NCERT Textbook - सबसे अच्छा पेड़ Class 3 Notes | EduRev

Hindi for Class 3

Class 3 : NCERT Textbook - सबसे अच्छा पेड़ Class 3 Notes | EduRev

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122
14. lcls vPNk isM+
rhu HkkbZ FksA ,d fnu lqcg osQ le; rhuksa u, ?kjksa dh ryk'k esa
fudy iM+sA xje&xje /wi esa os lM+d ij pyrs pys x,A FkksM+h
nsj esaa vke dk ,d cM+k isM+ vk;kA mlosQ uhps BaMh Nk¡g FkhA rhuksa
HkkbZ mlosQ uhps vkjke djus yxsA
isM+ osQ iosQ vke rksM+&rksM+dj
os ehBk&ehBk jl pwlus
yxsA cM+s HkkbZ us dgk
– HkkbZ eq>s rks ;gh
txg ilan gSA vke
osQ isM+ ls c<+dj D;k gks
ldrk gS\ vke dPps gksaxs] rks
ge vpkj cuk,¡xsA vkSj
tc os id tk,¡xs]
rks ge ehBs&ehBs
vke [kk,¡xsA oqQN
vke ge ckn
esa [kkus osQ fy,
lq[kkdj j[k ysaxsA
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122
14. lcls vPNk isM+
rhu HkkbZ FksA ,d fnu lqcg osQ le; rhuksa u, ?kjksa dh ryk'k esa
fudy iM+sA xje&xje /wi esa os lM+d ij pyrs pys x,A FkksM+h
nsj esaa vke dk ,d cM+k isM+ vk;kA mlosQ uhps BaMh Nk¡g FkhA rhuksa
HkkbZ mlosQ uhps vkjke djus yxsA
isM+ osQ iosQ vke rksM+&rksM+dj
os ehBk&ehBk jl pwlus
yxsA cM+s HkkbZ us dgk
– HkkbZ eq>s rks ;gh
txg ilan gSA vke
osQ isM+ ls c<+dj D;k gks
ldrk gS\ vke dPps gksaxs] rks
ge vpkj cuk,¡xsA vkSj
tc os id tk,¡xs]
rks ge ehBs&ehBs
vke [kk,¡xsA oqQN
vke ge ckn
esa [kkus osQ fy,
lq[kkdj j[k ysaxsA
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igys HkkbZ us vke osQ isM+ osQ uhps ,d >ksiM+h cukbZ vkSj og oghaa
Bgj x;kA ysfdu mlosQ HkkbZ ogk¡ ugha Bgjs] os vkxs py iM+sA
pyrs&pyrs mUgsa osQys osQ oqQN isM+ feysA rHkh vkleku ls ,d
dkyk ckny xq”kjkA
Vi&Vi------- ikuh cjlus yxkA nksuksa Hkkb;ksa us osQys dk ,d-,d
iÙkk dkV fy;k] mlosQ lk, esa mu ij ikuh ugha fxjkA ”kjk nsj esa
ckny pyk x;kA ckfj'k #d xbZA
nwljs HkkbZ us dgk – cM+h Hkw[k yxh gSA
eq>s Hkh – rhljs HkkbZ us dgkA nksuksa us osQys dk
,d iÙkk phjk] mUgksaus ,d&,d VqdM+s ij [kkuk
ijkslk vkSj nksuksa us HkjisV [kkuk [kk;kA
blosQ ckn ,d&,d osQyk Hkh [kk;kA
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122
14. lcls vPNk isM+
rhu HkkbZ FksA ,d fnu lqcg osQ le; rhuksa u, ?kjksa dh ryk'k esa
fudy iM+sA xje&xje /wi esa os lM+d ij pyrs pys x,A FkksM+h
nsj esaa vke dk ,d cM+k isM+ vk;kA mlosQ uhps BaMh Nk¡g FkhA rhuksa
HkkbZ mlosQ uhps vkjke djus yxsA
isM+ osQ iosQ vke rksM+&rksM+dj
os ehBk&ehBk jl pwlus
yxsA cM+s HkkbZ us dgk
– HkkbZ eq>s rks ;gh
txg ilan gSA vke
osQ isM+ ls c<+dj D;k gks
ldrk gS\ vke dPps gksaxs] rks
ge vpkj cuk,¡xsA vkSj
tc os id tk,¡xs]
rks ge ehBs&ehBs
vke [kk,¡xsA oqQN
vke ge ckn
esa [kkus osQ fy,
lq[kkdj j[k ysaxsA
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123
igys HkkbZ us vke osQ isM+ osQ uhps ,d >ksiM+h cukbZ vkSj og oghaa
Bgj x;kA ysfdu mlosQ HkkbZ ogk¡ ugha Bgjs] os vkxs py iM+sA
pyrs&pyrs mUgsa osQys osQ oqQN isM+ feysA rHkh vkleku ls ,d
dkyk ckny xq”kjkA
Vi&Vi------- ikuh cjlus yxkA nksuksa Hkkb;ksa us osQys dk ,d-,d
iÙkk dkV fy;k] mlosQ lk, esa mu ij ikuh ugha fxjkA ”kjk nsj esa
ckny pyk x;kA ckfj'k #d xbZA
nwljs HkkbZ us dgk – cM+h Hkw[k yxh gSA
eq>s Hkh – rhljs HkkbZ us dgkA nksuksa us osQys dk
,d iÙkk phjk] mUgksaus ,d&,d VqdM+s ij [kkuk
ijkslk vkSj nksuksa us HkjisV [kkuk [kk;kA
blosQ ckn ,d&,d osQyk Hkh [kk;kA
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nwljs HkkbZ us dgk – eSa rks ;gha ?kj cukm¡QxkA osQys osQ isM+ ls vPNk
D;k gksxk] cf<+;k osQys [kkus dks feysaxsA mudh lC”kh cuk,¡xsA oqQN osQys
ge csp nsaxsA muosQ iSls ls ge pkoy [kjhn ysaxs vkSj osQys osQ iÙks Hkh
dke vk,¡xsA
blhfy, nwljs HkkbZ us ogha viuh >ksaiM+h cuk yhA
exj rhljk HkkbZ vkxs c<+rk pyk x;kA pyrs&pyrs mls ukfj;y dk
,d isM+ feykA isM+ cM+k yack vkSj iryk FkkA rhljs HkkbZ us dgk – oSQlh
I;kl yxh gS!
Vi--- ,d ukfj;y ”kehu ij Vid iM+kA
rhljs HkkbZ us viuk pkowQ fudkykA [kj&[kj--
ukfj;y dh tVk,¡ lki -Q gks xbZaA fiQj mlus
ukfj;y osQ fNyosQ esa NksVk&lk Nsn fd;k
vkSj mldk BaMk&ehBk ikuh ih;kA ukfj;y
osQ isM+ dh NksVh&lh Nk¡g!
rhljk HkkbZ mlh Nk¡g esa cSB x;k
vkSj lkspus yxk –
vke dk isM+ cgqr cf<+;k
gksrk gS vkSj vke Hkh cM+k
vPNk iQy gSA osQys dk
isM+ cM+s dke dk gksrk gS
vkSj osQyk [kkus esa vPNk
gksrk gSA
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122
14. lcls vPNk isM+
rhu HkkbZ FksA ,d fnu lqcg osQ le; rhuksa u, ?kjksa dh ryk'k esa
fudy iM+sA xje&xje /wi esa os lM+d ij pyrs pys x,A FkksM+h
nsj esaa vke dk ,d cM+k isM+ vk;kA mlosQ uhps BaMh Nk¡g FkhA rhuksa
HkkbZ mlosQ uhps vkjke djus yxsA
isM+ osQ iosQ vke rksM+&rksM+dj
os ehBk&ehBk jl pwlus
yxsA cM+s HkkbZ us dgk
– HkkbZ eq>s rks ;gh
txg ilan gSA vke
osQ isM+ ls c<+dj D;k gks
ldrk gS\ vke dPps gksaxs] rks
ge vpkj cuk,¡xsA vkSj
tc os id tk,¡xs]
rks ge ehBs&ehBs
vke [kk,¡xsA oqQN
vke ge ckn
esa [kkus osQ fy,
lq[kkdj j[k ysaxsA
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123
igys HkkbZ us vke osQ isM+ osQ uhps ,d >ksiM+h cukbZ vkSj og oghaa
Bgj x;kA ysfdu mlosQ HkkbZ ogk¡ ugha Bgjs] os vkxs py iM+sA
pyrs&pyrs mUgsa osQys osQ oqQN isM+ feysA rHkh vkleku ls ,d
dkyk ckny xq”kjkA
Vi&Vi------- ikuh cjlus yxkA nksuksa Hkkb;ksa us osQys dk ,d-,d
iÙkk dkV fy;k] mlosQ lk, esa mu ij ikuh ugha fxjkA ”kjk nsj esa
ckny pyk x;kA ckfj'k #d xbZA
nwljs HkkbZ us dgk – cM+h Hkw[k yxh gSA
eq>s Hkh – rhljs HkkbZ us dgkA nksuksa us osQys dk
,d iÙkk phjk] mUgksaus ,d&,d VqdM+s ij [kkuk
ijkslk vkSj nksuksa us HkjisV [kkuk [kk;kA
blosQ ckn ,d&,d osQyk Hkh [kk;kA
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nwljs HkkbZ us dgk – eSa rks ;gha ?kj cukm¡QxkA osQys osQ isM+ ls vPNk
D;k gksxk] cf<+;k osQys [kkus dks feysaxsA mudh lC”kh cuk,¡xsA oqQN osQys
ge csp nsaxsA muosQ iSls ls ge pkoy [kjhn ysaxs vkSj osQys osQ iÙks Hkh
dke vk,¡xsA
blhfy, nwljs HkkbZ us ogha viuh >ksaiM+h cuk yhA
exj rhljk HkkbZ vkxs c<+rk pyk x;kA pyrs&pyrs mls ukfj;y dk
,d isM+ feykA isM+ cM+k yack vkSj iryk FkkA rhljs HkkbZ us dgk – oSQlh
I;kl yxh gS!
Vi--- ,d ukfj;y ”kehu ij Vid iM+kA
rhljs HkkbZ us viuk pkowQ fudkykA [kj&[kj--
ukfj;y dh tVk,¡ lki -Q gks xbZaA fiQj mlus
ukfj;y osQ fNyosQ esa NksVk&lk Nsn fd;k
vkSj mldk BaMk&ehBk ikuh ih;kA ukfj;y
osQ isM+ dh NksVh&lh Nk¡g!
rhljk HkkbZ mlh Nk¡g esa cSB x;k
vkSj lkspus yxk –
vke dk isM+ cgqr cf<+;k
gksrk gS vkSj vke Hkh cM+k
vPNk iQy gSA osQys dk
isM+ cM+s dke dk gksrk gS
vkSj osQyk [kkus esa vPNk
gksrk gSA
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isM+ uhe dk Hkh vPNk gSA mldh nkrqu cM+h vPNh jgrh gSA ?kj
esa dksbZ chekj gks] rks yksx uhe dh Vgfu;k¡ njok”ks ij yVdk nsrs gSaA
esjs ikl uhe dk isM+ gks] rks eSa mldh Vgfu;k¡ csp ldrk g¡w vkSj isM+
eq>s BaMh Nk¡g Hkh nsxk vkSj vxj dgha esjs ikl jcM+ dk isM+ gksrk]
rks eSa viuk pkowQ fudky dj isM+ dh Nky esa ,d yack phjk yxk
nsrkA phjs osQ rys esa ,d I;kyk j[k nsrkA isM+ osQ nwf/;k jl dks eSa
I;kys esa Hkj ysrkA jl dks idkdj eSa jcM+ cuk ysrkA jcM+ eSa csp nsrkA
jcM+ ls yksx xqCckjs] Vk;j vkSj rjg&rjg dh ph”ksa cusk ysrsA
vPNs isM+ksa dh D;k deh gS! ukfj;y osQ isM+ dh gh lkspksA
ukfj;y dh tVkvksa dks dkVdj eSa eksVh Mksfj;k¡ cuk ldrk gw¡ vkSj
Mksfj;ksa ls eSa e”kcwr pVkb;k¡ Hkh cuk ldrk gw¡A jfLl;ksa vkSj pVkb;ksa
dks eSa 'kgj osQ ck”kkj esa csp ldrk gw¡A eSa ukfj;y dk ikuh ih
ldrk gw¡A eSa ukfj;y dh xjh [kk ldrk gw¡ vkSj oqQN xjh lq[kkdj
eSa [kksijk Hkh rS;kj dj ldrk gw¡] [kksijs dks isjdj eSa xksys dk rsy
fudky ldrk gw¡A xksys dk rsy lkcqu vkSj fdruh gh ph”ksa cukus osQ
dke vkrk gSA ukfj;y osQ fNyosQ dks lki -Q djosQ dVksjs vkSj I;kys
cuk ldrk gw¡A Bhd rks gS] esjs fy, rks ;gh isM+ lcls vPNk gSA eSa
rks blh osQ uhps ?kj cukmQ¡xkA
blfy, rhljs HkkbZ us ukfj;y osQ rys viuh oqQfV;k cukbZ vkSj
e”ks ls jgus yxkA
rqEgkjs fy, dkSu&lk isM+ lcls vPNk gS\
ts. Hkkjr nkl
2019-2020
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122
14. lcls vPNk isM+
rhu HkkbZ FksA ,d fnu lqcg osQ le; rhuksa u, ?kjksa dh ryk'k esa
fudy iM+sA xje&xje /wi esa os lM+d ij pyrs pys x,A FkksM+h
nsj esaa vke dk ,d cM+k isM+ vk;kA mlosQ uhps BaMh Nk¡g FkhA rhuksa
HkkbZ mlosQ uhps vkjke djus yxsA
isM+ osQ iosQ vke rksM+&rksM+dj
os ehBk&ehBk jl pwlus
yxsA cM+s HkkbZ us dgk
– HkkbZ eq>s rks ;gh
txg ilan gSA vke
osQ isM+ ls c<+dj D;k gks
ldrk gS\ vke dPps gksaxs] rks
ge vpkj cuk,¡xsA vkSj
tc os id tk,¡xs]
rks ge ehBs&ehBs
vke [kk,¡xsA oqQN
vke ge ckn
esa [kkus osQ fy,
lq[kkdj j[k ysaxsA
2019-2020
123
igys HkkbZ us vke osQ isM+ osQ uhps ,d >ksiM+h cukbZ vkSj og oghaa
Bgj x;kA ysfdu mlosQ HkkbZ ogk¡ ugha Bgjs] os vkxs py iM+sA
pyrs&pyrs mUgsa osQys osQ oqQN isM+ feysA rHkh vkleku ls ,d
dkyk ckny xq”kjkA
Vi&Vi------- ikuh cjlus yxkA nksuksa Hkkb;ksa us osQys dk ,d-,d
iÙkk dkV fy;k] mlosQ lk, esa mu ij ikuh ugha fxjkA ”kjk nsj esa
ckny pyk x;kA ckfj'k #d xbZA
nwljs HkkbZ us dgk – cM+h Hkw[k yxh gSA
eq>s Hkh – rhljs HkkbZ us dgkA nksuksa us osQys dk
,d iÙkk phjk] mUgksaus ,d&,d VqdM+s ij [kkuk
ijkslk vkSj nksuksa us HkjisV [kkuk [kk;kA
blosQ ckn ,d&,d osQyk Hkh [kk;kA
2019-2020
124
nwljs HkkbZ us dgk – eSa rks ;gha ?kj cukm¡QxkA osQys osQ isM+ ls vPNk
D;k gksxk] cf<+;k osQys [kkus dks feysaxsA mudh lC”kh cuk,¡xsA oqQN osQys
ge csp nsaxsA muosQ iSls ls ge pkoy [kjhn ysaxs vkSj osQys osQ iÙks Hkh
dke vk,¡xsA
blhfy, nwljs HkkbZ us ogha viuh >ksaiM+h cuk yhA
exj rhljk HkkbZ vkxs c<+rk pyk x;kA pyrs&pyrs mls ukfj;y dk
,d isM+ feykA isM+ cM+k yack vkSj iryk FkkA rhljs HkkbZ us dgk – oSQlh
I;kl yxh gS!
Vi--- ,d ukfj;y ”kehu ij Vid iM+kA
rhljs HkkbZ us viuk pkowQ fudkykA [kj&[kj--
ukfj;y dh tVk,¡ lki -Q gks xbZaA fiQj mlus
ukfj;y osQ fNyosQ esa NksVk&lk Nsn fd;k
vkSj mldk BaMk&ehBk ikuh ih;kA ukfj;y
osQ isM+ dh NksVh&lh Nk¡g!
rhljk HkkbZ mlh Nk¡g esa cSB x;k
vkSj lkspus yxk –
vke dk isM+ cgqr cf<+;k
gksrk gS vkSj vke Hkh cM+k
vPNk iQy gSA osQys dk
isM+ cM+s dke dk gksrk gS
vkSj osQyk [kkus esa vPNk
gksrk gSA
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isM+ uhe dk Hkh vPNk gSA mldh nkrqu cM+h vPNh jgrh gSA ?kj
esa dksbZ chekj gks] rks yksx uhe dh Vgfu;k¡ njok”ks ij yVdk nsrs gSaA
esjs ikl uhe dk isM+ gks] rks eSa mldh Vgfu;k¡ csp ldrk g¡w vkSj isM+
eq>s BaMh Nk¡g Hkh nsxk vkSj vxj dgha esjs ikl jcM+ dk isM+ gksrk]
rks eSa viuk pkowQ fudky dj isM+ dh Nky esa ,d yack phjk yxk
nsrkA phjs osQ rys esa ,d I;kyk j[k nsrkA isM+ osQ nwf/;k jl dks eSa
I;kys esa Hkj ysrkA jl dks idkdj eSa jcM+ cuk ysrkA jcM+ eSa csp nsrkA
jcM+ ls yksx xqCckjs] Vk;j vkSj rjg&rjg dh ph”ksa cusk ysrsA
vPNs isM+ksa dh D;k deh gS! ukfj;y osQ isM+ dh gh lkspksA
ukfj;y dh tVkvksa dks dkVdj eSa eksVh Mksfj;k¡ cuk ldrk gw¡ vkSj
Mksfj;ksa ls eSa e”kcwr pVkb;k¡ Hkh cuk ldrk gw¡A jfLl;ksa vkSj pVkb;ksa
dks eSa 'kgj osQ ck”kkj esa csp ldrk gw¡A eSa ukfj;y dk ikuh ih
ldrk gw¡A eSa ukfj;y dh xjh [kk ldrk gw¡ vkSj oqQN xjh lq[kkdj
eSa [kksijk Hkh rS;kj dj ldrk gw¡] [kksijs dks isjdj eSa xksys dk rsy
fudky ldrk gw¡A xksys dk rsy lkcqu vkSj fdruh gh ph”ksa cukus osQ
dke vkrk gSA ukfj;y osQ fNyosQ dks lki -Q djosQ dVksjs vkSj I;kys
cuk ldrk gw¡A Bhd rks gS] esjs fy, rks ;gh isM+ lcls vPNk gSA eSa
rks blh osQ uhps ?kj cukmQ¡xkA
blfy, rhljs HkkbZ us ukfj;y osQ rys viuh oqQfV;k cukbZ vkSj
e”ks ls jgus yxkA
rqEgkjs fy, dkSu&lk isM+ lcls vPNk gS\
ts. Hkkjr nkl
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126
”kjk lkspks rks
? rhuksa HkkbZ fdl ekSle esa ?kj dh ryk'k esa fudys\
? rqEgsa dSls irk pyk\
? dkSu&lk eghuk gksxk\
? ?kj dh ryk'k ij fudyus ls igys os dgk¡ jgrs gksaxs\
eSa vius cxhps esa 
------------------------------------
 dk
isM+ yxkm¡Qxh D;ksafd 
------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
oSQls pquksxh
? bu ekSdksa ij rqe fdl isM+ osQ iÙks dk bLrseky djksxh &
? esgeku dks [kkuk f[kykus osQ fy,
---------------------------------
? ckfj'k esa Hkhxrs le; Nkrs dh rjg
---------------------------------
? lhVh ctkus osQ fy,
---------------------------------
? jax cukus osQ fy,
---------------------------------
? xehZ ls ijs'kku gksdj ia[kk djus
---------------------------------
osQ fy,
D;k yxkvksxh\
rqEgsa vxj isM+ yxkuk gks rks rqe dkSu&lk isM+ yxkvksxh\
rqe ogh isM+ D;ksa yxkuk pkgksxh\
2019-2020
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