NCERT Textbook- सुनीता की पहिया कुर्सी Class 4 Notes | EduRev

Hindi for Class 4

Created by: Yashina Kapoor

Class 4 : NCERT Textbook- सुनीता की पहिया कुर्सी Class 4 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


97
lquhrk lqcg lkr cts lksdj mBhA oqQN nsj rks og vius fcLrj ij gh cSBh
jghA og lksp jgh Fkh fd vkt mls D;k&D;k dke djus gaSA mls ;kn vk;k
fd vkt rks ckT
+
kkj tkuk gSA lksprs gh mldh vk¡[kksa esa ped vk xbZA
lquhrk vkt igyh ckj vosQys ck”kkj tkus okyh FkhA
mlus viuh Vk¡xksa dks gkFk ls idM+ dj [khapk vkSj mUgsa iyax ls uhps
dh vksj yVdk;kA fiQj iyax dk lgkjk ysrh g
q
bZ viuh ifg;k oqQlhZ rd
c<+hA lquhrk pyus&fiQjus osQ fy, ifg;k oqQlhZ dh enn ysrh gSA vkt og
lHkh dke iqQrhZ ls fuiVkuk pkgrh FkhA gkyk¡fd diM+s cnyuk] twrs iguuk
vkfn mlosQ fy, dfBu dke gSaA ij vius jksT
+
kkuk osQ dke djus osQ fy,
mlus Lo;a gh dbZ rjhosQ <w¡<+ fudkys gSaA
vkB cts rd lquhrk ugk&/ksdj rS;kj gks xbZA
?? ?? ?? ?? ?? lquhrk dh ifg;k oqQlhZ
 2019-20
Page 2


97
lquhrk lqcg lkr cts lksdj mBhA oqQN nsj rks og vius fcLrj ij gh cSBh
jghA og lksp jgh Fkh fd vkt mls D;k&D;k dke djus gaSA mls ;kn vk;k
fd vkt rks ckT
+
kkj tkuk gSA lksprs gh mldh vk¡[kksa esa ped vk xbZA
lquhrk vkt igyh ckj vosQys ck”kkj tkus okyh FkhA
mlus viuh Vk¡xksa dks gkFk ls idM+ dj [khapk vkSj mUgsa iyax ls uhps
dh vksj yVdk;kA fiQj iyax dk lgkjk ysrh g
q
bZ viuh ifg;k oqQlhZ rd
c<+hA lquhrk pyus&fiQjus osQ fy, ifg;k oqQlhZ dh enn ysrh gSA vkt og
lHkh dke iqQrhZ ls fuiVkuk pkgrh FkhA gkyk¡fd diM+s cnyuk] twrs iguuk
vkfn mlosQ fy, dfBu dke gSaA ij vius jksT
+
kkuk osQ dke djus osQ fy,
mlus Lo;a gh dbZ rjhosQ <w¡<+ fudkys gSaA
vkB cts rd lquhrk ugk&/ksdj rS;kj gks xbZA
?? ?? ?? ?? ?? lquhrk dh ifg;k oqQlhZ
 2019-20
98
ek¡ us es”k ij uk'rk yxk fn;k FkkA
¶ek¡] vpkj dh cksry idM+kuk¸] lquhrk
us dgkA
¶vyekjh esa j[kh gSA ys yks¸] ek¡ us
jlksbZ?kj ls tokc fn;kA
lquhrk [kqn tkdj vpkj ys vkbZA
uk'rk djrs&djrs mlus iwNk]
¶ek¡] ckT
+
kkj ls D;k&D;k ykuk gS\¸
¶,d fdyks phuh ykuh gSA ij D;k rqe vosQys
l¡Hkky yksxh\¸
¶iDdk¸] lquhrk us eqLoqQjkrs g
q
, dgkA
lquhrk us ek¡ ls >ksyk vkSj #i, fy,A viuh ifg;k oqQlhZ ij cSBdj og
ck”kkj dh vksj py nhA
lquhrk dks lM+d dh ¯T
+
knxh ns[kus esa eT
+
kk vkrk gSA pw¡fd vkt Nq^h gS
blfy, gj txg cPps [ksyrs g
q
, fn[kkbZ ns jgs gSaA lquhrk FkksM+h
nsj #d dj mUgsa jLlh owQnrs] xsan [ksyrs ns[krh jghA og FkksM+h
mnkl gks xbZA og Hkh mu cPpksa osQ lkFk [ksyuk
pkgrh FkhA [ksy osQ eSnku esa mls ,d yM+dh
fn[kh] ftldh ek¡ mls okfil ysus osQ fy,
vkbZ FkhA nksuksa ,d&nwljs dks VqoqQj&VqoqQj
ns[kus yxsA
 2019-20
Page 3


97
lquhrk lqcg lkr cts lksdj mBhA oqQN nsj rks og vius fcLrj ij gh cSBh
jghA og lksp jgh Fkh fd vkt mls D;k&D;k dke djus gaSA mls ;kn vk;k
fd vkt rks ckT
+
kkj tkuk gSA lksprs gh mldh vk¡[kksa esa ped vk xbZA
lquhrk vkt igyh ckj vosQys ck”kkj tkus okyh FkhA
mlus viuh Vk¡xksa dks gkFk ls idM+ dj [khapk vkSj mUgsa iyax ls uhps
dh vksj yVdk;kA fiQj iyax dk lgkjk ysrh g
q
bZ viuh ifg;k oqQlhZ rd
c<+hA lquhrk pyus&fiQjus osQ fy, ifg;k oqQlhZ dh enn ysrh gSA vkt og
lHkh dke iqQrhZ ls fuiVkuk pkgrh FkhA gkyk¡fd diM+s cnyuk] twrs iguuk
vkfn mlosQ fy, dfBu dke gSaA ij vius jksT
+
kkuk osQ dke djus osQ fy,
mlus Lo;a gh dbZ rjhosQ <w¡<+ fudkys gSaA
vkB cts rd lquhrk ugk&/ksdj rS;kj gks xbZA
?? ?? ?? ?? ?? lquhrk dh ifg;k oqQlhZ
 2019-20
98
ek¡ us es”k ij uk'rk yxk fn;k FkkA
¶ek¡] vpkj dh cksry idM+kuk¸] lquhrk
us dgkA
¶vyekjh esa j[kh gSA ys yks¸] ek¡ us
jlksbZ?kj ls tokc fn;kA
lquhrk [kqn tkdj vpkj ys vkbZA
uk'rk djrs&djrs mlus iwNk]
¶ek¡] ckT
+
kkj ls D;k&D;k ykuk gS\¸
¶,d fdyks phuh ykuh gSA ij D;k rqe vosQys
l¡Hkky yksxh\¸
¶iDdk¸] lquhrk us eqLoqQjkrs g
q
, dgkA
lquhrk us ek¡ ls >ksyk vkSj #i, fy,A viuh ifg;k oqQlhZ ij cSBdj og
ck”kkj dh vksj py nhA
lquhrk dks lM+d dh ¯T
+
knxh ns[kus esa eT
+
kk vkrk gSA pw¡fd vkt Nq^h gS
blfy, gj txg cPps [ksyrs g
q
, fn[kkbZ ns jgs gSaA lquhrk FkksM+h
nsj #d dj mUgsa jLlh owQnrs] xsan [ksyrs ns[krh jghA og FkksM+h
mnkl gks xbZA og Hkh mu cPpksa osQ lkFk [ksyuk
pkgrh FkhA [ksy osQ eSnku esa mls ,d yM+dh
fn[kh] ftldh ek¡ mls okfil ysus osQ fy,
vkbZ FkhA nksuksa ,d&nwljs dks VqoqQj&VqoqQj
ns[kus yxsA
 2019-20
99
fiQj lquhrk dks ,d yM+dk fn[kkA ml
cPps dks cg
q
r lkjs cPps ¶NksVw&NksVw¸ cqykdj
fp<+k jgs FksA ml yM+osQ dk dn ckdh
cPpksa ls cg
q
r NksVk FkkA lquhrk dks ;g lc
fcYoqQy vPNk ugha yxkA
jkLrs esa dbZ yksx lquhrk dks ns[kdj
eqLoqQjk,] tcfd og mUgsa tkurh rd ugha
FkhA igys rks og eu gh eu [kq'k g
q
bZ ijarq
fiQj lkspus yxh] ¶;s lc yksx esjh rji
+
Q Hkyk bl rjg D;ksa ns[k jgs gSa\¸
[ksy osQ eSnku okyh NksVh yM+dh lquhrk dks nksckjk diM+ksa
dh nqdku osQ lkeus [kM+h feyhA mldh ek¡ oqQN diM+s ns[k
jgh FkhA
¶rqEgkjs ikl ;g vthc lh
phT
+
k D;k gS\¸ ml yM+dh us
lquhrk ls iwNkA
¶;g rks cl ,d---]¸
lquhrk tokc nsus yxh
ijarq ml yM+dh dh
ek¡ us xqLls esa vkdj
yM+dh dks lquhrk ls
nwj gVk fn;kA
 2019-20
Page 4


97
lquhrk lqcg lkr cts lksdj mBhA oqQN nsj rks og vius fcLrj ij gh cSBh
jghA og lksp jgh Fkh fd vkt mls D;k&D;k dke djus gaSA mls ;kn vk;k
fd vkt rks ckT
+
kkj tkuk gSA lksprs gh mldh vk¡[kksa esa ped vk xbZA
lquhrk vkt igyh ckj vosQys ck”kkj tkus okyh FkhA
mlus viuh Vk¡xksa dks gkFk ls idM+ dj [khapk vkSj mUgsa iyax ls uhps
dh vksj yVdk;kA fiQj iyax dk lgkjk ysrh g
q
bZ viuh ifg;k oqQlhZ rd
c<+hA lquhrk pyus&fiQjus osQ fy, ifg;k oqQlhZ dh enn ysrh gSA vkt og
lHkh dke iqQrhZ ls fuiVkuk pkgrh FkhA gkyk¡fd diM+s cnyuk] twrs iguuk
vkfn mlosQ fy, dfBu dke gSaA ij vius jksT
+
kkuk osQ dke djus osQ fy,
mlus Lo;a gh dbZ rjhosQ <w¡<+ fudkys gSaA
vkB cts rd lquhrk ugk&/ksdj rS;kj gks xbZA
?? ?? ?? ?? ?? lquhrk dh ifg;k oqQlhZ
 2019-20
98
ek¡ us es”k ij uk'rk yxk fn;k FkkA
¶ek¡] vpkj dh cksry idM+kuk¸] lquhrk
us dgkA
¶vyekjh esa j[kh gSA ys yks¸] ek¡ us
jlksbZ?kj ls tokc fn;kA
lquhrk [kqn tkdj vpkj ys vkbZA
uk'rk djrs&djrs mlus iwNk]
¶ek¡] ckT
+
kkj ls D;k&D;k ykuk gS\¸
¶,d fdyks phuh ykuh gSA ij D;k rqe vosQys
l¡Hkky yksxh\¸
¶iDdk¸] lquhrk us eqLoqQjkrs g
q
, dgkA
lquhrk us ek¡ ls >ksyk vkSj #i, fy,A viuh ifg;k oqQlhZ ij cSBdj og
ck”kkj dh vksj py nhA
lquhrk dks lM+d dh ¯T
+
knxh ns[kus esa eT
+
kk vkrk gSA pw¡fd vkt Nq^h gS
blfy, gj txg cPps [ksyrs g
q
, fn[kkbZ ns jgs gSaA lquhrk FkksM+h
nsj #d dj mUgsa jLlh owQnrs] xsan [ksyrs ns[krh jghA og FkksM+h
mnkl gks xbZA og Hkh mu cPpksa osQ lkFk [ksyuk
pkgrh FkhA [ksy osQ eSnku esa mls ,d yM+dh
fn[kh] ftldh ek¡ mls okfil ysus osQ fy,
vkbZ FkhA nksuksa ,d&nwljs dks VqoqQj&VqoqQj
ns[kus yxsA
 2019-20
99
fiQj lquhrk dks ,d yM+dk fn[kkA ml
cPps dks cg
q
r lkjs cPps ¶NksVw&NksVw¸ cqykdj
fp<+k jgs FksA ml yM+osQ dk dn ckdh
cPpksa ls cg
q
r NksVk FkkA lquhrk dks ;g lc
fcYoqQy vPNk ugha yxkA
jkLrs esa dbZ yksx lquhrk dks ns[kdj
eqLoqQjk,] tcfd og mUgsa tkurh rd ugha
FkhA igys rks og eu gh eu [kq'k g
q
bZ ijarq
fiQj lkspus yxh] ¶;s lc yksx esjh rji
+
Q Hkyk bl rjg D;ksa ns[k jgs gSa\¸
[ksy osQ eSnku okyh NksVh yM+dh lquhrk dks nksckjk diM+ksa
dh nqdku osQ lkeus [kM+h feyhA mldh ek¡ oqQN diM+s ns[k
jgh FkhA
¶rqEgkjs ikl ;g vthc lh
phT
+
k D;k gS\¸ ml yM+dh us
lquhrk ls iwNkA
¶;g rks cl ,d---]¸
lquhrk tokc nsus yxh
ijarq ml yM+dh dh
ek¡ us xqLls esa vkdj
yM+dh dks lquhrk ls
nwj gVk fn;kA
 2019-20
100
¶bl rjg dk loky ugha iwNuk pkfg, I
+
kQjhnk! vPNk ugha yxrk!¸ ek¡
us dgkA
¶EkSa nwljs cPpksa ls vyx ugha g
w
¡¸ lquhrk us nq[kh gksdj dgkA mls I
+
kQjhnk
dh ek¡ dk O;ogkj le> esa ugha vk;kA
var esa lquhrk ck”kkj ig
q
¡p xbZA nqdku esa ?kqlus osQ fy, mls lhf<+;ksa ij
p<+uk FkkA mlosQ fy, ;g dj ikuk cg
q
r eqf'dy FkkA vklikl osQ lc
yksx tYnh esa FksA fdlh us mldh rjI
+
kQ è;ku ugha fn;kA
vpkud ftl yM+osQ dks ¶NksVw¸ dgdj fp<+k;k tk jgk Fkk og
mlosQ lkeus vkdj [kM+k gks x;kA
¶eSa vfer g
w
¡]¸ mlus viuk ifjp; fn;k] ¶D;k eSa rqEgkjh oqQN enn d: ¡\¸
 ¶esjk uke lquhrk gS]¸ lquhrk us jkgr dh lk¡l yh vkSj eqLoqQjkdj
cksyh] ¶ihNs osQ iSfMy dks iSj ls ”kjk nckvksxs\¸
¶gk¡] gk¡] ”k:j¸ dgrs g
q
, vfer us ifg;k&oqQlhZ dks Vs<+k djosQ mlosQ
vxys ifg;ksa dks igyh lh<+h ij j[kkA fiQj mlus fiNys ifg;ksa dks Hkh
 2019-20
Page 5


97
lquhrk lqcg lkr cts lksdj mBhA oqQN nsj rks og vius fcLrj ij gh cSBh
jghA og lksp jgh Fkh fd vkt mls D;k&D;k dke djus gaSA mls ;kn vk;k
fd vkt rks ckT
+
kkj tkuk gSA lksprs gh mldh vk¡[kksa esa ped vk xbZA
lquhrk vkt igyh ckj vosQys ck”kkj tkus okyh FkhA
mlus viuh Vk¡xksa dks gkFk ls idM+ dj [khapk vkSj mUgsa iyax ls uhps
dh vksj yVdk;kA fiQj iyax dk lgkjk ysrh g
q
bZ viuh ifg;k oqQlhZ rd
c<+hA lquhrk pyus&fiQjus osQ fy, ifg;k oqQlhZ dh enn ysrh gSA vkt og
lHkh dke iqQrhZ ls fuiVkuk pkgrh FkhA gkyk¡fd diM+s cnyuk] twrs iguuk
vkfn mlosQ fy, dfBu dke gSaA ij vius jksT
+
kkuk osQ dke djus osQ fy,
mlus Lo;a gh dbZ rjhosQ <w¡<+ fudkys gSaA
vkB cts rd lquhrk ugk&/ksdj rS;kj gks xbZA
?? ?? ?? ?? ?? lquhrk dh ifg;k oqQlhZ
 2019-20
98
ek¡ us es”k ij uk'rk yxk fn;k FkkA
¶ek¡] vpkj dh cksry idM+kuk¸] lquhrk
us dgkA
¶vyekjh esa j[kh gSA ys yks¸] ek¡ us
jlksbZ?kj ls tokc fn;kA
lquhrk [kqn tkdj vpkj ys vkbZA
uk'rk djrs&djrs mlus iwNk]
¶ek¡] ckT
+
kkj ls D;k&D;k ykuk gS\¸
¶,d fdyks phuh ykuh gSA ij D;k rqe vosQys
l¡Hkky yksxh\¸
¶iDdk¸] lquhrk us eqLoqQjkrs g
q
, dgkA
lquhrk us ek¡ ls >ksyk vkSj #i, fy,A viuh ifg;k oqQlhZ ij cSBdj og
ck”kkj dh vksj py nhA
lquhrk dks lM+d dh ¯T
+
knxh ns[kus esa eT
+
kk vkrk gSA pw¡fd vkt Nq^h gS
blfy, gj txg cPps [ksyrs g
q
, fn[kkbZ ns jgs gSaA lquhrk FkksM+h
nsj #d dj mUgsa jLlh owQnrs] xsan [ksyrs ns[krh jghA og FkksM+h
mnkl gks xbZA og Hkh mu cPpksa osQ lkFk [ksyuk
pkgrh FkhA [ksy osQ eSnku esa mls ,d yM+dh
fn[kh] ftldh ek¡ mls okfil ysus osQ fy,
vkbZ FkhA nksuksa ,d&nwljs dks VqoqQj&VqoqQj
ns[kus yxsA
 2019-20
99
fiQj lquhrk dks ,d yM+dk fn[kkA ml
cPps dks cg
q
r lkjs cPps ¶NksVw&NksVw¸ cqykdj
fp<+k jgs FksA ml yM+osQ dk dn ckdh
cPpksa ls cg
q
r NksVk FkkA lquhrk dks ;g lc
fcYoqQy vPNk ugha yxkA
jkLrs esa dbZ yksx lquhrk dks ns[kdj
eqLoqQjk,] tcfd og mUgsa tkurh rd ugha
FkhA igys rks og eu gh eu [kq'k g
q
bZ ijarq
fiQj lkspus yxh] ¶;s lc yksx esjh rji
+
Q Hkyk bl rjg D;ksa ns[k jgs gSa\¸
[ksy osQ eSnku okyh NksVh yM+dh lquhrk dks nksckjk diM+ksa
dh nqdku osQ lkeus [kM+h feyhA mldh ek¡ oqQN diM+s ns[k
jgh FkhA
¶rqEgkjs ikl ;g vthc lh
phT
+
k D;k gS\¸ ml yM+dh us
lquhrk ls iwNkA
¶;g rks cl ,d---]¸
lquhrk tokc nsus yxh
ijarq ml yM+dh dh
ek¡ us xqLls esa vkdj
yM+dh dks lquhrk ls
nwj gVk fn;kA
 2019-20
100
¶bl rjg dk loky ugha iwNuk pkfg, I
+
kQjhnk! vPNk ugha yxrk!¸ ek¡
us dgkA
¶EkSa nwljs cPpksa ls vyx ugha g
w
¡¸ lquhrk us nq[kh gksdj dgkA mls I
+
kQjhnk
dh ek¡ dk O;ogkj le> esa ugha vk;kA
var esa lquhrk ck”kkj ig
q
¡p xbZA nqdku esa ?kqlus osQ fy, mls lhf<+;ksa ij
p<+uk FkkA mlosQ fy, ;g dj ikuk cg
q
r eqf'dy FkkA vklikl osQ lc
yksx tYnh esa FksA fdlh us mldh rjI
+
kQ è;ku ugha fn;kA
vpkud ftl yM+osQ dks ¶NksVw¸ dgdj fp<+k;k tk jgk Fkk og
mlosQ lkeus vkdj [kM+k gks x;kA
¶eSa vfer g
w
¡]¸ mlus viuk ifjp; fn;k] ¶D;k eSa rqEgkjh oqQN enn d: ¡\¸
 ¶esjk uke lquhrk gS]¸ lquhrk us jkgr dh lk¡l yh vkSj eqLoqQjkdj
cksyh] ¶ihNs osQ iSfMy dks iSj ls ”kjk nckvksxs\¸
¶gk¡] gk¡] ”k:j¸ dgrs g
q
, vfer us ifg;k&oqQlhZ dks Vs<+k djosQ mlosQ
vxys ifg;ksa dks igyh lh<+h ij j[kkA fiQj mlus fiNys ifg;ksa dks Hkh
 2019-20
101
Åij p<+k;kA lquhrk us vfer dks /U;okn fn;k vkSj dgk] ¶vc eSa nqdku
rd [kqn ig
q
¡p ldrh g
w
¡A¸
nqdku esa ig
q
¡pdj lquhrk us ,d fdyks phuh ek¡xhA nqdkunkj mls ns[kdj
eqLoqQjk;kA phuh dh FkSyh idM+us osQ fy, mlus gkFk vkxs c<+k;k gh Fkk
fd nqdkunkj us FkSyh mldh xksnh esa j[k nhA lquhrk us xqLls ls dgk] ¶eSa
Hkh nwljksa dh rjg [kqn vius vki lkeku ys ldrh g
w
¡A¸
mls nqdkunkj dk O;ogkj fcYoqQy vPNk ugha yxkA phuh ysdj lquhrk
vkSj vfer ckgj fudysA
¶yksx esjs lkFk ,slk O;ogkj djrs gSa tSls fd eSa dksbZ vthcksxjhc
yM+dh g
w
¡A¸ lquhrk us dgkA
¶'kk;n rqEgkjh ifg;k oqQlhZ osQ dkj.k gh os ,slk O;ogkj djrs gSaA¸
vfer us dgkA
¶ij bl oqQlhZ esa Hkyk ,slh D;k [kkl ckr gS] eSa rks cpiu ls gh bl
ij cSBdj bls pykrh g
w
¡¸] lquhrk us dgkA
vfer us iwNk] ¶ij rqe bl ij D;ksa cSBrh gks\¸
¶eSa iSjksa ls py gh ugha ldrhA bl ifg;k oqQlhZ osQ ifg;ksa dks ?kqekdj
gh eSa py&fiQj ikrh g
w
¡ ysfdu fiQj Hkh eSa nwljs cPpksa ls vyx ugha g
w
¡A
eSa os lkjs dke dj ldrh g
w
¡ tks nwljs cPps dj ldrs gSa¸ lquhrk us dgkA
vfer us viuk flj uk esa fgyk;k vkSj dgk] ¶eSa Hkh os lkjs dke dj
ldrk g
w
¡ tks nwljs cPps dj ldrs gSaA ij eSa Hkh nwljs cPpksa ls vyx g
w
¡A
blh rjg rqe Hkh vyx gksA¸
 2019-20
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