ugha gSaA¸
¶uacj ,d dh ckr lgh yxrh gSA¸ uacj nks ,d oSKkfud FksA os cksys] ¶gkyk¡fd
;a=kksa dks csdkj dj nsus esa Hkh [krjk gSA buosQ csdkj gksrs gh nwljs xzg osQ yksx gekjs
ckjs esa tku tk,¡xsA blfy, esjh jk; esa gesa flI
+
kZQ voyksdu djrs jguk pkfg,A¸
¶tgk¡ rd gks losQ gesa vius vfLrRo dks fNik, gh j[kuk pkfg,] D;ksafd gks
ldrk gS ftu yksxksa us varfj{k ;ku Hksts gSa] os dy dks buls Hkh cM+s l{ke varfj{k
;ku HkstsaA gesa ;gk¡ dk izcaèk oqQN bl rjg j[kuk pkfg, ftlls bu ;a=kksa dks ;g
xyrI
+
kQgeh gks fd bl ”kehu ij dksbZ Hkh ph”k bruh egÙoiw.kZ ugha gS fd ftlls os
ykHk mBk losaQA vè;{k egksn; ls eSa ;g nj[okLr djrk gw¡ fd bl rjg dk izcaèk
gekjs ;gk¡ fd;k tk,A¸ uacj rhu lkekftd O;oLFkk dk dke ns[krs FksA
mudh ckr osQ tokc esa vè;{k oqQN cksyus tk gh jgs Fks fd I
+
kQksu dh ?kaVh cthA
vè;{k us pksaxk mBk;k] ,d feuV ckn lHkk dks lacksfèkr djrs gq, mUgksaus dgk]
¶Hkkb;ks] varfj{k ;ku Øek¡d ,d gekjh ”kehu ij mrj pqdk gSA¸
og fnu NksVw osQ fy, cM+k gh egÙoiw.kZ fnu FkkA ikik mls OkaQVªksy :e ys x, FksA
;gk¡ ls varfj{k ;ku Øek¡d ,d lkI
+
kQ u”kj vk jgk FkkA
¶oSQlk vthc yx jgk gS ;gk¡! blosQ vanj D;k gksxk ikik\¸ NksVw us iwNkA
¶vHkh ugha crk;k tk ldrkA nwj ls gh mldk fujh{k.k tkjh gSA ml ij cjkcj
2020-21
Read More
Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

हिंदी

,

practice quizzes

,

MCQs

,

past year papers

,

NCERT Textbook: पाठ 6 - पार नज़र के

,

कक्षा - 6 Class 6 Notes | EduRev

,

Important questions

,

Viva Questions

,

mock tests for examination

,

NCERT Textbook: पाठ 6 - पार नज़र के

,

हिंदी

,

Summary

,

Sample Paper

,

हिंदी

,

NCERT Textbook: पाठ 6 - पार नज़र के

,

Objective type Questions

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Free

,

कक्षा - 6 Class 6 Notes | EduRev

,

Extra Questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

video lectures

,

pdf

,

study material

,

Semester Notes

,

ppt

,

कक्षा - 6 Class 6 Notes | EduRev

,

Exam

;