NCERT Textbook: पाठ 6 - मधुर-मधुर मेरे दीपक जल, सपर्श II, हिंदी, कक्षा - 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 10

Class 10 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 6 - मधुर-मधुर मेरे दीपक जल, सपर्श II, हिंदी, कक्षा - 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


1907 dh gksyh osQ fnu mÙkj izns'k osQ iQ:Z[kkckn esa tUeha egknsoh oekZ dh izkjafHkd
f'k{kk bankSj esa gqbZA fookg osQ ckn i<+kbZ oqQN varjky ls fiQj 'kq: dhA os fefMy
esa iwjs izkar esa izFke vkb± vkSj Nk=ko`fÙk Hkh ikbZA ;g flyflyk dbZ d{kkvksa rd pykA
ckS¼ fHk{kq.kh cuuk pkgk ysfdu egkRek xkaèkh osQ vkàku ij lkekftd dk;ks± esa tqV
xb±A mPp f'k{kk osQ fy, fons'k u tkdj ukjh f'k{kk izlkj esa tqV xb±A Lora=krk
vkanksyu esa Hkh Hkkx fy;kA
egknsoh us Nk;kokn osQ pkj izeq[k jpukdkjksa esa vkSjksa ls fHkUu viuk ,d fof'k"V
LFkku cuk;kA egknsoh dk leLr dkO; osnuke; gSA budh dfork dk Loj lclss
fHkUu vkSj fof'k"V rks Fkk gh loZFkk vifjfpr Hkh FkkA bUgksaus lkfgR; dks cstksM+ x|
jpukvksa ls Hkh le`¼ fd;k gSA
11 flracj 1987 dks mudk nsgkolku gqvkA mUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj lfgr izk;%
lHkh izfrf"Br iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA Hkkjr ljdkj us 1956 esa mUgsa
iÁHkw"k.k vyadj.k ls vyaÑr fd;k FkkA
oqQy vkB o"kZ dh mez esa ckjgeklk tSlh cstksM+ dfork fy[kus okyh egknsoh dh
izeq[k dkO; Ñfr;k¡ gSaµuhgkj] jf'e] uhjtk] lkaè;xhr] nhif'k[kk] izFke vk;ke]
vfXujs[kk] ;kek vkSj x| jpuk,¡ gSaµvrhr osQ pyfp=k]  Ük`a[kyk dh dfM+;k¡] Le`fr dh
js[kk,¡] iFk osQ lkFkh] esjk ifjokj vkSj ¯pru osQ {k.kA egknsoh dh jQfp fp=kdyk esa
Hkh jghA muosQ cuk, fp=k mudh dbZ Ñfr;ksa esa iz;qDr fd, x, gSaA
egknsoh oekZ
(1907-1987)
Page 2


1907 dh gksyh osQ fnu mÙkj izns'k osQ iQ:Z[kkckn esa tUeha egknsoh oekZ dh izkjafHkd
f'k{kk bankSj esa gqbZA fookg osQ ckn i<+kbZ oqQN varjky ls fiQj 'kq: dhA os fefMy
esa iwjs izkar esa izFke vkb± vkSj Nk=ko`fÙk Hkh ikbZA ;g flyflyk dbZ d{kkvksa rd pykA
ckS¼ fHk{kq.kh cuuk pkgk ysfdu egkRek xkaèkh osQ vkàku ij lkekftd dk;ks± esa tqV
xb±A mPp f'k{kk osQ fy, fons'k u tkdj ukjh f'k{kk izlkj esa tqV xb±A Lora=krk
vkanksyu esa Hkh Hkkx fy;kA
egknsoh us Nk;kokn osQ pkj izeq[k jpukdkjksa esa vkSjksa ls fHkUu viuk ,d fof'k"V
LFkku cuk;kA egknsoh dk leLr dkO; osnuke; gSA budh dfork dk Loj lclss
fHkUu vkSj fof'k"V rks Fkk gh loZFkk vifjfpr Hkh FkkA bUgksaus lkfgR; dks cstksM+ x|
jpukvksa ls Hkh le`¼ fd;k gSA
11 flracj 1987 dks mudk nsgkolku gqvkA mUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj lfgr izk;%
lHkh izfrf"Br iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA Hkkjr ljdkj us 1956 esa mUgsa
iÁHkw"k.k vyadj.k ls vyaÑr fd;k FkkA
oqQy vkB o"kZ dh mez esa ckjgeklk tSlh cstksM+ dfork fy[kus okyh egknsoh dh
izeq[k dkO; Ñfr;k¡ gSaµuhgkj] jf'e] uhjtk] lkaè;xhr] nhif'k[kk] izFke vk;ke]
vfXujs[kk] ;kek vkSj x| jpuk,¡ gSaµvrhr osQ pyfp=k]  Ük`a[kyk dh dfM+;k¡] Le`fr dh
js[kk,¡] iFk osQ lkFkh] esjk ifjokj vkSj ¯pru osQ {k.kA egknsoh dh jQfp fp=kdyk esa
Hkh jghA muosQ cuk, fp=k mudh dbZ Ñfr;ksa esa iz;qDr fd, x, gSaA
egknsoh oekZ
(1907-1987)
32/ Li'kZ
ikB izos'k
vkSjksa ls cfr;kuk] vkSjksa dks le>kuk] vkSjksa dks jkg lq>kuk rks lc djrs gh gSa]
dksbZ ljyrk ls dj ysrk gS] dksbZ FkksM+h dfBukbZ mBkdj] dksbZ FkksM+h
f>>d&ladksp osQ ckn rks dksbZ fdlh rhljs dh vkM+ ysdjA ysfdu blls dgha
”;knk dfBu vkSj ”;knk Jelkè; gksrk gS vius vki dks le>kukA vius vki
ls cfr;kuk] vius vki dks lgh jkg ij cuk, j[kus osQ fy, rS;kj djukA
vius vki dks vkxkg djuk] lpsr djuk vkSj lnk pSrU; cuk, j[kukA
izLrqr ikB esa dof;=kh vius vki ls tks vis{kk,¡ djrh gaS] ;fn os iwjh
gks tk,¡ rks u flI
+
kZQ mldk viuk] cfYd ge lHkh dk fdruk Hkyk gks ldrk
gSA pw¡fd] vyx&vyx 'kjhj/kjh gksrs gq, Hkh ge gSa rks izo`Qfr dh euq";
uked ,d gh fufeZfrA
Page 3


1907 dh gksyh osQ fnu mÙkj izns'k osQ iQ:Z[kkckn esa tUeha egknsoh oekZ dh izkjafHkd
f'k{kk bankSj esa gqbZA fookg osQ ckn i<+kbZ oqQN varjky ls fiQj 'kq: dhA os fefMy
esa iwjs izkar esa izFke vkb± vkSj Nk=ko`fÙk Hkh ikbZA ;g flyflyk dbZ d{kkvksa rd pykA
ckS¼ fHk{kq.kh cuuk pkgk ysfdu egkRek xkaèkh osQ vkàku ij lkekftd dk;ks± esa tqV
xb±A mPp f'k{kk osQ fy, fons'k u tkdj ukjh f'k{kk izlkj esa tqV xb±A Lora=krk
vkanksyu esa Hkh Hkkx fy;kA
egknsoh us Nk;kokn osQ pkj izeq[k jpukdkjksa esa vkSjksa ls fHkUu viuk ,d fof'k"V
LFkku cuk;kA egknsoh dk leLr dkO; osnuke; gSA budh dfork dk Loj lclss
fHkUu vkSj fof'k"V rks Fkk gh loZFkk vifjfpr Hkh FkkA bUgksaus lkfgR; dks cstksM+ x|
jpukvksa ls Hkh le`¼ fd;k gSA
11 flracj 1987 dks mudk nsgkolku gqvkA mUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj lfgr izk;%
lHkh izfrf"Br iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA Hkkjr ljdkj us 1956 esa mUgsa
iÁHkw"k.k vyadj.k ls vyaÑr fd;k FkkA
oqQy vkB o"kZ dh mez esa ckjgeklk tSlh cstksM+ dfork fy[kus okyh egknsoh dh
izeq[k dkO; Ñfr;k¡ gSaµuhgkj] jf'e] uhjtk] lkaè;xhr] nhif'k[kk] izFke vk;ke]
vfXujs[kk] ;kek vkSj x| jpuk,¡ gSaµvrhr osQ pyfp=k]  Ük`a[kyk dh dfM+;k¡] Le`fr dh
js[kk,¡] iFk osQ lkFkh] esjk ifjokj vkSj ¯pru osQ {k.kA egknsoh dh jQfp fp=kdyk esa
Hkh jghA muosQ cuk, fp=k mudh dbZ Ñfr;ksa esa iz;qDr fd, x, gSaA
egknsoh oekZ
(1907-1987)
32/ Li'kZ
ikB izos'k
vkSjksa ls cfr;kuk] vkSjksa dks le>kuk] vkSjksa dks jkg lq>kuk rks lc djrs gh gSa]
dksbZ ljyrk ls dj ysrk gS] dksbZ FkksM+h dfBukbZ mBkdj] dksbZ FkksM+h
f>>d&ladksp osQ ckn rks dksbZ fdlh rhljs dh vkM+ ysdjA ysfdu blls dgha
”;knk dfBu vkSj ”;knk Jelkè; gksrk gS vius vki dks le>kukA vius vki
ls cfr;kuk] vius vki dks lgh jkg ij cuk, j[kus osQ fy, rS;kj djukA
vius vki dks vkxkg djuk] lpsr djuk vkSj lnk pSrU; cuk, j[kukA
izLrqr ikB esa dof;=kh vius vki ls tks vis{kk,¡ djrh gaS] ;fn os iwjh
gks tk,¡ rks u flI
+
kZQ mldk viuk] cfYd ge lHkh dk fdruk Hkyk gks ldrk
gSA pw¡fd] vyx&vyx 'kjhj/kjh gksrs gq, Hkh ge gSa rks izo`Qfr dh euq";
uked ,d gh fufeZfrA
e/qj e/qj esjs nhid ty / 33
eèkqj eèkqj esjs nhid ty!
eèkqj  eèkqj  esjs  nhid  ty!
;qx ;qx izfrfnu izfr{k.k izfriy]
fiz;re dk iFk vkyksfdr dj!
lkSjHk  iSQyk  foiqy  èkwi  cu]
e`nqy ekse lk ?kqy js e`nq ru_
ns  izdk'k  dk  ¯lèkq  vifjfer]
rsjs  thou  dk  v.kq  xy  xy!
iqyd  iqyd  esjs  nhid  ty!
lkjs   'khry   dksey   uwru]
ek¡x  jgs  rq>ls  Tokyk&d.k
fo'o&'kyHk flj èkqu dgrk ^eSa
gk; u ty ik;k rq> esa fey*!
flgj  flgj  esjs  nhid  ty!
tyrs uHk esa ns[k vla[;d]
Lusgghu fur fdrus nhid_
tye;  lkxj  dk  mj  tyrk]
fo|qr  ys  f?kjrk  gS  ckny!
fog¡l  fog¡l  esjs  nhid  ty!
Page 4


1907 dh gksyh osQ fnu mÙkj izns'k osQ iQ:Z[kkckn esa tUeha egknsoh oekZ dh izkjafHkd
f'k{kk bankSj esa gqbZA fookg osQ ckn i<+kbZ oqQN varjky ls fiQj 'kq: dhA os fefMy
esa iwjs izkar esa izFke vkb± vkSj Nk=ko`fÙk Hkh ikbZA ;g flyflyk dbZ d{kkvksa rd pykA
ckS¼ fHk{kq.kh cuuk pkgk ysfdu egkRek xkaèkh osQ vkàku ij lkekftd dk;ks± esa tqV
xb±A mPp f'k{kk osQ fy, fons'k u tkdj ukjh f'k{kk izlkj esa tqV xb±A Lora=krk
vkanksyu esa Hkh Hkkx fy;kA
egknsoh us Nk;kokn osQ pkj izeq[k jpukdkjksa esa vkSjksa ls fHkUu viuk ,d fof'k"V
LFkku cuk;kA egknsoh dk leLr dkO; osnuke; gSA budh dfork dk Loj lclss
fHkUu vkSj fof'k"V rks Fkk gh loZFkk vifjfpr Hkh FkkA bUgksaus lkfgR; dks cstksM+ x|
jpukvksa ls Hkh le`¼ fd;k gSA
11 flracj 1987 dks mudk nsgkolku gqvkA mUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj lfgr izk;%
lHkh izfrf"Br iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA Hkkjr ljdkj us 1956 esa mUgsa
iÁHkw"k.k vyadj.k ls vyaÑr fd;k FkkA
oqQy vkB o"kZ dh mez esa ckjgeklk tSlh cstksM+ dfork fy[kus okyh egknsoh dh
izeq[k dkO; Ñfr;k¡ gSaµuhgkj] jf'e] uhjtk] lkaè;xhr] nhif'k[kk] izFke vk;ke]
vfXujs[kk] ;kek vkSj x| jpuk,¡ gSaµvrhr osQ pyfp=k]  Ük`a[kyk dh dfM+;k¡] Le`fr dh
js[kk,¡] iFk osQ lkFkh] esjk ifjokj vkSj ¯pru osQ {k.kA egknsoh dh jQfp fp=kdyk esa
Hkh jghA muosQ cuk, fp=k mudh dbZ Ñfr;ksa esa iz;qDr fd, x, gSaA
egknsoh oekZ
(1907-1987)
32/ Li'kZ
ikB izos'k
vkSjksa ls cfr;kuk] vkSjksa dks le>kuk] vkSjksa dks jkg lq>kuk rks lc djrs gh gSa]
dksbZ ljyrk ls dj ysrk gS] dksbZ FkksM+h dfBukbZ mBkdj] dksbZ FkksM+h
f>>d&ladksp osQ ckn rks dksbZ fdlh rhljs dh vkM+ ysdjA ysfdu blls dgha
”;knk dfBu vkSj ”;knk Jelkè; gksrk gS vius vki dks le>kukA vius vki
ls cfr;kuk] vius vki dks lgh jkg ij cuk, j[kus osQ fy, rS;kj djukA
vius vki dks vkxkg djuk] lpsr djuk vkSj lnk pSrU; cuk, j[kukA
izLrqr ikB esa dof;=kh vius vki ls tks vis{kk,¡ djrh gaS] ;fn os iwjh
gks tk,¡ rks u flI
+
kZQ mldk viuk] cfYd ge lHkh dk fdruk Hkyk gks ldrk
gSA pw¡fd] vyx&vyx 'kjhj/kjh gksrs gq, Hkh ge gSa rks izo`Qfr dh euq";
uked ,d gh fufeZfrA
e/qj e/qj esjs nhid ty / 33
eèkqj eèkqj esjs nhid ty!
eèkqj  eèkqj  esjs  nhid  ty!
;qx ;qx izfrfnu izfr{k.k izfriy]
fiz;re dk iFk vkyksfdr dj!
lkSjHk  iSQyk  foiqy  èkwi  cu]
e`nqy ekse lk ?kqy js e`nq ru_
ns  izdk'k  dk  ¯lèkq  vifjfer]
rsjs  thou  dk  v.kq  xy  xy!
iqyd  iqyd  esjs  nhid  ty!
lkjs   'khry   dksey   uwru]
ek¡x  jgs  rq>ls  Tokyk&d.k
fo'o&'kyHk flj èkqu dgrk ^eSa
gk; u ty ik;k rq> esa fey*!
flgj  flgj  esjs  nhid  ty!
tyrs uHk esa ns[k vla[;d]
Lusgghu fur fdrus nhid_
tye;  lkxj  dk  mj  tyrk]
fo|qr  ys  f?kjrk  gS  ckny!
fog¡l  fog¡l  esjs  nhid  ty!
34/ Li'kZ
iz'u&vH;kl
(d) fuEufyf[kr iz'ukas osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
1- izLrqr dfork esa ^nhid* vkSj ^fiz;re* fdlosQ izrhd gSa\
2- nhid ls fdl ckr dk vkxzg fd;k tk jgk gS vkSj D;ksa\
3- ^fo'o&'kyHk* nhid osQ lkFk D;ksa ty tkuk pkgrk gS\
4- vkidh n`f"V esa ^eèkqj eèkqj esjs nhid ty* dfork dk lkSan;Z buesa ls fdl ij fuHkZj gSµ
(d) 'kCnksa dh vko`fÙk ijA
([k) liQy ¯cc vadu ijA
5- dof;=kh fdldk iFk vkyksfdr djuk pkg jgh gSa\
6- dof;=kh dks vkdk'k osQ rkjs Lusgghu ls D;ksa izrhr gks jgs gSa\
7- iraxk vius {kksHk dks fdl izdkj O;Dr dj jgk gS\
8- dof;=kh us nhid dks gj ckj vyx&vyx rjg ls ^e/qj e/qj] iqyd&iqyd] flgj&flgj vkSj
fog¡l&fog¡l* tyus dks D;ksa dgk gS\ Li"V dhft,A
9- uhps nh xbZ dkO;&iafDr;ksa dks if<+, vkSj iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
tyrs uHk esa ns[k vla[;d]
Lusgghu fur fdrus nhid_
tye; lkxj dk mj tyrk]
fo|qr ys f?kjrk gS ckny!
fog¡l fog¡l esjs nhid ty!
(d) ^Lusgghu nhid* ls D;k rkRi;Z gS\
([k) lkxj dks ^tye;* dgus dk D;k vfHkizk; gS vkSj mldk ân; D;ksa tyrk gS\
(x) cknyksa dh D;k fo'ks"krk crkbZ xbZ gS\
(?k) dof;=kh nhid dks ^fog¡l fog¡l* tyus osQ fy, D;ksa dg jgh gSa\
10- D;k ehjkckbZ vkSj ^vkèkqfud ehjk* egknsoh oekZ bu nksuksa us vius&vius vkjkè; nso ls feyus osQ fy,
tks ;qfDr;k¡ viukbZ gSa] muesa vkidks oqQN lekurk ;k varj izrhr gksrk gS\ vius fopkj izdV dhft,A
([k) fuEufyf[kr dk Hkko Li"V dhft,µ
1- ns izdk'k dk ¯lèkq vifjfer]
rsjs thou dk v.kq xy xy!
Page 5


1907 dh gksyh osQ fnu mÙkj izns'k osQ iQ:Z[kkckn esa tUeha egknsoh oekZ dh izkjafHkd
f'k{kk bankSj esa gqbZA fookg osQ ckn i<+kbZ oqQN varjky ls fiQj 'kq: dhA os fefMy
esa iwjs izkar esa izFke vkb± vkSj Nk=ko`fÙk Hkh ikbZA ;g flyflyk dbZ d{kkvksa rd pykA
ckS¼ fHk{kq.kh cuuk pkgk ysfdu egkRek xkaèkh osQ vkàku ij lkekftd dk;ks± esa tqV
xb±A mPp f'k{kk osQ fy, fons'k u tkdj ukjh f'k{kk izlkj esa tqV xb±A Lora=krk
vkanksyu esa Hkh Hkkx fy;kA
egknsoh us Nk;kokn osQ pkj izeq[k jpukdkjksa esa vkSjksa ls fHkUu viuk ,d fof'k"V
LFkku cuk;kA egknsoh dk leLr dkO; osnuke; gSA budh dfork dk Loj lclss
fHkUu vkSj fof'k"V rks Fkk gh loZFkk vifjfpr Hkh FkkA bUgksaus lkfgR; dks cstksM+ x|
jpukvksa ls Hkh le`¼ fd;k gSA
11 flracj 1987 dks mudk nsgkolku gqvkA mUgsa KkuihB iqjLdkj lfgr izk;%
lHkh izfrf"Br iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA Hkkjr ljdkj us 1956 esa mUgsa
iÁHkw"k.k vyadj.k ls vyaÑr fd;k FkkA
oqQy vkB o"kZ dh mez esa ckjgeklk tSlh cstksM+ dfork fy[kus okyh egknsoh dh
izeq[k dkO; Ñfr;k¡ gSaµuhgkj] jf'e] uhjtk] lkaè;xhr] nhif'k[kk] izFke vk;ke]
vfXujs[kk] ;kek vkSj x| jpuk,¡ gSaµvrhr osQ pyfp=k]  Ük`a[kyk dh dfM+;k¡] Le`fr dh
js[kk,¡] iFk osQ lkFkh] esjk ifjokj vkSj ¯pru osQ {k.kA egknsoh dh jQfp fp=kdyk esa
Hkh jghA muosQ cuk, fp=k mudh dbZ Ñfr;ksa esa iz;qDr fd, x, gSaA
egknsoh oekZ
(1907-1987)
32/ Li'kZ
ikB izos'k
vkSjksa ls cfr;kuk] vkSjksa dks le>kuk] vkSjksa dks jkg lq>kuk rks lc djrs gh gSa]
dksbZ ljyrk ls dj ysrk gS] dksbZ FkksM+h dfBukbZ mBkdj] dksbZ FkksM+h
f>>d&ladksp osQ ckn rks dksbZ fdlh rhljs dh vkM+ ysdjA ysfdu blls dgha
”;knk dfBu vkSj ”;knk Jelkè; gksrk gS vius vki dks le>kukA vius vki
ls cfr;kuk] vius vki dks lgh jkg ij cuk, j[kus osQ fy, rS;kj djukA
vius vki dks vkxkg djuk] lpsr djuk vkSj lnk pSrU; cuk, j[kukA
izLrqr ikB esa dof;=kh vius vki ls tks vis{kk,¡ djrh gaS] ;fn os iwjh
gks tk,¡ rks u flI
+
kZQ mldk viuk] cfYd ge lHkh dk fdruk Hkyk gks ldrk
gSA pw¡fd] vyx&vyx 'kjhj/kjh gksrs gq, Hkh ge gSa rks izo`Qfr dh euq";
uked ,d gh fufeZfrA
e/qj e/qj esjs nhid ty / 33
eèkqj eèkqj esjs nhid ty!
eèkqj  eèkqj  esjs  nhid  ty!
;qx ;qx izfrfnu izfr{k.k izfriy]
fiz;re dk iFk vkyksfdr dj!
lkSjHk  iSQyk  foiqy  èkwi  cu]
e`nqy ekse lk ?kqy js e`nq ru_
ns  izdk'k  dk  ¯lèkq  vifjfer]
rsjs  thou  dk  v.kq  xy  xy!
iqyd  iqyd  esjs  nhid  ty!
lkjs   'khry   dksey   uwru]
ek¡x  jgs  rq>ls  Tokyk&d.k
fo'o&'kyHk flj èkqu dgrk ^eSa
gk; u ty ik;k rq> esa fey*!
flgj  flgj  esjs  nhid  ty!
tyrs uHk esa ns[k vla[;d]
Lusgghu fur fdrus nhid_
tye;  lkxj  dk  mj  tyrk]
fo|qr  ys  f?kjrk  gS  ckny!
fog¡l  fog¡l  esjs  nhid  ty!
34/ Li'kZ
iz'u&vH;kl
(d) fuEufyf[kr iz'ukas osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
1- izLrqr dfork esa ^nhid* vkSj ^fiz;re* fdlosQ izrhd gSa\
2- nhid ls fdl ckr dk vkxzg fd;k tk jgk gS vkSj D;ksa\
3- ^fo'o&'kyHk* nhid osQ lkFk D;ksa ty tkuk pkgrk gS\
4- vkidh n`f"V esa ^eèkqj eèkqj esjs nhid ty* dfork dk lkSan;Z buesa ls fdl ij fuHkZj gSµ
(d) 'kCnksa dh vko`fÙk ijA
([k) liQy ¯cc vadu ijA
5- dof;=kh fdldk iFk vkyksfdr djuk pkg jgh gSa\
6- dof;=kh dks vkdk'k osQ rkjs Lusgghu ls D;ksa izrhr gks jgs gSa\
7- iraxk vius {kksHk dks fdl izdkj O;Dr dj jgk gS\
8- dof;=kh us nhid dks gj ckj vyx&vyx rjg ls ^e/qj e/qj] iqyd&iqyd] flgj&flgj vkSj
fog¡l&fog¡l* tyus dks D;ksa dgk gS\ Li"V dhft,A
9- uhps nh xbZ dkO;&iafDr;ksa dks if<+, vkSj iz'uksa osQ mÙkj nhft,µ
tyrs uHk esa ns[k vla[;d]
Lusgghu fur fdrus nhid_
tye; lkxj dk mj tyrk]
fo|qr ys f?kjrk gS ckny!
fog¡l fog¡l esjs nhid ty!
(d) ^Lusgghu nhid* ls D;k rkRi;Z gS\
([k) lkxj dks ^tye;* dgus dk D;k vfHkizk; gS vkSj mldk ân; D;ksa tyrk gS\
(x) cknyksa dh D;k fo'ks"krk crkbZ xbZ gS\
(?k) dof;=kh nhid dks ^fog¡l fog¡l* tyus osQ fy, D;ksa dg jgh gSa\
10- D;k ehjkckbZ vkSj ^vkèkqfud ehjk* egknsoh oekZ bu nksuksa us vius&vius vkjkè; nso ls feyus osQ fy,
tks ;qfDr;k¡ viukbZ gSa] muesa vkidks oqQN lekurk ;k varj izrhr gksrk gS\ vius fopkj izdV dhft,A
([k) fuEufyf[kr dk Hkko Li"V dhft,µ
1- ns izdk'k dk ¯lèkq vifjfer]
rsjs thou dk v.kq xy xy!
e/qj e/qj esjs nhid ty / 35
2- ;qx&;qx izfrfnu izfr{k.k izfriy]
fiz;re dk iFk vkyksfdr dj!
3- e`nqy ekse lk ?kqy js e`nq ru!
Hkk"kk vè;;u
1- dfork esa tc ,d 'kCn ckj&ckj vkrk gS vkSj og ;kstd fpÉ }kjk tqM+k gksrk gS] rks ogk¡ iqujQfDr
izdk'k vyadkj gksrk gS_ tSlsµiqyd&iqydA blh izdkj osQ oqQN vkSj 'kCn [kksft, ftuesa ;g vyadkj
gksA
;ksX;rk foLrkj
1- bl dfork esa tks Hkko vk, gSa] mUgha Hkkoksa ij vkèkkfjr dof;=kh }kjk jfpr oqQN vU; dforkvkssa dk
vè;;u djsa_ tSlsµ
(d) eSa uhj Hkjh nq[k dh cnyh
([k) tks rqe vk tkrs ,dckj
;s lHkh dfork,¡ ^lfUèkuh* esa ladfyr gSaA
2- bl dfork dks oaQBLFk djsa rFkk d{kk esa laxhre; izLrqfr djsaA
3- egknsoh oekZ dks vkèkqfud ehjk dgk tkrk gSA bl fo"k; ij tkudkjh izkIr dhft,A
'kCnkFkZ vkSj fVIif.k;k¡
lkSjHk µ lqxaèk
foiqy µ foLr`r
e`nqy µ dksey
vifjfer µ vlhfer @ vikj
iqyd µ jksekap
Tokyk&d.k µ vkx dh yiV @ vkx dk y?kqre va'k
'kyHk µ iQ¯rxk @ iraxk
flj èkquuk µ iNrkuk
flgjuk µ dk¡iuk @ FkjFkjkuk
Lusgghu µ rsy @ izse ls ghu
mj µ ân;
fo|qr µ fctyh
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