Class 8  >  NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography

NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography Notes - Class 8

Document Description: NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography for Class 8 2022 is part of Class 8 preparation. The notes and questions for NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography have been prepared according to the Class 8 exam syllabus. Information about NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography covers topics like and NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography Example, for Class 8 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography.

Introduction of NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography in English is available as part of our Class 8 preparation & NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography in Hindi for Class 8 courses. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for Class 8 Exam by signing up for free. Class 8: NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography Notes - Class 8
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?
Ncert Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only)
 
Q.1: Answer the following questions:
  1.  What is meant by the term ‘industry’? 
  2. Which are the main factors which influence the location of an industry? 
  3. Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of the modern industry and why?
  4. Why cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai?
  5. What are the similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California?

Solutions

  1. Industry means an economic activity that is related to production of goods, extraction of minerals and the provision of services. Examples for the above are - Iron and Steel Industry, Coal Mining Industry and Tourism Industry respectively.
  2. Main factors which influence the location of an industry are listed below:
·         availability of raw materials
·         transport and communication
·         land
·         power
·         water
·         capital
·         labour
        ·         market 
    
  3.    Iron and steel industry is often referred to as the backbone of the modern industry. This is because that almost everything is either made from iron or steel or has been made using tools and machineries of these metals. There are plenty of examples like -ships, trains, vehicles; all are made largely of steel. Materials of our day-to-day use starting safety pin to our building in which we live, are made from steel. Without the use of iron no industry can run.  
     
 4.    Cotton textile rapidly expanded in Mumbai because its warm, moist climate, facility of port for importing of machinery and above all the easy availability of skilled labor. 
      
 5.    Similarities between information technology industry in Bangalore and California can be drawn as follows:
·    Bangalore is located in Deccan Plateau while Silicon Valley in California is located next to the Rocky Mountains.
·    Both have clean environment.
·    Pleasant climate throughout the year.
·    In the vicinity of educational, scientific and technological centers.
·    Close to major roads and airports.
·    Good access to markets.
·    Both have skilled work force.
·    Low or affordable cost of living.
 
Q.2: Tick the correct answer:
       (i)               Silicon valley is located in
a.      Bangalore.
b.      California
c.       Ahmedabad
       (ii)            Which one of the following industries is known as sunrise industry?
a.      Iron and Steel industry
b.      Cotton industry
c.       Information technology
      (iii)            Which one of the following is a natural fiber?
a.      Nylon
b.      Jute
c.      Acrylic
 
Solutions: (i)b (ii)c (iii)b
 
Q.3: Distinguish between the followings:
     (i)           Agro-based and mineral-based industries.
    (ii)            Public sector and Joint sector industries.
 
Solutions: (i) The distinction between agro-based and mineral-based industries can be done as follows -
 
Agro-based industries
Mineral-based industries
·         Agro-based industries use plant and animal based products as raw materials.
·         These industries provide employment in rural areas.
·         Agro-based industries are mostly in private or co-operative sectors.
·         Examples of such industries are - jute, cotton textile, dairy products, leather industries etc.
 
·         Mineral-based industries are those that use mineral ores as their raw materials.
·         They provide employment to both rural and urban areas.
·         These industries are mostly in public sector because of their large investment requirement.
·         Examples of such industries are - iron and steel, capital goods industries etc.
 
(ii) The distinction between public sector and joint sector industries can made as follows -
 
Public sector industries
Joint sector industries
·         The industries which are owned and operated by State Govt. or Central Govt. are called public sector industries.
·         They involve huge capital investments.
·         These industries are managed and run by workforce appointed by Govt.
·         Examples are Steel authority of India limited (SAIL), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) etc.
 
·         The industries which are owned and operated by Govt. and an individual or a group of individuals are called joint sector industries.
·         Capital investments are generally less than the public sector industries.
·         Both Govt. servants and private employees run these industries.
·         Example - Maruti Udyog Limited (MUL).   

 

The document NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries, Class 8, Geography Notes - Class 8 is a part of Class 8 category.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8
Download as PDF

Download free EduRev App

Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!

Related Searches

Semester Notes

,

NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries

,

Summary

,

Exam

,

Geography Notes - Class 8

,

Extra Questions

,

Class 8

,

Geography Notes - Class 8

,

NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Viva Questions

,

video lectures

,

Sample Paper

,

Class 8

,

NCERT Textbook Chapter Exercise Questions (Important only) - Industries

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Free

,

Objective type Questions

,

past year papers

,

mock tests for examination

,

Geography Notes - Class 8

,

Class 8

,

ppt

,

MCQs

,

pdf

,

study material

,

Important questions

,

practice quizzes

;