NCERT Textbook - Rise of Popular Movements, Politics in India Since Independence Notes | Study Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - UPSC

UPSC: NCERT Textbook - Rise of Popular Movements, Politics in India Since Independence Notes | Study Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - UPSC

The document NCERT Textbook - Rise of Popular Movements, Politics in India Since Independence Notes | Study Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - UPSC is a part of the UPSC Course Indian Polity for UPSC CSE.
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In this chapter…
Three decades after Independence, the people were beginning to 
get impatient. Their unease expressed itself in various forms. In the 
previous chapter, we have already gone through the story of electoral 
upheavals and political crisis. Yet that was not the only form in which 
popular discontent expressed itself. In the 1970s, diverse social groups 
like women, students, Dalits and farmers felt that democratic politics did 
not address their needs and demands. Therefore, they came together 
under the banner of various social organisations to voice their demands. 
These assertions marked the rise of popular movements or new social 
movements in Indian politics.
In this chapter we trace the journey of some of the popular movements 
that developed after the 1970s in order to understand:
• what are popular movements?
? which sections of Indian society have they mobilised? 
? what is the main agenda of these movements?
? what role do they play in a democratic set up like ours?
Photograph on this 
and the facing page 
are of the participants 
and leaders of the 
Chipko Movement, 
recognised as one of 
the first environmental 
movements in the 
country.
Credit: Bhawan Singh
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