NCERT Textbook, पाठ 16 - यमराज की दिशा, कक्षा - 9, क्षितिज, हिन्दी Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook, पाठ 16 - यमराज की दिशा, कक्षा - 9, क्षितिज, हिन्दी Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


panzdkar nsorkys
panzdkar nsorkys dk tUe lu~ 1936 esa xk¡o tkSy[ksM+k] f”kyk cSrwy]
eè; izns'k esa gqvkA mPp f'k{kk bankSj ls gqbZ rFkk ih,p-Mh- lkxj
fo'ofo|ky;] lkxj lsA lkBksÙkjh fganh dfork osQ izeq[k gLrk{kj nsorkys
th mPp f'k{kk esa vè;kiu dk;Z ls lac¼ jgs gSaA
nsorkys th dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa µ gfa;ksa esa fNik Toj] nhokjksa
ij [kwu ls] ydM+cX?kk g¡l jgk gS] Hkw[kaM ri jgk gS] iRFkj dh
cSap] bruh iRFkj jks'kuh] mtkM+ esa laxzgky; vkfnA nsorkys th vusd
iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur gq,µek[ku yky prqosZnh iqjLdkj] eè; izns'k
'kklu dk f'k[kj lEekuA mudh dforkvksa osQ vuqokn çk;% lHkh
Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa vkSj dbZ fons'kh Hkk"kkvksa esa gq, gSaA
nsorkys dh dfork dh tM+sa xk¡o&dLcksa vkSj fuEu eè;oxZ osQ thou
esa gSaA mlesa ekuo thou viuh fofo/rk vkSj foMacukvksa osQ lkFk mifLFkr
gqvk gSA dfo esa tgk¡ O;oLFkk dh oqQ:irk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ xqLlk gS] ogha
ekuoh; izse&Hkko Hkh gSA og viuh ckr lh/s vkSj ekjd <ax ls dgrk
gSA dfork dh Hkk"kk esa vR;ar ikjnf'kZrk vkSj ,d fojy laxhrkRedrk
fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
Page 2


panzdkar nsorkys
panzdkar nsorkys dk tUe lu~ 1936 esa xk¡o tkSy[ksM+k] f”kyk cSrwy]
eè; izns'k esa gqvkA mPp f'k{kk bankSj ls gqbZ rFkk ih,p-Mh- lkxj
fo'ofo|ky;] lkxj lsA lkBksÙkjh fganh dfork osQ izeq[k gLrk{kj nsorkys
th mPp f'k{kk esa vè;kiu dk;Z ls lac¼ jgs gSaA
nsorkys th dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa µ gfa;ksa esa fNik Toj] nhokjksa
ij [kwu ls] ydM+cX?kk g¡l jgk gS] Hkw[kaM ri jgk gS] iRFkj dh
cSap] bruh iRFkj jks'kuh] mtkM+ esa laxzgky; vkfnA nsorkys th vusd
iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur gq,µek[ku yky prqosZnh iqjLdkj] eè; izns'k
'kklu dk f'k[kj lEekuA mudh dforkvksa osQ vuqokn çk;% lHkh
Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa vkSj dbZ fons'kh Hkk"kkvksa esa gq, gSaA
nsorkys dh dfork dh tM+sa xk¡o&dLcksa vkSj fuEu eè;oxZ osQ thou
esa gSaA mlesa ekuo thou viuh fofo/rk vkSj foMacukvksa osQ lkFk mifLFkr
gqvk gSA dfo esa tgk¡ O;oLFkk dh oqQ:irk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ xqLlk gS] ogha
ekuoh; izse&Hkko Hkh gSA og viuh ckr lh/s vkSj ekjd <ax ls dgrk
gSA dfork dh Hkk"kk esa vR;ar ikjnf'kZrk vkSj ,d fojy laxhrkRedrk
fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
132@f{kfrt
ladfyr dfork esa dfo lH;rk osQ fodkl dh [krjukd fn'kk dh vksj b'kkjk djrs
gq, dguk pkgrk gS fd thou&fojks/h rkdrsa pkjksa rjI
+
kQ iSQyrh tk jgh gSaA thou osQ
nq[k&nnZ osQ chp thrh ek¡ vi'koqQu osQ :i esa ftl Hk; dh ppkZ djrh Fkh] vc
og flI
+
kZQ nf{k.k fn'kk esa gh ugha gS] loZO;kid gSA lHkh rjiQ iSQyrs foèoaLk] fgalk
vkSj e`R;q osQ fpÉksa dh vksj bafxr djosQ dfo bl pqukSrh osQ lkeus [kM+k gksus dk ekSu
vkàku djrk gSA
Page 3


panzdkar nsorkys
panzdkar nsorkys dk tUe lu~ 1936 esa xk¡o tkSy[ksM+k] f”kyk cSrwy]
eè; izns'k esa gqvkA mPp f'k{kk bankSj ls gqbZ rFkk ih,p-Mh- lkxj
fo'ofo|ky;] lkxj lsA lkBksÙkjh fganh dfork osQ izeq[k gLrk{kj nsorkys
th mPp f'k{kk esa vè;kiu dk;Z ls lac¼ jgs gSaA
nsorkys th dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa µ gfa;ksa esa fNik Toj] nhokjksa
ij [kwu ls] ydM+cX?kk g¡l jgk gS] Hkw[kaM ri jgk gS] iRFkj dh
cSap] bruh iRFkj jks'kuh] mtkM+ esa laxzgky; vkfnA nsorkys th vusd
iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur gq,µek[ku yky prqosZnh iqjLdkj] eè; izns'k
'kklu dk f'k[kj lEekuA mudh dforkvksa osQ vuqokn çk;% lHkh
Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa vkSj dbZ fons'kh Hkk"kkvksa esa gq, gSaA
nsorkys dh dfork dh tM+sa xk¡o&dLcksa vkSj fuEu eè;oxZ osQ thou
esa gSaA mlesa ekuo thou viuh fofo/rk vkSj foMacukvksa osQ lkFk mifLFkr
gqvk gSA dfo esa tgk¡ O;oLFkk dh oqQ:irk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ xqLlk gS] ogha
ekuoh; izse&Hkko Hkh gSA og viuh ckr lh/s vkSj ekjd <ax ls dgrk
gSA dfork dh Hkk"kk esa vR;ar ikjnf'kZrk vkSj ,d fojy laxhrkRedrk
fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
132@f{kfrt
ladfyr dfork esa dfo lH;rk osQ fodkl dh [krjukd fn'kk dh vksj b'kkjk djrs
gq, dguk pkgrk gS fd thou&fojks/h rkdrsa pkjksa rjI
+
kQ iSQyrh tk jgh gSaA thou osQ
nq[k&nnZ osQ chp thrh ek¡ vi'koqQu osQ :i esa ftl Hk; dh ppkZ djrh Fkh] vc
og flI
+
kZQ nf{k.k fn'kk esa gh ugha gS] loZO;kid gSA lHkh rjiQ iSQyrs foèoaLk] fgalk
vkSj e`R;q osQ fpÉksa dh vksj bafxr djosQ dfo bl pqukSrh osQ lkeus [kM+k gksus dk ekSu
vkàku djrk gSA
;ejkt dh fn'kk
ek¡ dh bZ'oj ls eqykdkr gqbZ ;k ugha
dguk eqf'dy gS
ij og trkrh Fkh tSls
bZ'oj ls mldh ckrphr gksrh jgrh gS
vkSj mlls izkIr lykgksa osQ vuqlkj
f”kanxh thus vkSj nq[k cjnk'r djus osQ
jkLrs [kkst ysrh gS
ek¡ us ,d ckj eq>ls dgk Fkk&
nf{k.k dh rjI
+
kQ iSj djosQ er lksuk
og e`R;q dh fn'kk gS
vkSj ;ejkt dks ozqQ¼ djuk
cqf¼ekuh dh ckr ugha
rc eSa NksVk Fkk
vkSj eSaus ;ejkt osQ ?kj dk irk iwNk Fkk
mlus crk;k Fkk&
rqe tgk¡ Hkh gks ogk¡ ls ges'kk nf{k.k esa
Page 4


panzdkar nsorkys
panzdkar nsorkys dk tUe lu~ 1936 esa xk¡o tkSy[ksM+k] f”kyk cSrwy]
eè; izns'k esa gqvkA mPp f'k{kk bankSj ls gqbZ rFkk ih,p-Mh- lkxj
fo'ofo|ky;] lkxj lsA lkBksÙkjh fganh dfork osQ izeq[k gLrk{kj nsorkys
th mPp f'k{kk esa vè;kiu dk;Z ls lac¼ jgs gSaA
nsorkys th dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa µ gfa;ksa esa fNik Toj] nhokjksa
ij [kwu ls] ydM+cX?kk g¡l jgk gS] Hkw[kaM ri jgk gS] iRFkj dh
cSap] bruh iRFkj jks'kuh] mtkM+ esa laxzgky; vkfnA nsorkys th vusd
iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur gq,µek[ku yky prqosZnh iqjLdkj] eè; izns'k
'kklu dk f'k[kj lEekuA mudh dforkvksa osQ vuqokn çk;% lHkh
Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa vkSj dbZ fons'kh Hkk"kkvksa esa gq, gSaA
nsorkys dh dfork dh tM+sa xk¡o&dLcksa vkSj fuEu eè;oxZ osQ thou
esa gSaA mlesa ekuo thou viuh fofo/rk vkSj foMacukvksa osQ lkFk mifLFkr
gqvk gSA dfo esa tgk¡ O;oLFkk dh oqQ:irk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ xqLlk gS] ogha
ekuoh; izse&Hkko Hkh gSA og viuh ckr lh/s vkSj ekjd <ax ls dgrk
gSA dfork dh Hkk"kk esa vR;ar ikjnf'kZrk vkSj ,d fojy laxhrkRedrk
fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
132@f{kfrt
ladfyr dfork esa dfo lH;rk osQ fodkl dh [krjukd fn'kk dh vksj b'kkjk djrs
gq, dguk pkgrk gS fd thou&fojks/h rkdrsa pkjksa rjI
+
kQ iSQyrh tk jgh gSaA thou osQ
nq[k&nnZ osQ chp thrh ek¡ vi'koqQu osQ :i esa ftl Hk; dh ppkZ djrh Fkh] vc
og flI
+
kZQ nf{k.k fn'kk esa gh ugha gS] loZO;kid gSA lHkh rjiQ iSQyrs foèoaLk] fgalk
vkSj e`R;q osQ fpÉksa dh vksj bafxr djosQ dfo bl pqukSrh osQ lkeus [kM+k gksus dk ekSu
vkàku djrk gSA
;ejkt dh fn'kk
ek¡ dh bZ'oj ls eqykdkr gqbZ ;k ugha
dguk eqf'dy gS
ij og trkrh Fkh tSls
bZ'oj ls mldh ckrphr gksrh jgrh gS
vkSj mlls izkIr lykgksa osQ vuqlkj
f”kanxh thus vkSj nq[k cjnk'r djus osQ
jkLrs [kkst ysrh gS
ek¡ us ,d ckj eq>ls dgk Fkk&
nf{k.k dh rjI
+
kQ iSj djosQ er lksuk
og e`R;q dh fn'kk gS
vkSj ;ejkt dks ozqQ¼ djuk
cqf¼ekuh dh ckr ugha
rc eSa NksVk Fkk
vkSj eSaus ;ejkt osQ ?kj dk irk iwNk Fkk
mlus crk;k Fkk&
rqe tgk¡ Hkh gks ogk¡ ls ges'kk nf{k.k esa
134@f{kfrt
ek¡ dh le>kb'k osQ ckn
nf{k.k fn'kk esa iSj djosQ eSa dHkh ugha lks;k
vkSj blls bruk I
+
kQk;nk ”k:j gqvk
nf{k.k fn'kk igpkuus esa
eq>s dHkh eqf'dy dk lkeuk ugha djuk iM+k
eSa nf{k.k esa nwj&nwj rd x;k
vkSj eq>s ges'kk ek¡ ;kn vkbZ
nf{k.k dks yk¡?k ysuk lEHko ugha Fkk
gksrk Nksj rd igq¡p ikuk
rks ;ejkt dk ?kj ns[k ysrk
ij vkt ft/j Hkh iSj djosQ lksvks
ogh nf{k.k fn'kk gks tkrh gS
lHkh fn'kkvksa esa ;ejkt osQ vkyh'kku egy gSa
vkSj os lHkh esa ,d lkFk
viuh ngdrh vk¡[kksa lfgr fojktrs gSa
ek¡ vc ugha gS
vkSj ;ejkt dh fn'kk Hkh og ugha jgh
tks ek¡ tkurh FkhA
Page 5


panzdkar nsorkys
panzdkar nsorkys dk tUe lu~ 1936 esa xk¡o tkSy[ksM+k] f”kyk cSrwy]
eè; izns'k esa gqvkA mPp f'k{kk bankSj ls gqbZ rFkk ih,p-Mh- lkxj
fo'ofo|ky;] lkxj lsA lkBksÙkjh fganh dfork osQ izeq[k gLrk{kj nsorkys
th mPp f'k{kk esa vè;kiu dk;Z ls lac¼ jgs gSaA
nsorkys th dh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSa µ gfa;ksa esa fNik Toj] nhokjksa
ij [kwu ls] ydM+cX?kk g¡l jgk gS] Hkw[kaM ri jgk gS] iRFkj dh
cSap] bruh iRFkj jks'kuh] mtkM+ esa laxzgky; vkfnA nsorkys th vusd
iqjLdkjksa ls lEekfur gq,µek[ku yky prqosZnh iqjLdkj] eè; izns'k
'kklu dk f'k[kj lEekuA mudh dforkvksa osQ vuqokn çk;% lHkh
Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkvksa esa vkSj dbZ fons'kh Hkk"kkvksa esa gq, gSaA
nsorkys dh dfork dh tM+sa xk¡o&dLcksa vkSj fuEu eè;oxZ osQ thou
esa gSaA mlesa ekuo thou viuh fofo/rk vkSj foMacukvksa osQ lkFk mifLFkr
gqvk gSA dfo esa tgk¡ O;oLFkk dh oqQ:irk osQ f[kykI
+
kQ xqLlk gS] ogha
ekuoh; izse&Hkko Hkh gSA og viuh ckr lh/s vkSj ekjd <ax ls dgrk
gSA dfork dh Hkk"kk esa vR;ar ikjnf'kZrk vkSj ,d fojy laxhrkRedrk
fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
132@f{kfrt
ladfyr dfork esa dfo lH;rk osQ fodkl dh [krjukd fn'kk dh vksj b'kkjk djrs
gq, dguk pkgrk gS fd thou&fojks/h rkdrsa pkjksa rjI
+
kQ iSQyrh tk jgh gSaA thou osQ
nq[k&nnZ osQ chp thrh ek¡ vi'koqQu osQ :i esa ftl Hk; dh ppkZ djrh Fkh] vc
og flI
+
kZQ nf{k.k fn'kk esa gh ugha gS] loZO;kid gSA lHkh rjiQ iSQyrs foèoaLk] fgalk
vkSj e`R;q osQ fpÉksa dh vksj bafxr djosQ dfo bl pqukSrh osQ lkeus [kM+k gksus dk ekSu
vkàku djrk gSA
;ejkt dh fn'kk
ek¡ dh bZ'oj ls eqykdkr gqbZ ;k ugha
dguk eqf'dy gS
ij og trkrh Fkh tSls
bZ'oj ls mldh ckrphr gksrh jgrh gS
vkSj mlls izkIr lykgksa osQ vuqlkj
f”kanxh thus vkSj nq[k cjnk'r djus osQ
jkLrs [kkst ysrh gS
ek¡ us ,d ckj eq>ls dgk Fkk&
nf{k.k dh rjI
+
kQ iSj djosQ er lksuk
og e`R;q dh fn'kk gS
vkSj ;ejkt dks ozqQ¼ djuk
cqf¼ekuh dh ckr ugha
rc eSa NksVk Fkk
vkSj eSaus ;ejkt osQ ?kj dk irk iwNk Fkk
mlus crk;k Fkk&
rqe tgk¡ Hkh gks ogk¡ ls ges'kk nf{k.k esa
134@f{kfrt
ek¡ dh le>kb'k osQ ckn
nf{k.k fn'kk esa iSj djosQ eSa dHkh ugha lks;k
vkSj blls bruk I
+
kQk;nk ”k:j gqvk
nf{k.k fn'kk igpkuus esa
eq>s dHkh eqf'dy dk lkeuk ugha djuk iM+k
eSa nf{k.k esa nwj&nwj rd x;k
vkSj eq>s ges'kk ek¡ ;kn vkbZ
nf{k.k dks yk¡?k ysuk lEHko ugha Fkk
gksrk Nksj rd igq¡p ikuk
rks ;ejkt dk ?kj ns[k ysrk
ij vkt ft/j Hkh iSj djosQ lksvks
ogh nf{k.k fn'kk gks tkrh gS
lHkh fn'kkvksa esa ;ejkt osQ vkyh'kku egy gSa
vkSj os lHkh esa ,d lkFk
viuh ngdrh vk¡[kksa lfgr fojktrs gSa
ek¡ vc ugha gS
vkSj ;ejkt dh fn'kk Hkh og ugha jgh
tks ek¡ tkurh FkhA
panzdkar nsorkys@135
iz'u&vH;kl
1- dfo dks nf{k.k fn'kk igpkuus esa dHkh eqf'dy D;ksa ugha gqbZ\
2- dfo us ,slk D;ksa dgk fd nf{k.k dks yk¡?k ysuk laHko ugha Fkk\
3- dfo osQ vuqlkj vkt gj fn'kk nf{k.k fn'kk D;ksa gks xbZ gS\
4- Hkko Li"V dhft,µ
lHkh fn'kkvksa esa ;ejkt osQ vkyh'kku egy gSa
vkSj os lHkh esa ,d lkFk
viuh ngdrh vk¡[kksa lfgr fojktrs gSa
jpuk vkSj vfHkO;fDr
5- dfo dh ek¡ bZ'oj ls izsj.kk ikdj mls oqQN ekxZ&funsZ'k nsrh gSA vkidh ek¡ Hkh le;&le;
ij vkidks lh[k nsrh gksaxhµ
(d) og vkidks D;k lh[k nsrh gSa\
([k) D;k mldh gj lh[k vkidks mfpr tku iM+rh gS\ ;fn gk¡ rks D;ksa
vkSj ugha rks D;ksa ugha\
6- dHkh&dHkh mfpr&vuqfpr osQ fu.kZ; osQ ihNs bZ'oj dk Hk; fn[kkuk vko';d gks tkrk gS]
blosQ D;k dkj.k gks ldrs gSa\
ikBsrj lfØ;rk
• dfo dk ekuuk gS fd vkt 'kks"k.kdkjh rkdrsa vf/d gkoh gks jgh gSaA ^vkt dh
'kks"k.kdkjh 'kfDr;k¡* fo"k; ij ,d vuqPNsn fyf[k,A
(vki f'k{kdksa] lgikfB;ksa] iM+ksfl;ksa] iqLrdky; vkfn ls enn ys ldrs gSaA)
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