NCERT Textbook- दोस्त की पोशाक Class 4 Notes | EduRev

Hindi for Class 4

Class 4 : NCERT Textbook- दोस्त की पोशाक Class 4 Notes | EduRev

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35
,d ckj ulh:íhu vius cg
q
r iqjkus nksLr teky lkgc ls feysA vius
iqjkus nksLr ls feydj os cM+s [kq'k g
q
,A oqQN nsj xi'ki djus osQ ckn
mUgksaus dgk] ¶pyks nksLr] eksgYys esa ?kwe vk,¡A¸
teky lkgc us tkus ls euk dj fn;k vkSj dgk] ¶viuh bl ekewyh lh
iks'kkd esa eSa yksxksa ls ugha fey ldrkA¸
ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶cl bruh lh ckr!¸
ulh:íhu rqjar muosQ fy, viuh ,d HkM+dhyh vpdu fudky dj yk,
vkSj dgk] ¶bls igu yksA blesa rqe [kwc vPNs yxksxsA lc ns[krs jg tk,¡xsA¸
cuBu dj nksuksa ?kweus fudysA nksLr dks ysdj ulh:íhu iM+kslh osQ ?kj x,A
ulh:íhu us iM+kslh ls dgk] ¶;s gSa esjs [kkl nksLr] teky lkgcA vkt
dbZ lkyksa ckn buls eqykdkr g
q
bZ gSA oSls tks vpdu
bUgksaus igu j[kh gS] og esjh gSA¸
;g lqudj teky lkgc ij rks ekuks
?kM+ksa ikuh iM+ x;kA ckgj fudyrs gh
eq¡g cukdj mUgksaus ulh:íhu ls dgk]
¶rqEgkjh oSQlh vdy gS! D;k ;g crkuk
”k:jh Fkk fd ;g vpdu rqEgkjh gS\
rqEgkjk iM+kslh lksp jgk gksxk fd esjs
ikl vius diM+s gSa gh ughaA¸
?? ?? ? nksLr dh iks'kkd
35
 2019-20
Page 2


35
,d ckj ulh:íhu vius cg
q
r iqjkus nksLr teky lkgc ls feysA vius
iqjkus nksLr ls feydj os cM+s [kq'k g
q
,A oqQN nsj xi'ki djus osQ ckn
mUgksaus dgk] ¶pyks nksLr] eksgYys esa ?kwe vk,¡A¸
teky lkgc us tkus ls euk dj fn;k vkSj dgk] ¶viuh bl ekewyh lh
iks'kkd esa eSa yksxksa ls ugha fey ldrkA¸
ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶cl bruh lh ckr!¸
ulh:íhu rqjar muosQ fy, viuh ,d HkM+dhyh vpdu fudky dj yk,
vkSj dgk] ¶bls igu yksA blesa rqe [kwc vPNs yxksxsA lc ns[krs jg tk,¡xsA¸
cuBu dj nksuksa ?kweus fudysA nksLr dks ysdj ulh:íhu iM+kslh osQ ?kj x,A
ulh:íhu us iM+kslh ls dgk] ¶;s gSa esjs [kkl nksLr] teky lkgcA vkt
dbZ lkyksa ckn buls eqykdkr g
q
bZ gSA oSls tks vpdu
bUgksaus igu j[kh gS] og esjh gSA¸
;g lqudj teky lkgc ij rks ekuks
?kM+ksa ikuh iM+ x;kA ckgj fudyrs gh
eq¡g cukdj mUgksaus ulh:íhu ls dgk]
¶rqEgkjh oSQlh vdy gS! D;k ;g crkuk
”k:jh Fkk fd ;g vpdu rqEgkjh gS\
rqEgkjk iM+kslh lksp jgk gksxk fd esjs
ikl vius diM+s gSa gh ughaA¸
?? ?? ? nksLr dh iks'kkd
35
 2019-20
36 36 36
 2019-20
Page 3


35
,d ckj ulh:íhu vius cg
q
r iqjkus nksLr teky lkgc ls feysA vius
iqjkus nksLr ls feydj os cM+s [kq'k g
q
,A oqQN nsj xi'ki djus osQ ckn
mUgksaus dgk] ¶pyks nksLr] eksgYys esa ?kwe vk,¡A¸
teky lkgc us tkus ls euk dj fn;k vkSj dgk] ¶viuh bl ekewyh lh
iks'kkd esa eSa yksxksa ls ugha fey ldrkA¸
ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶cl bruh lh ckr!¸
ulh:íhu rqjar muosQ fy, viuh ,d HkM+dhyh vpdu fudky dj yk,
vkSj dgk] ¶bls igu yksA blesa rqe [kwc vPNs yxksxsA lc ns[krs jg tk,¡xsA¸
cuBu dj nksuksa ?kweus fudysA nksLr dks ysdj ulh:íhu iM+kslh osQ ?kj x,A
ulh:íhu us iM+kslh ls dgk] ¶;s gSa esjs [kkl nksLr] teky lkgcA vkt
dbZ lkyksa ckn buls eqykdkr g
q
bZ gSA oSls tks vpdu
bUgksaus igu j[kh gS] og esjh gSA¸
;g lqudj teky lkgc ij rks ekuks
?kM+ksa ikuh iM+ x;kA ckgj fudyrs gh
eq¡g cukdj mUgksaus ulh:íhu ls dgk]
¶rqEgkjh oSQlh vdy gS! D;k ;g crkuk
”k:jh Fkk fd ;g vpdu rqEgkjh gS\
rqEgkjk iM+kslh lksp jgk gksxk fd esjs
ikl vius diM+s gSa gh ughaA¸
?? ?? ? nksLr dh iks'kkd
35
 2019-20
36 36 36
 2019-20
37
ulh:íhu us ekI
+
kQh ek¡xrs gq, dgk] ¶xyrh gks xbZA vc ,slk
ugha dgw¡xkA¸
vc ulh:íhu mUgsa g
q
lSu lkgc ls feyokus ys x,A g
q
lSu lkgc us
xeZtks'kh ls mudk Lokxr lRdkj fd;kA tc teky lkgc osQ ckjs esa iwNk
rks ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶teky lkgc esjs iqjkus nksLr gSa vkSj bUgksaus tks
vpdu iguh gS og budh viuh gh gSA¸
teky lkgc fiQj ukjkT
+
k gks x,A ckgj vkdj cksys] ¶>wB cksyus dks
fdlus dgk Fkk rqels\¸
¶D;ksa\¸ ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶rqeus tSlk pkgk] eSaus
oSlk gh rks dgkA¸
¶iks'kkd dh ckr dgs fcuk dke ugha pyrk D;k\
mlosQ ckjs esa u dguk gh vPNk gS¸] teky
lkgc us le>k;kA
teky lkgc dks ysdj ulh:íhu vkxs
c<+sA rHkh ,d vU; iM+kslh fey x,A
ulh:íhu us teky lkgc dk ifjp;
muls djok;k] ¶eSa vkidk ifjp;
vius iqjkus nksLr ls djok nw¡A ;g gSa
teky lkgc vkSj bUgksaus tks
vpdu iguh gS mlosQ ckjs esa eSa
pqi gh jgw¡ rks vPNk gSA¸
37
 2019-20
Page 4


35
,d ckj ulh:íhu vius cg
q
r iqjkus nksLr teky lkgc ls feysA vius
iqjkus nksLr ls feydj os cM+s [kq'k g
q
,A oqQN nsj xi'ki djus osQ ckn
mUgksaus dgk] ¶pyks nksLr] eksgYys esa ?kwe vk,¡A¸
teky lkgc us tkus ls euk dj fn;k vkSj dgk] ¶viuh bl ekewyh lh
iks'kkd esa eSa yksxksa ls ugha fey ldrkA¸
ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶cl bruh lh ckr!¸
ulh:íhu rqjar muosQ fy, viuh ,d HkM+dhyh vpdu fudky dj yk,
vkSj dgk] ¶bls igu yksA blesa rqe [kwc vPNs yxksxsA lc ns[krs jg tk,¡xsA¸
cuBu dj nksuksa ?kweus fudysA nksLr dks ysdj ulh:íhu iM+kslh osQ ?kj x,A
ulh:íhu us iM+kslh ls dgk] ¶;s gSa esjs [kkl nksLr] teky lkgcA vkt
dbZ lkyksa ckn buls eqykdkr g
q
bZ gSA oSls tks vpdu
bUgksaus igu j[kh gS] og esjh gSA¸
;g lqudj teky lkgc ij rks ekuks
?kM+ksa ikuh iM+ x;kA ckgj fudyrs gh
eq¡g cukdj mUgksaus ulh:íhu ls dgk]
¶rqEgkjh oSQlh vdy gS! D;k ;g crkuk
”k:jh Fkk fd ;g vpdu rqEgkjh gS\
rqEgkjk iM+kslh lksp jgk gksxk fd esjs
ikl vius diM+s gSa gh ughaA¸
?? ?? ? nksLr dh iks'kkd
35
 2019-20
36 36 36
 2019-20
37
ulh:íhu us ekI
+
kQh ek¡xrs gq, dgk] ¶xyrh gks xbZA vc ,slk
ugha dgw¡xkA¸
vc ulh:íhu mUgsa g
q
lSu lkgc ls feyokus ys x,A g
q
lSu lkgc us
xeZtks'kh ls mudk Lokxr lRdkj fd;kA tc teky lkgc osQ ckjs esa iwNk
rks ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶teky lkgc esjs iqjkus nksLr gSa vkSj bUgksaus tks
vpdu iguh gS og budh viuh gh gSA¸
teky lkgc fiQj ukjkT
+
k gks x,A ckgj vkdj cksys] ¶>wB cksyus dks
fdlus dgk Fkk rqels\¸
¶D;ksa\¸ ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶rqeus tSlk pkgk] eSaus
oSlk gh rks dgkA¸
¶iks'kkd dh ckr dgs fcuk dke ugha pyrk D;k\
mlosQ ckjs esa u dguk gh vPNk gS¸] teky
lkgc us le>k;kA
teky lkgc dks ysdj ulh:íhu vkxs
c<+sA rHkh ,d vU; iM+kslh fey x,A
ulh:íhu us teky lkgc dk ifjp;
muls djok;k] ¶eSa vkidk ifjp;
vius iqjkus nksLr ls djok nw¡A ;g gSa
teky lkgc vkSj bUgksaus tks
vpdu iguh gS mlosQ ckjs esa eSa
pqi gh jgw¡ rks vPNk gSA¸
37
 2019-20
38
rqEgkjs loky
dgkuh osQ ckjs esa dksbZ ik¡p iz'u cukdj uhps nh xbZ txg esa fy[kksA
dkWih esa muosQ mÙkj fy[kksA

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rqEgkjh ckr
ulh:íhu vkSj teky lkgc cuBu dj ?kweus osQ fy, fudysA
(d) rqe cuBu dj dgk¡&dgk¡ tkrs gks\
([k) rqe fdl&fdl rjg ls curs&Burs gks\
rqEgkjh le> ls
(d) rhljs edku ls ckgj fudydj teky lkgc us ulh:íhu ls D;k
dgk gksxk\
38
 2019-20
Page 5


35
,d ckj ulh:íhu vius cg
q
r iqjkus nksLr teky lkgc ls feysA vius
iqjkus nksLr ls feydj os cM+s [kq'k g
q
,A oqQN nsj xi'ki djus osQ ckn
mUgksaus dgk] ¶pyks nksLr] eksgYys esa ?kwe vk,¡A¸
teky lkgc us tkus ls euk dj fn;k vkSj dgk] ¶viuh bl ekewyh lh
iks'kkd esa eSa yksxksa ls ugha fey ldrkA¸
ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶cl bruh lh ckr!¸
ulh:íhu rqjar muosQ fy, viuh ,d HkM+dhyh vpdu fudky dj yk,
vkSj dgk] ¶bls igu yksA blesa rqe [kwc vPNs yxksxsA lc ns[krs jg tk,¡xsA¸
cuBu dj nksuksa ?kweus fudysA nksLr dks ysdj ulh:íhu iM+kslh osQ ?kj x,A
ulh:íhu us iM+kslh ls dgk] ¶;s gSa esjs [kkl nksLr] teky lkgcA vkt
dbZ lkyksa ckn buls eqykdkr g
q
bZ gSA oSls tks vpdu
bUgksaus igu j[kh gS] og esjh gSA¸
;g lqudj teky lkgc ij rks ekuks
?kM+ksa ikuh iM+ x;kA ckgj fudyrs gh
eq¡g cukdj mUgksaus ulh:íhu ls dgk]
¶rqEgkjh oSQlh vdy gS! D;k ;g crkuk
”k:jh Fkk fd ;g vpdu rqEgkjh gS\
rqEgkjk iM+kslh lksp jgk gksxk fd esjs
ikl vius diM+s gSa gh ughaA¸
?? ?? ? nksLr dh iks'kkd
35
 2019-20
36 36 36
 2019-20
37
ulh:íhu us ekI
+
kQh ek¡xrs gq, dgk] ¶xyrh gks xbZA vc ,slk
ugha dgw¡xkA¸
vc ulh:íhu mUgsa g
q
lSu lkgc ls feyokus ys x,A g
q
lSu lkgc us
xeZtks'kh ls mudk Lokxr lRdkj fd;kA tc teky lkgc osQ ckjs esa iwNk
rks ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶teky lkgc esjs iqjkus nksLr gSa vkSj bUgksaus tks
vpdu iguh gS og budh viuh gh gSA¸
teky lkgc fiQj ukjkT
+
k gks x,A ckgj vkdj cksys] ¶>wB cksyus dks
fdlus dgk Fkk rqels\¸
¶D;ksa\¸ ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶rqeus tSlk pkgk] eSaus
oSlk gh rks dgkA¸
¶iks'kkd dh ckr dgs fcuk dke ugha pyrk D;k\
mlosQ ckjs esa u dguk gh vPNk gS¸] teky
lkgc us le>k;kA
teky lkgc dks ysdj ulh:íhu vkxs
c<+sA rHkh ,d vU; iM+kslh fey x,A
ulh:íhu us teky lkgc dk ifjp;
muls djok;k] ¶eSa vkidk ifjp;
vius iqjkus nksLr ls djok nw¡A ;g gSa
teky lkgc vkSj bUgksaus tks
vpdu iguh gS mlosQ ckjs esa eSa
pqi gh jgw¡ rks vPNk gSA¸
37
 2019-20
38
rqEgkjs loky
dgkuh osQ ckjs esa dksbZ ik¡p iz'u cukdj uhps nh xbZ txg esa fy[kksA
dkWih esa muosQ mÙkj fy[kksA

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rqEgkjh ckr
ulh:íhu vkSj teky lkgc cuBu dj ?kweus osQ fy, fudysA
(d) rqe cuBu dj dgk¡&dgk¡ tkrs gks\
([k) rqe fdl&fdl rjg ls curs&Burs gks\
rqEgkjh le> ls
(d) rhljs edku ls ckgj fudydj teky lkgc us ulh:íhu ls D;k
dgk gksxk\
38
 2019-20
39
([k) teky lkgc vius ekewyh ls diM+ksa esa ?kweus D;ksa ugha tkuk
pkgrs gksaxs\
(x) ulh:íhu viuh vpdu osQ ckjs esa ges'kk D;ksa crkrs gksaxs\
xi'ki
tc teky lkgc vkSj ulh:íhu g
q
lSu lkgc osQ ?kj ls ckgj fudys rks
mUgksaus viuh csxe dks ulh:íhu vkSj teky lkgc ls eqykdkr dk fdLlk
lquk;kA mu nksuksa osQ chp esa D;k ckrphr g
q
bZ gksxh\ fy[kdj crkvksA
csxe& dkSu vk;k Fkk\
g
q
lSu lkgcµulh:íhu vius nksLr osQ lkFk vk;k FkkA
csxe µ 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
?kweuk&fiQjuk
ulh:íhu us dgk] ¶pyks nksLr] eksgYys esa ?kwe vk,¡A¸
tc ulh:íhu vius nksLr ls feys] os mls viuk eksgYyk fn[kkus ys x,A
tc rqe vius nksLrksa ls feyrs gks] rc D;k&D;k djrs gks\
djds fn[kkvks
uhps oqQN okD; fy[ks gSaA rqEgsa budk vfHku; djuk gSA rqe pkgks rks
dgkuh esa ns[k ldrs gks fd bu dkeksa dk fT
+
kozQ dgk¡ vk;k gSA
 cuBu dj ?kweus osQ fy, fudyukA
 ?kM+ksa ikuh iM+ukA
 eq¡g cukdj f'kdk;r djukA
 xeZtks'kh ls Lokxr djukA
 ukjkT
+
k gksukA
 ns[krs gh jg tkukA
39
 2019-20
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