NCERT Textbook - विश्वबंधुत्वम् Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Created by: Rohini Seth

Class 7 : NCERT Textbook - विश्वबंधुत्वम् Class 7 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


mRlos] O;lus] nqfHkZ{ks] jk"VªfoIyos] nSufUnuO;ogkjs p ;% lgk;rka djksfr l%
cUèkq% HkofrA ;fn fo'os loZ=k ,rkn`'k% Hkko% Hkosr~ rnk fo'ocU/qRoa
lEHkofrA
ijUrq v/quk fuf[kys lalkjs dygL; v'kkUrs% p okrkoj.ke~ vfLrA ekuok%
ijLija u fo'olfUrA rs ijL; d"Va Lodh;a d"Va u x.k;fUrA vfi p leFkkZ%
ns'kk% vleFkkZu~ ns'kku~ izfr mis{kkHkkoa izn'kZ;fUr] rs"kke~ mifj Lodh;a izHkqRoa
LFkki;fUrA lalkjs loZ=k fo}s"kL;] 'k=kqrk;k%] ¯glk;k% p Hkkouk n`';rsA ns'kkuka
fodkl% vfi vo#¼% HkofrA
b;e~ egrh vko';drk orZrs ;r~ ,d% ns'k% vijs.k ns'ksu lg fueZysu
ân;su cUèkqrk;k% O;ogkja oqQ;kZr~A fo'oL; tus"kq b;a Hkkouk vko';dhA rr%
fodflrkfodflr;ks% ns'k;ks% eè;s LoLFkk Li/kZ Hkfo";frA losZ ns'kk% KkufoKku;ks%
{ks=ks eS=khHkkou;k lg;ksxsu p le`f¼a izkIrqa leFkkZ% Hkfo";fUrA
lw;ZL; pUnzL; p izdk'k% loZ=k leku:is.k izljfrA izÑfr% vfi losZ"kq
leRosu O;ogjfrA rLekr~ vLekfHk% loSZ% ijLija oSjHkkoe~ vigk; fo'ocUèkqRoa
LFkkiuh;e~A
vr% fo'oL; dY;k.kk; ,rkn`'kh Hkkouk Hkosr~&
v;a fut% ijks osfr x.kuk y?kqpsrlke~A
mnkjpfjrkuka rq olq/So oqQVqEcde~AA
n'ke% ikB%
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 2


mRlos] O;lus] nqfHkZ{ks] jk"VªfoIyos] nSufUnuO;ogkjs p ;% lgk;rka djksfr l%
cUèkq% HkofrA ;fn fo'os loZ=k ,rkn`'k% Hkko% Hkosr~ rnk fo'ocU/qRoa
lEHkofrA
ijUrq v/quk fuf[kys lalkjs dygL; v'kkUrs% p okrkoj.ke~ vfLrA ekuok%
ijLija u fo'olfUrA rs ijL; d"Va Lodh;a d"Va u x.k;fUrA vfi p leFkkZ%
ns'kk% vleFkkZu~ ns'kku~ izfr mis{kkHkkoa izn'kZ;fUr] rs"kke~ mifj Lodh;a izHkqRoa
LFkki;fUrA lalkjs loZ=k fo}s"kL;] 'k=kqrk;k%] ¯glk;k% p Hkkouk n`';rsA ns'kkuka
fodkl% vfi vo#¼% HkofrA
b;e~ egrh vko';drk orZrs ;r~ ,d% ns'k% vijs.k ns'ksu lg fueZysu
ân;su cUèkqrk;k% O;ogkja oqQ;kZr~A fo'oL; tus"kq b;a Hkkouk vko';dhA rr%
fodflrkfodflr;ks% ns'k;ks% eè;s LoLFkk Li/kZ Hkfo";frA losZ ns'kk% KkufoKku;ks%
{ks=ks eS=khHkkou;k lg;ksxsu p le`f¼a izkIrqa leFkkZ% Hkfo";fUrA
lw;ZL; pUnzL; p izdk'k% loZ=k leku:is.k izljfrA izÑfr% vfi losZ"kq
leRosu O;ogjfrA rLekr~ vLekfHk% loSZ% ijLija oSjHkkoe~ vigk; fo'ocUèkqRoa
LFkkiuh;e~A
vr% fo'oL; dY;k.kk; ,rkn`'kh Hkkouk Hkosr~&
v;a fut% ijks osfr x.kuk y?kqpsrlke~A
mnkjpfjrkuka rq olq/So oqQVqEcde~AA
n'ke% ikB%
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
56
O;lus & O;fDrxr ladV ij during individual crisis
nqfHkZ{ks & vdky iM+us ij during femine
jk"VªfoIyos & jk"Vª@ns'k ij vkink vkus ij during national crisis
fo'ocU/qRoe~ & fo'o osQ izfr HkkbZ&pkjk universal brotherhood
fo'olfUr & fo'okl djrs gSa believe
Lodh;e~ & viuk own
mis{kkHkkoe~ & vuknj dh Hkkouk disregard
fo}s"kL; & 'k=kqrk dk of hatred
vo#¼% & ckf/r obstructed
LIk/kZ & gksM+] eqdkcyk competition
è;krO;e~ & è;ku nsuk pkfg, should attend
Kk;rs & tkuk tkrk gS known
leRosu & leku Hkko ls equally
vigk; & NksM+dj giving up
ijks osfr & vFkok ijk;k or others
y?kqpsrlke~ & {kqnz ân; okyksa dk of narrow minded
people
olq/So(olq/k$,o) & /jrh gh only the earth
oqQVqEcde~ & ifjokj family
'kCnkFkkZ%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 3


mRlos] O;lus] nqfHkZ{ks] jk"VªfoIyos] nSufUnuO;ogkjs p ;% lgk;rka djksfr l%
cUèkq% HkofrA ;fn fo'os loZ=k ,rkn`'k% Hkko% Hkosr~ rnk fo'ocU/qRoa
lEHkofrA
ijUrq v/quk fuf[kys lalkjs dygL; v'kkUrs% p okrkoj.ke~ vfLrA ekuok%
ijLija u fo'olfUrA rs ijL; d"Va Lodh;a d"Va u x.k;fUrA vfi p leFkkZ%
ns'kk% vleFkkZu~ ns'kku~ izfr mis{kkHkkoa izn'kZ;fUr] rs"kke~ mifj Lodh;a izHkqRoa
LFkki;fUrA lalkjs loZ=k fo}s"kL;] 'k=kqrk;k%] ¯glk;k% p Hkkouk n`';rsA ns'kkuka
fodkl% vfi vo#¼% HkofrA
b;e~ egrh vko';drk orZrs ;r~ ,d% ns'k% vijs.k ns'ksu lg fueZysu
ân;su cUèkqrk;k% O;ogkja oqQ;kZr~A fo'oL; tus"kq b;a Hkkouk vko';dhA rr%
fodflrkfodflr;ks% ns'k;ks% eè;s LoLFkk Li/kZ Hkfo";frA losZ ns'kk% KkufoKku;ks%
{ks=ks eS=khHkkou;k lg;ksxsu p le`f¼a izkIrqa leFkkZ% Hkfo";fUrA
lw;ZL; pUnzL; p izdk'k% loZ=k leku:is.k izljfrA izÑfr% vfi losZ"kq
leRosu O;ogjfrA rLekr~ vLekfHk% loSZ% ijLija oSjHkkoe~ vigk; fo'ocUèkqRoa
LFkkiuh;e~A
vr% fo'oL; dY;k.kk; ,rkn`'kh Hkkouk Hkosr~&
v;a fut% ijks osfr x.kuk y?kqpsrlke~A
mnkjpfjrkuka rq olq/So oqQVqEcde~AA
n'ke% ikB%
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
56
O;lus & O;fDrxr ladV ij during individual crisis
nqfHkZ{ks & vdky iM+us ij during femine
jk"VªfoIyos & jk"Vª@ns'k ij vkink vkus ij during national crisis
fo'ocU/qRoe~ & fo'o osQ izfr HkkbZ&pkjk universal brotherhood
fo'olfUr & fo'okl djrs gSa believe
Lodh;e~ & viuk own
mis{kkHkkoe~ & vuknj dh Hkkouk disregard
fo}s"kL; & 'k=kqrk dk of hatred
vo#¼% & ckf/r obstructed
LIk/kZ & gksM+] eqdkcyk competition
è;krO;e~ & è;ku nsuk pkfg, should attend
Kk;rs & tkuk tkrk gS known
leRosu & leku Hkko ls equally
vigk; & NksM+dj giving up
ijks osfr & vFkok ijk;k or others
y?kqpsrlke~ & {kqnz ân; okyksa dk of narrow minded
people
olq/So(olq/k$,o) & /jrh gh only the earth
oqQVqEcde~ & ifjokj family
'kCnkFkkZ%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
fo'ocU/qRoe~
57
1- mPpkj.ka oqQ#r&
nqfHkZ{ks jk"VªfoIyos fo'ocU/qRoe~
fo'olfUr mis{kkHkkoe~ fo}s"kL;
è;krO;e~ nq%[kHkko~Q izn'kZ;fUr
2- e×tw"kkr% lekukFkZdinkfu fpRok fy[kr&
ijL; nq%[ke~ vkRekue~ ckf/r% ifjokj% lEiÂe~ R;DRok lEiw.ksZ
Lodh;e~
------------------
vo#¼%
------------------
oqQVqEcde~
------------------
vU;L;
------------------
vigk;
------------------
le`¼e~
------------------
d"Ve~
------------------
fuf[kys
------------------
3- js[kkfÄïrkfu inkfu la'kksè; fy[kr&
(d)Nk=kk% ØhMk{ks=ks dUnqdkr~ ØhMfUrA
([k) rs ckfydk% e/qja xk;fUrA
(x) vga iqLrdky;su iqLrdkfu vku;kfeA
vH;kl%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 4


mRlos] O;lus] nqfHkZ{ks] jk"VªfoIyos] nSufUnuO;ogkjs p ;% lgk;rka djksfr l%
cUèkq% HkofrA ;fn fo'os loZ=k ,rkn`'k% Hkko% Hkosr~ rnk fo'ocU/qRoa
lEHkofrA
ijUrq v/quk fuf[kys lalkjs dygL; v'kkUrs% p okrkoj.ke~ vfLrA ekuok%
ijLija u fo'olfUrA rs ijL; d"Va Lodh;a d"Va u x.k;fUrA vfi p leFkkZ%
ns'kk% vleFkkZu~ ns'kku~ izfr mis{kkHkkoa izn'kZ;fUr] rs"kke~ mifj Lodh;a izHkqRoa
LFkki;fUrA lalkjs loZ=k fo}s"kL;] 'k=kqrk;k%] ¯glk;k% p Hkkouk n`';rsA ns'kkuka
fodkl% vfi vo#¼% HkofrA
b;e~ egrh vko';drk orZrs ;r~ ,d% ns'k% vijs.k ns'ksu lg fueZysu
ân;su cUèkqrk;k% O;ogkja oqQ;kZr~A fo'oL; tus"kq b;a Hkkouk vko';dhA rr%
fodflrkfodflr;ks% ns'k;ks% eè;s LoLFkk Li/kZ Hkfo";frA losZ ns'kk% KkufoKku;ks%
{ks=ks eS=khHkkou;k lg;ksxsu p le`f¼a izkIrqa leFkkZ% Hkfo";fUrA
lw;ZL; pUnzL; p izdk'k% loZ=k leku:is.k izljfrA izÑfr% vfi losZ"kq
leRosu O;ogjfrA rLekr~ vLekfHk% loSZ% ijLija oSjHkkoe~ vigk; fo'ocUèkqRoa
LFkkiuh;e~A
vr% fo'oL; dY;k.kk; ,rkn`'kh Hkkouk Hkosr~&
v;a fut% ijks osfr x.kuk y?kqpsrlke~A
mnkjpfjrkuka rq olq/So oqQVqEcde~AA
n'ke% ikB%
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
56
O;lus & O;fDrxr ladV ij during individual crisis
nqfHkZ{ks & vdky iM+us ij during femine
jk"VªfoIyos & jk"Vª@ns'k ij vkink vkus ij during national crisis
fo'ocU/qRoe~ & fo'o osQ izfr HkkbZ&pkjk universal brotherhood
fo'olfUr & fo'okl djrs gSa believe
Lodh;e~ & viuk own
mis{kkHkkoe~ & vuknj dh Hkkouk disregard
fo}s"kL; & 'k=kqrk dk of hatred
vo#¼% & ckf/r obstructed
LIk/kZ & gksM+] eqdkcyk competition
è;krO;e~ & è;ku nsuk pkfg, should attend
Kk;rs & tkuk tkrk gS known
leRosu & leku Hkko ls equally
vigk; & NksM+dj giving up
ijks osfr & vFkok ijk;k or others
y?kqpsrlke~ & {kqnz ân; okyksa dk of narrow minded
people
olq/So(olq/k$,o) & /jrh gh only the earth
oqQVqEcde~ & ifjokj family
'kCnkFkkZ%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
fo'ocU/qRoe~
57
1- mPpkj.ka oqQ#r&
nqfHkZ{ks jk"VªfoIyos fo'ocU/qRoe~
fo'olfUr mis{kkHkkoe~ fo}s"kL;
è;krO;e~ nq%[kHkko~Q izn'kZ;fUr
2- e×tw"kkr% lekukFkZdinkfu fpRok fy[kr&
ijL; nq%[ke~ vkRekue~ ckf/r% ifjokj% lEiÂe~ R;DRok lEiw.ksZ
Lodh;e~
------------------
vo#¼%
------------------
oqQVqEcde~
------------------
vU;L;
------------------
vigk;
------------------
le`¼e~
------------------
d"Ve~
------------------
fuf[kys
------------------
3- js[kkfÄïrkfu inkfu la'kksè; fy[kr&
(d)Nk=kk% ØhMk{ks=ks dUnqdkr~ ØhMfUrA
([k) rs ckfydk% e/qja xk;fUrA
(x) vga iqLrdky;su iqLrdkfu vku;kfeA
vH;kl%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
58
(?k) Roa ¯d uke\
(Ä) xq#a ue%A
4- e×tw"kkr% foykseinkfu fpRok fy[kr&
 v/quk fe=krk;k% y?kqpsrlke~ x`ghRok nq%f[ku% nkuok%
'k=kqrk;k%
--------------------
iqjk
--------------------
ekuok%
--------------------
mnkjpfjrkuke~
--------------------
lqf[ku%
--------------------
vigk;
--------------------
5- v/ksfyf[krinkuka fyÄõa] foHkfDra opu×p fy[kr&
inkfu fyÄ
õ
e~ foHkfDr% opue~
cU/q%
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
ns'kku~
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
?k`.kk;k%
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
oqQVqEcde~
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
j{kk;ke~
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
KkufoKku;ks%
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 5


mRlos] O;lus] nqfHkZ{ks] jk"VªfoIyos] nSufUnuO;ogkjs p ;% lgk;rka djksfr l%
cUèkq% HkofrA ;fn fo'os loZ=k ,rkn`'k% Hkko% Hkosr~ rnk fo'ocU/qRoa
lEHkofrA
ijUrq v/quk fuf[kys lalkjs dygL; v'kkUrs% p okrkoj.ke~ vfLrA ekuok%
ijLija u fo'olfUrA rs ijL; d"Va Lodh;a d"Va u x.k;fUrA vfi p leFkkZ%
ns'kk% vleFkkZu~ ns'kku~ izfr mis{kkHkkoa izn'kZ;fUr] rs"kke~ mifj Lodh;a izHkqRoa
LFkki;fUrA lalkjs loZ=k fo}s"kL;] 'k=kqrk;k%] ¯glk;k% p Hkkouk n`';rsA ns'kkuka
fodkl% vfi vo#¼% HkofrA
b;e~ egrh vko';drk orZrs ;r~ ,d% ns'k% vijs.k ns'ksu lg fueZysu
ân;su cUèkqrk;k% O;ogkja oqQ;kZr~A fo'oL; tus"kq b;a Hkkouk vko';dhA rr%
fodflrkfodflr;ks% ns'k;ks% eè;s LoLFkk Li/kZ Hkfo";frA losZ ns'kk% KkufoKku;ks%
{ks=ks eS=khHkkou;k lg;ksxsu p le`f¼a izkIrqa leFkkZ% Hkfo";fUrA
lw;ZL; pUnzL; p izdk'k% loZ=k leku:is.k izljfrA izÑfr% vfi losZ"kq
leRosu O;ogjfrA rLekr~ vLekfHk% loSZ% ijLija oSjHkkoe~ vigk; fo'ocUèkqRoa
LFkkiuh;e~A
vr% fo'oL; dY;k.kk; ,rkn`'kh Hkkouk Hkosr~&
v;a fut% ijks osfr x.kuk y?kqpsrlke~A
mnkjpfjrkuka rq olq/So oqQVqEcde~AA
n'ke% ikB%
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~ fo'ocU/kqRoe~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
56
O;lus & O;fDrxr ladV ij during individual crisis
nqfHkZ{ks & vdky iM+us ij during femine
jk"VªfoIyos & jk"Vª@ns'k ij vkink vkus ij during national crisis
fo'ocU/qRoe~ & fo'o osQ izfr HkkbZ&pkjk universal brotherhood
fo'olfUr & fo'okl djrs gSa believe
Lodh;e~ & viuk own
mis{kkHkkoe~ & vuknj dh Hkkouk disregard
fo}s"kL; & 'k=kqrk dk of hatred
vo#¼% & ckf/r obstructed
LIk/kZ & gksM+] eqdkcyk competition
è;krO;e~ & è;ku nsuk pkfg, should attend
Kk;rs & tkuk tkrk gS known
leRosu & leku Hkko ls equally
vigk; & NksM+dj giving up
ijks osfr & vFkok ijk;k or others
y?kqpsrlke~ & {kqnz ân; okyksa dk of narrow minded
people
olq/So(olq/k$,o) & /jrh gh only the earth
oqQVqEcde~ & ifjokj family
'kCnkFkkZ%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
fo'ocU/qRoe~
57
1- mPpkj.ka oqQ#r&
nqfHkZ{ks jk"VªfoIyos fo'ocU/qRoe~
fo'olfUr mis{kkHkkoe~ fo}s"kL;
è;krO;e~ nq%[kHkko~Q izn'kZ;fUr
2- e×tw"kkr% lekukFkZdinkfu fpRok fy[kr&
ijL; nq%[ke~ vkRekue~ ckf/r% ifjokj% lEiÂe~ R;DRok lEiw.ksZ
Lodh;e~
------------------
vo#¼%
------------------
oqQVqEcde~
------------------
vU;L;
------------------
vigk;
------------------
le`¼e~
------------------
d"Ve~
------------------
fuf[kys
------------------
3- js[kkfÄïrkfu inkfu la'kksè; fy[kr&
(d)Nk=kk% ØhMk{ks=ks dUnqdkr~ ØhMfUrA
([k) rs ckfydk% e/qja xk;fUrA
(x) vga iqLrdky;su iqLrdkfu vku;kfeA
vH;kl%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
58
(?k) Roa ¯d uke\
(Ä) xq#a ue%A
4- e×tw"kkr% foykseinkfu fpRok fy[kr&
 v/quk fe=krk;k% y?kqpsrlke~ x`ghRok nq%f[ku% nkuok%
'k=kqrk;k%
--------------------
iqjk
--------------------
ekuok%
--------------------
mnkjpfjrkuke~
--------------------
lqf[ku%
--------------------
vigk;
--------------------
5- v/ksfyf[krinkuka fyÄõa] foHkfDra opu×p fy[kr&
inkfu fyÄ
õ
e~ foHkfDr% opue~
cU/q%
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
ns'kku~
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
?k`.kk;k%
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
oqQVqEcde~
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
j{kk;ke~
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
KkufoKku;ks%
-------------------- -------------------- --------------------
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
fo'ocU/qRoe~
59
6- dks"BosQ"kq nÙks"kq 'kCns"kq leqfprka foHkfDra ;kstf;Rok fjDrLFkkukfu iwj;r&
(d) fo|ky;e~ mHk;r% o`{kk% lfUrA (fo|ky;)
------------------------
 mHk;r% xksikfydk%A (Ñ".k)
([k) xzkea ifjr% xkspkj.kHkwfe%A (xzke)
------------------------
 ifjr% HkDrk%A (efUnj)
(x) lw;kZ; ue%A (lw;Z)
------------------------
 ue%A (xq#)
(?k) o`{kL; mifj [kxk%A (o`{k)
------------------------
 mifj lSfud%A (v'o)
7- dks"Bdkr~ leqfpra ina fpRok fjDrLFkkukfu iwj;r&
(d)
-------------------
 ue%A (g¯j@gj;s)
([k)
-------------------
 ifjr% Ñf"k{ks=kkf.k lfUrA (xzkeL;@xzkee~)
(x)
-------------------
 ue%A (vEck;k%@vEck;S)
(?k)
-------------------
 mifj vfHkusrk vfHku;a djksfrA (e×pL;@e×pe~)
(Ä)
-------------------
 mHk;r% iq=kkS Lr%A (firje~@firq%)
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
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MCQs

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Viva Questions

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Previous Year Questions with Solutions

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shortcuts and tricks

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mock tests for examination

,

Extra Questions

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practice quizzes

,

Objective type Questions

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Sample Paper

,

past year papers

,

video lectures

,

Summary

,

pdf

,

Free

,

Exam

,

ppt

,

Important questions

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NCERT Textbook - विश्वबंधुत्वम् Class 7 Notes | EduRev

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NCERT Textbook - विश्वबंधुत्वम् Class 7 Notes | EduRev

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