NCERT Textbook Questions - The Summit Within Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8

Class 8: NCERT Textbook Questions - The Summit Within Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8

The document NCERT Textbook Questions - The Summit Within Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8 is a part of the Class 8 Course English Class 8.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8

Comprehension Check (Page 80) 

Q1. Standing on Everest, the writer was
 (i) overjoyed. (ii) very sad. (iii) jubilant and sad.
Choose the right item. 

Ans. (iii) jubilant and sad.

Q2. The emotion that gripped him was one of 
 (i) victory over hurdles. (ii) humility and a sense of smallness. (iii) greatness and self importance. (iv) joy of discovery.
Choose the right item. 

Ans. (ii) humility and a sense of smallness.

Q3. “The summit of the mind” referes to 
 (i) great intellectual achievements.
 (ii) the process of maturing mentally and spiritually.
 (iii) Overcoming personal ambition for common welfare.
 (iv) living in the world of thought and imagination.
 (v) the triumph of mind over worldly pleasures for a noble cause.
 (vi) a fuller knowledge of oneself.
Mark the item(s) not relevant.

Ans. (vi) a fuller knowledge of oneself.

Working with the Text (Page 81)

Q1. Answer the following questions. 

(i) What are the three qualities that played a major role in the author’s climb?
 Ans. 
The three qualities that ensured the success of the author were ‘endurance, persistence and will power’.

(ii) Why is adventure, which is risky, also pleasurable?
 Ans.
Mountain climbing is a great adventure but is also risky. It is a great challenge  and doing a challenging  job is in itself pleasurable. It gives immense joy to the doers.

(iii) What was it about Mount Everest that the author found irresistible?
Ans. Mount Everest attracted the author because it is the highest, the mightiest and has defied many previous attemps. It takes the last ounce of one’s energy.

(iv) One does not do it (climb a high peak) for fame alone. What does one do it for, really?
Ans. Conquering summit is a great physical achievement. But more than that, it gives the climber the emotional and spiritual satisfaction. It satisfies man’s eternal love for adventure.

(v) “He becomes conscious in a special manner of his own smallness in this large universe”. This awareness defines an emotion mentioned in the first paragraph.
 Which is the emotion?

Ans. That emotion is ‘humility’.

(vi) What were the ‘symbols of reverence’ left by members of the team on Everest?
Ans. The author left on Everest a picture of Guru Nanak. Rawat left a picture of Goddess Durga. Phu Durgi left a relic of the Buddha. Edmund Hillary, being a Christian, buried a Cross under the rock. All these were symbols of reverence for God

(vii) What according to the writer, did his experience as an Everester teach him?
Ans. The experience of having conquered Mount Everest changed him completely. It made him realise his own smallness.

Q2. Write a sentence against each of the following statements. Your sentence should explain the statement. You can pick out sentences from the text and rewrite them. 

(i) The experience changes you completely.
Ans. One who has been to the mountains is never the same again.

(ii) Man takes delight in overcoming obstacles.
Ans. The obstacles in climbing a mountain are physical. A climb to a summit is a test of endurance and will power. It is a challenge that is difficult to resist.

(iii) Mountains are nature at its best. 
Ans. Everest is the highest and the mightiest and has defied many previous attempts.

(iv) The going was difficult but the after-effects were satisfying
Ans. When the summit is climbed, there is the joy of having done something, one has the feeling of victory and of happiness

(v) The physical conquest of a mountain is really a spiritual experience.
Ans. Mountains are a means of communion with God.

Working with Language (Page 82)

Q1. Look at the italicised phrases and their meanings given in brackets.

Mountains are nature at its best - (nature's best form and appearance)

Your life is at risk. - (in danger; you run the risk of losing your life.)

He was at his best/worst in the last meeting. - (it was his best/worst performance.)

Fill in the blanks in the following dialogues choosing suitable phrases from those given in the box.

at hand, at once, at all, at a low ebb, at first sight

(i) Teacher: You were away from school without permission. Go to the Principal  ___________________ and submit your explanation.
 Pupil: Yes, Madam. But would you help me write it first?

Ans. at once

(ii) Arun: Are you unwell?
 Ila: No, not ___________________ Why do you ask?
 Arun: If you were unwell. I would send you to my uncle.
 He is a doctor.

Ans. at all

(iii) Mary: Almost every Indian film has an episode of love ___________________ .
 David: Is that what makes them so popular in foreign countries?

Ans. at  first  sight    

(iv) Asif: You look depressed. Why are your spirits ___________________ today? (Use such in the phrase)
 Ashok: I have to write ten sentences using words that I never heard before.

Ans. at such a low ebb

(v) Shieba: Your big moment is close ___________________ .
 Jyoti: How should I welcome it?
 Shieba: Get up and receive the trophy.

Ans. at hand

Q2. Write the noun forms of the following words adding -ance or ‑ence to each.

(i) endure -  endurance
(ii) persist - persistence
(iii) signify - significance
(iv) confide - confidence
(v) maintain -  maintenance
(vi) abhor - abhorrence.

Q3. (i) Match words under A with their meanings under B.

AB
remotedifficult to overcome
meansmost prominent
dominantbe overcome/overpowered
formidablemethod(s)
overwhelmedfar away from

 

Ans.

 

AB
remotefar away from
meansmethod (s)
dominantmost prominent
formidabledifficult to overcome
overwhelmedbe overcome/overpowered

 

(ii) Fill in the blanks in the sentences below with appropriate words from under A.

(a) There were ___________________ obstacles on the way, but we reached our destination safely.
 Ans. 
formidable

(b) We have no ___________________ of finding out what happened there.
 Ans. 
means

(c) Why he lives in a house ___________________ from any town or village is more than I can tell.
 Ans. 
remote

(d) ___________________ by gratitude, we bowed to the speaker for his valuable advice.
 Ans. 
Overwhelmed

(e) The old castle stands in a ___________________ position above the sleepy town.
 Ans. 
dominant. 

The document NCERT Textbook Questions - The Summit Within Notes | Study English Class 8 - Class 8 is a part of the Class 8 Course English Class 8.
All you need of Class 8 at this link: Class 8

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