NCERT Textbook: पाठ 9 - कबीर की साखियाँ, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

कक्षा - 8 हिन्दी (Class 8 Hindi) by VP Classes

Class 8 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 9 - कबीर की साखियाँ, हिंदी, कक्षा - 8 Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


dchj dh lkf[k;k¡           51
dchj dh lkf[k;k¡
tkfr u iwNks lkèk dh] iwN yhft, KkuA
eksy djks rjokj dk] iM+k jgu nks E;kuAA1AA
vkor xkjh ,d gS] myVr gksb vusdA
dg dchj ufga myfV,] ogh ,d dh ,dAA2AA
ekyk rks dj esa fiQjS] thfHk fiQjS eq[k ek¡fgA
euqok¡ rks ngq¡ fnfl fiQjS] ;g rkS lqfeju ukfgaAA3AA
dchj ?kkl u uhafn,] tks ikm¡Q rfy gksbA
mfM+ iM+S tc vk¡f[k eSa] [kjh nqgsyh gksbAA4AA
tx esa cSjh dksb ugha] tks eu lhry gks;A
;k vkik dks Mkfj ns] n;k djS lc dks;AA5AA
9
l lar lq/klkj % la-µfo;ksxh gfj
2020-21
Page 2


dchj dh lkf[k;k¡           51
dchj dh lkf[k;k¡
tkfr u iwNks lkèk dh] iwN yhft, KkuA
eksy djks rjokj dk] iM+k jgu nks E;kuAA1AA
vkor xkjh ,d gS] myVr gksb vusdA
dg dchj ufga myfV,] ogh ,d dh ,dAA2AA
ekyk rks dj esa fiQjS] thfHk fiQjS eq[k ek¡fgA
euqok¡ rks ngq¡ fnfl fiQjS] ;g rkS lqfeju ukfgaAA3AA
dchj ?kkl u uhafn,] tks ikm¡Q rfy gksbA
mfM+ iM+S tc vk¡f[k eSa] [kjh nqgsyh gksbAA4AA
tx esa cSjh dksb ugha] tks eu lhry gks;A
;k vkik dks Mkfj ns] n;k djS lc dks;AA5AA
9
l lar lq/klkj % la-µfo;ksxh gfj
2020-21
52 olar Hkkx 3
ikB ls
1- ^ryokj dk egÙo gksrk gS E;ku dk ugha*µmDr mnkgj.k ls dchj D;k
dguk pkgrs gSa\ Li"V dhft,A
2- ikB dh rhljh lk[kh&ftldh ,d iafDr gS ^euqok¡ rks ngq¡ fnfl fiQjS]
;g rks lqfeju ukfga* osQ }kjk dchj D;k dguk pkgrs gSa\
3- dchj ?kkl dh fuank djus ls D;ksa euk djrs gSaA i<+s gq, nksgs osQ vkèkkj
ij Li"V dhft,A
4- euq"; osQ O;ogkj esa gh nwljksa dks fojks/h cuk ysusokys nks"k gksrs gSaA ;g
HkkokFkZ fdl nksgs ls O;Dr gksrk gS\
ikB ls vkxs
1- ¶;k vkik dks Mkfj ns] n;k djS lc dks;A¸
¶,slh ckuh cksfy, eu dk vkik [kks;A¸
bu nksuksa iafDr;ksa esa ^vkik* dks NksM+ nsus ;k [kks nsus dh ckr dh xbZ
gSA ^vkik* fdl vFkZ esa iz;qDr gqvk gS\ D;k ^vkik* LokFkZ osQ fudV dk
vFkZ nsrk gS ;k ?keaM dk\
2- vkiosQ fopkj esa vkik vkSj vkRefo'okl esa rFkk vkik vkSj mRlkg eas
D;k dksbZ varj gks ldrk gS\ Li"V djsaA
3- lHkh euq"; ,d gh izdkj ls ns[krs&lqurs gSa ij ,dleku fopkj ugha
j[krsA lHkh viuh&viuh eukso`fÙk;ksa osQ vuqlkj dk;Z djrs gSaA ikB esa
vkbZ dchj dh fdl lk[kh ls mi;qZDr iafDr;ksa osQ Hkko feyrs gSa]
,dleku gksus osQ fy, vko';d D;k gS\ fyf[k,A
4- dchj osQ nksgksa dks lk[kh D;ksa dgk tkrk gS\ Kkr dhft,A
iz'u&vH;kl
2020-21
Page 3


dchj dh lkf[k;k¡           51
dchj dh lkf[k;k¡
tkfr u iwNks lkèk dh] iwN yhft, KkuA
eksy djks rjokj dk] iM+k jgu nks E;kuAA1AA
vkor xkjh ,d gS] myVr gksb vusdA
dg dchj ufga myfV,] ogh ,d dh ,dAA2AA
ekyk rks dj esa fiQjS] thfHk fiQjS eq[k ek¡fgA
euqok¡ rks ngq¡ fnfl fiQjS] ;g rkS lqfeju ukfgaAA3AA
dchj ?kkl u uhafn,] tks ikm¡Q rfy gksbA
mfM+ iM+S tc vk¡f[k eSa] [kjh nqgsyh gksbAA4AA
tx esa cSjh dksb ugha] tks eu lhry gks;A
;k vkik dks Mkfj ns] n;k djS lc dks;AA5AA
9
l lar lq/klkj % la-µfo;ksxh gfj
2020-21
52 olar Hkkx 3
ikB ls
1- ^ryokj dk egÙo gksrk gS E;ku dk ugha*µmDr mnkgj.k ls dchj D;k
dguk pkgrs gSa\ Li"V dhft,A
2- ikB dh rhljh lk[kh&ftldh ,d iafDr gS ^euqok¡ rks ngq¡ fnfl fiQjS]
;g rks lqfeju ukfga* osQ }kjk dchj D;k dguk pkgrs gSa\
3- dchj ?kkl dh fuank djus ls D;ksa euk djrs gSaA i<+s gq, nksgs osQ vkèkkj
ij Li"V dhft,A
4- euq"; osQ O;ogkj esa gh nwljksa dks fojks/h cuk ysusokys nks"k gksrs gSaA ;g
HkkokFkZ fdl nksgs ls O;Dr gksrk gS\
ikB ls vkxs
1- ¶;k vkik dks Mkfj ns] n;k djS lc dks;A¸
¶,slh ckuh cksfy, eu dk vkik [kks;A¸
bu nksuksa iafDr;ksa esa ^vkik* dks NksM+ nsus ;k [kks nsus dh ckr dh xbZ
gSA ^vkik* fdl vFkZ esa iz;qDr gqvk gS\ D;k ^vkik* LokFkZ osQ fudV dk
vFkZ nsrk gS ;k ?keaM dk\
2- vkiosQ fopkj esa vkik vkSj vkRefo'okl esa rFkk vkik vkSj mRlkg eas
D;k dksbZ varj gks ldrk gS\ Li"V djsaA
3- lHkh euq"; ,d gh izdkj ls ns[krs&lqurs gSa ij ,dleku fopkj ugha
j[krsA lHkh viuh&viuh eukso`fÙk;ksa osQ vuqlkj dk;Z djrs gSaA ikB esa
vkbZ dchj dh fdl lk[kh ls mi;qZDr iafDr;ksa osQ Hkko feyrs gSa]
,dleku gksus osQ fy, vko';d D;k gS\ fyf[k,A
4- dchj osQ nksgksa dks lk[kh D;ksa dgk tkrk gS\ Kkr dhft,A
iz'u&vH;kl
2020-21
dchj dh lkf[k;k¡           53
Hkk"kk dh ckr
Ÿ cksypky dh {ks=kh; fo'ks"krkvksa osQ dkj.k 'kCnksa osQ mPpkj.k esa ifjorZu
gksrk gS tSls ok.kh 'kCn ckuh cu tkrk gSA eu ls euok] euqok vkfn gks
tkrk gSA mPpkj.k osQ ifjorZu ls orZuh Hkh cny tkrh gSA uhps oqQN 'kCn
fn, tk jgs gSa mudk og :i fyf[k, ftlls vkidk ifjp; gksA
X;ku] thfHk] ikm¡Q] rfy] vk¡f[k] cjhA
'kCnkFkZ
Kku µ tkudkjh
E;ku µ ryokj j[kus dk dks"k
xkjh µ xkyh] vi'kCn
dj µ gkFk
ngq¡ µ nl
fnfl µ fn'kk
lqfeju µ bZ'oj osQ uke dk ti
(HkfDr dk ,d izdkj)] Lej.k
nqgsyh µ nq[k] nq[k esa iM+k gqvk]
d"Vlkè;
cSjh µ nq'eu
vkik µ vga
2020-21
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