NCERT Textbook - Verb Forms Class 9 Notes | EduRev

English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English- Class 9

Created by: Skyhigh Academy

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook - Verb Forms Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1. Simple Past and Past Perfect
Complete this story by Julius Lester. Choose the correct forms of the words 
given in the brackets. 
Brer Rabbit (a) ___________ (decided/ had decided) gardening was too much hard 
work. So he (b) ________ (had gone/ went) back to his old ways of eating from every 
body else's garden. Earlier, he (c) _________ (made/ had made) a tour through the 
community to see what everybody (d) _________ (had been/was) planting that 
summer and his eye (e) _______ (was/ had been) caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Soon as the peanuts (f) _______________ (had been/ were) ready, Brer Rabbit (g) ______ 
(decided/ had decided) to make his acquaintance with them. Every night he (h) ______ 
(had eaten/ ate) his fill and even started bringing his family. Brer Fox (i) ________ 
(had/ had had) a good idea who was eating his peanuts, but he couldn't catch him. He 
inspected his fence and finally (j) __________ (had found/found) a small hole on the 
north side. He tied a rope with a loop knot and put it inside the hole. If anybody 
(k) ______ (stepped/had stepped) in it, the rope would grab his leg and hoist him up in 
the air. 
That night Brer Rabbit (l) __________ (came/ had come) down to the peanut patch. He 
climbed through the hole and WHOOSH! Next thing he (m)________ 
(had known/knew), he was hanging in the air upside down. There (n)________ 
(wasn't/ hadn't been) a thing he could do, so he made himself comfortable to catch a 
little sleep!
(a) What had Brer Rabbit found out?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b) What did he do when the plants grew?
__________________________________________________________________________
(c) How did he enter Brer Fox's peanut patch?
__________________________________________________________________________
1.1 Answer the following questions based on the story you have read.
VERB FORMS
I
N
T
U
1 1
CBSE
1
Page 2


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1. Simple Past and Past Perfect
Complete this story by Julius Lester. Choose the correct forms of the words 
given in the brackets. 
Brer Rabbit (a) ___________ (decided/ had decided) gardening was too much hard 
work. So he (b) ________ (had gone/ went) back to his old ways of eating from every 
body else's garden. Earlier, he (c) _________ (made/ had made) a tour through the 
community to see what everybody (d) _________ (had been/was) planting that 
summer and his eye (e) _______ (was/ had been) caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Soon as the peanuts (f) _______________ (had been/ were) ready, Brer Rabbit (g) ______ 
(decided/ had decided) to make his acquaintance with them. Every night he (h) ______ 
(had eaten/ ate) his fill and even started bringing his family. Brer Fox (i) ________ 
(had/ had had) a good idea who was eating his peanuts, but he couldn't catch him. He 
inspected his fence and finally (j) __________ (had found/found) a small hole on the 
north side. He tied a rope with a loop knot and put it inside the hole. If anybody 
(k) ______ (stepped/had stepped) in it, the rope would grab his leg and hoist him up in 
the air. 
That night Brer Rabbit (l) __________ (came/ had come) down to the peanut patch. He 
climbed through the hole and WHOOSH! Next thing he (m)________ 
(had known/knew), he was hanging in the air upside down. There (n)________ 
(wasn't/ hadn't been) a thing he could do, so he made himself comfortable to catch a 
little sleep!
(a) What had Brer Rabbit found out?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b) What did he do when the plants grew?
__________________________________________________________________________
(c) How did he enter Brer Fox's peanut patch?
__________________________________________________________________________
1.1 Answer the following questions based on the story you have read.
VERB FORMS
I
N
T
U
1 1
CBSE
1
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
(d) Brer Fox had an idea of who was stealing from his patch. What did he do to trap 
Brer Rabbit?
__________________________________________________________________________
You must have used the simple past tense and past perfect tense in your 
answer. Do you know most often, when you use the past perfect, you use it with 
the (simple) past?
Study the sentences from the story and write whether (a) the action happened 
before the action mentioned in the simple past tense, or (b) an action happened 
after the action mentioned in the past perfect tense.
(e.g.) Brer Rabbit had decided _(a)_ gardening was __(b)__too much for him. So, 
he went _____ back to his old ways. Earlier, he had made _____ a tour through 
the community to see what everybody had been _____ planting that summer 
and his eye was _____ caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Among the most worrying aspects of climate change today (a)______ (is/has been) the 
effect it (b) ________ (has had/have had) on the food supply of the world. Scientists 
(c) _______ (have focussed/focus) their attention and efforts on increasing crop yield 
and improving crop resilience. Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (d) ________ (have 
been/are) the most affected today. Their population (e) ________ (is/ has been) the 
world's fastest growing rice consumer. The most vulnerable agricultural systems 
(f) ______ (are/have been) the rain-fed uplands and lowlands that form 80% of total 
rice land. Until recently, scientists (g) _________ (have focussed /focussed) on 
improving crop yields, and in a relatively short period of time, (h) _____ (give/ have 
given) us, higher yields. Reports warning of increased droughts and floods, 
(i) ___________ (shift/ have shifted) scientists' attention to making crops "climate - 
proof"
(a) What have been the most worrying aspects of agricultural growth?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b)  What do scientists today focus on?
__________________________________________________________________________
2. Here is a news story about how crops are saved by climate-proofing them. 
Complete it by choosing the right words from those given in the brackets.
2.1. Answer the questions based on your reading of the passage above.
2
Page 3


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1. Simple Past and Past Perfect
Complete this story by Julius Lester. Choose the correct forms of the words 
given in the brackets. 
Brer Rabbit (a) ___________ (decided/ had decided) gardening was too much hard 
work. So he (b) ________ (had gone/ went) back to his old ways of eating from every 
body else's garden. Earlier, he (c) _________ (made/ had made) a tour through the 
community to see what everybody (d) _________ (had been/was) planting that 
summer and his eye (e) _______ (was/ had been) caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Soon as the peanuts (f) _______________ (had been/ were) ready, Brer Rabbit (g) ______ 
(decided/ had decided) to make his acquaintance with them. Every night he (h) ______ 
(had eaten/ ate) his fill and even started bringing his family. Brer Fox (i) ________ 
(had/ had had) a good idea who was eating his peanuts, but he couldn't catch him. He 
inspected his fence and finally (j) __________ (had found/found) a small hole on the 
north side. He tied a rope with a loop knot and put it inside the hole. If anybody 
(k) ______ (stepped/had stepped) in it, the rope would grab his leg and hoist him up in 
the air. 
That night Brer Rabbit (l) __________ (came/ had come) down to the peanut patch. He 
climbed through the hole and WHOOSH! Next thing he (m)________ 
(had known/knew), he was hanging in the air upside down. There (n)________ 
(wasn't/ hadn't been) a thing he could do, so he made himself comfortable to catch a 
little sleep!
(a) What had Brer Rabbit found out?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b) What did he do when the plants grew?
__________________________________________________________________________
(c) How did he enter Brer Fox's peanut patch?
__________________________________________________________________________
1.1 Answer the following questions based on the story you have read.
VERB FORMS
I
N
T
U
1 1
CBSE
1
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
(d) Brer Fox had an idea of who was stealing from his patch. What did he do to trap 
Brer Rabbit?
__________________________________________________________________________
You must have used the simple past tense and past perfect tense in your 
answer. Do you know most often, when you use the past perfect, you use it with 
the (simple) past?
Study the sentences from the story and write whether (a) the action happened 
before the action mentioned in the simple past tense, or (b) an action happened 
after the action mentioned in the past perfect tense.
(e.g.) Brer Rabbit had decided _(a)_ gardening was __(b)__too much for him. So, 
he went _____ back to his old ways. Earlier, he had made _____ a tour through 
the community to see what everybody had been _____ planting that summer 
and his eye was _____ caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Among the most worrying aspects of climate change today (a)______ (is/has been) the 
effect it (b) ________ (has had/have had) on the food supply of the world. Scientists 
(c) _______ (have focussed/focus) their attention and efforts on increasing crop yield 
and improving crop resilience. Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (d) ________ (have 
been/are) the most affected today. Their population (e) ________ (is/ has been) the 
world's fastest growing rice consumer. The most vulnerable agricultural systems 
(f) ______ (are/have been) the rain-fed uplands and lowlands that form 80% of total 
rice land. Until recently, scientists (g) _________ (have focussed /focussed) on 
improving crop yields, and in a relatively short period of time, (h) _____ (give/ have 
given) us, higher yields. Reports warning of increased droughts and floods, 
(i) ___________ (shift/ have shifted) scientists' attention to making crops "climate - 
proof"
(a) What have been the most worrying aspects of agricultural growth?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b)  What do scientists today focus on?
__________________________________________________________________________
2. Here is a news story about how crops are saved by climate-proofing them. 
Complete it by choosing the right words from those given in the brackets.
2.1. Answer the questions based on your reading of the passage above.
2
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
(c) Where is the negative impact of climate most felt? 
__________________________________________________________________________
(d) What have the scientists focussed on so far?
__________________________________________________________________________
(e) How has their attention shifted?
__________________________________________________________________________
Did you know
You would have used the simple present and present perfect tense in your 
answer. Why?
The main use of the simple present tense is to refer to
(i) an action that takes place now.
(ii) routine action/s. 
The present perfect tense is used to refer to an action which has happened 
in the past but whose effect still remains. 
(e.g.) Among the most worrying aspect of climate change is the effect it has on 
the world's food supply.
Climate scientists have predicted that the cultivation of rice in Asia and Sub-
Sahara Africa has been affected severely, since 1970. But, today lack of funds 
hinders research. 
Sunday 
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
3.  Working in pairs, fill up the table by asking your partner about what 
he/she does on the following days and times.
Day 7.00 am 1.00 pm 6.00 pm
3
Page 4


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1. Simple Past and Past Perfect
Complete this story by Julius Lester. Choose the correct forms of the words 
given in the brackets. 
Brer Rabbit (a) ___________ (decided/ had decided) gardening was too much hard 
work. So he (b) ________ (had gone/ went) back to his old ways of eating from every 
body else's garden. Earlier, he (c) _________ (made/ had made) a tour through the 
community to see what everybody (d) _________ (had been/was) planting that 
summer and his eye (e) _______ (was/ had been) caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Soon as the peanuts (f) _______________ (had been/ were) ready, Brer Rabbit (g) ______ 
(decided/ had decided) to make his acquaintance with them. Every night he (h) ______ 
(had eaten/ ate) his fill and even started bringing his family. Brer Fox (i) ________ 
(had/ had had) a good idea who was eating his peanuts, but he couldn't catch him. He 
inspected his fence and finally (j) __________ (had found/found) a small hole on the 
north side. He tied a rope with a loop knot and put it inside the hole. If anybody 
(k) ______ (stepped/had stepped) in it, the rope would grab his leg and hoist him up in 
the air. 
That night Brer Rabbit (l) __________ (came/ had come) down to the peanut patch. He 
climbed through the hole and WHOOSH! Next thing he (m)________ 
(had known/knew), he was hanging in the air upside down. There (n)________ 
(wasn't/ hadn't been) a thing he could do, so he made himself comfortable to catch a 
little sleep!
(a) What had Brer Rabbit found out?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b) What did he do when the plants grew?
__________________________________________________________________________
(c) How did he enter Brer Fox's peanut patch?
__________________________________________________________________________
1.1 Answer the following questions based on the story you have read.
VERB FORMS
I
N
T
U
1 1
CBSE
1
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
(d) Brer Fox had an idea of who was stealing from his patch. What did he do to trap 
Brer Rabbit?
__________________________________________________________________________
You must have used the simple past tense and past perfect tense in your 
answer. Do you know most often, when you use the past perfect, you use it with 
the (simple) past?
Study the sentences from the story and write whether (a) the action happened 
before the action mentioned in the simple past tense, or (b) an action happened 
after the action mentioned in the past perfect tense.
(e.g.) Brer Rabbit had decided _(a)_ gardening was __(b)__too much for him. So, 
he went _____ back to his old ways. Earlier, he had made _____ a tour through 
the community to see what everybody had been _____ planting that summer 
and his eye was _____ caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Among the most worrying aspects of climate change today (a)______ (is/has been) the 
effect it (b) ________ (has had/have had) on the food supply of the world. Scientists 
(c) _______ (have focussed/focus) their attention and efforts on increasing crop yield 
and improving crop resilience. Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (d) ________ (have 
been/are) the most affected today. Their population (e) ________ (is/ has been) the 
world's fastest growing rice consumer. The most vulnerable agricultural systems 
(f) ______ (are/have been) the rain-fed uplands and lowlands that form 80% of total 
rice land. Until recently, scientists (g) _________ (have focussed /focussed) on 
improving crop yields, and in a relatively short period of time, (h) _____ (give/ have 
given) us, higher yields. Reports warning of increased droughts and floods, 
(i) ___________ (shift/ have shifted) scientists' attention to making crops "climate - 
proof"
(a) What have been the most worrying aspects of agricultural growth?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b)  What do scientists today focus on?
__________________________________________________________________________
2. Here is a news story about how crops are saved by climate-proofing them. 
Complete it by choosing the right words from those given in the brackets.
2.1. Answer the questions based on your reading of the passage above.
2
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
(c) Where is the negative impact of climate most felt? 
__________________________________________________________________________
(d) What have the scientists focussed on so far?
__________________________________________________________________________
(e) How has their attention shifted?
__________________________________________________________________________
Did you know
You would have used the simple present and present perfect tense in your 
answer. Why?
The main use of the simple present tense is to refer to
(i) an action that takes place now.
(ii) routine action/s. 
The present perfect tense is used to refer to an action which has happened 
in the past but whose effect still remains. 
(e.g.) Among the most worrying aspect of climate change is the effect it has on 
the world's food supply.
Climate scientists have predicted that the cultivation of rice in Asia and Sub-
Sahara Africa has been affected severely, since 1970. But, today lack of funds 
hinders research. 
Sunday 
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
3.  Working in pairs, fill up the table by asking your partner about what 
he/she does on the following days and times.
Day 7.00 am 1.00 pm 6.00 pm
3
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
4
Write a brief account of his/her actions on the specified times and days, in the 
space below. Ask further questions, if necessary. Use the simple past/past 
perfect tense to write your description.
e.g. (a) Rani visited the zoo on Sunday.
(b) She had finished all her homework by 5.00 am on that day.  
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Look around your classroom and  observe the activities in your school in this 
period. Describe what you, your teacher or class are doing in the form of a 
paragraph. 
e.g. The Blue House is practising its songs for the competition. I can hear the band 
which is playing patriotic tunes, in the playground.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
4. Present Continuous
Page 5


INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1. Simple Past and Past Perfect
Complete this story by Julius Lester. Choose the correct forms of the words 
given in the brackets. 
Brer Rabbit (a) ___________ (decided/ had decided) gardening was too much hard 
work. So he (b) ________ (had gone/ went) back to his old ways of eating from every 
body else's garden. Earlier, he (c) _________ (made/ had made) a tour through the 
community to see what everybody (d) _________ (had been/was) planting that 
summer and his eye (e) _______ (was/ had been) caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Soon as the peanuts (f) _______________ (had been/ were) ready, Brer Rabbit (g) ______ 
(decided/ had decided) to make his acquaintance with them. Every night he (h) ______ 
(had eaten/ ate) his fill and even started bringing his family. Brer Fox (i) ________ 
(had/ had had) a good idea who was eating his peanuts, but he couldn't catch him. He 
inspected his fence and finally (j) __________ (had found/found) a small hole on the 
north side. He tied a rope with a loop knot and put it inside the hole. If anybody 
(k) ______ (stepped/had stepped) in it, the rope would grab his leg and hoist him up in 
the air. 
That night Brer Rabbit (l) __________ (came/ had come) down to the peanut patch. He 
climbed through the hole and WHOOSH! Next thing he (m)________ 
(had known/knew), he was hanging in the air upside down. There (n)________ 
(wasn't/ hadn't been) a thing he could do, so he made himself comfortable to catch a 
little sleep!
(a) What had Brer Rabbit found out?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b) What did he do when the plants grew?
__________________________________________________________________________
(c) How did he enter Brer Fox's peanut patch?
__________________________________________________________________________
1.1 Answer the following questions based on the story you have read.
VERB FORMS
I
N
T
U
1 1
CBSE
1
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
(d) Brer Fox had an idea of who was stealing from his patch. What did he do to trap 
Brer Rabbit?
__________________________________________________________________________
You must have used the simple past tense and past perfect tense in your 
answer. Do you know most often, when you use the past perfect, you use it with 
the (simple) past?
Study the sentences from the story and write whether (a) the action happened 
before the action mentioned in the simple past tense, or (b) an action happened 
after the action mentioned in the past perfect tense.
(e.g.) Brer Rabbit had decided _(a)_ gardening was __(b)__too much for him. So, 
he went _____ back to his old ways. Earlier, he had made _____ a tour through 
the community to see what everybody had been _____ planting that summer 
and his eye was _____ caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.
Among the most worrying aspects of climate change today (a)______ (is/has been) the 
effect it (b) ________ (has had/have had) on the food supply of the world. Scientists 
(c) _______ (have focussed/focus) their attention and efforts on increasing crop yield 
and improving crop resilience. Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (d) ________ (have 
been/are) the most affected today. Their population (e) ________ (is/ has been) the 
world's fastest growing rice consumer. The most vulnerable agricultural systems 
(f) ______ (are/have been) the rain-fed uplands and lowlands that form 80% of total 
rice land. Until recently, scientists (g) _________ (have focussed /focussed) on 
improving crop yields, and in a relatively short period of time, (h) _____ (give/ have 
given) us, higher yields. Reports warning of increased droughts and floods, 
(i) ___________ (shift/ have shifted) scientists' attention to making crops "climate - 
proof"
(a) What have been the most worrying aspects of agricultural growth?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b)  What do scientists today focus on?
__________________________________________________________________________
2. Here is a news story about how crops are saved by climate-proofing them. 
Complete it by choosing the right words from those given in the brackets.
2.1. Answer the questions based on your reading of the passage above.
2
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
(c) Where is the negative impact of climate most felt? 
__________________________________________________________________________
(d) What have the scientists focussed on so far?
__________________________________________________________________________
(e) How has their attention shifted?
__________________________________________________________________________
Did you know
You would have used the simple present and present perfect tense in your 
answer. Why?
The main use of the simple present tense is to refer to
(i) an action that takes place now.
(ii) routine action/s. 
The present perfect tense is used to refer to an action which has happened 
in the past but whose effect still remains. 
(e.g.) Among the most worrying aspect of climate change is the effect it has on 
the world's food supply.
Climate scientists have predicted that the cultivation of rice in Asia and Sub-
Sahara Africa has been affected severely, since 1970. But, today lack of funds 
hinders research. 
Sunday 
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
3.  Working in pairs, fill up the table by asking your partner about what 
he/she does on the following days and times.
Day 7.00 am 1.00 pm 6.00 pm
3
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
4
Write a brief account of his/her actions on the specified times and days, in the 
space below. Ask further questions, if necessary. Use the simple past/past 
perfect tense to write your description.
e.g. (a) Rani visited the zoo on Sunday.
(b) She had finished all her homework by 5.00 am on that day.  
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Look around your classroom and  observe the activities in your school in this 
period. Describe what you, your teacher or class are doing in the form of a 
paragraph. 
e.g. The Blue House is practising its songs for the competition. I can hear the band 
which is playing patriotic tunes, in the playground.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
4. Present Continuous
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
1 1
5. Simple Past and Past Continuous
There was a burglary in your neighbourhood. You saw something suspicious. 
Tell the police officer all about it by filling in the blanks choosing the correct 
forms of the words from the options given below.
It (a) was raining last night. I (b) ________________ TV. I (c) ________________ a little 
restless. I (d) _____________ to the window and was looking out when I (e) 
________________ that Mr Sharma, my neighbour (f) ________________  near the door. I 
thought he had gone to shut it. I also (g) ________________  Mrs Sharma walking up 
and down in her garden.  Then I heard Mr Sharma calling his wife to come in. I (h) 
________________ back to my table and opened my book. I (i)  ________________ when I 
heard a thud and a scream. I (j) ________________ out of the house and saw a  man in a 
black coat and hat running towards the gate. Mr and Mrs Sharma (k)  
________________ in the street. I saw a car speeding away with the burglar. 
(a) (i) raining (ii) was raining (iii) were raining (iv) rained
(b) (i) were watching (ii) watched (iii) was watching (iv) watching
(c) (i) has felt (ii) felt (iii) was feeling (iv) feel
(d) (i) had gone (ii) went (iii) was going (iv) gone
(e) (i) noticing (ii) was noticing (iii) were noticing (iv) noticed
(f) (i) stood (ii) were standing (iii) was standing (iv) were stood
(g) (i) seeing (ii) saw (iii) was seeing (iv) seen
(h) (i) had come (ii) was coming (iii) came (iv) were came
(i) (i) had read        (ii) was reading     (iii) were reading (iv) read
(j) (i) rushed (ii) was rushing (iii) were rushed (iv) rushing
(k) (i) had screamed (ii) was screaming (iii) screamed (iv) were screaming
5
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