NCERT Textbook - मिर्च का मज़ा Class 3 Notes | EduRev

Hindi for Class 3

Created by: Yashina Kapoor

Class 3 : NCERT Textbook - मिर्च का मज़ा Class 3 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


114
13. fepZ dk e”kk
,d dkcqyhokys dh dgrs gSa yksx dgkuh]
yky fepZ dks ns[k x;k Hkj mlosQ eq¡g esa ikuhA
lkspk] D;k vPNs nkus gSa] [kkus ls cy gksxk]
;g ”k:j bl ekSfle dk dksbZ ehBk iQy gksxkA
,d poUuh isaQd vkSj >ksyh viuh iSQykdj]
oq¡QtfM+u ls cksyk cspkjk T;ksa&R;ksa oqQN le>kdjA
yky&yky] iryh Nheh gks ph”k vxj [kkus dh]
rks gedks nks rksy Nhfe;k¡ i
+
Qdr pkj vkus dhA
gk¡] ;g rks lc [kkrs gSa – oq¡QtfM+u >V ls cksyh]
vkSj lsj Hkj yky fepZ ls Hkj nh mldh >ksyhA
exu gqvk dkcqyh iQyh dk lkSnk lLrk ikosQ]
yxk pckus fepZ cSBdj unh&fdukjs tkosQA
2019-2020
Page 2


114
13. fepZ dk e”kk
,d dkcqyhokys dh dgrs gSa yksx dgkuh]
yky fepZ dks ns[k x;k Hkj mlosQ eq¡g esa ikuhA
lkspk] D;k vPNs nkus gSa] [kkus ls cy gksxk]
;g ”k:j bl ekSfle dk dksbZ ehBk iQy gksxkA
,d poUuh isaQd vkSj >ksyh viuh iSQykdj]
oq¡QtfM+u ls cksyk cspkjk T;ksa&R;ksa oqQN le>kdjA
yky&yky] iryh Nheh gks ph”k vxj [kkus dh]
rks gedks nks rksy Nhfe;k¡ i
+
Qdr pkj vkus dhA
gk¡] ;g rks lc [kkrs gSa – oq¡QtfM+u >V ls cksyh]
vkSj lsj Hkj yky fepZ ls Hkj nh mldh >ksyhA
exu gqvk dkcqyh iQyh dk lkSnk lLrk ikosQ]
yxk pckus fepZ cSBdj unh&fdukjs tkosQA
2019-2020
115
exj] fepZ us rqjar thHk ij viuk ”kksj fn[kk;k]
eq¡g lkjk ty mBk vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ty Hkj vk;kA
ij] dkcqy dk enZ yky Nheh ls D;ksa eq[k eksM+s\
[kpZ gqvk ftl ij mldks D;ksa fcuk l/k, NksM+s\
vk¡[k iksaNrs] nk¡r ihlrs] jksrs vkSj] fjfl;krs]
og [kkrk gh jgk fepZ dh Nheh dks flfl;krsA
brus esa vk x;k m/j ls dksbZ ,d flikgh]
cksyk – csoowQi -Q! D;k [kkdj ;ksa dj jgk rckgh\
dgk dkcqyh us – eSa gw¡ vkneh u ,slk&oSlkA
tk rw viuh jkg flikgh] eSa [kkrk gw¡ iSlk!
jke/kjh f la g fnudj
2019-2020
Page 3


114
13. fepZ dk e”kk
,d dkcqyhokys dh dgrs gSa yksx dgkuh]
yky fepZ dks ns[k x;k Hkj mlosQ eq¡g esa ikuhA
lkspk] D;k vPNs nkus gSa] [kkus ls cy gksxk]
;g ”k:j bl ekSfle dk dksbZ ehBk iQy gksxkA
,d poUuh isaQd vkSj >ksyh viuh iSQykdj]
oq¡QtfM+u ls cksyk cspkjk T;ksa&R;ksa oqQN le>kdjA
yky&yky] iryh Nheh gks ph”k vxj [kkus dh]
rks gedks nks rksy Nhfe;k¡ i
+
Qdr pkj vkus dhA
gk¡] ;g rks lc [kkrs gSa – oq¡QtfM+u >V ls cksyh]
vkSj lsj Hkj yky fepZ ls Hkj nh mldh >ksyhA
exu gqvk dkcqyh iQyh dk lkSnk lLrk ikosQ]
yxk pckus fepZ cSBdj unh&fdukjs tkosQA
2019-2020
115
exj] fepZ us rqjar thHk ij viuk ”kksj fn[kk;k]
eq¡g lkjk ty mBk vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ty Hkj vk;kA
ij] dkcqy dk enZ yky Nheh ls D;ksa eq[k eksM+s\
[kpZ gqvk ftl ij mldks D;ksa fcuk l/k, NksM+s\
vk¡[k iksaNrs] nk¡r ihlrs] jksrs vkSj] fjfl;krs]
og [kkrk gh jgk fepZ dh Nheh dks flfl;krsA
brus esa vk x;k m/j ls dksbZ ,d flikgh]
cksyk – csoowQi -Q! D;k [kkdj ;ksa dj jgk rckgh\
dgk dkcqyh us – eSa gw¡ vkneh u ,slk&oSlkA
tk rw viuh jkg flikgh] eSa [kkrk gw¡ iSlk!
jke/kjh f la g fnudj
2019-2020
116
dSls le>kvksxs\
? dkcqyhokys dks lC”kh cspus okyh dh Hkk"kk vPNh rjg le> ugha
vkrh FkhA blfy, mls viuh ckr le>kus esa cM+h eqf'dy gqbZA
pyks] ns[krs gSa rqe viuh ckr fcuk cksys vius lkFkh dks dSls
le>krs gks\ uhps fy[ks okD; vyx&vyx ifpZ;ksa esa fy[k yksA
,d iphZ mBkvksA vc ;g ckr rqEgsa vius lkFkh dks fcuk dqN
cksys le>kuh gS—
? eq>s cgqr lnhZ yx jgh gSA
? fcYyh nw/ ih jgh gS] mls HkxkvksA
? esjs nk¡r esa nnZ gSA
? pyks] ck”kkj pyrs gSaA
? vjs] ;s rks cgqr dM+ok gSA
? pksj m/j x;k gS] pyks mls idMa+sA
? ikoZQ esa pydj [ksysaxsA
? eq>s Mj yx jgk gSA
? mI-kQ! ;s cncw dgk¡ ls vk jgh gS\
? vgk! yxrk gS dgha gyok cuk gSA
lgh loky
dkcqyhokys us dgk – vxj ;s yky ph”k [kkus dh gS] rks eq>s Hkh
ns nksA
lC”kh cspus okyh uss dgk – gk¡] ;s rks lc [kkrs gSaA ys yksA
bl rjg cspkjk dkcqyhokyk fepZ [kk cSBkA rqEgkjs fglkc ls
dkcqyhokys dks fepZ ns[kus ds ckn D;k iwNuk pkfg, Fkk\
2019-2020
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114
13. fepZ dk e”kk
,d dkcqyhokys dh dgrs gSa yksx dgkuh]
yky fepZ dks ns[k x;k Hkj mlosQ eq¡g esa ikuhA
lkspk] D;k vPNs nkus gSa] [kkus ls cy gksxk]
;g ”k:j bl ekSfle dk dksbZ ehBk iQy gksxkA
,d poUuh isaQd vkSj >ksyh viuh iSQykdj]
oq¡QtfM+u ls cksyk cspkjk T;ksa&R;ksa oqQN le>kdjA
yky&yky] iryh Nheh gks ph”k vxj [kkus dh]
rks gedks nks rksy Nhfe;k¡ i
+
Qdr pkj vkus dhA
gk¡] ;g rks lc [kkrs gSa – oq¡QtfM+u >V ls cksyh]
vkSj lsj Hkj yky fepZ ls Hkj nh mldh >ksyhA
exu gqvk dkcqyh iQyh dk lkSnk lLrk ikosQ]
yxk pckus fepZ cSBdj unh&fdukjs tkosQA
2019-2020
115
exj] fepZ us rqjar thHk ij viuk ”kksj fn[kk;k]
eq¡g lkjk ty mBk vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ty Hkj vk;kA
ij] dkcqy dk enZ yky Nheh ls D;ksa eq[k eksM+s\
[kpZ gqvk ftl ij mldks D;ksa fcuk l/k, NksM+s\
vk¡[k iksaNrs] nk¡r ihlrs] jksrs vkSj] fjfl;krs]
og [kkrk gh jgk fepZ dh Nheh dks flfl;krsA
brus esa vk x;k m/j ls dksbZ ,d flikgh]
cksyk – csoowQi -Q! D;k [kkdj ;ksa dj jgk rckgh\
dgk dkcqyh us – eSa gw¡ vkneh u ,slk&oSlkA
tk rw viuh jkg flikgh] eSa [kkrk gw¡ iSlk!
jke/kjh f la g fnudj
2019-2020
116
dSls le>kvksxs\
? dkcqyhokys dks lC”kh cspus okyh dh Hkk"kk vPNh rjg le> ugha
vkrh FkhA blfy, mls viuh ckr le>kus esa cM+h eqf'dy gqbZA
pyks] ns[krs gSa rqe viuh ckr fcuk cksys vius lkFkh dks dSls
le>krs gks\ uhps fy[ks okD; vyx&vyx ifpZ;ksa esa fy[k yksA
,d iphZ mBkvksA vc ;g ckr rqEgsa vius lkFkh dks fcuk dqN
cksys le>kuh gS—
? eq>s cgqr lnhZ yx jgh gSA
? fcYyh nw/ ih jgh gS] mls HkxkvksA
? esjs nk¡r esa nnZ gSA
? pyks] ck”kkj pyrs gSaA
? vjs] ;s rks cgqr dM+ok gSA
? pksj m/j x;k gS] pyks mls idMa+sA
? ikoZQ esa pydj [ksysaxsA
? eq>s Mj yx jgk gSA
? mI-kQ! ;s cncw dgk¡ ls vk jgh gS\
? vgk! yxrk gS dgha gyok cuk gSA
lgh loky
dkcqyhokys us dgk – vxj ;s yky ph”k [kkus dh gS] rks eq>s Hkh
ns nksA
lC”kh cspus okyh uss dgk – gk¡] ;s rks lc [kkrs gSaA ys yksA
bl rjg cspkjk dkcqyhokyk fepZ [kk cSBkA rqEgkjs fglkc ls
dkcqyhokys dks fepZ ns[kus ds ckn D;k iwNuk pkfg, Fkk\
2019-2020
117
ty ;k ty\
eq¡g lkjk ty mBk vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ty Hkj vk;kA
;gk¡ ty 'kCn dks nks vFkks± esa bLrseky fd;k x;k gSA
ty & tyuk
ty & ikuh
blh rjg uhps fn, x, 'kCnksa ds Hkh nks vFkZ gSaA
bu 'kCnksa dk bLrseky djrs gq, ,d&,d okD; cukvks ij è;ku jgs &
? okD; esa og 'kCn nks ckj vkuk pkfg,
? nksuksa ckj ml 'kCn dk eryc vyx fudyuk pkfg,A (tSls
mQij fn, x, okD; esa ty)
? gkj &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? vkuk &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? mÙkj &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? iQy &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? exj &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? ij &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nk¡Vks
dfork dh os iafDr;¡k N¡kVdj fy[kks ftuls irk pyrk gS fd
? dkcqyhokyk oqQN 'kCn vyx rjhosQ ls cksyrk FkkA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
? dkcqyhokyk oaQtwl FkkA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2019-2020
Page 5


114
13. fepZ dk e”kk
,d dkcqyhokys dh dgrs gSa yksx dgkuh]
yky fepZ dks ns[k x;k Hkj mlosQ eq¡g esa ikuhA
lkspk] D;k vPNs nkus gSa] [kkus ls cy gksxk]
;g ”k:j bl ekSfle dk dksbZ ehBk iQy gksxkA
,d poUuh isaQd vkSj >ksyh viuh iSQykdj]
oq¡QtfM+u ls cksyk cspkjk T;ksa&R;ksa oqQN le>kdjA
yky&yky] iryh Nheh gks ph”k vxj [kkus dh]
rks gedks nks rksy Nhfe;k¡ i
+
Qdr pkj vkus dhA
gk¡] ;g rks lc [kkrs gSa – oq¡QtfM+u >V ls cksyh]
vkSj lsj Hkj yky fepZ ls Hkj nh mldh >ksyhA
exu gqvk dkcqyh iQyh dk lkSnk lLrk ikosQ]
yxk pckus fepZ cSBdj unh&fdukjs tkosQA
2019-2020
115
exj] fepZ us rqjar thHk ij viuk ”kksj fn[kk;k]
eq¡g lkjk ty mBk vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ty Hkj vk;kA
ij] dkcqy dk enZ yky Nheh ls D;ksa eq[k eksM+s\
[kpZ gqvk ftl ij mldks D;ksa fcuk l/k, NksM+s\
vk¡[k iksaNrs] nk¡r ihlrs] jksrs vkSj] fjfl;krs]
og [kkrk gh jgk fepZ dh Nheh dks flfl;krsA
brus esa vk x;k m/j ls dksbZ ,d flikgh]
cksyk – csoowQi -Q! D;k [kkdj ;ksa dj jgk rckgh\
dgk dkcqyh us – eSa gw¡ vkneh u ,slk&oSlkA
tk rw viuh jkg flikgh] eSa [kkrk gw¡ iSlk!
jke/kjh f la g fnudj
2019-2020
116
dSls le>kvksxs\
? dkcqyhokys dks lC”kh cspus okyh dh Hkk"kk vPNh rjg le> ugha
vkrh FkhA blfy, mls viuh ckr le>kus esa cM+h eqf'dy gqbZA
pyks] ns[krs gSa rqe viuh ckr fcuk cksys vius lkFkh dks dSls
le>krs gks\ uhps fy[ks okD; vyx&vyx ifpZ;ksa esa fy[k yksA
,d iphZ mBkvksA vc ;g ckr rqEgsa vius lkFkh dks fcuk dqN
cksys le>kuh gS—
? eq>s cgqr lnhZ yx jgh gSA
? fcYyh nw/ ih jgh gS] mls HkxkvksA
? esjs nk¡r esa nnZ gSA
? pyks] ck”kkj pyrs gSaA
? vjs] ;s rks cgqr dM+ok gSA
? pksj m/j x;k gS] pyks mls idMa+sA
? ikoZQ esa pydj [ksysaxsA
? eq>s Mj yx jgk gSA
? mI-kQ! ;s cncw dgk¡ ls vk jgh gS\
? vgk! yxrk gS dgha gyok cuk gSA
lgh loky
dkcqyhokys us dgk – vxj ;s yky ph”k [kkus dh gS] rks eq>s Hkh
ns nksA
lC”kh cspus okyh uss dgk – gk¡] ;s rks lc [kkrs gSaA ys yksA
bl rjg cspkjk dkcqyhokyk fepZ [kk cSBkA rqEgkjs fglkc ls
dkcqyhokys dks fepZ ns[kus ds ckn D;k iwNuk pkfg, Fkk\
2019-2020
117
ty ;k ty\
eq¡g lkjk ty mBk vkSj vk¡[kksa esa ty Hkj vk;kA
;gk¡ ty 'kCn dks nks vFkks± esa bLrseky fd;k x;k gSA
ty & tyuk
ty & ikuh
blh rjg uhps fn, x, 'kCnksa ds Hkh nks vFkZ gSaA
bu 'kCnksa dk bLrseky djrs gq, ,d&,d okD; cukvks ij è;ku jgs &
? okD; esa og 'kCn nks ckj vkuk pkfg,
? nksuksa ckj ml 'kCn dk eryc vyx fudyuk pkfg,A (tSls
mQij fn, x, okD; esa ty)
? gkj &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? vkuk &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? mÙkj &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? iQy &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? exj &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
? ij &
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nk¡Vks
dfork dh os iafDr;¡k N¡kVdj fy[kks ftuls irk pyrk gS fd
? dkcqyhokyk oqQN 'kCn vyx rjhosQ ls cksyrk FkkA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
? dkcqyhokyk oaQtwl FkkA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2019-2020
118
? fepZ cgqr rh[kh FkhA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
? dkcqyhokys dks fepZ ds ckjs esa ugha irk FkkA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
? dkcqyhokys dks 25 iSls dh fepZ pkfg, FkhA
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
pkj vkuk
? poUuh eryc pkj vkukA vc crkvks &
pkj vkuk eryc 25 iSlsA vBUuh eryc ------- vkusA
rks ,d #i, esa fdrus iSls\ bdUuh eryc ------- vkukA
nqvUuh eryc ------- vkusA
rqe oSQls iwNksxs\
rqe ck”kkj x,A nqdkuksa esa cgqr&lh ph”kas j[kh gSaA rqEgsa nwj ls gh
viuh euiLakn ph”k dk nke irk djuk gS] ij rqEgsa ml ph”k dk
uke ugha irkA vc nqdkunkj ls nke oSQls iwNksxs\
2019-2020
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