NCERT Textbook - Survival Skills Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Social Studies (SST) Class 10

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Class 10 : NCERT Textbook - Survival Skills Class 10 Notes | EduRev

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13
Survival Skills
Survival Skills
3.
The Orissa super cyclone of 1999 offers several lessons in disaster management. When the cyclone
struck, western Orissa was already in the grip of a drought. It hit the landfall point near Paradip coast
on October 29 with a wind velocity of 270 to 300 km per hour. That cyclone and the one that preceded
it on October 17-18 together affected over 19 million people, including 3.5 million children. They affected
128 blocks in 14 districts. Search and Rescue measures were carried out on a massive scale. To cater
to the requirement of huge human resource, volunteers were roped in from various walks of life. NCC
and Civil Defence played a vital role in burning carcasses, distribution of relief and carrying our search
and rescue operations.
Looking at the need for large-scale volunteers in an emergency situation, this chapter aims at understanding
the survival skills for various natural and man made hazards. It also discusses various Search and
Rescue skills and First Aid measures that can be carried out by "you" and "me" which would save many
precious lives. Mankind has been coping with disasters since time immemorial. This chapter also gives
an in-sight into the indigenous ways to cope up with disasters.
Search and Rescue being carried out by Village
Volunteers in Gujarat
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