NCERT Textbook - मेरे संग की औरतें Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook - मेरे संग की औरतें Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


1- ijnk djus okyh L=kh
2
esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjrsa
esjh ,d ukuh FkhaA ”kkfgj gSA ij eSaus mUgsa dHkh ns[kk ughaA esjh
ek¡ dh 'kknh gksus ls igys gh mudh e`R;q gks xbZ FkhA 'kk;n ukuh ls dgkuh u
lqu ikus osQ dkj.k ckn esa] ge rhu cfguksa dks [kqn dgkfu;k¡ dguh iM+haA ukuh
ls dgkuh Hkys u lquh gks] ukuh dh dgkuh ”k:j lquh vkSj cgqr ckn esa tkdj
mldk vlyh eeZ le> esa vk;kA igys bruk gh tkuk fd esjh ukuh] ikjaifjd]
vui<+] ijnku'kha
1
 vkSjr Fkha] ftuosQ ifr 'kknh osQ rqjar ckn mUgsa NksM+dj cSfjLVªh
i<+us foyk;r pys x, FksA oSaQfczt fo'ofo|ky; ls fMxzh ysdj tc os ykSVs vkSj
foyk;rh jhfr&fjokt osQ lax ¯”knxh clj djus yxs rks] ukuh osQ vius
jgu&lgu ij] mldk dksbZ vlj ugha iM++k] u mUgksaus viuh fdlh bPNk&vkdka{kk
;k ilan&ukialn dk b”kgkj ifr ij dHkh fd;kA
•
e`nqyk xxZ
•
Page 2


1- ijnk djus okyh L=kh
2
esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjrsa
esjh ,d ukuh FkhaA ”kkfgj gSA ij eSaus mUgsa dHkh ns[kk ughaA esjh
ek¡ dh 'kknh gksus ls igys gh mudh e`R;q gks xbZ FkhA 'kk;n ukuh ls dgkuh u
lqu ikus osQ dkj.k ckn esa] ge rhu cfguksa dks [kqn dgkfu;k¡ dguh iM+haA ukuh
ls dgkuh Hkys u lquh gks] ukuh dh dgkuh ”k:j lquh vkSj cgqr ckn esa tkdj
mldk vlyh eeZ le> esa vk;kA igys bruk gh tkuk fd esjh ukuh] ikjaifjd]
vui<+] ijnku'kha
1
 vkSjr Fkha] ftuosQ ifr 'kknh osQ rqjar ckn mUgsa NksM+dj cSfjLVªh
i<+us foyk;r pys x, FksA oSaQfczt fo'ofo|ky; ls fMxzh ysdj tc os ykSVs vkSj
foyk;rh jhfr&fjokt osQ lax ¯”knxh clj djus yxs rks] ukuh osQ vius
jgu&lgu ij] mldk dksbZ vlj ugha iM++k] u mUgksaus viuh fdlh bPNk&vkdka{kk
;k ilan&ukialn dk b”kgkj ifr ij dHkh fd;kA
•
e`nqyk xxZ
•
14          Ñfrdk
1- cgqr cksyus okyh 2- vkKkdkjh
•
ij tc de&mez esa ukuh us [kqn dks ekSr osQ djhc ik;k rks] ianzg o"khZ;
bdykSrh csVh ^esjh ek¡* dh 'kknh dh fI
+
kQØ us bruk Mjk;k fd os ,dne
eq¡g”kksj
1
 gks mBhaA ukuk ls mUgksaus dgk fd os ijns dk fygk”k NksM+dj muosQ
nksLr Lora=krk&lsukuh I;kjsyky 'kekZ ls feyuk pkgrh gSaA lc nax&gSjku jg
x,A ftl ijnku'kha vkSjr us ijk, enZ ls D;k] [kqn vius enZ ls eq¡g [kksydj
ckr ugha dh Fkh] vkf[kjh oDr esa vtuch ls D;k dguk pkg ldrh gS\ ij
ukuk us oDr dh deh vkSj ekSosQ dh u”kkdr dh ykt j[kh! loky&tokc esa
oDr cjckn djus osQ ctk, I
+
kQkSju tkdj nksLr dks fyok yk, vkSj chch osQ
gq”kwj esa is'k dj fn;kA
vc tks ukuh us dgk] og vkSj Hkh gSjrvaxs”k FkkA mUgksaus dgk] ¶opu nhft,
fd esjh yM+dh osQ fy, oj vki r; djsaxsA esjs ifr rks lkgc gSa vkSj eSa ugha
pkgrh esjh csVh dh 'kknh] lkgcksa osQ I
+
kQjekcjnkj
2
 ls gksA vki viuh rjg
vk”kknh dk flikgh <w¡<+dj mldh 'kknh djok nhft,xkA¸ dkSu dg ldrk Fkk
fd viuh vk”kknh ls iwjh rjg cs[kcj ml vkSjr osQ eu esa ns'k dh vk”kknh osQ
fy, ,slk tquwu gksxkA ckn esa esjh le> esa vk;k fd njvly os futh thou
esa Hkh dkI
+
kQh vk”kkn&[k;ky jgh gksaxhA Bhd gS] mUgksaus ukuk dh ¯”knxh esa dksbZ
n[ky ugha fn;k] u mlesa lk>snkjh
dh] ij viuh ¯”knxh dks vius <ax
ls thrh ”k:j jghaA ikjaifjd] ?kjsyw]
mckmQ vkSj [kkeks'k ¯”knxh thus esa]
vkt osQ fglkc ls] Økafrdkjh pkgs
oqQN u jgk gks nwljs dh rjg thus osQ
fy, etcwj u gksus esa vlyh vk”kknh
oqQN ”;knk gh FkhA
Page 3


1- ijnk djus okyh L=kh
2
esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjrsa
esjh ,d ukuh FkhaA ”kkfgj gSA ij eSaus mUgsa dHkh ns[kk ughaA esjh
ek¡ dh 'kknh gksus ls igys gh mudh e`R;q gks xbZ FkhA 'kk;n ukuh ls dgkuh u
lqu ikus osQ dkj.k ckn esa] ge rhu cfguksa dks [kqn dgkfu;k¡ dguh iM+haA ukuh
ls dgkuh Hkys u lquh gks] ukuh dh dgkuh ”k:j lquh vkSj cgqr ckn esa tkdj
mldk vlyh eeZ le> esa vk;kA igys bruk gh tkuk fd esjh ukuh] ikjaifjd]
vui<+] ijnku'kha
1
 vkSjr Fkha] ftuosQ ifr 'kknh osQ rqjar ckn mUgsa NksM+dj cSfjLVªh
i<+us foyk;r pys x, FksA oSaQfczt fo'ofo|ky; ls fMxzh ysdj tc os ykSVs vkSj
foyk;rh jhfr&fjokt osQ lax ¯”knxh clj djus yxs rks] ukuh osQ vius
jgu&lgu ij] mldk dksbZ vlj ugha iM++k] u mUgksaus viuh fdlh bPNk&vkdka{kk
;k ilan&ukialn dk b”kgkj ifr ij dHkh fd;kA
•
e`nqyk xxZ
•
14          Ñfrdk
1- cgqr cksyus okyh 2- vkKkdkjh
•
ij tc de&mez esa ukuh us [kqn dks ekSr osQ djhc ik;k rks] ianzg o"khZ;
bdykSrh csVh ^esjh ek¡* dh 'kknh dh fI
+
kQØ us bruk Mjk;k fd os ,dne
eq¡g”kksj
1
 gks mBhaA ukuk ls mUgksaus dgk fd os ijns dk fygk”k NksM+dj muosQ
nksLr Lora=krk&lsukuh I;kjsyky 'kekZ ls feyuk pkgrh gSaA lc nax&gSjku jg
x,A ftl ijnku'kha vkSjr us ijk, enZ ls D;k] [kqn vius enZ ls eq¡g [kksydj
ckr ugha dh Fkh] vkf[kjh oDr esa vtuch ls D;k dguk pkg ldrh gS\ ij
ukuk us oDr dh deh vkSj ekSosQ dh u”kkdr dh ykt j[kh! loky&tokc esa
oDr cjckn djus osQ ctk, I
+
kQkSju tkdj nksLr dks fyok yk, vkSj chch osQ
gq”kwj esa is'k dj fn;kA
vc tks ukuh us dgk] og vkSj Hkh gSjrvaxs”k FkkA mUgksaus dgk] ¶opu nhft,
fd esjh yM+dh osQ fy, oj vki r; djsaxsA esjs ifr rks lkgc gSa vkSj eSa ugha
pkgrh esjh csVh dh 'kknh] lkgcksa osQ I
+
kQjekcjnkj
2
 ls gksA vki viuh rjg
vk”kknh dk flikgh <w¡<+dj mldh 'kknh djok nhft,xkA¸ dkSu dg ldrk Fkk
fd viuh vk”kknh ls iwjh rjg cs[kcj ml vkSjr osQ eu esa ns'k dh vk”kknh osQ
fy, ,slk tquwu gksxkA ckn esa esjh le> esa vk;k fd njvly os futh thou
esa Hkh dkI
+
kQh vk”kkn&[k;ky jgh gksaxhA Bhd gS] mUgksaus ukuk dh ¯”knxh esa dksbZ
n[ky ugha fn;k] u mlesa lk>snkjh
dh] ij viuh ¯”knxh dks vius <ax
ls thrh ”k:j jghaA ikjaifjd] ?kjsyw]
mckmQ vkSj [kkeks'k ¯”knxh thus esa]
vkt osQ fglkc ls] Økafrdkjh pkgs
oqQN u jgk gks nwljs dh rjg thus osQ
fy, etcwj u gksus esa vlyh vk”kknh
oqQN ”;knk gh FkhA
esjs lax dh vkSjrsa          15
[kSj] bl rjg esjh ek¡ dh 'kknh ,sls i<+s&fy[ks gksugkj yM+osQ ls gqbZ] ftls
vk”kknh osQ vkanksyu esa fgLlk ysus osQ vijkèk esa vkbZ-lh-,l- osQ bfErgku esa
cSBus ls jksd fn;k x;k Fkk vkSj ftldh tsc esa iq'rSuh iSlk&èksyk ,d ugha FkkA
ek¡] cspkjh] viuh ek¡ vkSj xkaèkh th osQ fl¼karksa osQ pDdj esa lknk thou thus
vkSj m¡Qps [k;ky j[kus ij etcwj gqb±A gky mudk ;g Fkk fd [kknh dh lkM+h
mUgsa bruh Hkkjh yxrh Fkh fd dej pudk [kk tkrhA jkr&jkr Hkj tkxdj os mls
iguus dk vH;kl djrha] ftlls fnu esa 'kfe±nxh u mBkuh iM+sA os oqQN ,slh
uk”kqd Fkha fd mUgsa ns[kdj mudh lkl ;kuh esjh nknh us dgk Fkk] ¶gekjh cgw
rks ,slh gS fd èkksbZ] iksaNh vkSj NhaosQ ij Vk¡x nhA¸ xuher ;gh Fkh fd fdlh us
mUgsa NhaosQ ij ls mrkjus dh is'kd'k ugha dhA
D;ksa ugha dh] mldh nks otgsa FkhaaA igyh ;gh fd ¯gnqLrku osQ reke
ok¯'knksa dh rjg] muosQ llqjkyokys Hkh] lkgcksa ls [kkls vfHkHkwr Fks vkSj esjs
ukuk iDosQ lkgc ekus tkrs FksA cl tkr ls os ¯gnqLrkuh Fks] ckdh psgjs&eksgjs]
jax&<ax] i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ] lcesa vaxzs”k FksA e”ks dh ckr ;g Fkh fd gekjs ns'k
esa vk”kknh dh tax yM+us okys gh vaxzs”kksa osQ lcls cM+s iz'kald Fks] xkaèkh&usg:
gksa ;k esjs firk th osQ ?kjokysA Hkys yM+dk] vk”kknh dh yM+kbZ yM+rs] tsc
[kkyh vkSj 'kksgjr flj djrk jgs] ncnck mlosQ lkgch llqj dk gh FkkA ,d
vku&cku&'kku okys lkgc us muosQ fljfiQjs yM+osQ dks viuh uk”kqd tku yM+dh
lkSaih] mlls jksekapd D;k dksbZ ifjdFkk gksrh! ukuh dh ludHkjh vkf[kjh
[okfg'k vkSj ukuk dh j”kkeanh] os jksekapd midFkk,¡ Fkha] tks dgkuh osQ frfyLe
dks vkSj xk<+k cuk pqdh FkhaA nwljh otg ek¡ dh viuh 'kf[l;r FkhA muesa
[kwclwjrh] u”kkdr] xSj&nqfu;knkjh osQ lkFk bZekunkjh vkSj fu"i{krk oqQN bl
rjg ?kqyh&feyh Fkh fd os ijhtkr ls de tknqbZ ugha ekywe iM+rh FkhaA muls
Bksl dke djokus dh dksbZ lksp Hkh ugha ldrk FkkA gk¡] gj Bksl vkSj gokbZ
dke osQ fy, mudh ”kckuh jk; ”k:j ek¡xh tkrh Fkh vkSj iRFkj dh ydhj
dh rjg fuHkkbZ Hkh tkrh FkhA
Page 4


1- ijnk djus okyh L=kh
2
esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjrsa
esjh ,d ukuh FkhaA ”kkfgj gSA ij eSaus mUgsa dHkh ns[kk ughaA esjh
ek¡ dh 'kknh gksus ls igys gh mudh e`R;q gks xbZ FkhA 'kk;n ukuh ls dgkuh u
lqu ikus osQ dkj.k ckn esa] ge rhu cfguksa dks [kqn dgkfu;k¡ dguh iM+haA ukuh
ls dgkuh Hkys u lquh gks] ukuh dh dgkuh ”k:j lquh vkSj cgqr ckn esa tkdj
mldk vlyh eeZ le> esa vk;kA igys bruk gh tkuk fd esjh ukuh] ikjaifjd]
vui<+] ijnku'kha
1
 vkSjr Fkha] ftuosQ ifr 'kknh osQ rqjar ckn mUgsa NksM+dj cSfjLVªh
i<+us foyk;r pys x, FksA oSaQfczt fo'ofo|ky; ls fMxzh ysdj tc os ykSVs vkSj
foyk;rh jhfr&fjokt osQ lax ¯”knxh clj djus yxs rks] ukuh osQ vius
jgu&lgu ij] mldk dksbZ vlj ugha iM++k] u mUgksaus viuh fdlh bPNk&vkdka{kk
;k ilan&ukialn dk b”kgkj ifr ij dHkh fd;kA
•
e`nqyk xxZ
•
14          Ñfrdk
1- cgqr cksyus okyh 2- vkKkdkjh
•
ij tc de&mez esa ukuh us [kqn dks ekSr osQ djhc ik;k rks] ianzg o"khZ;
bdykSrh csVh ^esjh ek¡* dh 'kknh dh fI
+
kQØ us bruk Mjk;k fd os ,dne
eq¡g”kksj
1
 gks mBhaA ukuk ls mUgksaus dgk fd os ijns dk fygk”k NksM+dj muosQ
nksLr Lora=krk&lsukuh I;kjsyky 'kekZ ls feyuk pkgrh gSaA lc nax&gSjku jg
x,A ftl ijnku'kha vkSjr us ijk, enZ ls D;k] [kqn vius enZ ls eq¡g [kksydj
ckr ugha dh Fkh] vkf[kjh oDr esa vtuch ls D;k dguk pkg ldrh gS\ ij
ukuk us oDr dh deh vkSj ekSosQ dh u”kkdr dh ykt j[kh! loky&tokc esa
oDr cjckn djus osQ ctk, I
+
kQkSju tkdj nksLr dks fyok yk, vkSj chch osQ
gq”kwj esa is'k dj fn;kA
vc tks ukuh us dgk] og vkSj Hkh gSjrvaxs”k FkkA mUgksaus dgk] ¶opu nhft,
fd esjh yM+dh osQ fy, oj vki r; djsaxsA esjs ifr rks lkgc gSa vkSj eSa ugha
pkgrh esjh csVh dh 'kknh] lkgcksa osQ I
+
kQjekcjnkj
2
 ls gksA vki viuh rjg
vk”kknh dk flikgh <w¡<+dj mldh 'kknh djok nhft,xkA¸ dkSu dg ldrk Fkk
fd viuh vk”kknh ls iwjh rjg cs[kcj ml vkSjr osQ eu esa ns'k dh vk”kknh osQ
fy, ,slk tquwu gksxkA ckn esa esjh le> esa vk;k fd njvly os futh thou
esa Hkh dkI
+
kQh vk”kkn&[k;ky jgh gksaxhA Bhd gS] mUgksaus ukuk dh ¯”knxh esa dksbZ
n[ky ugha fn;k] u mlesa lk>snkjh
dh] ij viuh ¯”knxh dks vius <ax
ls thrh ”k:j jghaA ikjaifjd] ?kjsyw]
mckmQ vkSj [kkeks'k ¯”knxh thus esa]
vkt osQ fglkc ls] Økafrdkjh pkgs
oqQN u jgk gks nwljs dh rjg thus osQ
fy, etcwj u gksus esa vlyh vk”kknh
oqQN ”;knk gh FkhA
esjs lax dh vkSjrsa          15
[kSj] bl rjg esjh ek¡ dh 'kknh ,sls i<+s&fy[ks gksugkj yM+osQ ls gqbZ] ftls
vk”kknh osQ vkanksyu esa fgLlk ysus osQ vijkèk esa vkbZ-lh-,l- osQ bfErgku esa
cSBus ls jksd fn;k x;k Fkk vkSj ftldh tsc esa iq'rSuh iSlk&èksyk ,d ugha FkkA
ek¡] cspkjh] viuh ek¡ vkSj xkaèkh th osQ fl¼karksa osQ pDdj esa lknk thou thus
vkSj m¡Qps [k;ky j[kus ij etcwj gqb±A gky mudk ;g Fkk fd [kknh dh lkM+h
mUgsa bruh Hkkjh yxrh Fkh fd dej pudk [kk tkrhA jkr&jkr Hkj tkxdj os mls
iguus dk vH;kl djrha] ftlls fnu esa 'kfe±nxh u mBkuh iM+sA os oqQN ,slh
uk”kqd Fkha fd mUgsa ns[kdj mudh lkl ;kuh esjh nknh us dgk Fkk] ¶gekjh cgw
rks ,slh gS fd èkksbZ] iksaNh vkSj NhaosQ ij Vk¡x nhA¸ xuher ;gh Fkh fd fdlh us
mUgsa NhaosQ ij ls mrkjus dh is'kd'k ugha dhA
D;ksa ugha dh] mldh nks otgsa FkhaaA igyh ;gh fd ¯gnqLrku osQ reke
ok¯'knksa dh rjg] muosQ llqjkyokys Hkh] lkgcksa ls [kkls vfHkHkwr Fks vkSj esjs
ukuk iDosQ lkgc ekus tkrs FksA cl tkr ls os ¯gnqLrkuh Fks] ckdh psgjs&eksgjs]
jax&<ax] i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ] lcesa vaxzs”k FksA e”ks dh ckr ;g Fkh fd gekjs ns'k
esa vk”kknh dh tax yM+us okys gh vaxzs”kksa osQ lcls cM+s iz'kald Fks] xkaèkh&usg:
gksa ;k esjs firk th osQ ?kjokysA Hkys yM+dk] vk”kknh dh yM+kbZ yM+rs] tsc
[kkyh vkSj 'kksgjr flj djrk jgs] ncnck mlosQ lkgch llqj dk gh FkkA ,d
vku&cku&'kku okys lkgc us muosQ fljfiQjs yM+osQ dks viuh uk”kqd tku yM+dh
lkSaih] mlls jksekapd D;k dksbZ ifjdFkk gksrh! ukuh dh ludHkjh vkf[kjh
[okfg'k vkSj ukuk dh j”kkeanh] os jksekapd midFkk,¡ Fkha] tks dgkuh osQ frfyLe
dks vkSj xk<+k cuk pqdh FkhaA nwljh otg ek¡ dh viuh 'kf[l;r FkhA muesa
[kwclwjrh] u”kkdr] xSj&nqfu;knkjh osQ lkFk bZekunkjh vkSj fu"i{krk oqQN bl
rjg ?kqyh&feyh Fkh fd os ijhtkr ls de tknqbZ ugha ekywe iM+rh FkhaA muls
Bksl dke djokus dh dksbZ lksp Hkh ugha ldrk FkkA gk¡] gj Bksl vkSj gokbZ
dke osQ fy, mudh ”kckuh jk; ”k:j ek¡xh tkrh Fkh vkSj iRFkj dh ydhj
dh rjg fuHkkbZ Hkh tkrh FkhA
16          Ñfrdk
eSaus viuh nknh dks dbZ ckj dgrs lquk Fkk] ¶ge gkFkh is gy uk tqrok;k
djrs] ge is cSy gSaA¸ cpiu esa gh eq>s bl tqeys dk HkkokFkZ le> esa vk x;k
Fkk] tc ns[kk Fkk fd] ge cPpksa dh eerkyw ijofj'k osQ ekeys esa ek¡ osQ flok
?kj osQ lHkh izk.kh eqLrSn
1
 jgrs FksA nknh vkSj mudh ftBkfu;k¡ gh ugha]
[kqn&enZtkr] firk th HkhA
ij Bksl dke u djus dk ;g eryc ugha Fkk fd ek¡ dks vk”kknh dk tquwu
de FkkA og Hkjiwj Fkk vkSj vius rjhosQ ls os mls Hkjiwj fuHkkrh jgh FkhaA ”kkfgj
gS fd tc tquwu vk”kknh dk gks rks] mls fuHkkuk Hkh vk”kknh ls pkfg,A ftl&frl
ls iwNdj] mlosQ rjhosQ ls ugha] [kqn vius rjhosQ lsA
geus viuh ek¡ dks dHkh Hkkjrh; ek¡ tSlk ugha ik;kA u mUgksaus dHkh gesa ykM+
fd;k] u gekjs fy, [kkuk idk;k vkSj u vPNh iRuh&cgw gksus dh lh[k nhA oqQN
viuh chekjh osQ pyrs Hkh] os ?kjckj ugha l¡Hkky ikrh Fkha ij mlesa ”;knk gkFk
mudh v#fp dk FkkA mudk ”;knk oDr fdrkcsa i<+us esa chrrk Fkk] ckdh oDr
lkfgR;&ppkZ esa ;k laxhr lquus esa vkSj os ;s lc fcLrj ij ysVs&ysVs fd;k djrh
FkhaA fiQj Hkh] tSlk eSaus igys dgk Fkk] gekjs ijaijkxr nknk&nknh ;k mudh
llqjky osQ vU; lnL; mUgsa u uke èkjrs Fks] u muls vke vkSjr dh rjg gksus
dh vis{kk j[krs FksA muesa lcdh bruh J¼k D;ksa Fkh] tcfd og iRuh] ek¡ vkSj
cgw osQ fdlh izpkfjr drZO; dk ikyu ugha djrh Fkha\ lkgch [kkunku osQ jksc
osQ vykok esjh le> esa nks dkj.k vk, gSaµ(1) os dHkh >wB ugha cksyrh Fkha
vkSj (2) os ,d dh xksiuh; ckr dks nwljs ij ”kkfgj ugha gksus nsrh FkhaA
igys osQ dkj.k mUgsa ?kjokyksa dk vknj feyk gqvk Fkk_ nwljs osQ dkj.k
ckgjokyksa dh nksLrhA nksLr os gekjh Hkh Fkha] ek¡ dh Hkwfedk gekjs firk c[kwch
fuHkk nsrs FksA eq>s ;kn gS] cpiu esa Hkh gekjs ?kj esa fdlh dh fp_h vkus ij
dksbZ mlls ;g ugha iwNrk Fkk fd mlesa D;k fy[kk gSA Hkys og ,d cgu dh
1- rS;kj] pqLr] rRij
•
Page 5


1- ijnk djus okyh L=kh
2
esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjr esjs lax dh vkSjrsa
esjh ,d ukuh FkhaA ”kkfgj gSA ij eSaus mUgsa dHkh ns[kk ughaA esjh
ek¡ dh 'kknh gksus ls igys gh mudh e`R;q gks xbZ FkhA 'kk;n ukuh ls dgkuh u
lqu ikus osQ dkj.k ckn esa] ge rhu cfguksa dks [kqn dgkfu;k¡ dguh iM+haA ukuh
ls dgkuh Hkys u lquh gks] ukuh dh dgkuh ”k:j lquh vkSj cgqr ckn esa tkdj
mldk vlyh eeZ le> esa vk;kA igys bruk gh tkuk fd esjh ukuh] ikjaifjd]
vui<+] ijnku'kha
1
 vkSjr Fkha] ftuosQ ifr 'kknh osQ rqjar ckn mUgsa NksM+dj cSfjLVªh
i<+us foyk;r pys x, FksA oSaQfczt fo'ofo|ky; ls fMxzh ysdj tc os ykSVs vkSj
foyk;rh jhfr&fjokt osQ lax ¯”knxh clj djus yxs rks] ukuh osQ vius
jgu&lgu ij] mldk dksbZ vlj ugha iM++k] u mUgksaus viuh fdlh bPNk&vkdka{kk
;k ilan&ukialn dk b”kgkj ifr ij dHkh fd;kA
•
e`nqyk xxZ
•
14          Ñfrdk
1- cgqr cksyus okyh 2- vkKkdkjh
•
ij tc de&mez esa ukuh us [kqn dks ekSr osQ djhc ik;k rks] ianzg o"khZ;
bdykSrh csVh ^esjh ek¡* dh 'kknh dh fI
+
kQØ us bruk Mjk;k fd os ,dne
eq¡g”kksj
1
 gks mBhaA ukuk ls mUgksaus dgk fd os ijns dk fygk”k NksM+dj muosQ
nksLr Lora=krk&lsukuh I;kjsyky 'kekZ ls feyuk pkgrh gSaA lc nax&gSjku jg
x,A ftl ijnku'kha vkSjr us ijk, enZ ls D;k] [kqn vius enZ ls eq¡g [kksydj
ckr ugha dh Fkh] vkf[kjh oDr esa vtuch ls D;k dguk pkg ldrh gS\ ij
ukuk us oDr dh deh vkSj ekSosQ dh u”kkdr dh ykt j[kh! loky&tokc esa
oDr cjckn djus osQ ctk, I
+
kQkSju tkdj nksLr dks fyok yk, vkSj chch osQ
gq”kwj esa is'k dj fn;kA
vc tks ukuh us dgk] og vkSj Hkh gSjrvaxs”k FkkA mUgksaus dgk] ¶opu nhft,
fd esjh yM+dh osQ fy, oj vki r; djsaxsA esjs ifr rks lkgc gSa vkSj eSa ugha
pkgrh esjh csVh dh 'kknh] lkgcksa osQ I
+
kQjekcjnkj
2
 ls gksA vki viuh rjg
vk”kknh dk flikgh <w¡<+dj mldh 'kknh djok nhft,xkA¸ dkSu dg ldrk Fkk
fd viuh vk”kknh ls iwjh rjg cs[kcj ml vkSjr osQ eu esa ns'k dh vk”kknh osQ
fy, ,slk tquwu gksxkA ckn esa esjh le> esa vk;k fd njvly os futh thou
esa Hkh dkI
+
kQh vk”kkn&[k;ky jgh gksaxhA Bhd gS] mUgksaus ukuk dh ¯”knxh esa dksbZ
n[ky ugha fn;k] u mlesa lk>snkjh
dh] ij viuh ¯”knxh dks vius <ax
ls thrh ”k:j jghaA ikjaifjd] ?kjsyw]
mckmQ vkSj [kkeks'k ¯”knxh thus esa]
vkt osQ fglkc ls] Økafrdkjh pkgs
oqQN u jgk gks nwljs dh rjg thus osQ
fy, etcwj u gksus esa vlyh vk”kknh
oqQN ”;knk gh FkhA
esjs lax dh vkSjrsa          15
[kSj] bl rjg esjh ek¡ dh 'kknh ,sls i<+s&fy[ks gksugkj yM+osQ ls gqbZ] ftls
vk”kknh osQ vkanksyu esa fgLlk ysus osQ vijkèk esa vkbZ-lh-,l- osQ bfErgku esa
cSBus ls jksd fn;k x;k Fkk vkSj ftldh tsc esa iq'rSuh iSlk&èksyk ,d ugha FkkA
ek¡] cspkjh] viuh ek¡ vkSj xkaèkh th osQ fl¼karksa osQ pDdj esa lknk thou thus
vkSj m¡Qps [k;ky j[kus ij etcwj gqb±A gky mudk ;g Fkk fd [kknh dh lkM+h
mUgsa bruh Hkkjh yxrh Fkh fd dej pudk [kk tkrhA jkr&jkr Hkj tkxdj os mls
iguus dk vH;kl djrha] ftlls fnu esa 'kfe±nxh u mBkuh iM+sA os oqQN ,slh
uk”kqd Fkha fd mUgsa ns[kdj mudh lkl ;kuh esjh nknh us dgk Fkk] ¶gekjh cgw
rks ,slh gS fd èkksbZ] iksaNh vkSj NhaosQ ij Vk¡x nhA¸ xuher ;gh Fkh fd fdlh us
mUgsa NhaosQ ij ls mrkjus dh is'kd'k ugha dhA
D;ksa ugha dh] mldh nks otgsa FkhaaA igyh ;gh fd ¯gnqLrku osQ reke
ok¯'knksa dh rjg] muosQ llqjkyokys Hkh] lkgcksa ls [kkls vfHkHkwr Fks vkSj esjs
ukuk iDosQ lkgc ekus tkrs FksA cl tkr ls os ¯gnqLrkuh Fks] ckdh psgjs&eksgjs]
jax&<ax] i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ] lcesa vaxzs”k FksA e”ks dh ckr ;g Fkh fd gekjs ns'k
esa vk”kknh dh tax yM+us okys gh vaxzs”kksa osQ lcls cM+s iz'kald Fks] xkaèkh&usg:
gksa ;k esjs firk th osQ ?kjokysA Hkys yM+dk] vk”kknh dh yM+kbZ yM+rs] tsc
[kkyh vkSj 'kksgjr flj djrk jgs] ncnck mlosQ lkgch llqj dk gh FkkA ,d
vku&cku&'kku okys lkgc us muosQ fljfiQjs yM+osQ dks viuh uk”kqd tku yM+dh
lkSaih] mlls jksekapd D;k dksbZ ifjdFkk gksrh! ukuh dh ludHkjh vkf[kjh
[okfg'k vkSj ukuk dh j”kkeanh] os jksekapd midFkk,¡ Fkha] tks dgkuh osQ frfyLe
dks vkSj xk<+k cuk pqdh FkhaA nwljh otg ek¡ dh viuh 'kf[l;r FkhA muesa
[kwclwjrh] u”kkdr] xSj&nqfu;knkjh osQ lkFk bZekunkjh vkSj fu"i{krk oqQN bl
rjg ?kqyh&feyh Fkh fd os ijhtkr ls de tknqbZ ugha ekywe iM+rh FkhaA muls
Bksl dke djokus dh dksbZ lksp Hkh ugha ldrk FkkA gk¡] gj Bksl vkSj gokbZ
dke osQ fy, mudh ”kckuh jk; ”k:j ek¡xh tkrh Fkh vkSj iRFkj dh ydhj
dh rjg fuHkkbZ Hkh tkrh FkhA
16          Ñfrdk
eSaus viuh nknh dks dbZ ckj dgrs lquk Fkk] ¶ge gkFkh is gy uk tqrok;k
djrs] ge is cSy gSaA¸ cpiu esa gh eq>s bl tqeys dk HkkokFkZ le> esa vk x;k
Fkk] tc ns[kk Fkk fd] ge cPpksa dh eerkyw ijofj'k osQ ekeys esa ek¡ osQ flok
?kj osQ lHkh izk.kh eqLrSn
1
 jgrs FksA nknh vkSj mudh ftBkfu;k¡ gh ugha]
[kqn&enZtkr] firk th HkhA
ij Bksl dke u djus dk ;g eryc ugha Fkk fd ek¡ dks vk”kknh dk tquwu
de FkkA og Hkjiwj Fkk vkSj vius rjhosQ ls os mls Hkjiwj fuHkkrh jgh FkhaA ”kkfgj
gS fd tc tquwu vk”kknh dk gks rks] mls fuHkkuk Hkh vk”kknh ls pkfg,A ftl&frl
ls iwNdj] mlosQ rjhosQ ls ugha] [kqn vius rjhosQ lsA
geus viuh ek¡ dks dHkh Hkkjrh; ek¡ tSlk ugha ik;kA u mUgksaus dHkh gesa ykM+
fd;k] u gekjs fy, [kkuk idk;k vkSj u vPNh iRuh&cgw gksus dh lh[k nhA oqQN
viuh chekjh osQ pyrs Hkh] os ?kjckj ugha l¡Hkky ikrh Fkha ij mlesa ”;knk gkFk
mudh v#fp dk FkkA mudk ”;knk oDr fdrkcsa i<+us esa chrrk Fkk] ckdh oDr
lkfgR;&ppkZ esa ;k laxhr lquus esa vkSj os ;s lc fcLrj ij ysVs&ysVs fd;k djrh
FkhaA fiQj Hkh] tSlk eSaus igys dgk Fkk] gekjs ijaijkxr nknk&nknh ;k mudh
llqjky osQ vU; lnL; mUgsa u uke èkjrs Fks] u muls vke vkSjr dh rjg gksus
dh vis{kk j[krs FksA muesa lcdh bruh J¼k D;ksa Fkh] tcfd og iRuh] ek¡ vkSj
cgw osQ fdlh izpkfjr drZO; dk ikyu ugha djrh Fkha\ lkgch [kkunku osQ jksc
osQ vykok esjh le> esa nks dkj.k vk, gSaµ(1) os dHkh >wB ugha cksyrh Fkha
vkSj (2) os ,d dh xksiuh; ckr dks nwljs ij ”kkfgj ugha gksus nsrh FkhaA
igys osQ dkj.k mUgsa ?kjokyksa dk vknj feyk gqvk Fkk_ nwljs osQ dkj.k
ckgjokyksa dh nksLrhA nksLr os gekjh Hkh Fkha] ek¡ dh Hkwfedk gekjs firk c[kwch
fuHkk nsrs FksA eq>s ;kn gS] cpiu esa Hkh gekjs ?kj esa fdlh dh fp_h vkus ij
dksbZ mlls ;g ugha iwNrk Fkk fd mlesa D;k fy[kk gSA Hkys og ,d cgu dh
1- rS;kj] pqLr] rRij
•
esjs lax dh vkSjrsa          17
nwljh osQ uke D;ksa u gksA vkSj ek¡ ;g tkuus dks csgky gkas fd chekjh ls og
mcjh ;k ughaA NksVs ls ?kj esa Ng cPpksa osQ lkFk] lkl&llqj vkfn osQ jgrs
gq, Hkh] gj O;fDr dks viuk futRo cuk, j[kus dh NwV FkhA blh futRo
cuk, j[kus dh NwV dk I
+
kQk;nk mBkdj] ge rhu cgusa vkSj NksVk HkkbZ ys[ku
osQ gokys gks x,A
yhd ls f[klosQ] vius iwoZtksa esa] ek¡ vkSj ukuh gh jgh gksrha rks xuher
jgrh] ij viuh ,d ijnknh Hkh Fkha] ftUgsa drkj ls ckgj pyus dk 'kkSd FkkA
mUgksaus ozr ys j[kk Fkk fd vxj [kqnk osQ I
+
kQ”ky
1
 ls] muosQ ikl dHkh nks ls
”;knk èkksfr;k¡ gks tk,¡xh rks os rhljh nku dj nsaxhA tSu lekt esa vifjxzg
2
dh lud fcjknjh ckgj gjdr ugha ekuh tkrh] blfy, ogk¡ rd rks Bhd FkkA
ij mudk vlyh tyok rc ns[kus dks feyk] tc esjh ek¡ igyh ckj xHkZorh
gqb±A esjh ijnknh us eafnj esa tkdj eUur ek¡xh fd mudh irksgw dk igyk
cPpk yM+dh gksA ;g xSj&jok;rh eUur ek¡xdj gh mUgsa pSu ugha iM+kA mls
Hkxoku vkSj vius chp iks'khnk j[kus osQ ctk, ljsvke mldk ,syku dj
fn;kA yksxksa osQ eq¡g [kqys&osQ&[kqys jg x,A muosQ fI
+
kQrwj dh dksbZ okftc otg
<w¡<+s u feyhA ;g Hkh ugha dg ldrs Fks fd [kkunku esa iq'rksa ls dU;k iSnk
ugha gqbZ Fkh] blfy, ek¡ th cspkjh dU;knku osQ iq.; osQ vHkko dks iwjk djus
osQ pDdj esa FkhaA D;ksafd firk th dh gh ugha] nknk th dh Hkh cgusa ekStwn
FkhaA gk¡] igyk cPpk gj cgw dk csVk gksrk jgk FkkA [kSj] ek¡ th us viuh rjI
+
kQ
ls dksbZ lI
+
kQkbZ ugha nh] cfYd cnLrwj
3
 eafnj tkdj eUur nqgjkrh jghaA iwjk
uoqQM+ xk¡o tkurk Fkk fd ek¡ th dk Hkxoku osQ lkFk lhèkk&lhèkk rkj tqM+k gqvk
gSA csrkj dk rkjA bèkj og rkj [khaprh] mèkj Vu ls rFkkLrq ctrkA esjh nknh
rks igyh erZck esa gh rS;kj gks xbZ Fkha fd xksn esa [ksysxh] rks iksrhA ij ek¡
th dh vkj”kw fdl dnj jax yk,xh] mldk mUgsa Hkh xqeku u jgk gksxkA
1- vuqxzg] n;k 2- laxzg u djuk] fdlh ls oqQN xzg.k u djuk 3- fu;e ls
•
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