NCERT Textbook - स्वावलम्बनम् Class 7 Notes | EduRev

Created by: Rohini Seth

Class 7 : NCERT Textbook - स्वावलम्बनम् Class 7 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


la[;kokfp'kCnk% rn~&,rn~&'kCnkS p
Ñ".kewfrZ% Jhd.B'p fe=ks vkLrke~A Jhd.BL; firk le`¼% vklhr~A vr%
rL; Hkous loZfo/kfu lq[k&lkèkukfu vklu~A rfLeu~ fo'kkys Hkous
pRokfja'kr~ LrEHkk% vklu~A rL;
v"Vkn'k&izdks"Bs"kq i×pk'kr~ xok{kk%]
prq'pRokfja'kr~ }kjkf.k] "kV~f=ka'kr~
fo|qr~&O;tukfu p vklu~A r=k n'k
lsodk% fujUrja dk;± oqQoZfUr LeA ija
Ñ".kewrsZ% ekrk firk p  fu/ZukS
Ñ"kdnEirhA rL; x`ge~ vkMEcjfoghua lk/kj.k×p vklhr~A
,dnk Jhd.B% rsu lg çkr% uooknus rL;
x`ge~ vxPNr~A r=k Ñ".kewfrZ% rL; ekrk firk p
Lo'kDR;k Jhd.BL; vkfrF;e~ voqQoZu~A ,rr~ n`"V~ok
Jhd.B% vdFk;r~& ^^fe=k
!
 vga Hkorka lRdkjs.k
lUrq"Vks¿fLeA osQoye~ bneso ee nq%[ka ;r~ ro
x`gs ,dks¿fi Hk`R;% ukfLrA ee lRdkjk; Hkorka
cgq  d"Va tkre~A ee x`gs rq cgo% deZdjk%
lfUrA** rnk Ñ".kewfrZ% vonr~&^^fe=k
!
 eekfi v"VkS
deZdjk% lfUrA rs p }kS iknkS] }kS gLrkS] }s us=ks]
r`rh;% ikB%
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 2


la[;kokfp'kCnk% rn~&,rn~&'kCnkS p
Ñ".kewfrZ% Jhd.B'p fe=ks vkLrke~A Jhd.BL; firk le`¼% vklhr~A vr%
rL; Hkous loZfo/kfu lq[k&lkèkukfu vklu~A rfLeu~ fo'kkys Hkous
pRokfja'kr~ LrEHkk% vklu~A rL;
v"Vkn'k&izdks"Bs"kq i×pk'kr~ xok{kk%]
prq'pRokfja'kr~ }kjkf.k] "kV~f=ka'kr~
fo|qr~&O;tukfu p vklu~A r=k n'k
lsodk% fujUrja dk;± oqQoZfUr LeA ija
Ñ".kewrsZ% ekrk firk p  fu/ZukS
Ñ"kdnEirhA rL; x`ge~ vkMEcjfoghua lk/kj.k×p vklhr~A
,dnk Jhd.B% rsu lg çkr% uooknus rL;
x`ge~ vxPNr~A r=k Ñ".kewfrZ% rL; ekrk firk p
Lo'kDR;k Jhd.BL; vkfrF;e~ voqQoZu~A ,rr~ n`"V~ok
Jhd.B% vdFk;r~& ^^fe=k
!
 vga Hkorka lRdkjs.k
lUrq"Vks¿fLeA osQoye~ bneso ee nq%[ka ;r~ ro
x`gs ,dks¿fi Hk`R;% ukfLrA ee lRdkjk; Hkorka
cgq  d"Va tkre~A ee x`gs rq cgo% deZdjk%
lfUrA** rnk Ñ".kewfrZ% vonr~&^^fe=k
!
 eekfi v"VkS
deZdjk% lfUrA rs p }kS iknkS] }kS gLrkS] }s us=ks]
r`rh;% ikB%
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
LokoyEcue~
13
}s Jks=ks bfrA ,rs izfr{k.ka ee lgk;dk%A fdUrq ro Hk`R;k% lnSo loZ=k p
mifLFkrk% Hkforqa u 'kDuqofUrA Roa rq Lodk;kZ; Hk`R;kèkhu%A ;nk ;nk rs vuqifLFkrk%]
rnk rnk Roa d"Ve~ vuqHkoflA LokoyEcus rq loZnk lq[keso] u dnkfi d"Va
HkofrA**
Jhd.B% vonr~&^^fe=k! ro opukfu JqRok ee eufl egrh izlUurk
tkrkA v/quk vgefi Lodk;kZf.k Lo;eso drZqe~ bPNkfeA** Hkorq]
lk/Z}kn'koknufene~A lkEçra x`ga pykfeA
le`¼% & /uh rich
pRokfja'kr~ & pkyhl forty
v"Vkn'k & vBkjg eighteen
izdks"Bs"kq & dejksa esa in the rooms
i×pk'kr~ & ipkl fifty
xok{kk% & f[kM+fd;k¡ windows
prq'pRokfja'kr~ & pokyhl fortyfour
"kV~f=ka'kr~ & NÙkhl thirtysix
Ñ"kdnEirh & fdlku ifr&iRuh farmer couple
vkfrF;e~ & vfrfFk&lRdkj respecting guests
deZdj% & dke djus okyk worker
Hkorke~ & vkiosQ yours
Hk`R;% & ukSdj@lsod servant
'kDuqofUr & ldrs gSa able to do
'kCnkFkkZ%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 3


la[;kokfp'kCnk% rn~&,rn~&'kCnkS p
Ñ".kewfrZ% Jhd.B'p fe=ks vkLrke~A Jhd.BL; firk le`¼% vklhr~A vr%
rL; Hkous loZfo/kfu lq[k&lkèkukfu vklu~A rfLeu~ fo'kkys Hkous
pRokfja'kr~ LrEHkk% vklu~A rL;
v"Vkn'k&izdks"Bs"kq i×pk'kr~ xok{kk%]
prq'pRokfja'kr~ }kjkf.k] "kV~f=ka'kr~
fo|qr~&O;tukfu p vklu~A r=k n'k
lsodk% fujUrja dk;± oqQoZfUr LeA ija
Ñ".kewrsZ% ekrk firk p  fu/ZukS
Ñ"kdnEirhA rL; x`ge~ vkMEcjfoghua lk/kj.k×p vklhr~A
,dnk Jhd.B% rsu lg çkr% uooknus rL;
x`ge~ vxPNr~A r=k Ñ".kewfrZ% rL; ekrk firk p
Lo'kDR;k Jhd.BL; vkfrF;e~ voqQoZu~A ,rr~ n`"V~ok
Jhd.B% vdFk;r~& ^^fe=k
!
 vga Hkorka lRdkjs.k
lUrq"Vks¿fLeA osQoye~ bneso ee nq%[ka ;r~ ro
x`gs ,dks¿fi Hk`R;% ukfLrA ee lRdkjk; Hkorka
cgq  d"Va tkre~A ee x`gs rq cgo% deZdjk%
lfUrA** rnk Ñ".kewfrZ% vonr~&^^fe=k
!
 eekfi v"VkS
deZdjk% lfUrA rs p }kS iknkS] }kS gLrkS] }s us=ks]
r`rh;% ikB%
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
LokoyEcue~
13
}s Jks=ks bfrA ,rs izfr{k.ka ee lgk;dk%A fdUrq ro Hk`R;k% lnSo loZ=k p
mifLFkrk% Hkforqa u 'kDuqofUrA Roa rq Lodk;kZ; Hk`R;kèkhu%A ;nk ;nk rs vuqifLFkrk%]
rnk rnk Roa d"Ve~ vuqHkoflA LokoyEcus rq loZnk lq[keso] u dnkfi d"Va
HkofrA**
Jhd.B% vonr~&^^fe=k! ro opukfu JqRok ee eufl egrh izlUurk
tkrkA v/quk vgefi Lodk;kZf.k Lo;eso drZqe~ bPNkfeA** Hkorq]
lk/Z}kn'koknufene~A lkEçra x`ga pykfeA
le`¼% & /uh rich
pRokfja'kr~ & pkyhl forty
v"Vkn'k & vBkjg eighteen
izdks"Bs"kq & dejksa esa in the rooms
i×pk'kr~ & ipkl fifty
xok{kk% & f[kM+fd;k¡ windows
prq'pRokfja'kr~ & pokyhl fortyfour
"kV~f=ka'kr~ & NÙkhl thirtysix
Ñ"kdnEirh & fdlku ifr&iRuh farmer couple
vkfrF;e~ & vfrfFk&lRdkj respecting guests
deZdj% & dke djus okyk worker
Hkorke~ & vkiosQ yours
Hk`R;% & ukSdj@lsod servant
'kDuqofUr & ldrs gSa able to do
'kCnkFkkZ%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
14
lk/Z}kn'koknue~ & lk<+s ckjg cts half past twelve
lkEçre~ & vHkhs now
1- mPpkj.ka oqQ#r&
foa'kfr% f=ka'kr~ pRokfja'kr~
}kfoa'kfr% }kf=ka'kr~ f}pRokfja'kr~
prqfo±'kfr% =k;fL=ka'kr~ =k;'pRokfja'kr~
i×pfoa'kfr% prqfL=ka'kr~ prq'pRokfja'kr~
v"Vkfoa'kfr% v"Vkf=ka'kr~ lIrpRokfja'kr~
uofoa'kfr% uof=ka'kr~ i×pk'kr~
2- v/ksfyf[krkuka iz'ukukeqÙkjkf.k fy[kr&
(d) dL; Hkous loZfo/kfu lq[klk/ukfu vklu~\
([k) dL; x`gs dks¿fi Hk`R;% ukfLr\
(x) Jhd.BL; vkfrF;e~ osQ vdqoZu~\
(?k) loZnk oqQ=k lq[ke~\
(Ä) Jhd.B% Ñ".kewrsZ% x`ga dnk vxPNr~\
(p) Ñ".kewrsZ% dfr deZdjk% lfUr\
vH;kl%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 4


la[;kokfp'kCnk% rn~&,rn~&'kCnkS p
Ñ".kewfrZ% Jhd.B'p fe=ks vkLrke~A Jhd.BL; firk le`¼% vklhr~A vr%
rL; Hkous loZfo/kfu lq[k&lkèkukfu vklu~A rfLeu~ fo'kkys Hkous
pRokfja'kr~ LrEHkk% vklu~A rL;
v"Vkn'k&izdks"Bs"kq i×pk'kr~ xok{kk%]
prq'pRokfja'kr~ }kjkf.k] "kV~f=ka'kr~
fo|qr~&O;tukfu p vklu~A r=k n'k
lsodk% fujUrja dk;± oqQoZfUr LeA ija
Ñ".kewrsZ% ekrk firk p  fu/ZukS
Ñ"kdnEirhA rL; x`ge~ vkMEcjfoghua lk/kj.k×p vklhr~A
,dnk Jhd.B% rsu lg çkr% uooknus rL;
x`ge~ vxPNr~A r=k Ñ".kewfrZ% rL; ekrk firk p
Lo'kDR;k Jhd.BL; vkfrF;e~ voqQoZu~A ,rr~ n`"V~ok
Jhd.B% vdFk;r~& ^^fe=k
!
 vga Hkorka lRdkjs.k
lUrq"Vks¿fLeA osQoye~ bneso ee nq%[ka ;r~ ro
x`gs ,dks¿fi Hk`R;% ukfLrA ee lRdkjk; Hkorka
cgq  d"Va tkre~A ee x`gs rq cgo% deZdjk%
lfUrA** rnk Ñ".kewfrZ% vonr~&^^fe=k
!
 eekfi v"VkS
deZdjk% lfUrA rs p }kS iknkS] }kS gLrkS] }s us=ks]
r`rh;% ikB%
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
LokoyEcue~
13
}s Jks=ks bfrA ,rs izfr{k.ka ee lgk;dk%A fdUrq ro Hk`R;k% lnSo loZ=k p
mifLFkrk% Hkforqa u 'kDuqofUrA Roa rq Lodk;kZ; Hk`R;kèkhu%A ;nk ;nk rs vuqifLFkrk%]
rnk rnk Roa d"Ve~ vuqHkoflA LokoyEcus rq loZnk lq[keso] u dnkfi d"Va
HkofrA**
Jhd.B% vonr~&^^fe=k! ro opukfu JqRok ee eufl egrh izlUurk
tkrkA v/quk vgefi Lodk;kZf.k Lo;eso drZqe~ bPNkfeA** Hkorq]
lk/Z}kn'koknufene~A lkEçra x`ga pykfeA
le`¼% & /uh rich
pRokfja'kr~ & pkyhl forty
v"Vkn'k & vBkjg eighteen
izdks"Bs"kq & dejksa esa in the rooms
i×pk'kr~ & ipkl fifty
xok{kk% & f[kM+fd;k¡ windows
prq'pRokfja'kr~ & pokyhl fortyfour
"kV~f=ka'kr~ & NÙkhl thirtysix
Ñ"kdnEirh & fdlku ifr&iRuh farmer couple
vkfrF;e~ & vfrfFk&lRdkj respecting guests
deZdj% & dke djus okyk worker
Hkorke~ & vkiosQ yours
Hk`R;% & ukSdj@lsod servant
'kDuqofUr & ldrs gSa able to do
'kCnkFkkZ%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
14
lk/Z}kn'koknue~ & lk<+s ckjg cts half past twelve
lkEçre~ & vHkhs now
1- mPpkj.ka oqQ#r&
foa'kfr% f=ka'kr~ pRokfja'kr~
}kfoa'kfr% }kf=ka'kr~ f}pRokfja'kr~
prqfo±'kfr% =k;fL=ka'kr~ =k;'pRokfja'kr~
i×pfoa'kfr% prqfL=ka'kr~ prq'pRokfja'kr~
v"Vkfoa'kfr% v"Vkf=ka'kr~ lIrpRokfja'kr~
uofoa'kfr% uof=ka'kr~ i×pk'kr~
2- v/ksfyf[krkuka iz'ukukeqÙkjkf.k fy[kr&
(d) dL; Hkous loZfo/kfu lq[klk/ukfu vklu~\
([k) dL; x`gs dks¿fi Hk`R;% ukfLr\
(x) Jhd.BL; vkfrF;e~ osQ vdqoZu~\
(?k) loZnk oqQ=k lq[ke~\
(Ä) Jhd.B% Ñ".kewrsZ% x`ga dnk vxPNr~\
(p) Ñ".kewrsZ% dfr deZdjk% lfUr\
vH;kl%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
LokoyEcue~
15
3- fp=kkf.k x.kf;Rok rn/% la[;kokpd'kCna fy[kr&
4- e×tw"kkr% vÄ
ï
kuka Ñrs inkfu fpuqr&
pRokfja'kr~ lIrfoa'kfr% ,df=ka'kr~ i×pk'kr~ v"Vkfoa'kfr% f=ka'kr~ prqfo±'kfr%
28
--------------------------
27
--------------------------
30
--------------------------
31
--------------------------
-------------------------------- --------------------------------
-------------------------------- --------------------------------
-------------------------------- --------------------------------
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
Page 5


la[;kokfp'kCnk% rn~&,rn~&'kCnkS p
Ñ".kewfrZ% Jhd.B'p fe=ks vkLrke~A Jhd.BL; firk le`¼% vklhr~A vr%
rL; Hkous loZfo/kfu lq[k&lkèkukfu vklu~A rfLeu~ fo'kkys Hkous
pRokfja'kr~ LrEHkk% vklu~A rL;
v"Vkn'k&izdks"Bs"kq i×pk'kr~ xok{kk%]
prq'pRokfja'kr~ }kjkf.k] "kV~f=ka'kr~
fo|qr~&O;tukfu p vklu~A r=k n'k
lsodk% fujUrja dk;± oqQoZfUr LeA ija
Ñ".kewrsZ% ekrk firk p  fu/ZukS
Ñ"kdnEirhA rL; x`ge~ vkMEcjfoghua lk/kj.k×p vklhr~A
,dnk Jhd.B% rsu lg çkr% uooknus rL;
x`ge~ vxPNr~A r=k Ñ".kewfrZ% rL; ekrk firk p
Lo'kDR;k Jhd.BL; vkfrF;e~ voqQoZu~A ,rr~ n`"V~ok
Jhd.B% vdFk;r~& ^^fe=k
!
 vga Hkorka lRdkjs.k
lUrq"Vks¿fLeA osQoye~ bneso ee nq%[ka ;r~ ro
x`gs ,dks¿fi Hk`R;% ukfLrA ee lRdkjk; Hkorka
cgq  d"Va tkre~A ee x`gs rq cgo% deZdjk%
lfUrA** rnk Ñ".kewfrZ% vonr~&^^fe=k
!
 eekfi v"VkS
deZdjk% lfUrA rs p }kS iknkS] }kS gLrkS] }s us=ks]
r`rh;% ikB%
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~ LokoyEcue~
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
LokoyEcue~
13
}s Jks=ks bfrA ,rs izfr{k.ka ee lgk;dk%A fdUrq ro Hk`R;k% lnSo loZ=k p
mifLFkrk% Hkforqa u 'kDuqofUrA Roa rq Lodk;kZ; Hk`R;kèkhu%A ;nk ;nk rs vuqifLFkrk%]
rnk rnk Roa d"Ve~ vuqHkoflA LokoyEcus rq loZnk lq[keso] u dnkfi d"Va
HkofrA**
Jhd.B% vonr~&^^fe=k! ro opukfu JqRok ee eufl egrh izlUurk
tkrkA v/quk vgefi Lodk;kZf.k Lo;eso drZqe~ bPNkfeA** Hkorq]
lk/Z}kn'koknufene~A lkEçra x`ga pykfeA
le`¼% & /uh rich
pRokfja'kr~ & pkyhl forty
v"Vkn'k & vBkjg eighteen
izdks"Bs"kq & dejksa esa in the rooms
i×pk'kr~ & ipkl fifty
xok{kk% & f[kM+fd;k¡ windows
prq'pRokfja'kr~ & pokyhl fortyfour
"kV~f=ka'kr~ & NÙkhl thirtysix
Ñ"kdnEirh & fdlku ifr&iRuh farmer couple
vkfrF;e~ & vfrfFk&lRdkj respecting guests
deZdj% & dke djus okyk worker
Hkorke~ & vkiosQ yours
Hk`R;% & ukSdj@lsod servant
'kDuqofUr & ldrs gSa able to do
'kCnkFkkZ%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
14
lk/Z}kn'koknue~ & lk<+s ckjg cts half past twelve
lkEçre~ & vHkhs now
1- mPpkj.ka oqQ#r&
foa'kfr% f=ka'kr~ pRokfja'kr~
}kfoa'kfr% }kf=ka'kr~ f}pRokfja'kr~
prqfo±'kfr% =k;fL=ka'kr~ =k;'pRokfja'kr~
i×pfoa'kfr% prqfL=ka'kr~ prq'pRokfja'kr~
v"Vkfoa'kfr% v"Vkf=ka'kr~ lIrpRokfja'kr~
uofoa'kfr% uof=ka'kr~ i×pk'kr~
2- v/ksfyf[krkuka iz'ukukeqÙkjkf.k fy[kr&
(d) dL; Hkous loZfo/kfu lq[klk/ukfu vklu~\
([k) dL; x`gs dks¿fi Hk`R;% ukfLr\
(x) Jhd.BL; vkfrF;e~ osQ vdqoZu~\
(?k) loZnk oqQ=k lq[ke~\
(Ä) Jhd.B% Ñ".kewrsZ% x`ga dnk vxPNr~\
(p) Ñ".kewrsZ% dfr deZdjk% lfUr\
vH;kl%
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
LokoyEcue~
15
3- fp=kkf.k x.kf;Rok rn/% la[;kokpd'kCna fy[kr&
4- e×tw"kkr% vÄ
ï
kuka Ñrs inkfu fpuqr&
pRokfja'kr~ lIrfoa'kfr% ,df=ka'kr~ i×pk'kr~ v"Vkfoa'kfr% f=ka'kr~ prqfo±'kfr%
28
--------------------------
27
--------------------------
30
--------------------------
31
--------------------------
-------------------------------- --------------------------------
-------------------------------- --------------------------------
-------------------------------- --------------------------------
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
#fpjk & f}rh;ks Hkkx%
16
24
--------------------------
40
--------------------------
50
--------------------------
5- fp=ka n`"V~ok e×tw"kkr% inkfu p iz;qT; okD;kfu jp;r&
Ñ"kdk% Ñ"kdkS ,rs /kU;e~ ,"k% Ñ"kd%
,rkS {ks=ke~ d"kZfr oqQ#r% [kuudk;Ze~ jksi;fUr
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6- v/ksfyf[krku~ le;okpdku~ vVku~ ins"kq fy[kr&
;Fkk& 10-30 lk/Z}kn'koknue~ 5-00
-----------------------
7-00
-----------------------
3-30
-----------------------
2-30
-----------------------
9-00
-----------------------
11-00
-----------------------
12-30
-----------------------
4-30
-----------------------
8-00
-----------------------
1-30
-----------------------
7-30
-----------------------
2020-21
©  NCERT 
not to be republished
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