NCERT Textbook - बचपन Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Hindi (Vasant) Class 6

Class 6 : NCERT Textbook - बचपन Class 6 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


 cpiu
eSa rqEgsa vius cpiu dh vksj ys tkm¡QxhA
eSa rqels oqQN bruh cM+h gw¡ fd rqEgkjh nknh Hkh gks ldrh gw¡] rqEgkjh ukuh HkhA cM+h
cqvk HkhµcM+h ekSlh HkhA ifjokj esa eq>s lHkh yksx thth dgdj gh iqdkjrs gSaA
gk¡] eSa bu fnuksa oqQN cM+k&cM+k ;kuh mez esa l;kuk eglwl djus yxh gw¡A 'kk;n
blfy, fd fiNyh 'krkCnh esa iSnk gqbZ FkhA esjs iguus&vks<+us esa Hkh dkI
+
kQh cnyko
vk, gSaaA igys eSa jax&fcjaxs diM+s igurh jgh gw¡A uhyk&tkequh&xzs&dkyk&pkWdysVhA
vc eu oqQN ,slk djrk gS fd lI
+
ksQn iguksA xgjs ugha] gyosQ jaxA eSaus fiNys n'kdksa
esa rjg&rjg dh iks'kkosaQ iguh gSaA igys izQkWd] fiQj fudj&okWdj] LdVZ] yg¡xs] xjkjs
vkSj vc pwM+hnkj vkSj ?ksjnkj oqQrsZA
cpiu osQ oqQN izQkWd rks eq>s vc rd ;kn gSaA
gydh uhyh vkSj ihyh èkkjhokyk izQkWdA xksy dkWyj vkSj ck”kw ij Hkh xksy dI
+
kQA
,d gyosQ xqykch jax dk ckjhd pqUuVksaokyk ?ksjnkj IkzQkWdA uhps xqykch jax dh
fizQyA
mu fnuksa izQkWd osQ Åij dh tsc esa :eky vkSj ckyksa esa brjkrs jax&fcjaxs fjcu dk
pyu FkkA
yseu dyj dk cM+s IysVksaokyk xeZ izQkWd ftlosQ uhps I
+
kQj V¡dh FkhA
nks V~;wfud Hkh ;kn gSaA ,d pkWdysV jax dk vkSj vanj dh dksVh I;k”khA nwljk xzs
vkSj mlosQ lkFk lI
+
ksQn dksVhA
2
2020-21
Page 2


 cpiu
eSa rqEgsa vius cpiu dh vksj ys tkm¡QxhA
eSa rqels oqQN bruh cM+h gw¡ fd rqEgkjh nknh Hkh gks ldrh gw¡] rqEgkjh ukuh HkhA cM+h
cqvk HkhµcM+h ekSlh HkhA ifjokj esa eq>s lHkh yksx thth dgdj gh iqdkjrs gSaA
gk¡] eSa bu fnuksa oqQN cM+k&cM+k ;kuh mez esa l;kuk eglwl djus yxh gw¡A 'kk;n
blfy, fd fiNyh 'krkCnh esa iSnk gqbZ FkhA esjs iguus&vks<+us esa Hkh dkI
+
kQh cnyko
vk, gSaaA igys eSa jax&fcjaxs diM+s igurh jgh gw¡A uhyk&tkequh&xzs&dkyk&pkWdysVhA
vc eu oqQN ,slk djrk gS fd lI
+
ksQn iguksA xgjs ugha] gyosQ jaxA eSaus fiNys n'kdksa
esa rjg&rjg dh iks'kkosaQ iguh gSaA igys izQkWd] fiQj fudj&okWdj] LdVZ] yg¡xs] xjkjs
vkSj vc pwM+hnkj vkSj ?ksjnkj oqQrsZA
cpiu osQ oqQN izQkWd rks eq>s vc rd ;kn gSaA
gydh uhyh vkSj ihyh èkkjhokyk izQkWdA xksy dkWyj vkSj ck”kw ij Hkh xksy dI
+
kQA
,d gyosQ xqykch jax dk ckjhd pqUuVksaokyk ?ksjnkj IkzQkWdA uhps xqykch jax dh
fizQyA
mu fnuksa izQkWd osQ Åij dh tsc esa :eky vkSj ckyksa esa brjkrs jax&fcjaxs fjcu dk
pyu FkkA
yseu dyj dk cM+s IysVksaokyk xeZ izQkWd ftlosQ uhps I
+
kQj V¡dh FkhA
nks V~;wfud Hkh ;kn gSaA ,d pkWdysV jax dk vkSj vanj dh dksVh I;k”khA nwljk xzs
vkSj mlosQ lkFk lI
+
ksQn dksVhA
2
2020-21
eq>s vius eks”ks vkSj LVkW¯dx Hkh ;kn gSa!
cpiu esa gesa vius eks”ks [kqn èkksus iM+rs FksA og ukSdj ;k ukSdjkuh dks ugha fn,
tk ldrs FksA bldh l[r eukgh FkhA
ge cPps brokj dh lqcg blh esa yxkrsA èkks ysus osQ ckn vius&vius twrs ikWfy'k
djosQ pedkrsA tc twrs diM+s ;k cz'k ls jxM+rs rks ikWfy'k dh ped mHkjus yxrhA
ljoj] eq>s vkt Hkh cwV ikWfy'k djuk vPNk yxrk gSA gkyk¡fd vc u;h&u;h
fdLe osQ 'kw vk pqosQ gSaA dguk gksxk fd ;s igys ls dgha ”;knk vkjkensg gSaA gesa tc
u, twrs feyrs] mlosQ lkFk gh Nkyksa dk bykt 'kq: gks tkrkA
tc dHkh yach lSj ij fudyrs] vius ikl #bZ ”k:j j[krsA twrk yxk rks #bZ eks”ks
osQ vanjA gk¡] gekjs&rqEgkjs cpiu esa rks
cgqr I
+
kQoZQ gks pqdk gSA
gj 'kuhpj dks gesa vkWfyo vkW;y
;k oSQLVj vkW;y ihuk iM+rkA ;g ,d
eqf'dy dke FkkA 'kuhpj dks lqcg ls
gh ukd esa bldh xaèk vkus yxrh!
NksVs 'kh'ks osQ fxykl] ftu ij
Bhd [kqjkd osQ fy, fu'kku iM+s jgrs]
mUgsa ns[krs gh feryh gksus yxrhA
eq>s vkt Hkh yXkrk gS fd vxj
ge u Hkh ihrs og 'kfuokjh nok rks
oqQN ”;knk fcxM+us okyk ugha FkkA
lsgr Bhd gh jgrhA
rqEgsa crkšxh fd gekjs le; vkSj
rqEgkjs le; esa fdruh nwjh gks pqdh gSA
;gk¡ rd fd cpiu dh fnypfLi;k¡
Hkh cny xbZ gSaA
6 oLkar
2020-21
Page 3


 cpiu
eSa rqEgsa vius cpiu dh vksj ys tkm¡QxhA
eSa rqels oqQN bruh cM+h gw¡ fd rqEgkjh nknh Hkh gks ldrh gw¡] rqEgkjh ukuh HkhA cM+h
cqvk HkhµcM+h ekSlh HkhA ifjokj esa eq>s lHkh yksx thth dgdj gh iqdkjrs gSaA
gk¡] eSa bu fnuksa oqQN cM+k&cM+k ;kuh mez esa l;kuk eglwl djus yxh gw¡A 'kk;n
blfy, fd fiNyh 'krkCnh esa iSnk gqbZ FkhA esjs iguus&vks<+us esa Hkh dkI
+
kQh cnyko
vk, gSaaA igys eSa jax&fcjaxs diM+s igurh jgh gw¡A uhyk&tkequh&xzs&dkyk&pkWdysVhA
vc eu oqQN ,slk djrk gS fd lI
+
ksQn iguksA xgjs ugha] gyosQ jaxA eSaus fiNys n'kdksa
esa rjg&rjg dh iks'kkosaQ iguh gSaA igys izQkWd] fiQj fudj&okWdj] LdVZ] yg¡xs] xjkjs
vkSj vc pwM+hnkj vkSj ?ksjnkj oqQrsZA
cpiu osQ oqQN izQkWd rks eq>s vc rd ;kn gSaA
gydh uhyh vkSj ihyh èkkjhokyk izQkWdA xksy dkWyj vkSj ck”kw ij Hkh xksy dI
+
kQA
,d gyosQ xqykch jax dk ckjhd pqUuVksaokyk ?ksjnkj IkzQkWdA uhps xqykch jax dh
fizQyA
mu fnuksa izQkWd osQ Åij dh tsc esa :eky vkSj ckyksa esa brjkrs jax&fcjaxs fjcu dk
pyu FkkA
yseu dyj dk cM+s IysVksaokyk xeZ izQkWd ftlosQ uhps I
+
kQj V¡dh FkhA
nks V~;wfud Hkh ;kn gSaA ,d pkWdysV jax dk vkSj vanj dh dksVh I;k”khA nwljk xzs
vkSj mlosQ lkFk lI
+
ksQn dksVhA
2
2020-21
eq>s vius eks”ks vkSj LVkW¯dx Hkh ;kn gSa!
cpiu esa gesa vius eks”ks [kqn èkksus iM+rs FksA og ukSdj ;k ukSdjkuh dks ugha fn,
tk ldrs FksA bldh l[r eukgh FkhA
ge cPps brokj dh lqcg blh esa yxkrsA èkks ysus osQ ckn vius&vius twrs ikWfy'k
djosQ pedkrsA tc twrs diM+s ;k cz'k ls jxM+rs rks ikWfy'k dh ped mHkjus yxrhA
ljoj] eq>s vkt Hkh cwV ikWfy'k djuk vPNk yxrk gSA gkyk¡fd vc u;h&u;h
fdLe osQ 'kw vk pqosQ gSaA dguk gksxk fd ;s igys ls dgha ”;knk vkjkensg gSaA gesa tc
u, twrs feyrs] mlosQ lkFk gh Nkyksa dk bykt 'kq: gks tkrkA
tc dHkh yach lSj ij fudyrs] vius ikl #bZ ”k:j j[krsA twrk yxk rks #bZ eks”ks
osQ vanjA gk¡] gekjs&rqEgkjs cpiu esa rks
cgqr I
+
kQoZQ gks pqdk gSA
gj 'kuhpj dks gesa vkWfyo vkW;y
;k oSQLVj vkW;y ihuk iM+rkA ;g ,d
eqf'dy dke FkkA 'kuhpj dks lqcg ls
gh ukd esa bldh xaèk vkus yxrh!
NksVs 'kh'ks osQ fxykl] ftu ij
Bhd [kqjkd osQ fy, fu'kku iM+s jgrs]
mUgsa ns[krs gh feryh gksus yxrhA
eq>s vkt Hkh yXkrk gS fd vxj
ge u Hkh ihrs og 'kfuokjh nok rks
oqQN ”;knk fcxM+us okyk ugha FkkA
lsgr Bhd gh jgrhA
rqEgsa crkšxh fd gekjs le; vkSj
rqEgkjs le; esa fdruh nwjh gks pqdh gSA
;gk¡ rd fd cpiu dh fnypfLi;k¡
Hkh cny xbZ gSaA
6 oLkar
2020-21
;kn jgs] mu fnuksa oqQN ?kjksa esa xzkeksI
+
kQksu Fks] jsfM;ks vkSj Vsyhfotu ugha FksA
gekjs cpiu dh oqQyI
+
kQh vkblØhe gks xbZ gSA dpkSM+h&lekslk] iSVh”k esa cny
x;k gSA 'kgrwr vkSj I
+
kQkYls vkSj [kl[kl osQ 'kjcr dksd&isIlh esaA
mu fnuksa dksd ugha] yseusM] foeVks feyrh FkhA
f'keyk vkSj u;h fnYyh esa cM+s gq, cPpksa dks osaxlZ vkSj Msfodks jsLrjk¡ dh pkWdysV
vkSj isLVªh e”kk nsusokyh gksrhA ge HkkbZ&cguksa dh M~;wVh yxrh f'keyk eky ls czkmu
czsM ykus dhA
gekjk ?kj eky ls ”;knk nwj ugha FkkA ,d NksVh&lh p<+kbZ vkSj fxjtk eSnku igq¡p
tkrsA ogk¡ ls ,d mrjkbZ mrjrs vkSj eky ijA dUI
+
ksQD'kujh dkmaVj ij rjg&rjg dh
isLVªh vkSj pkWdysV dh [kq'kcw euHkkouh!
gesa gÝ
+
rs esa ,d ckj pkWdysV [kjhnus dh NwV FkhA lcls ”;knk esjs ikl gh
pkWdysV&VkWI
+
kQh dk LVkWd jgrkA eSa pkWdysV ysdj [kM+s&[kM+s dHkh u [kkrhA ?kj ykSVdj
lkbMcksMZ ij j[k nsrh vkSj jkr osQ [kkus osQ ckn fcLrj esa ysVdj e”kk ys&ys [kkrhA
f'keyk osQ dkI
+
kQy Hkh cgqr ;kn vkrs gSaA [kês&ehBsA oqQN ,dne yky] oqQN
xqykchA jlHkjhA dleyA lkspdj gh eq¡g esa ikuh Hkj vk,A psLVuV ,d vkSj x”kc dh
ph”kA vkx ij Hkwus tkrs vkSj fiQj fNyosQ mrkjdj eq¡g esaA
pus ”kksj xje vkSj vukjnkus dk pw.kZ! gk¡] pus ”kksj xje dh iqfM+;k tks rc Fkh]
og vc Hkh u”kj vkrh gSA iqjkus dkx”kksa ls cukbZ gqbZ bl iqfM+;k esa fujk gkFk dk
deky gSA uhps ls frjNh yisVrs gq, Åij ls bruh pkSM+h fd pus vklkuh ls gFksyh
ij igq¡p tk,¡A ,d oDr Fkk tc fI
+
kQYe dk xkukµpuk ”kksj xje ckcw eSa yk;k e”ksnkj]
puk ”kksj xjeµmu fnuksa LowQy osQ gj cPps dks vkrk FkkA
oqQN cPps iqfM+;k ij rs”k elkyk cqjdokrsA iwjk fxjtk eSnku ?kweus rd ;g iqfM+;k
pyrhA ,d&,d puk&ikiM+h eq¡g esa Mkyus vkSj dne mBkus esa ,d [kkl gh
y;&jÝ
+
rkj FkhA
NqViu esa geus f'keyk fjt ij cgqr e”ks fd, gSaA ?kksM+ksa dh lokjh dh gSA f'keyk
osQ gj cPps dks dHkh&u&dHkh ;g ekSdk fey gh tkrk FkkA
cpiu 7
2020-21
Page 4


 cpiu
eSa rqEgsa vius cpiu dh vksj ys tkm¡QxhA
eSa rqels oqQN bruh cM+h gw¡ fd rqEgkjh nknh Hkh gks ldrh gw¡] rqEgkjh ukuh HkhA cM+h
cqvk HkhµcM+h ekSlh HkhA ifjokj esa eq>s lHkh yksx thth dgdj gh iqdkjrs gSaA
gk¡] eSa bu fnuksa oqQN cM+k&cM+k ;kuh mez esa l;kuk eglwl djus yxh gw¡A 'kk;n
blfy, fd fiNyh 'krkCnh esa iSnk gqbZ FkhA esjs iguus&vks<+us esa Hkh dkI
+
kQh cnyko
vk, gSaaA igys eSa jax&fcjaxs diM+s igurh jgh gw¡A uhyk&tkequh&xzs&dkyk&pkWdysVhA
vc eu oqQN ,slk djrk gS fd lI
+
ksQn iguksA xgjs ugha] gyosQ jaxA eSaus fiNys n'kdksa
esa rjg&rjg dh iks'kkosaQ iguh gSaA igys izQkWd] fiQj fudj&okWdj] LdVZ] yg¡xs] xjkjs
vkSj vc pwM+hnkj vkSj ?ksjnkj oqQrsZA
cpiu osQ oqQN izQkWd rks eq>s vc rd ;kn gSaA
gydh uhyh vkSj ihyh èkkjhokyk izQkWdA xksy dkWyj vkSj ck”kw ij Hkh xksy dI
+
kQA
,d gyosQ xqykch jax dk ckjhd pqUuVksaokyk ?ksjnkj IkzQkWdA uhps xqykch jax dh
fizQyA
mu fnuksa izQkWd osQ Åij dh tsc esa :eky vkSj ckyksa esa brjkrs jax&fcjaxs fjcu dk
pyu FkkA
yseu dyj dk cM+s IysVksaokyk xeZ izQkWd ftlosQ uhps I
+
kQj V¡dh FkhA
nks V~;wfud Hkh ;kn gSaA ,d pkWdysV jax dk vkSj vanj dh dksVh I;k”khA nwljk xzs
vkSj mlosQ lkFk lI
+
ksQn dksVhA
2
2020-21
eq>s vius eks”ks vkSj LVkW¯dx Hkh ;kn gSa!
cpiu esa gesa vius eks”ks [kqn èkksus iM+rs FksA og ukSdj ;k ukSdjkuh dks ugha fn,
tk ldrs FksA bldh l[r eukgh FkhA
ge cPps brokj dh lqcg blh esa yxkrsA èkks ysus osQ ckn vius&vius twrs ikWfy'k
djosQ pedkrsA tc twrs diM+s ;k cz'k ls jxM+rs rks ikWfy'k dh ped mHkjus yxrhA
ljoj] eq>s vkt Hkh cwV ikWfy'k djuk vPNk yxrk gSA gkyk¡fd vc u;h&u;h
fdLe osQ 'kw vk pqosQ gSaA dguk gksxk fd ;s igys ls dgha ”;knk vkjkensg gSaA gesa tc
u, twrs feyrs] mlosQ lkFk gh Nkyksa dk bykt 'kq: gks tkrkA
tc dHkh yach lSj ij fudyrs] vius ikl #bZ ”k:j j[krsA twrk yxk rks #bZ eks”ks
osQ vanjA gk¡] gekjs&rqEgkjs cpiu esa rks
cgqr I
+
kQoZQ gks pqdk gSA
gj 'kuhpj dks gesa vkWfyo vkW;y
;k oSQLVj vkW;y ihuk iM+rkA ;g ,d
eqf'dy dke FkkA 'kuhpj dks lqcg ls
gh ukd esa bldh xaèk vkus yxrh!
NksVs 'kh'ks osQ fxykl] ftu ij
Bhd [kqjkd osQ fy, fu'kku iM+s jgrs]
mUgsa ns[krs gh feryh gksus yxrhA
eq>s vkt Hkh yXkrk gS fd vxj
ge u Hkh ihrs og 'kfuokjh nok rks
oqQN ”;knk fcxM+us okyk ugha FkkA
lsgr Bhd gh jgrhA
rqEgsa crkšxh fd gekjs le; vkSj
rqEgkjs le; esa fdruh nwjh gks pqdh gSA
;gk¡ rd fd cpiu dh fnypfLi;k¡
Hkh cny xbZ gSaA
6 oLkar
2020-21
;kn jgs] mu fnuksa oqQN ?kjksa esa xzkeksI
+
kQksu Fks] jsfM;ks vkSj Vsyhfotu ugha FksA
gekjs cpiu dh oqQyI
+
kQh vkblØhe gks xbZ gSA dpkSM+h&lekslk] iSVh”k esa cny
x;k gSA 'kgrwr vkSj I
+
kQkYls vkSj [kl[kl osQ 'kjcr dksd&isIlh esaA
mu fnuksa dksd ugha] yseusM] foeVks feyrh FkhA
f'keyk vkSj u;h fnYyh esa cM+s gq, cPpksa dks osaxlZ vkSj Msfodks jsLrjk¡ dh pkWdysV
vkSj isLVªh e”kk nsusokyh gksrhA ge HkkbZ&cguksa dh M~;wVh yxrh f'keyk eky ls czkmu
czsM ykus dhA
gekjk ?kj eky ls ”;knk nwj ugha FkkA ,d NksVh&lh p<+kbZ vkSj fxjtk eSnku igq¡p
tkrsA ogk¡ ls ,d mrjkbZ mrjrs vkSj eky ijA dUI
+
ksQD'kujh dkmaVj ij rjg&rjg dh
isLVªh vkSj pkWdysV dh [kq'kcw euHkkouh!
gesa gÝ
+
rs esa ,d ckj pkWdysV [kjhnus dh NwV FkhA lcls ”;knk esjs ikl gh
pkWdysV&VkWI
+
kQh dk LVkWd jgrkA eSa pkWdysV ysdj [kM+s&[kM+s dHkh u [kkrhA ?kj ykSVdj
lkbMcksMZ ij j[k nsrh vkSj jkr osQ [kkus osQ ckn fcLrj esa ysVdj e”kk ys&ys [kkrhA
f'keyk osQ dkI
+
kQy Hkh cgqr ;kn vkrs gSaA [kês&ehBsA oqQN ,dne yky] oqQN
xqykchA jlHkjhA dleyA lkspdj gh eq¡g esa ikuh Hkj vk,A psLVuV ,d vkSj x”kc dh
ph”kA vkx ij Hkwus tkrs vkSj fiQj fNyosQ mrkjdj eq¡g esaA
pus ”kksj xje vkSj vukjnkus dk pw.kZ! gk¡] pus ”kksj xje dh iqfM+;k tks rc Fkh]
og vc Hkh u”kj vkrh gSA iqjkus dkx”kksa ls cukbZ gqbZ bl iqfM+;k esa fujk gkFk dk
deky gSA uhps ls frjNh yisVrs gq, Åij ls bruh pkSM+h fd pus vklkuh ls gFksyh
ij igq¡p tk,¡A ,d oDr Fkk tc fI
+
kQYe dk xkukµpuk ”kksj xje ckcw eSa yk;k e”ksnkj]
puk ”kksj xjeµmu fnuksa LowQy osQ gj cPps dks vkrk FkkA
oqQN cPps iqfM+;k ij rs”k elkyk cqjdokrsA iwjk fxjtk eSnku ?kweus rd ;g iqfM+;k
pyrhA ,d&,d puk&ikiM+h eq¡g esa Mkyus vkSj dne mBkus esa ,d [kkl gh
y;&jÝ
+
rkj FkhA
NqViu esa geus f'keyk fjt ij cgqr e”ks fd, gSaA ?kksM+ksa dh lokjh dh gSA f'keyk
osQ gj cPps dks dHkh&u&dHkh ;g ekSdk fey gh tkrk FkkA
cpiu 7
2020-21
ge tkus D;ksa ?kksM+ksa dks oqQN derj djosQ le>rsA mu ij g¡lrs FksA ufugky osQ
?kksM+s [kwc â"V&iq"V vkSj [kwclwjrA mudh ckr fiQj dHkhA
'kke dks jax&fcjaxs xqCckjsA lkeus tk[kw dk igkM+A m¡Qpk ppZA ppZ dh ?kafV;k¡ ctrha
rks nwj&nwj rd mudh xw¡t iSQy tkrhA yxrk] blosQ laxhr ls izHkq bZ'kw Lo;a oqQN dg
jgs gSaA
lkeus vkdk'k ij lw;kZLr gks jgk gSA xqykch lqugjh èkkfj;k¡ uhys vkleku ij iSQy
jgh gSaA nwj&nwj iSQys igkM+ksa osQ eq[kM+s xgjkus yxs vkSj ns[krs&ns[krs cfÙk;k¡ fVefVekus
yxhaA fjt ij dh jkSud vkSj eky dh nqdkuksa dh ped osQ Hkh D;k dgus! LoSaQMy
ikWbaV dh HkhM+ ls mHkjrk dksykgyA
ljoj] LoSaQMy ikWbaV osQ Bhd lkeus mu fnuksa ,d nqdku gqvk djrh Fkh] ftlosQ
'kks:e esa f'keyk&dkydk Vªsu dk ekWMy cuk gqvk FkkA bldh iVfj;k¡µml ij [kM+h
NksVs&NksVs fMCcksa okyh VªsuA ,d vksj yky Vhu dh Nrokyk LVs'ku vkSj lkeus flXuy
nsrk [kaCkkµFkksM+h&FkksM+h nwj ij cuha lqjaxsa!
fiNyh lnh esa rs”k jÝ
+
rkjokyh xkM+h ogh FkhA dHkh&dHkh gokbZ tgk”k Hkh ns[kus
dks feyrs! fnYyh esa tc Hkh mudh vkok”k vkrh] cPps mUgsa ns[kus ckgj nkSM+rsA
nh[krk ,d Hkkjh&Hkjde i{kh mM+k tk jgk gS ia[k iSQykdjA ;g ns[kks vkSj og xk;c!
mldh LihM gh bruh rs”k yxrhA gk¡] xkM+h osQ ekWMyokyh nqdku osQ lkFk ,d vkSj
,slh nqdku Fkh tks eq>s dHkh ugha HkwyrhA ;g og nqdku Fkh tgk¡ esjk igyk p'ek cuk
FkkA ogk¡ vk¡[kksa osQ MkWDVj vaxzs”k FksA
'kq:&'kq: esa p'ek yxkuk cM+k vViVk yxkA NksVs&cM+s esjs psgjs dh vksj ns[krs vkSj
dgrsµvk¡[kksa esa oqQN rdyhI
+
kQ gS! bl mez esa ,sud! nwèk fi;k djksA eSa MkWDVj lkfgc
dk dgk nksgjk nsrhµoqQN nsj iguksxh rks ,sud mrj tk,xhA
oSls MkWDVj lkfgc us iwjk vk'oklu fn;k Fkk] ysfdu p'ek rks vc rd ugha mrjkA
uacj cl de gh gksrk jgk! eSa vius&vki bldh f”kEesokj gw¡A tc vki fnu dh jks'kuh
dks NksM+dj jkr esa Vscy ySai osQ lkeus dke djsaxhµrks blosQ vykok vkSj D;k gksxk!
gk¡] tc igyh ckj eSaus p'ek yxk;k rks esjs ,d ppsjs HkkbZ us eq>s NsM+kµns[kks] ns[kks]
oSQlh yx jgh gS!
8 oLkar
2020-21
Page 5


 cpiu
eSa rqEgsa vius cpiu dh vksj ys tkm¡QxhA
eSa rqels oqQN bruh cM+h gw¡ fd rqEgkjh nknh Hkh gks ldrh gw¡] rqEgkjh ukuh HkhA cM+h
cqvk HkhµcM+h ekSlh HkhA ifjokj esa eq>s lHkh yksx thth dgdj gh iqdkjrs gSaA
gk¡] eSa bu fnuksa oqQN cM+k&cM+k ;kuh mez esa l;kuk eglwl djus yxh gw¡A 'kk;n
blfy, fd fiNyh 'krkCnh esa iSnk gqbZ FkhA esjs iguus&vks<+us esa Hkh dkI
+
kQh cnyko
vk, gSaaA igys eSa jax&fcjaxs diM+s igurh jgh gw¡A uhyk&tkequh&xzs&dkyk&pkWdysVhA
vc eu oqQN ,slk djrk gS fd lI
+
ksQn iguksA xgjs ugha] gyosQ jaxA eSaus fiNys n'kdksa
esa rjg&rjg dh iks'kkosaQ iguh gSaA igys izQkWd] fiQj fudj&okWdj] LdVZ] yg¡xs] xjkjs
vkSj vc pwM+hnkj vkSj ?ksjnkj oqQrsZA
cpiu osQ oqQN izQkWd rks eq>s vc rd ;kn gSaA
gydh uhyh vkSj ihyh èkkjhokyk izQkWdA xksy dkWyj vkSj ck”kw ij Hkh xksy dI
+
kQA
,d gyosQ xqykch jax dk ckjhd pqUuVksaokyk ?ksjnkj IkzQkWdA uhps xqykch jax dh
fizQyA
mu fnuksa izQkWd osQ Åij dh tsc esa :eky vkSj ckyksa esa brjkrs jax&fcjaxs fjcu dk
pyu FkkA
yseu dyj dk cM+s IysVksaokyk xeZ izQkWd ftlosQ uhps I
+
kQj V¡dh FkhA
nks V~;wfud Hkh ;kn gSaA ,d pkWdysV jax dk vkSj vanj dh dksVh I;k”khA nwljk xzs
vkSj mlosQ lkFk lI
+
ksQn dksVhA
2
2020-21
eq>s vius eks”ks vkSj LVkW¯dx Hkh ;kn gSa!
cpiu esa gesa vius eks”ks [kqn èkksus iM+rs FksA og ukSdj ;k ukSdjkuh dks ugha fn,
tk ldrs FksA bldh l[r eukgh FkhA
ge cPps brokj dh lqcg blh esa yxkrsA èkks ysus osQ ckn vius&vius twrs ikWfy'k
djosQ pedkrsA tc twrs diM+s ;k cz'k ls jxM+rs rks ikWfy'k dh ped mHkjus yxrhA
ljoj] eq>s vkt Hkh cwV ikWfy'k djuk vPNk yxrk gSA gkyk¡fd vc u;h&u;h
fdLe osQ 'kw vk pqosQ gSaA dguk gksxk fd ;s igys ls dgha ”;knk vkjkensg gSaA gesa tc
u, twrs feyrs] mlosQ lkFk gh Nkyksa dk bykt 'kq: gks tkrkA
tc dHkh yach lSj ij fudyrs] vius ikl #bZ ”k:j j[krsA twrk yxk rks #bZ eks”ks
osQ vanjA gk¡] gekjs&rqEgkjs cpiu esa rks
cgqr I
+
kQoZQ gks pqdk gSA
gj 'kuhpj dks gesa vkWfyo vkW;y
;k oSQLVj vkW;y ihuk iM+rkA ;g ,d
eqf'dy dke FkkA 'kuhpj dks lqcg ls
gh ukd esa bldh xaèk vkus yxrh!
NksVs 'kh'ks osQ fxykl] ftu ij
Bhd [kqjkd osQ fy, fu'kku iM+s jgrs]
mUgsa ns[krs gh feryh gksus yxrhA
eq>s vkt Hkh yXkrk gS fd vxj
ge u Hkh ihrs og 'kfuokjh nok rks
oqQN ”;knk fcxM+us okyk ugha FkkA
lsgr Bhd gh jgrhA
rqEgsa crkšxh fd gekjs le; vkSj
rqEgkjs le; esa fdruh nwjh gks pqdh gSA
;gk¡ rd fd cpiu dh fnypfLi;k¡
Hkh cny xbZ gSaA
6 oLkar
2020-21
;kn jgs] mu fnuksa oqQN ?kjksa esa xzkeksI
+
kQksu Fks] jsfM;ks vkSj Vsyhfotu ugha FksA
gekjs cpiu dh oqQyI
+
kQh vkblØhe gks xbZ gSA dpkSM+h&lekslk] iSVh”k esa cny
x;k gSA 'kgrwr vkSj I
+
kQkYls vkSj [kl[kl osQ 'kjcr dksd&isIlh esaA
mu fnuksa dksd ugha] yseusM] foeVks feyrh FkhA
f'keyk vkSj u;h fnYyh esa cM+s gq, cPpksa dks osaxlZ vkSj Msfodks jsLrjk¡ dh pkWdysV
vkSj isLVªh e”kk nsusokyh gksrhA ge HkkbZ&cguksa dh M~;wVh yxrh f'keyk eky ls czkmu
czsM ykus dhA
gekjk ?kj eky ls ”;knk nwj ugha FkkA ,d NksVh&lh p<+kbZ vkSj fxjtk eSnku igq¡p
tkrsA ogk¡ ls ,d mrjkbZ mrjrs vkSj eky ijA dUI
+
ksQD'kujh dkmaVj ij rjg&rjg dh
isLVªh vkSj pkWdysV dh [kq'kcw euHkkouh!
gesa gÝ
+
rs esa ,d ckj pkWdysV [kjhnus dh NwV FkhA lcls ”;knk esjs ikl gh
pkWdysV&VkWI
+
kQh dk LVkWd jgrkA eSa pkWdysV ysdj [kM+s&[kM+s dHkh u [kkrhA ?kj ykSVdj
lkbMcksMZ ij j[k nsrh vkSj jkr osQ [kkus osQ ckn fcLrj esa ysVdj e”kk ys&ys [kkrhA
f'keyk osQ dkI
+
kQy Hkh cgqr ;kn vkrs gSaA [kês&ehBsA oqQN ,dne yky] oqQN
xqykchA jlHkjhA dleyA lkspdj gh eq¡g esa ikuh Hkj vk,A psLVuV ,d vkSj x”kc dh
ph”kA vkx ij Hkwus tkrs vkSj fiQj fNyosQ mrkjdj eq¡g esaA
pus ”kksj xje vkSj vukjnkus dk pw.kZ! gk¡] pus ”kksj xje dh iqfM+;k tks rc Fkh]
og vc Hkh u”kj vkrh gSA iqjkus dkx”kksa ls cukbZ gqbZ bl iqfM+;k esa fujk gkFk dk
deky gSA uhps ls frjNh yisVrs gq, Åij ls bruh pkSM+h fd pus vklkuh ls gFksyh
ij igq¡p tk,¡A ,d oDr Fkk tc fI
+
kQYe dk xkukµpuk ”kksj xje ckcw eSa yk;k e”ksnkj]
puk ”kksj xjeµmu fnuksa LowQy osQ gj cPps dks vkrk FkkA
oqQN cPps iqfM+;k ij rs”k elkyk cqjdokrsA iwjk fxjtk eSnku ?kweus rd ;g iqfM+;k
pyrhA ,d&,d puk&ikiM+h eq¡g esa Mkyus vkSj dne mBkus esa ,d [kkl gh
y;&jÝ
+
rkj FkhA
NqViu esa geus f'keyk fjt ij cgqr e”ks fd, gSaA ?kksM+ksa dh lokjh dh gSA f'keyk
osQ gj cPps dks dHkh&u&dHkh ;g ekSdk fey gh tkrk FkkA
cpiu 7
2020-21
ge tkus D;ksa ?kksM+ksa dks oqQN derj djosQ le>rsA mu ij g¡lrs FksA ufugky osQ
?kksM+s [kwc â"V&iq"V vkSj [kwclwjrA mudh ckr fiQj dHkhA
'kke dks jax&fcjaxs xqCckjsA lkeus tk[kw dk igkM+A m¡Qpk ppZA ppZ dh ?kafV;k¡ ctrha
rks nwj&nwj rd mudh xw¡t iSQy tkrhA yxrk] blosQ laxhr ls izHkq bZ'kw Lo;a oqQN dg
jgs gSaA
lkeus vkdk'k ij lw;kZLr gks jgk gSA xqykch lqugjh èkkfj;k¡ uhys vkleku ij iSQy
jgh gSaA nwj&nwj iSQys igkM+ksa osQ eq[kM+s xgjkus yxs vkSj ns[krs&ns[krs cfÙk;k¡ fVefVekus
yxhaA fjt ij dh jkSud vkSj eky dh nqdkuksa dh ped osQ Hkh D;k dgus! LoSaQMy
ikWbaV dh HkhM+ ls mHkjrk dksykgyA
ljoj] LoSaQMy ikWbaV osQ Bhd lkeus mu fnuksa ,d nqdku gqvk djrh Fkh] ftlosQ
'kks:e esa f'keyk&dkydk Vªsu dk ekWMy cuk gqvk FkkA bldh iVfj;k¡µml ij [kM+h
NksVs&NksVs fMCcksa okyh VªsuA ,d vksj yky Vhu dh Nrokyk LVs'ku vkSj lkeus flXuy
nsrk [kaCkkµFkksM+h&FkksM+h nwj ij cuha lqjaxsa!
fiNyh lnh esa rs”k jÝ
+
rkjokyh xkM+h ogh FkhA dHkh&dHkh gokbZ tgk”k Hkh ns[kus
dks feyrs! fnYyh esa tc Hkh mudh vkok”k vkrh] cPps mUgsa ns[kus ckgj nkSM+rsA
nh[krk ,d Hkkjh&Hkjde i{kh mM+k tk jgk gS ia[k iSQykdjA ;g ns[kks vkSj og xk;c!
mldh LihM gh bruh rs”k yxrhA gk¡] xkM+h osQ ekWMyokyh nqdku osQ lkFk ,d vkSj
,slh nqdku Fkh tks eq>s dHkh ugha HkwyrhA ;g og nqdku Fkh tgk¡ esjk igyk p'ek cuk
FkkA ogk¡ vk¡[kksa osQ MkWDVj vaxzs”k FksA
'kq:&'kq: esa p'ek yxkuk cM+k vViVk yxkA NksVs&cM+s esjs psgjs dh vksj ns[krs vkSj
dgrsµvk¡[kksa esa oqQN rdyhI
+
kQ gS! bl mez esa ,sud! nwèk fi;k djksA eSa MkWDVj lkfgc
dk dgk nksgjk nsrhµoqQN nsj iguksxh rks ,sud mrj tk,xhA
oSls MkWDVj lkfgc us iwjk vk'oklu fn;k Fkk] ysfdu p'ek rks vc rd ugha mrjkA
uacj cl de gh gksrk jgk! eSa vius&vki bldh f”kEesokj gw¡A tc vki fnu dh jks'kuh
dks NksM+dj jkr esa Vscy ySai osQ lkeus dke djsaxhµrks blosQ vykok vkSj D;k gksxk!
gk¡] tc igyh ckj eSaus p'ek yxk;k rks esjs ,d ppsjs HkkbZ us eq>s NsM+kµns[kks] ns[kks]
oSQlh yx jgh gS!
8 oLkar
2020-21
vk¡[k ij p'ek yxk;k
rkfd lw>s nwj dh
;g ugha yM+dh dks ekywe
lwjr cuh yaxwj dh!
eSa [kh>h fd eq> ij ;g D;ksa nksgjk;k
tk jgk gS! ij 'ksj cqjk u yxkA
tc og pk; ihdj pys x, rks eSa
vius dejs esa tkdj vkbZus osQ lkeus [kM+h
gks xbZA dbZ ckj vius dks ns[kkA ,sud
mrkjhA fiQj iguhA fiQj mrkjhA ns[krh
jghµns[krh jghA
lwjr cuh yaxwj dhµ
ugha&ugha&ughaµ
gk¡&gk¡&gk¡µ
eSaus vius NksVs HkkbZ dk Vksik mBkdj flj ij j[kkA oqQN vthc yxkA
vPNk Hkh vkSj e”kkfd;k HkhA
rc dh ckr Fkh] vc rks psgjs osQ lkFk ?kqy&fey x;k gS p'ekA tc dHkh mrjk
gqvk gksrk gS rks psgjk [kkyh&[kkyh yxus yxrk gSA
;kn vk x;k og Vksik] dkyh izsQe dk p'ek vkSj yaxwj dh lwjr! gk¡] bu fnuksa
f'keyk esa eSa flj ij Vksih yxkuk ilan djrh gw¡A eSaus dbZ jaxksa dh tek dj yh gSaA dgk¡
nqiêkas dk vks<+uk vkSj dgk¡ lgt lgy lqHkhrs okyh fgekpyh Vksfi;k¡!
qÑ".kk lkscrh
cpiu 9
2020-21
Read More
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