NCERT Textbook: पाठ 6 - प्रेमचंद के फटे जूते, क्षितिज, हिंदी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 6 - प्रेमचंद के फटे जूते, क्षितिज, हिंदी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


gfj'kadj ijlkbZ
gfj'kadj ijlkbZ dk tUe lu~ 1922 esa eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys
osQ tekuh xk¡o esa gqvkA ukxiqj fo'ofo|ky; ls ,eú,ú djus osQ ckn
oqQN fnuksa rd vè;kiu fd;kA lu~ 1947 ls Lora=k ys[ku djus yxsA
tcyiqj ls olqèkk uked if=kdk fudkyh] ftldh fganh lalkj esa dkI
+
kQh
ljkguk gqbZA lu~ 1995 esa mudk fuèku gks x;kA
fganh osQ O;aX; ys[kdksa esa mudk uke vxz.kh gSA ijlkbZ th dh Ñfr;ksa
esa g¡lrs gSa jksrs gSa] tSls muosQ fnu fiQjs (dgkuh laxzg)] jkuh
ukxiQuh dh dgkuh] rV dh [kkst (miU;kl)] rc dh ckr vkSj
Fkh] Hkwr osQ ik¡o ihNs] csbZekuh dh ijr] ixMafM;ksa dk ”kekuk]
lnkpkj dk rkoh”k] f'kdk;r eq>s Hkh gS] vkSj var esa] (fucaèk
laxzg)] oS".ko dh fiQlyu] frjNh js[kk,¡] fBBqjrk gqvk x.kra=k]
fodykax J¼k dk nkSj (O;aX; laxzg) mYys[kuh; gSaA
Hkkjrh; thou osQ ik[kaM] Hkz"Vkpkj] varfoZjksèk] csbZekuh vkfn ij
fy[ks muosQ O;aX; ys[kksa us 'kks"k.k osQ fo#¼ lkfgR; dh Hkwfedk dk
fuokZg fd;kA mudk O;aX; ys[ku ifjorZu dh psruk iSnk djrk gSA dksjs
gkL; ls vyx ;g O;aX; vkn'kZ osQ i{k esa viuh mifLFkfr ntZ djkrk
gSA lkekftd] jktuSfrd vkSj èkkfeZd ik[kaM ij fy[ks muosQ O;aX;ksa us
O;aX;&lkfgR; osQ ekudksa dk fuekZ.k fd;kA ijlkbZ th cksypky dh
Page 2


gfj'kadj ijlkbZ
gfj'kadj ijlkbZ dk tUe lu~ 1922 esa eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys
osQ tekuh xk¡o esa gqvkA ukxiqj fo'ofo|ky; ls ,eú,ú djus osQ ckn
oqQN fnuksa rd vè;kiu fd;kA lu~ 1947 ls Lora=k ys[ku djus yxsA
tcyiqj ls olqèkk uked if=kdk fudkyh] ftldh fganh lalkj esa dkI
+
kQh
ljkguk gqbZA lu~ 1995 esa mudk fuèku gks x;kA
fganh osQ O;aX; ys[kdksa esa mudk uke vxz.kh gSA ijlkbZ th dh Ñfr;ksa
esa g¡lrs gSa jksrs gSa] tSls muosQ fnu fiQjs (dgkuh laxzg)] jkuh
ukxiQuh dh dgkuh] rV dh [kkst (miU;kl)] rc dh ckr vkSj
Fkh] Hkwr osQ ik¡o ihNs] csbZekuh dh ijr] ixMafM;ksa dk ”kekuk]
lnkpkj dk rkoh”k] f'kdk;r eq>s Hkh gS] vkSj var esa] (fucaèk
laxzg)] oS".ko dh fiQlyu] frjNh js[kk,¡] fBBqjrk gqvk x.kra=k]
fodykax J¼k dk nkSj (O;aX; laxzg) mYys[kuh; gSaA
Hkkjrh; thou osQ ik[kaM] Hkz"Vkpkj] varfoZjksèk] csbZekuh vkfn ij
fy[ks muosQ O;aX; ys[kksa us 'kks"k.k osQ fo#¼ lkfgR; dh Hkwfedk dk
fuokZg fd;kA mudk O;aX; ys[ku ifjorZu dh psruk iSnk djrk gSA dksjs
gkL; ls vyx ;g O;aX; vkn'kZ osQ i{k esa viuh mifLFkfr ntZ djkrk
gSA lkekftd] jktuSfrd vkSj èkkfeZd ik[kaM ij fy[ks muosQ O;aX;ksa us
O;aX;&lkfgR; osQ ekudksa dk fuekZ.k fd;kA ijlkbZ th cksypky dh
60@f{kfrt
lkekU; Hkk"kk dk iz;ksx djrs gSa foaQrq lajpuk osQ vuwBsiu osQ dkj.k
mudh Hkk"kk dh ekjd {kerk cgqr c<+ tkrh gSA
çsepan osQ iQVs twrs 'kh"kZd fucaèk esa ijlkbZ th us izsepan osQ O;fDrRo dh lknxh
osQ lkFk ,d jpukdkj dh varHksZnh lkekftd n`f"V dk foospu djrs gq, vkt dh
fn[kkos dh izo`fÙk ,oa voljokfnrk ij O;aX; fd;k gSA
Page 3


gfj'kadj ijlkbZ
gfj'kadj ijlkbZ dk tUe lu~ 1922 esa eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys
osQ tekuh xk¡o esa gqvkA ukxiqj fo'ofo|ky; ls ,eú,ú djus osQ ckn
oqQN fnuksa rd vè;kiu fd;kA lu~ 1947 ls Lora=k ys[ku djus yxsA
tcyiqj ls olqèkk uked if=kdk fudkyh] ftldh fganh lalkj esa dkI
+
kQh
ljkguk gqbZA lu~ 1995 esa mudk fuèku gks x;kA
fganh osQ O;aX; ys[kdksa esa mudk uke vxz.kh gSA ijlkbZ th dh Ñfr;ksa
esa g¡lrs gSa jksrs gSa] tSls muosQ fnu fiQjs (dgkuh laxzg)] jkuh
ukxiQuh dh dgkuh] rV dh [kkst (miU;kl)] rc dh ckr vkSj
Fkh] Hkwr osQ ik¡o ihNs] csbZekuh dh ijr] ixMafM;ksa dk ”kekuk]
lnkpkj dk rkoh”k] f'kdk;r eq>s Hkh gS] vkSj var esa] (fucaèk
laxzg)] oS".ko dh fiQlyu] frjNh js[kk,¡] fBBqjrk gqvk x.kra=k]
fodykax J¼k dk nkSj (O;aX; laxzg) mYys[kuh; gSaA
Hkkjrh; thou osQ ik[kaM] Hkz"Vkpkj] varfoZjksèk] csbZekuh vkfn ij
fy[ks muosQ O;aX; ys[kksa us 'kks"k.k osQ fo#¼ lkfgR; dh Hkwfedk dk
fuokZg fd;kA mudk O;aX; ys[ku ifjorZu dh psruk iSnk djrk gSA dksjs
gkL; ls vyx ;g O;aX; vkn'kZ osQ i{k esa viuh mifLFkfr ntZ djkrk
gSA lkekftd] jktuSfrd vkSj èkkfeZd ik[kaM ij fy[ks muosQ O;aX;ksa us
O;aX;&lkfgR; osQ ekudksa dk fuekZ.k fd;kA ijlkbZ th cksypky dh
60@f{kfrt
lkekU; Hkk"kk dk iz;ksx djrs gSa foaQrq lajpuk osQ vuwBsiu osQ dkj.k
mudh Hkk"kk dh ekjd {kerk cgqr c<+ tkrh gSA
çsepan osQ iQVs twrs 'kh"kZd fucaèk esa ijlkbZ th us izsepan osQ O;fDrRo dh lknxh
osQ lkFk ,d jpukdkj dh varHksZnh lkekftd n`f"V dk foospu djrs gq, vkt dh
fn[kkos dh izo`fÙk ,oa voljokfnrk ij O;aX; fd;k gSA
izsepan osQ iQVs twrs
izsepan dk ,d fp=k esjs lkeus gS] iRuh osQ lkFk iQksVks f[kapk jgs gSaA flj ij
fdlh eksVs diM+s dh Vksih] oqQjrk vkSj èkksrh igus gSaA duiVh fpidh gS] xkyksa
dh gfa;k¡ mHkj vkbZ gSa] ij ?kuh ew¡Nsa psgjs dks Hkjk&Hkjk crykrh gSaA
ik¡oksa esa osQuol osQ twrs gSa] ftuosQ can csrjrhc c¡èks gSaA ykijokgh ls mi;ksx
djus ij can osQ fljksa ij dh yksgs dh irjh fudy tkrh gS vkSj Nsnksa esa can
Mkyus esa ijs'kkuh gksrh gSA rc can oSQls Hkh dl fy, tkrs gSaA
nkfgus ik¡o dk twrk Bhd gS] exj ck,¡ twrs esa cM+k Nsn gks x;k gS ftlesa
ls v¡xqyh ckgj fudy vkbZ gSA
esjh n`f"V bl twrs ij vVd xbZ gSA lksprk gw¡µiQksVks f[akpkus dh vxj ;g
iks'kkd gS] rks iguus dh oSQlh gksxh\ ugha] bl vkneh dh vyx&vyx iks'kkosaQ
ugha gksaxhµblesa iks'kkosaQ cnyus dk xq.k ugha gSA ;g tSlk gS] oSlk gh iQksVks esa
f[akp tkrk gSA
eSa psgjs dh rjI
+
kQ ns[krk gw¡A D;k rqEgsa ekywe gS] esjs lkfgfR;d iqj[ks fd
rqEgkjk twrk iQV x;k gS vkSj v¡xqyh ckgj fn[k jgh gS\ D;k rqEgsa bldk ”kjk Hkh
vglkl ugha gS\ ”kjk yTtk] ladksp ;k >sai ugha gS\ D;k rqe bruk Hkh ugha tkurs
fd èkksrh dks FkksM+k uhps [khap ysus ls v¡xqyh <d ldrh gS\ exj fiQj Hkh rqEgkjs
psgjs ij cM+h csijokgh] cM+k fo'okl gS! iQksVksxzkiQj us tc ^jsMh&Iyh”k* dgk
gksxk] rc ijaijk osQ vuqlkj rqeus eqldku ykus dh dksf'k'k dh gksxh] nnZ osQ xgjs
oqQ,¡ osQ ry esa dgha iM+h eqldku dks èkhjs&èkhjs [khapdj mQij fudky jgs gksaxs
fd chp esa gh ^fDyd* djosQ iQksVksxzkiQj us ^FkSad ;w* dg fn;k gksxkA fofp=k gS
;g vèkwjh eqldkuA ;g eqldku ugha] blesa migkl gS] O;aX; gS!
Page 4


gfj'kadj ijlkbZ
gfj'kadj ijlkbZ dk tUe lu~ 1922 esa eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys
osQ tekuh xk¡o esa gqvkA ukxiqj fo'ofo|ky; ls ,eú,ú djus osQ ckn
oqQN fnuksa rd vè;kiu fd;kA lu~ 1947 ls Lora=k ys[ku djus yxsA
tcyiqj ls olqèkk uked if=kdk fudkyh] ftldh fganh lalkj esa dkI
+
kQh
ljkguk gqbZA lu~ 1995 esa mudk fuèku gks x;kA
fganh osQ O;aX; ys[kdksa esa mudk uke vxz.kh gSA ijlkbZ th dh Ñfr;ksa
esa g¡lrs gSa jksrs gSa] tSls muosQ fnu fiQjs (dgkuh laxzg)] jkuh
ukxiQuh dh dgkuh] rV dh [kkst (miU;kl)] rc dh ckr vkSj
Fkh] Hkwr osQ ik¡o ihNs] csbZekuh dh ijr] ixMafM;ksa dk ”kekuk]
lnkpkj dk rkoh”k] f'kdk;r eq>s Hkh gS] vkSj var esa] (fucaèk
laxzg)] oS".ko dh fiQlyu] frjNh js[kk,¡] fBBqjrk gqvk x.kra=k]
fodykax J¼k dk nkSj (O;aX; laxzg) mYys[kuh; gSaA
Hkkjrh; thou osQ ik[kaM] Hkz"Vkpkj] varfoZjksèk] csbZekuh vkfn ij
fy[ks muosQ O;aX; ys[kksa us 'kks"k.k osQ fo#¼ lkfgR; dh Hkwfedk dk
fuokZg fd;kA mudk O;aX; ys[ku ifjorZu dh psruk iSnk djrk gSA dksjs
gkL; ls vyx ;g O;aX; vkn'kZ osQ i{k esa viuh mifLFkfr ntZ djkrk
gSA lkekftd] jktuSfrd vkSj èkkfeZd ik[kaM ij fy[ks muosQ O;aX;ksa us
O;aX;&lkfgR; osQ ekudksa dk fuekZ.k fd;kA ijlkbZ th cksypky dh
60@f{kfrt
lkekU; Hkk"kk dk iz;ksx djrs gSa foaQrq lajpuk osQ vuwBsiu osQ dkj.k
mudh Hkk"kk dh ekjd {kerk cgqr c<+ tkrh gSA
çsepan osQ iQVs twrs 'kh"kZd fucaèk esa ijlkbZ th us izsepan osQ O;fDrRo dh lknxh
osQ lkFk ,d jpukdkj dh varHksZnh lkekftd n`f"V dk foospu djrs gq, vkt dh
fn[kkos dh izo`fÙk ,oa voljokfnrk ij O;aX; fd;k gSA
izsepan osQ iQVs twrs
izsepan dk ,d fp=k esjs lkeus gS] iRuh osQ lkFk iQksVks f[kapk jgs gSaA flj ij
fdlh eksVs diM+s dh Vksih] oqQjrk vkSj èkksrh igus gSaA duiVh fpidh gS] xkyksa
dh gfa;k¡ mHkj vkbZ gSa] ij ?kuh ew¡Nsa psgjs dks Hkjk&Hkjk crykrh gSaA
ik¡oksa esa osQuol osQ twrs gSa] ftuosQ can csrjrhc c¡èks gSaA ykijokgh ls mi;ksx
djus ij can osQ fljksa ij dh yksgs dh irjh fudy tkrh gS vkSj Nsnksa esa can
Mkyus esa ijs'kkuh gksrh gSA rc can oSQls Hkh dl fy, tkrs gSaA
nkfgus ik¡o dk twrk Bhd gS] exj ck,¡ twrs esa cM+k Nsn gks x;k gS ftlesa
ls v¡xqyh ckgj fudy vkbZ gSA
esjh n`f"V bl twrs ij vVd xbZ gSA lksprk gw¡µiQksVks f[akpkus dh vxj ;g
iks'kkd gS] rks iguus dh oSQlh gksxh\ ugha] bl vkneh dh vyx&vyx iks'kkosaQ
ugha gksaxhµblesa iks'kkosaQ cnyus dk xq.k ugha gSA ;g tSlk gS] oSlk gh iQksVks esa
f[akp tkrk gSA
eSa psgjs dh rjI
+
kQ ns[krk gw¡A D;k rqEgsa ekywe gS] esjs lkfgfR;d iqj[ks fd
rqEgkjk twrk iQV x;k gS vkSj v¡xqyh ckgj fn[k jgh gS\ D;k rqEgsa bldk ”kjk Hkh
vglkl ugha gS\ ”kjk yTtk] ladksp ;k >sai ugha gS\ D;k rqe bruk Hkh ugha tkurs
fd èkksrh dks FkksM+k uhps [khap ysus ls v¡xqyh <d ldrh gS\ exj fiQj Hkh rqEgkjs
psgjs ij cM+h csijokgh] cM+k fo'okl gS! iQksVksxzkiQj us tc ^jsMh&Iyh”k* dgk
gksxk] rc ijaijk osQ vuqlkj rqeus eqldku ykus dh dksf'k'k dh gksxh] nnZ osQ xgjs
oqQ,¡ osQ ry esa dgha iM+h eqldku dks èkhjs&èkhjs [khapdj mQij fudky jgs gksaxs
fd chp esa gh ^fDyd* djosQ iQksVksxzkiQj us ^FkSad ;w* dg fn;k gksxkA fofp=k gS
;g vèkwjh eqldkuA ;g eqldku ugha] blesa migkl gS] O;aX; gS!
62@f{kfrt
;g oSQlk vkneh gS] tks [kqn rks iQVs twrs igus iQksVks ¯[kpk jgk gS] ij fdlh
ij g¡l Hkh jgk gS!
iQksVks gh ¯[kpkuk Fkk] rks Bhd twrs igu ysrs] ;k u ¯[kpkrsA iQksVks u ¯[kpkus
ls D;k fcxM+rk FkkA 'kk;n iRuh dk vkxzg jgk gks vkSj rqe] ^vPNk] py HkbZ*
dgdj cSB x, gksaxsA exj ;g fdruh cM+h ^VsªtMh* gS fd vkneh osQ ikl iQksVks
¯[kpkus dks Hkh twrk u gksA eSa rqEgkjh ;g iQksVks ns[krs&ns[krs] rqEgkjs Dys'k dks
vius Hkhrj eglwl djosQ tSls jks iM+uk pkgrk gw¡] exj rqEgkjh vk¡[kksa dk ;g
rh[kk nnZ Hkjk O;aX; eq>s ,dne jksd nsrk gSA
rqe iQksVks dk egRo ugha le>rsA le>rs gksrs] rks fdlh ls iQksVks ¯[kpkus osQ
fy, twrs ek¡x ysrsA yksx rks ek¡xs osQ dksV ls oj&fn[kkbZ djrs gSaA vkSj ek¡xs dh
eksVj ls ckjkr fudkyrs gSaA iQksVks ¯[kpkus osQ fy, rks choh rd ek¡x yh tkrh
gS] rqels twrs gh ek¡xrs ugha cus! rqe iQksVks dk egRo ugha tkursA yksx rks b=k
pqiM+dj iQksVks ¯[kpkrs gSa ftlls iQksVks esa [kq'kcw vk tk,! xans&ls&xans vkneh dh
iQksVks Hkh [kq'kcw nsrh gS!
Vksih vkB vkus esa fey tkrh gS vkSj twrs ml ”kekus esa Hkh ik¡p #i;s ls de
esa D;k feyrs gksaxsA twrk ges'kk Vksih ls dherh jgk gSA vc rks twrs dh dher
vkSj c<+ xbZ gS vkSj ,d twrs ij iphlksa Vksfi;k¡ U;ksNkoj gksrh gSaA rqe Hkh twrs vkSj
Vksih osQ vkuqikfrd ewY; osQ ekjs gq, FksA ;g foMacuk eq>s bruh rhozrk ls igys
dHkh ugha pqHkh] ftruh vkt pqHk jgh gS] tc eSa rqEgkjk iQVk twrk ns[k jgk gw¡A
rqe egku dFkkdkj] miU;kl&lezkV] ;qx&izorZd] tkus D;k&D;k dgykrs Fks] exj
iQksVks esa Hkh rqEgkjk twrk iQVk gqvk gS!
esjk twrk Hkh dksbZ vPNk ugha gSA ;ksa mQij ls vPNk fn[krk gSA v¡xqyh ckgj
ugha fudyrh] ij v¡xwBs osQ uhps ryk iQV x;k gSA v¡xwBk ”kehu ls f?klrk gS
vkSj iSuh fe^h ij dHkh jxM+ [kkdj ygwyqgku Hkh gks tkrk gSA iwjk ryk fxj
tk,xk] iwjk iatk fNy tk,xk] exj v¡xqyh ckgj ugha fn[ksxhA rqEgkjh v¡xqyh
fn[krh gS] ij ik¡o lqjf{kr gSA esjh v¡xqyh <¡dh gS] ij iatk uhps f?kl jgk gSA
rqe ijns dk egÙo gh ugha tkurs] ge ijns ij oqQckZu gks jgs gSa!
Page 5


gfj'kadj ijlkbZ
gfj'kadj ijlkbZ dk tUe lu~ 1922 esa eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys
osQ tekuh xk¡o esa gqvkA ukxiqj fo'ofo|ky; ls ,eú,ú djus osQ ckn
oqQN fnuksa rd vè;kiu fd;kA lu~ 1947 ls Lora=k ys[ku djus yxsA
tcyiqj ls olqèkk uked if=kdk fudkyh] ftldh fganh lalkj esa dkI
+
kQh
ljkguk gqbZA lu~ 1995 esa mudk fuèku gks x;kA
fganh osQ O;aX; ys[kdksa esa mudk uke vxz.kh gSA ijlkbZ th dh Ñfr;ksa
esa g¡lrs gSa jksrs gSa] tSls muosQ fnu fiQjs (dgkuh laxzg)] jkuh
ukxiQuh dh dgkuh] rV dh [kkst (miU;kl)] rc dh ckr vkSj
Fkh] Hkwr osQ ik¡o ihNs] csbZekuh dh ijr] ixMafM;ksa dk ”kekuk]
lnkpkj dk rkoh”k] f'kdk;r eq>s Hkh gS] vkSj var esa] (fucaèk
laxzg)] oS".ko dh fiQlyu] frjNh js[kk,¡] fBBqjrk gqvk x.kra=k]
fodykax J¼k dk nkSj (O;aX; laxzg) mYys[kuh; gSaA
Hkkjrh; thou osQ ik[kaM] Hkz"Vkpkj] varfoZjksèk] csbZekuh vkfn ij
fy[ks muosQ O;aX; ys[kksa us 'kks"k.k osQ fo#¼ lkfgR; dh Hkwfedk dk
fuokZg fd;kA mudk O;aX; ys[ku ifjorZu dh psruk iSnk djrk gSA dksjs
gkL; ls vyx ;g O;aX; vkn'kZ osQ i{k esa viuh mifLFkfr ntZ djkrk
gSA lkekftd] jktuSfrd vkSj èkkfeZd ik[kaM ij fy[ks muosQ O;aX;ksa us
O;aX;&lkfgR; osQ ekudksa dk fuekZ.k fd;kA ijlkbZ th cksypky dh
60@f{kfrt
lkekU; Hkk"kk dk iz;ksx djrs gSa foaQrq lajpuk osQ vuwBsiu osQ dkj.k
mudh Hkk"kk dh ekjd {kerk cgqr c<+ tkrh gSA
çsepan osQ iQVs twrs 'kh"kZd fucaèk esa ijlkbZ th us izsepan osQ O;fDrRo dh lknxh
osQ lkFk ,d jpukdkj dh varHksZnh lkekftd n`f"V dk foospu djrs gq, vkt dh
fn[kkos dh izo`fÙk ,oa voljokfnrk ij O;aX; fd;k gSA
izsepan osQ iQVs twrs
izsepan dk ,d fp=k esjs lkeus gS] iRuh osQ lkFk iQksVks f[kapk jgs gSaA flj ij
fdlh eksVs diM+s dh Vksih] oqQjrk vkSj èkksrh igus gSaA duiVh fpidh gS] xkyksa
dh gfa;k¡ mHkj vkbZ gSa] ij ?kuh ew¡Nsa psgjs dks Hkjk&Hkjk crykrh gSaA
ik¡oksa esa osQuol osQ twrs gSa] ftuosQ can csrjrhc c¡èks gSaA ykijokgh ls mi;ksx
djus ij can osQ fljksa ij dh yksgs dh irjh fudy tkrh gS vkSj Nsnksa esa can
Mkyus esa ijs'kkuh gksrh gSA rc can oSQls Hkh dl fy, tkrs gSaA
nkfgus ik¡o dk twrk Bhd gS] exj ck,¡ twrs esa cM+k Nsn gks x;k gS ftlesa
ls v¡xqyh ckgj fudy vkbZ gSA
esjh n`f"V bl twrs ij vVd xbZ gSA lksprk gw¡µiQksVks f[akpkus dh vxj ;g
iks'kkd gS] rks iguus dh oSQlh gksxh\ ugha] bl vkneh dh vyx&vyx iks'kkosaQ
ugha gksaxhµblesa iks'kkosaQ cnyus dk xq.k ugha gSA ;g tSlk gS] oSlk gh iQksVks esa
f[akp tkrk gSA
eSa psgjs dh rjI
+
kQ ns[krk gw¡A D;k rqEgsa ekywe gS] esjs lkfgfR;d iqj[ks fd
rqEgkjk twrk iQV x;k gS vkSj v¡xqyh ckgj fn[k jgh gS\ D;k rqEgsa bldk ”kjk Hkh
vglkl ugha gS\ ”kjk yTtk] ladksp ;k >sai ugha gS\ D;k rqe bruk Hkh ugha tkurs
fd èkksrh dks FkksM+k uhps [khap ysus ls v¡xqyh <d ldrh gS\ exj fiQj Hkh rqEgkjs
psgjs ij cM+h csijokgh] cM+k fo'okl gS! iQksVksxzkiQj us tc ^jsMh&Iyh”k* dgk
gksxk] rc ijaijk osQ vuqlkj rqeus eqldku ykus dh dksf'k'k dh gksxh] nnZ osQ xgjs
oqQ,¡ osQ ry esa dgha iM+h eqldku dks èkhjs&èkhjs [khapdj mQij fudky jgs gksaxs
fd chp esa gh ^fDyd* djosQ iQksVksxzkiQj us ^FkSad ;w* dg fn;k gksxkA fofp=k gS
;g vèkwjh eqldkuA ;g eqldku ugha] blesa migkl gS] O;aX; gS!
62@f{kfrt
;g oSQlk vkneh gS] tks [kqn rks iQVs twrs igus iQksVks ¯[kpk jgk gS] ij fdlh
ij g¡l Hkh jgk gS!
iQksVks gh ¯[kpkuk Fkk] rks Bhd twrs igu ysrs] ;k u ¯[kpkrsA iQksVks u ¯[kpkus
ls D;k fcxM+rk FkkA 'kk;n iRuh dk vkxzg jgk gks vkSj rqe] ^vPNk] py HkbZ*
dgdj cSB x, gksaxsA exj ;g fdruh cM+h ^VsªtMh* gS fd vkneh osQ ikl iQksVks
¯[kpkus dks Hkh twrk u gksA eSa rqEgkjh ;g iQksVks ns[krs&ns[krs] rqEgkjs Dys'k dks
vius Hkhrj eglwl djosQ tSls jks iM+uk pkgrk gw¡] exj rqEgkjh vk¡[kksa dk ;g
rh[kk nnZ Hkjk O;aX; eq>s ,dne jksd nsrk gSA
rqe iQksVks dk egRo ugha le>rsA le>rs gksrs] rks fdlh ls iQksVks ¯[kpkus osQ
fy, twrs ek¡x ysrsA yksx rks ek¡xs osQ dksV ls oj&fn[kkbZ djrs gSaA vkSj ek¡xs dh
eksVj ls ckjkr fudkyrs gSaA iQksVks ¯[kpkus osQ fy, rks choh rd ek¡x yh tkrh
gS] rqels twrs gh ek¡xrs ugha cus! rqe iQksVks dk egRo ugha tkursA yksx rks b=k
pqiM+dj iQksVks ¯[kpkrs gSa ftlls iQksVks esa [kq'kcw vk tk,! xans&ls&xans vkneh dh
iQksVks Hkh [kq'kcw nsrh gS!
Vksih vkB vkus esa fey tkrh gS vkSj twrs ml ”kekus esa Hkh ik¡p #i;s ls de
esa D;k feyrs gksaxsA twrk ges'kk Vksih ls dherh jgk gSA vc rks twrs dh dher
vkSj c<+ xbZ gS vkSj ,d twrs ij iphlksa Vksfi;k¡ U;ksNkoj gksrh gSaA rqe Hkh twrs vkSj
Vksih osQ vkuqikfrd ewY; osQ ekjs gq, FksA ;g foMacuk eq>s bruh rhozrk ls igys
dHkh ugha pqHkh] ftruh vkt pqHk jgh gS] tc eSa rqEgkjk iQVk twrk ns[k jgk gw¡A
rqe egku dFkkdkj] miU;kl&lezkV] ;qx&izorZd] tkus D;k&D;k dgykrs Fks] exj
iQksVks esa Hkh rqEgkjk twrk iQVk gqvk gS!
esjk twrk Hkh dksbZ vPNk ugha gSA ;ksa mQij ls vPNk fn[krk gSA v¡xqyh ckgj
ugha fudyrh] ij v¡xwBs osQ uhps ryk iQV x;k gSA v¡xwBk ”kehu ls f?klrk gS
vkSj iSuh fe^h ij dHkh jxM+ [kkdj ygwyqgku Hkh gks tkrk gSA iwjk ryk fxj
tk,xk] iwjk iatk fNy tk,xk] exj v¡xqyh ckgj ugha fn[ksxhA rqEgkjh v¡xqyh
fn[krh gS] ij ik¡o lqjf{kr gSA esjh v¡xqyh <¡dh gS] ij iatk uhps f?kl jgk gSA
rqe ijns dk egÙo gh ugha tkurs] ge ijns ij oqQckZu gks jgs gSa!
gfj'kadj ijlkbZ@63
rqe iQVk twrk cM+s BkB ls igus gks! eSa ,sls ugha igu ldrkA iQksVks rks f”kanxh
Hkj bl rjg ugha ¯[kpkm¡Q] pkgs dksbZ thouh fcuk iQksVks osQ gh Nki nsA
rqEgkjh ;g O;aX;&eqldku esjs gkSlys iLr dj nsrh gSA D;k eryc gS
bldk\ dkSu lh eqldku gS ;g\
&D;k gksjh dk xksnku gks x;k\
&D;k iwl dh jkr esa uhyxk; gyowQ dk [ksr pj xbZ\
&D;k lqtku Hkxr dk yM+dk ej x;k_ D;ksafd MkWDVj Dyc NksM+dj ugha vk
ldrs\
ugha] eq>s yxrk gS ekèkks vkSjr osQ dI
+
kQu osQ pans dh 'kjkc ih x;kA ogh
eqldku ekywe gksrh gSA
eSa rqEgkjk twrk fiQj
ns[krk gw¡A oSQls iQV x;k
;g] esjh turk osQ ys[kd\
D;k cgqr pDdj
dkVrs jgs\
D;k cfu;s osQ rxkns
ls cpus osQ fy, ehy&nks
ehy dk pDdj yxkdj
?kj ykSVrs jgs\
pDdj yxkus ls twrk
iQVrk ugha gS] f?kl tkrk
gSA oqQaHkunkl dk twrk Hkh
iQrsgiqj lhdjh tkus&vkus
esa f?kl x;k FkkA mls cM+k
iNrkok gqvkA mlus dgk&
^vkor tkr iUgS;k f?kl
xbZ] fclj x;ks gfj ukeA*
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