NCERT Textbook - The Passive Class 9 Notes | EduRev

English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English- Class 9

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook - The Passive Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
CBSE
75
I
N
T
U
THE PASSIVE
6 6
1 Here is a newspaper report of a young girl who went back in time to see 
how her home town looked seventy years ago.
2. Fill in the table to identify the subject, verb and object in the sentences 
listed above. You may include the object/ agent where necessary.
Dehra Times
Purkul, 7 July, 09 
It is reported that Kareena, a twelve year old girl living in 
Purkul, went back in time using a time machine.
Seventy years ago her home town was an ideal place to live 
in. Her home town had not been invaded by the marvels of 
technology. Industries had not been set up then, so the air 
was not polluted. She could see children playing in the 
garden. Some children were listening to the stories told by 
their grandmothers. Happiness and contentment prevailed 
everywhere.
In the newspaper report above, the focus is on the changes as observed by 
Kareena.
1. Kareena's hometown had not been invaded by the marvels of technology.
2. Industries had not been set up.
3. The air was not polluted.
4. Some children were listening to stories told to them by their grandmothers.
Kareena's hometown had not been invaded (by) the marvels of 
technology.
Industries _______________________ _______________________ 
_____________________ was not polluted _______________________
Stories _______________________ _______________________
Subject Verb Object
Page 2


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
CBSE
75
I
N
T
U
THE PASSIVE
6 6
1 Here is a newspaper report of a young girl who went back in time to see 
how her home town looked seventy years ago.
2. Fill in the table to identify the subject, verb and object in the sentences 
listed above. You may include the object/ agent where necessary.
Dehra Times
Purkul, 7 July, 09 
It is reported that Kareena, a twelve year old girl living in 
Purkul, went back in time using a time machine.
Seventy years ago her home town was an ideal place to live 
in. Her home town had not been invaded by the marvels of 
technology. Industries had not been set up then, so the air 
was not polluted. She could see children playing in the 
garden. Some children were listening to the stories told by 
their grandmothers. Happiness and contentment prevailed 
everywhere.
In the newspaper report above, the focus is on the changes as observed by 
Kareena.
1. Kareena's hometown had not been invaded by the marvels of technology.
2. Industries had not been set up.
3. The air was not polluted.
4. Some children were listening to stories told to them by their grandmothers.
Kareena's hometown had not been invaded (by) the marvels of 
technology.
Industries _______________________ _______________________ 
_____________________ was not polluted _______________________
Stories _______________________ _______________________
Subject Verb Object
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
76
Did you know?
A passive construction does two things. 
(i) it brings the object to the position of the subject.
(ii) it introduces the verb be and the past participle form of the verb. (-ed/  -en)
A passive construction is be used when 
(a) the agent is unknown
e.g. Gold jewellery worth one crore was found missing.
(b) the agent is too obvious
e.g. The speeding car was stopped at the signal for violating the traffic rules.
(c) the process is more important than the doer.
e.g. Vanilla flavour is added to the milkshake.
(d) the speaker wants to hide the source for confidentiality. 
e.g. I was informed that the staff accept gifts from the customers.
Present Passive: "Where are they made?"
Match the words from columns A, B, C, and D to produce factually correct 
sentences. Write your answer in full sentences. (Remember to make your 
subject and verb "agree".)
e.g.          Coffee is grown in Brazil.
Oranges produced in Brazil.
Wine worn in Switzerland.
Maruti cars are eaten in Malaysia.
Coffee manufactured in France.
The most expensive watches is grown in India.
Uranium mined in the Middle East.
Satay South Africa.
Deshdashes Morocco.
3. Simple Passive
A B C D
Page 3


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
CBSE
75
I
N
T
U
THE PASSIVE
6 6
1 Here is a newspaper report of a young girl who went back in time to see 
how her home town looked seventy years ago.
2. Fill in the table to identify the subject, verb and object in the sentences 
listed above. You may include the object/ agent where necessary.
Dehra Times
Purkul, 7 July, 09 
It is reported that Kareena, a twelve year old girl living in 
Purkul, went back in time using a time machine.
Seventy years ago her home town was an ideal place to live 
in. Her home town had not been invaded by the marvels of 
technology. Industries had not been set up then, so the air 
was not polluted. She could see children playing in the 
garden. Some children were listening to the stories told by 
their grandmothers. Happiness and contentment prevailed 
everywhere.
In the newspaper report above, the focus is on the changes as observed by 
Kareena.
1. Kareena's hometown had not been invaded by the marvels of technology.
2. Industries had not been set up.
3. The air was not polluted.
4. Some children were listening to stories told to them by their grandmothers.
Kareena's hometown had not been invaded (by) the marvels of 
technology.
Industries _______________________ _______________________ 
_____________________ was not polluted _______________________
Stories _______________________ _______________________
Subject Verb Object
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
76
Did you know?
A passive construction does two things. 
(i) it brings the object to the position of the subject.
(ii) it introduces the verb be and the past participle form of the verb. (-ed/  -en)
A passive construction is be used when 
(a) the agent is unknown
e.g. Gold jewellery worth one crore was found missing.
(b) the agent is too obvious
e.g. The speeding car was stopped at the signal for violating the traffic rules.
(c) the process is more important than the doer.
e.g. Vanilla flavour is added to the milkshake.
(d) the speaker wants to hide the source for confidentiality. 
e.g. I was informed that the staff accept gifts from the customers.
Present Passive: "Where are they made?"
Match the words from columns A, B, C, and D to produce factually correct 
sentences. Write your answer in full sentences. (Remember to make your 
subject and verb "agree".)
e.g.          Coffee is grown in Brazil.
Oranges produced in Brazil.
Wine worn in Switzerland.
Maruti cars are eaten in Malaysia.
Coffee manufactured in France.
The most expensive watches is grown in India.
Uranium mined in the Middle East.
Satay South Africa.
Deshdashes Morocco.
3. Simple Passive
A B C D
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
77
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Look at what your partner is wearing. Imagine where the various items of 
clothing were (or might have been) made, and tell your partner. Use your 
imagination!
e.g. A: Was your shirt made in France?
B: No, actually it was made in Brazil.
Headlines.
Newspaper headlines are short and crisp. They often use the passive as it may 
not be necessary to focus on the doer.
Sales tax increased
a) Oscar award for A.R. Rahman's Jai Ho
A.R. Rahman was awarded the Oscar for his song Jai Ho in the movie Slumdog 
Millionaire.
4. Past Passive - "Where was it made?"
5. Passives  in Headlines and Notices
5.1 Expand the following headlines using passives as shown.
Page 4


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
CBSE
75
I
N
T
U
THE PASSIVE
6 6
1 Here is a newspaper report of a young girl who went back in time to see 
how her home town looked seventy years ago.
2. Fill in the table to identify the subject, verb and object in the sentences 
listed above. You may include the object/ agent where necessary.
Dehra Times
Purkul, 7 July, 09 
It is reported that Kareena, a twelve year old girl living in 
Purkul, went back in time using a time machine.
Seventy years ago her home town was an ideal place to live 
in. Her home town had not been invaded by the marvels of 
technology. Industries had not been set up then, so the air 
was not polluted. She could see children playing in the 
garden. Some children were listening to the stories told by 
their grandmothers. Happiness and contentment prevailed 
everywhere.
In the newspaper report above, the focus is on the changes as observed by 
Kareena.
1. Kareena's hometown had not been invaded by the marvels of technology.
2. Industries had not been set up.
3. The air was not polluted.
4. Some children were listening to stories told to them by their grandmothers.
Kareena's hometown had not been invaded (by) the marvels of 
technology.
Industries _______________________ _______________________ 
_____________________ was not polluted _______________________
Stories _______________________ _______________________
Subject Verb Object
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
76
Did you know?
A passive construction does two things. 
(i) it brings the object to the position of the subject.
(ii) it introduces the verb be and the past participle form of the verb. (-ed/  -en)
A passive construction is be used when 
(a) the agent is unknown
e.g. Gold jewellery worth one crore was found missing.
(b) the agent is too obvious
e.g. The speeding car was stopped at the signal for violating the traffic rules.
(c) the process is more important than the doer.
e.g. Vanilla flavour is added to the milkshake.
(d) the speaker wants to hide the source for confidentiality. 
e.g. I was informed that the staff accept gifts from the customers.
Present Passive: "Where are they made?"
Match the words from columns A, B, C, and D to produce factually correct 
sentences. Write your answer in full sentences. (Remember to make your 
subject and verb "agree".)
e.g.          Coffee is grown in Brazil.
Oranges produced in Brazil.
Wine worn in Switzerland.
Maruti cars are eaten in Malaysia.
Coffee manufactured in France.
The most expensive watches is grown in India.
Uranium mined in the Middle East.
Satay South Africa.
Deshdashes Morocco.
3. Simple Passive
A B C D
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
77
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Look at what your partner is wearing. Imagine where the various items of 
clothing were (or might have been) made, and tell your partner. Use your 
imagination!
e.g. A: Was your shirt made in France?
B: No, actually it was made in Brazil.
Headlines.
Newspaper headlines are short and crisp. They often use the passive as it may 
not be necessary to focus on the doer.
Sales tax increased
a) Oscar award for A.R. Rahman's Jai Ho
A.R. Rahman was awarded the Oscar for his song Jai Ho in the movie Slumdog 
Millionaire.
4. Past Passive - "Where was it made?"
5. Passives  in Headlines and Notices
5.1 Expand the following headlines using passives as shown.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
78
b) Son of business tycoon kidnapped
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
c) Explosive found near Regal Cinema
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
(i) The sealink between Bandra and Worli has been inaugurated.
(i) __________________________________________________________________________
(ii) Twelve non-stop superfast trains have been introduced in the recent railway 
budget. 
(ii) __________________________________________________________________________
(iii) One more case of swine flu has been confirmed in Hyderabad.
(iii) __________________________________________________________________________
Read the following captions. Change them into active (voice) and explain 
their meaning.
e.g. All credit cards accepted.
We accept credit cards.
Meaning: The organization accepts credit cards from customers for all their 
transactions.
1. Domestic help required
__________________________________________________________________________
2. All types of computer servicing undertaken.
__________________________________________________________________________
6. Convert these sentences into headlines
7. Notices
Page 5


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
CBSE
75
I
N
T
U
THE PASSIVE
6 6
1 Here is a newspaper report of a young girl who went back in time to see 
how her home town looked seventy years ago.
2. Fill in the table to identify the subject, verb and object in the sentences 
listed above. You may include the object/ agent where necessary.
Dehra Times
Purkul, 7 July, 09 
It is reported that Kareena, a twelve year old girl living in 
Purkul, went back in time using a time machine.
Seventy years ago her home town was an ideal place to live 
in. Her home town had not been invaded by the marvels of 
technology. Industries had not been set up then, so the air 
was not polluted. She could see children playing in the 
garden. Some children were listening to the stories told by 
their grandmothers. Happiness and contentment prevailed 
everywhere.
In the newspaper report above, the focus is on the changes as observed by 
Kareena.
1. Kareena's hometown had not been invaded by the marvels of technology.
2. Industries had not been set up.
3. The air was not polluted.
4. Some children were listening to stories told to them by their grandmothers.
Kareena's hometown had not been invaded (by) the marvels of 
technology.
Industries _______________________ _______________________ 
_____________________ was not polluted _______________________
Stories _______________________ _______________________
Subject Verb Object
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
76
Did you know?
A passive construction does two things. 
(i) it brings the object to the position of the subject.
(ii) it introduces the verb be and the past participle form of the verb. (-ed/  -en)
A passive construction is be used when 
(a) the agent is unknown
e.g. Gold jewellery worth one crore was found missing.
(b) the agent is too obvious
e.g. The speeding car was stopped at the signal for violating the traffic rules.
(c) the process is more important than the doer.
e.g. Vanilla flavour is added to the milkshake.
(d) the speaker wants to hide the source for confidentiality. 
e.g. I was informed that the staff accept gifts from the customers.
Present Passive: "Where are they made?"
Match the words from columns A, B, C, and D to produce factually correct 
sentences. Write your answer in full sentences. (Remember to make your 
subject and verb "agree".)
e.g.          Coffee is grown in Brazil.
Oranges produced in Brazil.
Wine worn in Switzerland.
Maruti cars are eaten in Malaysia.
Coffee manufactured in France.
The most expensive watches is grown in India.
Uranium mined in the Middle East.
Satay South Africa.
Deshdashes Morocco.
3. Simple Passive
A B C D
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
77
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
Look at what your partner is wearing. Imagine where the various items of 
clothing were (or might have been) made, and tell your partner. Use your 
imagination!
e.g. A: Was your shirt made in France?
B: No, actually it was made in Brazil.
Headlines.
Newspaper headlines are short and crisp. They often use the passive as it may 
not be necessary to focus on the doer.
Sales tax increased
a) Oscar award for A.R. Rahman's Jai Ho
A.R. Rahman was awarded the Oscar for his song Jai Ho in the movie Slumdog 
Millionaire.
4. Past Passive - "Where was it made?"
5. Passives  in Headlines and Notices
5.1 Expand the following headlines using passives as shown.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
78
b) Son of business tycoon kidnapped
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
c) Explosive found near Regal Cinema
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
(i) The sealink between Bandra and Worli has been inaugurated.
(i) __________________________________________________________________________
(ii) Twelve non-stop superfast trains have been introduced in the recent railway 
budget. 
(ii) __________________________________________________________________________
(iii) One more case of swine flu has been confirmed in Hyderabad.
(iii) __________________________________________________________________________
Read the following captions. Change them into active (voice) and explain 
their meaning.
e.g. All credit cards accepted.
We accept credit cards.
Meaning: The organization accepts credit cards from customers for all their 
transactions.
1. Domestic help required
__________________________________________________________________________
2. All types of computer servicing undertaken.
__________________________________________________________________________
6. Convert these sentences into headlines
7. Notices
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
6 6
79
3. Using cell phones is not allowed (University Campus)
__________________________________________________________________________
4. Spoken English classes conducted.
__________________________________________________________________________
5. All Recharge Coupons sold here.
__________________________________________________________________________
The passive is often used in tentative statements where the writer tries to be as 
neutral as possible.
considered to be…
It is said
known to have been…
They are acknowledged
believed
regarded as…
8. The Passive in Tentative Statements
8.1 Look at the box below. Write tentative statements following the pattern in 
the table above.
The Taj Mahal invented by the Chinese
healthier than men
Qutab Minar The cheetah the fastest land animal
The Sahara desert
one of the oldest 
forms of writing
the longest river 
in the world
Hieroglyphics Women
Gun powder and 
printing
the tallest ancient 
minaret
The Amazon
the hottest region of 
the earth
the most beautiful 
mausoleum in the world 
Read More
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