NCERT Textbook, पाठ 4 - मेरा छोटा-सा निजी पुस्तकालय , संचयन, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook, पाठ 4 - मेरा छोटा-सा निजी पुस्तकालय , संचयन, हिन्दी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;/27
esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;
/eZohj Hkkjrh
tqykbZ 1989 A cpus dh dksbZ mEehn ugha FkhA rhu&rhu T+kcjnLr gkVZ&vVSd]
,d osQ ckn ,dA ,d rks ,slk fd uC”k can] lk¡l can] /M+du canA MkWDVjksa us
?kksf"kr dj fn;k fd vc izk.k ugha jgsA ij MkWDVj ckstsZl us fiQj Hkh fgEer ugha
gkjh FkhA mUgksaus ukS lkS okWYV~l osQ 'kkWDl (Shocks) fn,A Hk;kud iz;ksxA ysfdu
os cksys fd ;fn ;g e`r 'kjhj ek=k gS rks nnZ eglwl gh ugha gksxk] ij ;fn dgha
Hkh ”kjk Hkh ,d d.k izk.k 'ks"k gksaxs rks gkVZ fjokbo (Revive) dj ldrk gSA izk.k
rks ykSVs] ij bl iz;ksx esa lkB izfr'kr gkVZ lnk osQ fy, u"V gks x;kA osQoy
pkyhl izfr'kr cpkA mlesa Hkh rhu vojks/
1
 (Blockage) gSaA vksisu gkVZ
vkWijs'ku rks djuk gh gksxk ij ltZu fgpd jgs gSaA osQoy pkyhl izfr'kr gkVZ
gSA vkWijs'ku osQ ckn u fjokbo gqvk rks\ r; gqvk fd vU; fo'ks"kKksa dh jk;
ys yh tk,] rc oqQN fnu ckn vkWijs'ku dh lkspsaxsA rc rd ?kj tkdj fcuk
fgys&Mqys foJke djsaA
cgjgky] ,slh v¼Ze`R;q
2
 dh gkyr esa okil ?kj yk;k tkrk g¡wA esjh f”kn gS
fd csM:e esa ugha] eq>s vius fdrkcksa okys dejs esa gh j[kk tk,A ogha fyVk
fn;k x;k gS eq>sA pyuk] cksyuk] i<+uk eukA fnu&Hkj iM+s&iMs+ nks gh ph”ksa ns[krk
1- #dkoV 2- v/ejk
Page 2


esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;/27
esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;
/eZohj Hkkjrh
tqykbZ 1989 A cpus dh dksbZ mEehn ugha FkhA rhu&rhu T+kcjnLr gkVZ&vVSd]
,d osQ ckn ,dA ,d rks ,slk fd uC”k can] lk¡l can] /M+du canA MkWDVjksa us
?kksf"kr dj fn;k fd vc izk.k ugha jgsA ij MkWDVj ckstsZl us fiQj Hkh fgEer ugha
gkjh FkhA mUgksaus ukS lkS okWYV~l osQ 'kkWDl (Shocks) fn,A Hk;kud iz;ksxA ysfdu
os cksys fd ;fn ;g e`r 'kjhj ek=k gS rks nnZ eglwl gh ugha gksxk] ij ;fn dgha
Hkh ”kjk Hkh ,d d.k izk.k 'ks"k gksaxs rks gkVZ fjokbo (Revive) dj ldrk gSA izk.k
rks ykSVs] ij bl iz;ksx esa lkB izfr'kr gkVZ lnk osQ fy, u"V gks x;kA osQoy
pkyhl izfr'kr cpkA mlesa Hkh rhu vojks/
1
 (Blockage) gSaA vksisu gkVZ
vkWijs'ku rks djuk gh gksxk ij ltZu fgpd jgs gSaA osQoy pkyhl izfr'kr gkVZ
gSA vkWijs'ku osQ ckn u fjokbo gqvk rks\ r; gqvk fd vU; fo'ks"kKksa dh jk;
ys yh tk,] rc oqQN fnu ckn vkWijs'ku dh lkspsaxsA rc rd ?kj tkdj fcuk
fgys&Mqys foJke djsaA
cgjgky] ,slh v¼Ze`R;q
2
 dh gkyr esa okil ?kj yk;k tkrk g¡wA esjh f”kn gS
fd csM:e esa ugha] eq>s vius fdrkcksa okys dejs esa gh j[kk tk,A ogha fyVk
fn;k x;k gS eq>sA pyuk] cksyuk] i<+uk eukA fnu&Hkj iM+s&iMs+ nks gh ph”ksa ns[krk
1- #dkoV 2- v/ejk
28/lap;u
Page 3


esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;/27
esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;
/eZohj Hkkjrh
tqykbZ 1989 A cpus dh dksbZ mEehn ugha FkhA rhu&rhu T+kcjnLr gkVZ&vVSd]
,d osQ ckn ,dA ,d rks ,slk fd uC”k can] lk¡l can] /M+du canA MkWDVjksa us
?kksf"kr dj fn;k fd vc izk.k ugha jgsA ij MkWDVj ckstsZl us fiQj Hkh fgEer ugha
gkjh FkhA mUgksaus ukS lkS okWYV~l osQ 'kkWDl (Shocks) fn,A Hk;kud iz;ksxA ysfdu
os cksys fd ;fn ;g e`r 'kjhj ek=k gS rks nnZ eglwl gh ugha gksxk] ij ;fn dgha
Hkh ”kjk Hkh ,d d.k izk.k 'ks"k gksaxs rks gkVZ fjokbo (Revive) dj ldrk gSA izk.k
rks ykSVs] ij bl iz;ksx esa lkB izfr'kr gkVZ lnk osQ fy, u"V gks x;kA osQoy
pkyhl izfr'kr cpkA mlesa Hkh rhu vojks/
1
 (Blockage) gSaA vksisu gkVZ
vkWijs'ku rks djuk gh gksxk ij ltZu fgpd jgs gSaA osQoy pkyhl izfr'kr gkVZ
gSA vkWijs'ku osQ ckn u fjokbo gqvk rks\ r; gqvk fd vU; fo'ks"kKksa dh jk;
ys yh tk,] rc oqQN fnu ckn vkWijs'ku dh lkspsaxsA rc rd ?kj tkdj fcuk
fgys&Mqys foJke djsaA
cgjgky] ,slh v¼Ze`R;q
2
 dh gkyr esa okil ?kj yk;k tkrk g¡wA esjh f”kn gS
fd csM:e esa ugha] eq>s vius fdrkcksa okys dejs esa gh j[kk tk,A ogha fyVk
fn;k x;k gS eq>sA pyuk] cksyuk] i<+uk eukA fnu&Hkj iM+s&iMs+ nks gh ph”ksa ns[krk
1- #dkoV 2- v/ejk
28/lap;u esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;/29
jgrk gw¡] ckb± vksj dh f[kM+dh osQ lkeus jg&jgdj gok esa >wyrs lqikjh osQ isM+
osQ >kyjnkj iÙks vkSj vanj dejs esa pkjksa vksj -IkQ'kZ ls ysdj Nr rd mQ¡ph]
fdrkcksa ls BlkBl Hkjh vyekfj;k¡A cpiu esa ijh dFkkvksa (Fairy tales) esa tSls
i<+rs Fks fd jktk osQ izk.k mlosQ 'kjhj esa ugha] rksrs esa jgrs gSa] oSls gh yxrk Fkk
fd esjs izk.k bl 'kjhj ls rks fudy pqosQ gSa] os izk.k bu g”kkjksa fdrkcksa esa cls
gSa tks fiNys pkyhl&ipkl cjl esa /hjs&/hjs esjs ikl tek gksrh xbZ gSaaA
oSQls tek gqb±] ladyu dh 'kqjQvkr oSQls gqbZ] ;g dFkk ckn esa lqukm¡QxkA
igys rks ;g crkuk ”k:jh gS fd fdrkcsa i<+us vkSj lgstus dk 'kkSd oSQls tkxkA
cpiu dh ckr gSA ml le; vk;Z lekt dk lq/kjoknh vkanksyu vius iwjs ”kksj
ij FkkA esjs firk vk;Z lekt jkuheaMh osQ iz/ku Fks vkSj ek¡ us L=kh&f'k{kk osQ fy,
vkn'kZ dU;k ikB'kkyk dh LFkkiuk dh FkhA
firk dh vPNh&[kklh ljdkjh ukSdjh FkhA cekZ jksM tc cu jgh Fkh rc
cgqr dek;k Fkk mUgksausA ysfdu esjs tUe osQ igys gh xka/h th osQ vkàku ij
mUgksaus ljdkjh ukSdjh NksM+ nh FkhA ge yksx cM+s vkfFkZd
1
 d"Vksa ls xq”kj jgs Fks]
fiQj Hkh ?kj esa fu;fer i=k&if=kdk,¡ vkrh Fkhaµ^vk;Zfe=k lkIrkfgd*] ^osnksne*]
^ljLorh*] ^x`fg.kh* vkSj nks cky if=kdk,¡ [kkl esjs fy,µ^ckyl[kk* vkSj
^pepe*A muesa gksrh Fkh ifj;ksa] jktoqQekjksa] nkuoksa vkSj lqanjh jktdU;kvksa dh
dgkfu;k¡ vkSj js[kkfp=kA eq>s i<+us dh pkV yx xbZA gj le; i<+rk jgrkA [kkuk
[kkrs le; Fkkyh osQ ikl if=kdk,¡ j[kdj i<+rkA viuh nksuksa if=kdkvksa osQ
vykok Hkh ^ljLorh* vkSj ^vk;Zfe=k* i<+us dh dksf'k'k djrkA ?kj esa iqLroasQ Hkh
FkhaA mifu"knsa vkSj muosQ ¯gnh vuqokn] ^lR;kFkZ izdk'k*A ^lR;kFkZ izdk'k* osQ
[kaMu&eaMu okys vè;k; iwjh rjg le> rks ugha ikrk Fkk] ij i<+us esa e”kk vkrk
FkkA esjh fiz; iqLrd Fkh Lokeh n;kuan dh ,d thouh] jkspd
2
 'kSyh esa fy[kh
gqbZ] vusd fp=kksa ls lqlfTtrA os rRdkyhu ik[kaMksa
3
 osQ fojQ¼ vnE;
4
 lkgl
1- jQi;s&iSls laca/h 2- euksjatd 3- fn[kkoVh] <dkslyk 4- ftls nck;k u tk losQ
Page 4


esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;/27
esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;
/eZohj Hkkjrh
tqykbZ 1989 A cpus dh dksbZ mEehn ugha FkhA rhu&rhu T+kcjnLr gkVZ&vVSd]
,d osQ ckn ,dA ,d rks ,slk fd uC”k can] lk¡l can] /M+du canA MkWDVjksa us
?kksf"kr dj fn;k fd vc izk.k ugha jgsA ij MkWDVj ckstsZl us fiQj Hkh fgEer ugha
gkjh FkhA mUgksaus ukS lkS okWYV~l osQ 'kkWDl (Shocks) fn,A Hk;kud iz;ksxA ysfdu
os cksys fd ;fn ;g e`r 'kjhj ek=k gS rks nnZ eglwl gh ugha gksxk] ij ;fn dgha
Hkh ”kjk Hkh ,d d.k izk.k 'ks"k gksaxs rks gkVZ fjokbo (Revive) dj ldrk gSA izk.k
rks ykSVs] ij bl iz;ksx esa lkB izfr'kr gkVZ lnk osQ fy, u"V gks x;kA osQoy
pkyhl izfr'kr cpkA mlesa Hkh rhu vojks/
1
 (Blockage) gSaA vksisu gkVZ
vkWijs'ku rks djuk gh gksxk ij ltZu fgpd jgs gSaA osQoy pkyhl izfr'kr gkVZ
gSA vkWijs'ku osQ ckn u fjokbo gqvk rks\ r; gqvk fd vU; fo'ks"kKksa dh jk;
ys yh tk,] rc oqQN fnu ckn vkWijs'ku dh lkspsaxsA rc rd ?kj tkdj fcuk
fgys&Mqys foJke djsaA
cgjgky] ,slh v¼Ze`R;q
2
 dh gkyr esa okil ?kj yk;k tkrk g¡wA esjh f”kn gS
fd csM:e esa ugha] eq>s vius fdrkcksa okys dejs esa gh j[kk tk,A ogha fyVk
fn;k x;k gS eq>sA pyuk] cksyuk] i<+uk eukA fnu&Hkj iM+s&iMs+ nks gh ph”ksa ns[krk
1- #dkoV 2- v/ejk
28/lap;u esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;/29
jgrk gw¡] ckb± vksj dh f[kM+dh osQ lkeus jg&jgdj gok esa >wyrs lqikjh osQ isM+
osQ >kyjnkj iÙks vkSj vanj dejs esa pkjksa vksj -IkQ'kZ ls ysdj Nr rd mQ¡ph]
fdrkcksa ls BlkBl Hkjh vyekfj;k¡A cpiu esa ijh dFkkvksa (Fairy tales) esa tSls
i<+rs Fks fd jktk osQ izk.k mlosQ 'kjhj esa ugha] rksrs esa jgrs gSa] oSls gh yxrk Fkk
fd esjs izk.k bl 'kjhj ls rks fudy pqosQ gSa] os izk.k bu g”kkjksa fdrkcksa esa cls
gSa tks fiNys pkyhl&ipkl cjl esa /hjs&/hjs esjs ikl tek gksrh xbZ gSaaA
oSQls tek gqb±] ladyu dh 'kqjQvkr oSQls gqbZ] ;g dFkk ckn esa lqukm¡QxkA
igys rks ;g crkuk ”k:jh gS fd fdrkcsa i<+us vkSj lgstus dk 'kkSd oSQls tkxkA
cpiu dh ckr gSA ml le; vk;Z lekt dk lq/kjoknh vkanksyu vius iwjs ”kksj
ij FkkA esjs firk vk;Z lekt jkuheaMh osQ iz/ku Fks vkSj ek¡ us L=kh&f'k{kk osQ fy,
vkn'kZ dU;k ikB'kkyk dh LFkkiuk dh FkhA
firk dh vPNh&[kklh ljdkjh ukSdjh FkhA cekZ jksM tc cu jgh Fkh rc
cgqr dek;k Fkk mUgksausA ysfdu esjs tUe osQ igys gh xka/h th osQ vkàku ij
mUgksaus ljdkjh ukSdjh NksM+ nh FkhA ge yksx cM+s vkfFkZd
1
 d"Vksa ls xq”kj jgs Fks]
fiQj Hkh ?kj esa fu;fer i=k&if=kdk,¡ vkrh Fkhaµ^vk;Zfe=k lkIrkfgd*] ^osnksne*]
^ljLorh*] ^x`fg.kh* vkSj nks cky if=kdk,¡ [kkl esjs fy,µ^ckyl[kk* vkSj
^pepe*A muesa gksrh Fkh ifj;ksa] jktoqQekjksa] nkuoksa vkSj lqanjh jktdU;kvksa dh
dgkfu;k¡ vkSj js[kkfp=kA eq>s i<+us dh pkV yx xbZA gj le; i<+rk jgrkA [kkuk
[kkrs le; Fkkyh osQ ikl if=kdk,¡ j[kdj i<+rkA viuh nksuksa if=kdkvksa osQ
vykok Hkh ^ljLorh* vkSj ^vk;Zfe=k* i<+us dh dksf'k'k djrkA ?kj esa iqLroasQ Hkh
FkhaA mifu"knsa vkSj muosQ ¯gnh vuqokn] ^lR;kFkZ izdk'k*A ^lR;kFkZ izdk'k* osQ
[kaMu&eaMu okys vè;k; iwjh rjg le> rks ugha ikrk Fkk] ij i<+us esa e”kk vkrk
FkkA esjh fiz; iqLrd Fkh Lokeh n;kuan dh ,d thouh] jkspd
2
 'kSyh esa fy[kh
gqbZ] vusd fp=kksa ls lqlfTtrA os rRdkyhu ik[kaMksa
3
 osQ fojQ¼ vnE;
4
 lkgl
1- jQi;s&iSls laca/h 2- euksjatd 3- fn[kkoVh] <dkslyk 4- ftls nck;k u tk losQ
30/lap;u
fn[kkus okys vn~Hkqr O;fDrRo FksA fdruh gh jksekapd ?kVuk,¡ Fkha muosQ thou dh
tks eq>s cgqr izHkkfor djrh FkhaA pwgs dks Hkxoku dk Hkksx [kkrs ns[kdj eku ysuk
fd izfrek,¡ Hkxoku ugha gksrha] ?kj NksM+dj Hkkx tkuk] reke rhFkks±] taxyksa]
xqiQkvksa] fgef'k[kjksa ij lk/qvksa osQ chp ?kweuk vkSj gj txg bldh ryk'k djuk
fd Hkxoku D;k gS\ lR; D;k gS\ tks Hkh lekt&fojksèkh] euq";&fojks/h ewY; gSa]
:f<+;k¡
1 
gSa] mudk [kaMu djuk vkSj var esa vius ls gkjs dks {kek dj mls lgkjk
nsukA ;g lc esjs ckyeu dks cgqr jksekafpr
2
 djrkA tc bl lcls Fkd tkrk
rc fiQj ^ckyl[kk* vkSj ^pepe* dh igys i<+h gqbZ dFkk,¡ nqckjk i<+rkA
ek¡ LowQyh i<+kbZ ij ”kksj nsrhaA fpafrr jgrha fd yM+dk d{kk dh fdrkcsa ugha
i<+rkA ikl oSQls gksxk! dgha [kqn lk/q cudj ?kj ls Hkkx x;k rks\ firk dgrsµ
thou esa ;gh i<+kbZ dke vk,xh] i<+us nksA eSa LowQy ugha Hkstk x;k Fkk] 'kq: dh
i<+kbZ osQ fy, ?kj ij ekLVj j[ks x, FksA firk ugha pkgrs Fks fd ukle> mez esa
eSa xyr laxfr esa iM+dj xkyh&xykSt lh[kw¡] cqjs laLdkj xzg.k d:¡ vr% esjk uke
fy[kk;k x;k] tc eSa d{kk nks rd dh i<+kbZ ?kj ij dj pqdk FkkA rhljs ntsZ esa
eSa Hkjrh gqvkA ml fnu 'kke dks firk m¡xyh idM+dj eq>s ?kqekus ys x,A
yksdukFk dh ,d nqdku rk”kk vukj dk 'kjcr fe^h osQ oqQYgM+ esa fiyk;k vkSj
flj ij gkFk j[kdj cksysµ¶ok;nk djks fd ikB~;ozQe dh fdrkcsa Hkh brus gh
è;ku ls i<+ksxs] ek¡ dh ¯prk feVkvksxsA¸ mudk vk'khokZn Fkk ;k esjk th&rksM+
ifjJe fd rhljs] pkSFks esa esjs vPNs uacj vk, vkSj ik¡posa esa rks eSa iQLVZ vk;kA
ek¡ us vk¡lw Hkjdj xys yxk fy;k] firk eqloqQjkrs jgs] oqQN cksys ughaA p¡awfd
vaxzs”kh esa esjs uacj lcls ”;knk Fks] vr% LowQy ls buke esas nks vaxzs”kh fdrkcsa feyh
FkhaA ,d esa nks NksVs cPps ?kksalyksa dh [kkst esa ckxksa vkSj oqaQtksa esa HkVdrs gSa vkSj
bl cgkus if{k;ksa dh tkfr;ksa] mudh cksfy;ksa] mudh vknrksa dh tkudkjh mUgsa
feyrh gSA nwljh fdrkc Fkh ^VªLVh n jx* ftlesa ikuh osQ tgktksa dh dFkk,¡
Fkhaµfdrus izdkj osQ gksrs gSa] dkSu&dkSu&lk eky ykndj ykrs gSa] dgk¡ ls ykrs gSa]
1- izFkk  2- iqyfdr
Page 5


esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;/27
esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;
/eZohj Hkkjrh
tqykbZ 1989 A cpus dh dksbZ mEehn ugha FkhA rhu&rhu T+kcjnLr gkVZ&vVSd]
,d osQ ckn ,dA ,d rks ,slk fd uC”k can] lk¡l can] /M+du canA MkWDVjksa us
?kksf"kr dj fn;k fd vc izk.k ugha jgsA ij MkWDVj ckstsZl us fiQj Hkh fgEer ugha
gkjh FkhA mUgksaus ukS lkS okWYV~l osQ 'kkWDl (Shocks) fn,A Hk;kud iz;ksxA ysfdu
os cksys fd ;fn ;g e`r 'kjhj ek=k gS rks nnZ eglwl gh ugha gksxk] ij ;fn dgha
Hkh ”kjk Hkh ,d d.k izk.k 'ks"k gksaxs rks gkVZ fjokbo (Revive) dj ldrk gSA izk.k
rks ykSVs] ij bl iz;ksx esa lkB izfr'kr gkVZ lnk osQ fy, u"V gks x;kA osQoy
pkyhl izfr'kr cpkA mlesa Hkh rhu vojks/
1
 (Blockage) gSaA vksisu gkVZ
vkWijs'ku rks djuk gh gksxk ij ltZu fgpd jgs gSaA osQoy pkyhl izfr'kr gkVZ
gSA vkWijs'ku osQ ckn u fjokbo gqvk rks\ r; gqvk fd vU; fo'ks"kKksa dh jk;
ys yh tk,] rc oqQN fnu ckn vkWijs'ku dh lkspsaxsA rc rd ?kj tkdj fcuk
fgys&Mqys foJke djsaA
cgjgky] ,slh v¼Ze`R;q
2
 dh gkyr esa okil ?kj yk;k tkrk g¡wA esjh f”kn gS
fd csM:e esa ugha] eq>s vius fdrkcksa okys dejs esa gh j[kk tk,A ogha fyVk
fn;k x;k gS eq>sA pyuk] cksyuk] i<+uk eukA fnu&Hkj iM+s&iMs+ nks gh ph”ksa ns[krk
1- #dkoV 2- v/ejk
28/lap;u esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;/29
jgrk gw¡] ckb± vksj dh f[kM+dh osQ lkeus jg&jgdj gok esa >wyrs lqikjh osQ isM+
osQ >kyjnkj iÙks vkSj vanj dejs esa pkjksa vksj -IkQ'kZ ls ysdj Nr rd mQ¡ph]
fdrkcksa ls BlkBl Hkjh vyekfj;k¡A cpiu esa ijh dFkkvksa (Fairy tales) esa tSls
i<+rs Fks fd jktk osQ izk.k mlosQ 'kjhj esa ugha] rksrs esa jgrs gSa] oSls gh yxrk Fkk
fd esjs izk.k bl 'kjhj ls rks fudy pqosQ gSa] os izk.k bu g”kkjksa fdrkcksa esa cls
gSa tks fiNys pkyhl&ipkl cjl esa /hjs&/hjs esjs ikl tek gksrh xbZ gSaaA
oSQls tek gqb±] ladyu dh 'kqjQvkr oSQls gqbZ] ;g dFkk ckn esa lqukm¡QxkA
igys rks ;g crkuk ”k:jh gS fd fdrkcsa i<+us vkSj lgstus dk 'kkSd oSQls tkxkA
cpiu dh ckr gSA ml le; vk;Z lekt dk lq/kjoknh vkanksyu vius iwjs ”kksj
ij FkkA esjs firk vk;Z lekt jkuheaMh osQ iz/ku Fks vkSj ek¡ us L=kh&f'k{kk osQ fy,
vkn'kZ dU;k ikB'kkyk dh LFkkiuk dh FkhA
firk dh vPNh&[kklh ljdkjh ukSdjh FkhA cekZ jksM tc cu jgh Fkh rc
cgqr dek;k Fkk mUgksausA ysfdu esjs tUe osQ igys gh xka/h th osQ vkàku ij
mUgksaus ljdkjh ukSdjh NksM+ nh FkhA ge yksx cM+s vkfFkZd
1
 d"Vksa ls xq”kj jgs Fks]
fiQj Hkh ?kj esa fu;fer i=k&if=kdk,¡ vkrh Fkhaµ^vk;Zfe=k lkIrkfgd*] ^osnksne*]
^ljLorh*] ^x`fg.kh* vkSj nks cky if=kdk,¡ [kkl esjs fy,µ^ckyl[kk* vkSj
^pepe*A muesa gksrh Fkh ifj;ksa] jktoqQekjksa] nkuoksa vkSj lqanjh jktdU;kvksa dh
dgkfu;k¡ vkSj js[kkfp=kA eq>s i<+us dh pkV yx xbZA gj le; i<+rk jgrkA [kkuk
[kkrs le; Fkkyh osQ ikl if=kdk,¡ j[kdj i<+rkA viuh nksuksa if=kdkvksa osQ
vykok Hkh ^ljLorh* vkSj ^vk;Zfe=k* i<+us dh dksf'k'k djrkA ?kj esa iqLroasQ Hkh
FkhaA mifu"knsa vkSj muosQ ¯gnh vuqokn] ^lR;kFkZ izdk'k*A ^lR;kFkZ izdk'k* osQ
[kaMu&eaMu okys vè;k; iwjh rjg le> rks ugha ikrk Fkk] ij i<+us esa e”kk vkrk
FkkA esjh fiz; iqLrd Fkh Lokeh n;kuan dh ,d thouh] jkspd
2
 'kSyh esa fy[kh
gqbZ] vusd fp=kksa ls lqlfTtrA os rRdkyhu ik[kaMksa
3
 osQ fojQ¼ vnE;
4
 lkgl
1- jQi;s&iSls laca/h 2- euksjatd 3- fn[kkoVh] <dkslyk 4- ftls nck;k u tk losQ
30/lap;u
fn[kkus okys vn~Hkqr O;fDrRo FksA fdruh gh jksekapd ?kVuk,¡ Fkha muosQ thou dh
tks eq>s cgqr izHkkfor djrh FkhaA pwgs dks Hkxoku dk Hkksx [kkrs ns[kdj eku ysuk
fd izfrek,¡ Hkxoku ugha gksrha] ?kj NksM+dj Hkkx tkuk] reke rhFkks±] taxyksa]
xqiQkvksa] fgef'k[kjksa ij lk/qvksa osQ chp ?kweuk vkSj gj txg bldh ryk'k djuk
fd Hkxoku D;k gS\ lR; D;k gS\ tks Hkh lekt&fojksèkh] euq";&fojks/h ewY; gSa]
:f<+;k¡
1 
gSa] mudk [kaMu djuk vkSj var esa vius ls gkjs dks {kek dj mls lgkjk
nsukA ;g lc esjs ckyeu dks cgqr jksekafpr
2
 djrkA tc bl lcls Fkd tkrk
rc fiQj ^ckyl[kk* vkSj ^pepe* dh igys i<+h gqbZ dFkk,¡ nqckjk i<+rkA
ek¡ LowQyh i<+kbZ ij ”kksj nsrhaA fpafrr jgrha fd yM+dk d{kk dh fdrkcsa ugha
i<+rkA ikl oSQls gksxk! dgha [kqn lk/q cudj ?kj ls Hkkx x;k rks\ firk dgrsµ
thou esa ;gh i<+kbZ dke vk,xh] i<+us nksA eSa LowQy ugha Hkstk x;k Fkk] 'kq: dh
i<+kbZ osQ fy, ?kj ij ekLVj j[ks x, FksA firk ugha pkgrs Fks fd ukle> mez esa
eSa xyr laxfr esa iM+dj xkyh&xykSt lh[kw¡] cqjs laLdkj xzg.k d:¡ vr% esjk uke
fy[kk;k x;k] tc eSa d{kk nks rd dh i<+kbZ ?kj ij dj pqdk FkkA rhljs ntsZ esa
eSa Hkjrh gqvkA ml fnu 'kke dks firk m¡xyh idM+dj eq>s ?kqekus ys x,A
yksdukFk dh ,d nqdku rk”kk vukj dk 'kjcr fe^h osQ oqQYgM+ esa fiyk;k vkSj
flj ij gkFk j[kdj cksysµ¶ok;nk djks fd ikB~;ozQe dh fdrkcsa Hkh brus gh
è;ku ls i<+ksxs] ek¡ dh ¯prk feVkvksxsA¸ mudk vk'khokZn Fkk ;k esjk th&rksM+
ifjJe fd rhljs] pkSFks esa esjs vPNs uacj vk, vkSj ik¡posa esa rks eSa iQLVZ vk;kA
ek¡ us vk¡lw Hkjdj xys yxk fy;k] firk eqloqQjkrs jgs] oqQN cksys ughaA p¡awfd
vaxzs”kh esa esjs uacj lcls ”;knk Fks] vr% LowQy ls buke esas nks vaxzs”kh fdrkcsa feyh
FkhaA ,d esa nks NksVs cPps ?kksalyksa dh [kkst esa ckxksa vkSj oqaQtksa esa HkVdrs gSa vkSj
bl cgkus if{k;ksa dh tkfr;ksa] mudh cksfy;ksa] mudh vknrksa dh tkudkjh mUgsa
feyrh gSA nwljh fdrkc Fkh ^VªLVh n jx* ftlesa ikuh osQ tgktksa dh dFkk,¡
Fkhaµfdrus izdkj osQ gksrs gSa] dkSu&dkSu&lk eky ykndj ykrs gSa] dgk¡ ls ykrs gSa]
1- izFkk  2- iqyfdr
esjk NksVk&lk futh iqLrdky;/31
dgk¡ ys tkrs gSa] ukfodksa dh ¯”knxh oSQlh gksrh gS] oSQls&oSQls }hi
1
 feyrs gSa] dgk¡
àsy gksrh gS] dgk¡ 'kkoZQ gksrh gSA
bu nks fdrkcksa us ,d u;h nqfu;k dk }kj esjs fy, [kksy fn;kA if{k;ksa ls
Hkjk vkdk'k vkSj jgL;ksa ls Hkjk leqnzA firk us vyekjh osQ ,d [kkus ls viuh
ph”ksa gVkdj txg cukbZ vkSj esjh nksuksa fdrkcsa ml [kkus esa j[kdj dgkµ¶vkt
ls ;g [kkuk rqEgkjh viuh fdrkcksa dkA ;g rqEgkjh viuh ykbczsjh gSA¸
;gk¡ ls vkjaHk gqbZ ml cPps dh ykbczsjhA cPpk fd'kksj gqvk] LowQy ls
dkWyst] dkWyst ls ;qfuoflZVh x;k] MkWDVjsV gkfly dh] ;qfuoflZVh esa vè;kiu
fd;k] vè;kiu NksM+dj bykgkckn ls cacbZ vk;k] laiknu fd;kA mlh vuqikr esa
viuh ykbczsjh dk foLrkj djrk x;kA
ij vki iwN ldrs gSa fd fdrkcsa i<+us dk 'kkSd rks Bhd] fdrkcsa bd_h
djus dh lud D;ksa lokj gqbZ\ mldk dkj.k Hkh cpiu dk ,d vuqHko gSA
bykgkckn Hkkjr osQ iz[;kr
2
 f'k{kk&osaQnzksa esa ,d jgk gSA bZLV bafM;k }kjk LFkkfir
ifCyd ykbcszjh ls ysdj egkeuk enueksgu ekyoh; }kjk LFkkfir Hkkjrh Hkou
rdA fo'ofo|ky; dh ykbcszjh rFkk vusd dkWystksa dh ykbcszfj;k¡ rks gSa gh]
yxHkx gj eqgYys esa ,d vyx ykbcszjhA ogk¡ gkbZdksVZ gS] vr% odhyksa dh futh
ykbcszfj;k¡] vè;kidksa dh futh ykbcszfj;k¡A viuh ykbcszjh oSlh dHkh gksxh] ;g
rks LoIu esa Hkh ugha lksp ldrk Fkk] ij vius eqgYYks esa ,d ykbcszjh Fkhµ^gfj
Hkou*A LowQy ls Nq^h feyh fd eSa mlesa tkdj te tkrk FkkA firk fnoaxr gks
pqosQ Fks] ykbczsjh dk pank pqdkus dk iSlk ugha Fkk] vr% ogha cSBdj fdrkcsa
fudyokdj i<+rk jgrk FkkA mu fnuksa ¯gnh esa fo'o lkfgR; fo'ks"kdj miU;klksa
osQ [kwc vuqokn gks jgs FksA eq>s mu vuwfnr miU;klksa dks i<+dj cM+k lq[k feyrk
FkkA vius NksVs&ls ^gfj Hkou* esa [kwc miU;kl FksA ogha ifjp; gqvk cafdepanz
p^ksikè;k; dh ^nqxsZ'kuafnuh*] ^diky oqQ.MYkk* vkSj ^vkuaaneB* ls VkyLVk; dh
1- og HkwHkkx ftlosQ pkjksa vksj ikuh gks 2- izfl¼
Read More
46 videos|226 docs

Complete Syllabus of Class 9

Dynamic Test

Content Category

Related Searches

हिन्दी

,

कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

,

Free

,

practice quizzes

,

past year papers

,

Objective type Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

mock tests for examination

,

Summary

,

NCERT Textbook

,

संचयन

,

Extra Questions

,

पाठ 4 - मेरा छोटा-सा निजी पुस्तकालय

,

pdf

,

Semester Notes

,

कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

,

पाठ 4 - मेरा छोटा-सा निजी पुस्तकालय

,

हिन्दी

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

ppt

,

पाठ 4 - मेरा छोटा-सा निजी पुस्तकालय

,

study material

,

Exam

,

video lectures

,

NCERT Textbook

,

कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

,

MCQs

,

संचयन

,

हिन्दी

,

Viva Questions

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

NCERT Textbook

,

संचयन

,

Important questions

;