NEET-Botany NEET Notes | EduRev

NEET : NEET-Botany NEET Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


ROUGH
91. In the five kingdom classification, Chlamydomonas and Chlorella have been included in
1) Protista 2) Algae 3) Plantae 4) Monera
92. Maximum nutritional diversity is found in which of the following groups
1) Fungi 2) Animalia 3) Monera 4) Plantae
93. The given figures show thalli of a liverwort.  Identify the parts labelled as A, B, C, D in
that
a)  b) 
1)    A - gemma cup ; B - rhizoids  ;   C- Roots  ;   D - Archegoniophore
2)    A - sporophyte  ; B: rhizoids  ;  C -  archegoniophore  ;  D - antheridiophore
3)    A - gemma cup ;  B - rhizoids ;  C -  archegoniophore ;  D - antheridiophore
4)    A - gemma cup ; B - roots  ;  C - archegoniophore  ;  D -  antheridiophore
94. Consider the following statements regarding gymnosperms and choose the correct
option.
A) In gymnosperms, the male and female gametophytes have an independent existence
2) The multicellular female gametophyte is called endosperm
3) The gymnosperms are heterosporous
1) A and B are true but C is false 2) A and C are true but B is false
3) B and C are false but A is true 4) B and C are true but A is false
95. How many plants in the list given below have tap root modifications - Banyan, V anda,
Turnip, Sweet potato, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Monstera
1) Four 2) Two 3) Three 4) Five
BOTANY
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Page 2


ROUGH
91. In the five kingdom classification, Chlamydomonas and Chlorella have been included in
1) Protista 2) Algae 3) Plantae 4) Monera
92. Maximum nutritional diversity is found in which of the following groups
1) Fungi 2) Animalia 3) Monera 4) Plantae
93. The given figures show thalli of a liverwort.  Identify the parts labelled as A, B, C, D in
that
a)  b) 
1)    A - gemma cup ; B - rhizoids  ;   C- Roots  ;   D - Archegoniophore
2)    A - sporophyte  ; B: rhizoids  ;  C -  archegoniophore  ;  D - antheridiophore
3)    A - gemma cup ;  B - rhizoids ;  C -  archegoniophore ;  D - antheridiophore
4)    A - gemma cup ; B - roots  ;  C - archegoniophore  ;  D -  antheridiophore
94. Consider the following statements regarding gymnosperms and choose the correct
option.
A) In gymnosperms, the male and female gametophytes have an independent existence
2) The multicellular female gametophyte is called endosperm
3) The gymnosperms are heterosporous
1) A and B are true but C is false 2) A and C are true but B is false
3) B and C are false but A is true 4) B and C are true but A is false
95. How many plants in the list given below have tap root modifications - Banyan, V anda,
Turnip, Sweet potato, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Monstera
1) Four 2) Two 3) Three 4) Five
BOTANY
indiavidya.com
indiavidya.com
ROUGH
96. Aerial roots are modified for both absorption and assimilation in this genus
1) V anda 2) Monstera 3) Banyan 4) Taeniophyllum
97. The structure which contains vascular bundle and is the modification of stem is
1) Spine 2) Trichome 3) Thorn 4) Prickle
98. Green leaf like modified branches with a single internode are called
1) Phyllode 2) Phylloclade 3) Bulbils 4) Cladode
99. Find the correct match:
1) Mustard plant :  leaves are opposite
2) Guava plant :  leaves are alternate
3) Nerium plant : leaves are whorled
4) Calotropis plant : leaves are alternate
100. Which of the following is not a tendril climber
1) Smilax 2) Pisum 3) Grape vine 4) Bean
101. Cup shaped structure in the flower of guava is
1) Thalamus 2) Peduncle 3) Bracts 4) Ovary
102. A character not applicable to chinarose is
1) Alternate phyllotaxy
2) Twisted aestivation in the second whorl of flower
3) Cohesion in the third whorl of flower 4) Solitary, terminal inflorescence
103. Identify the types of placentations in the diagrams A, B, C, D given below respectively
                 
1) Marginal, axile, parietal, basal 2) Marginal, axile, parietal, parietal
3) Marginal, parietal, parietal, axile 4) Parietal, axile, parietal, marginal
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Page 3


ROUGH
91. In the five kingdom classification, Chlamydomonas and Chlorella have been included in
1) Protista 2) Algae 3) Plantae 4) Monera
92. Maximum nutritional diversity is found in which of the following groups
1) Fungi 2) Animalia 3) Monera 4) Plantae
93. The given figures show thalli of a liverwort.  Identify the parts labelled as A, B, C, D in
that
a)  b) 
1)    A - gemma cup ; B - rhizoids  ;   C- Roots  ;   D - Archegoniophore
2)    A - sporophyte  ; B: rhizoids  ;  C -  archegoniophore  ;  D - antheridiophore
3)    A - gemma cup ;  B - rhizoids ;  C -  archegoniophore ;  D - antheridiophore
4)    A - gemma cup ; B - roots  ;  C - archegoniophore  ;  D -  antheridiophore
94. Consider the following statements regarding gymnosperms and choose the correct
option.
A) In gymnosperms, the male and female gametophytes have an independent existence
2) The multicellular female gametophyte is called endosperm
3) The gymnosperms are heterosporous
1) A and B are true but C is false 2) A and C are true but B is false
3) B and C are false but A is true 4) B and C are true but A is false
95. How many plants in the list given below have tap root modifications - Banyan, V anda,
Turnip, Sweet potato, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Monstera
1) Four 2) Two 3) Three 4) Five
BOTANY
indiavidya.com
indiavidya.com
ROUGH
96. Aerial roots are modified for both absorption and assimilation in this genus
1) V anda 2) Monstera 3) Banyan 4) Taeniophyllum
97. The structure which contains vascular bundle and is the modification of stem is
1) Spine 2) Trichome 3) Thorn 4) Prickle
98. Green leaf like modified branches with a single internode are called
1) Phyllode 2) Phylloclade 3) Bulbils 4) Cladode
99. Find the correct match:
1) Mustard plant :  leaves are opposite
2) Guava plant :  leaves are alternate
3) Nerium plant : leaves are whorled
4) Calotropis plant : leaves are alternate
100. Which of the following is not a tendril climber
1) Smilax 2) Pisum 3) Grape vine 4) Bean
101. Cup shaped structure in the flower of guava is
1) Thalamus 2) Peduncle 3) Bracts 4) Ovary
102. A character not applicable to chinarose is
1) Alternate phyllotaxy
2) Twisted aestivation in the second whorl of flower
3) Cohesion in the third whorl of flower 4) Solitary, terminal inflorescence
103. Identify the types of placentations in the diagrams A, B, C, D given below respectively
                 
1) Marginal, axile, parietal, basal 2) Marginal, axile, parietal, parietal
3) Marginal, parietal, parietal, axile 4) Parietal, axile, parietal, marginal
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ROUGH
104. Fleshy fruits that develop from inferior ovaries are found in
1) Sunflower, apple, cucumber 2) Apple, cucumber, citrus
3) Tomato, grapes, guava 4) Guava, apple, cucumber
105. Apomictic embryos in Citrus arise from
1) Synergids 2) Maternal sporophytic tissue in ovule
3) Antipodal cells 4) Diploid egg
106. Incorrect statement among the following
1) In mustard flower stamens have no adhesion or cohesion
2) In thorn apple stamens have adhesion, but not cohesion
3) In sunhemp stamens have cohesion, but not adhesion
4) In lily stamens have both cohesion and adhesion
107. Which of the following is wrongly matched:
1) Aloe - medicine 2) Sesbania - green manure
3) Thorn apple - fumigatory 4) Asparagus - vegetable
108. Which of the following biomolecules is correctly characterised ?
1) Lecithin - a phosphorylated glyceride found in cell membrane
2) Palmitic acid - an unsaturated fatty acid with 18 carbon atoms
3) Adenylic acid - adenosine with glucose phosphate molecule
4) Alanine amino acid - contains an amino group and acidic group anywhere in the molecule.
109. Identify the amino acids n-2, n-1, n, n+1 in the following representation of primary
structure a hypothetical protein
O H
2
CH
2 2 2
CH OH CH CH
HN CH CO NH CH C O NH C H CO NH CH CO ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
2
CH
SH
2
CH CO OH
n-2 n-1
n
n+1
1) Glutamic acid, Tyrosine, Cysteine, Serine 2) Serine, cystine, Tyrosine, Glutamic acid
3) Serine, Tyrosine, Glutamic acid, Cystine 4) Serine, Cystein, Tyrosine, Glutamic acid
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Page 4


ROUGH
91. In the five kingdom classification, Chlamydomonas and Chlorella have been included in
1) Protista 2) Algae 3) Plantae 4) Monera
92. Maximum nutritional diversity is found in which of the following groups
1) Fungi 2) Animalia 3) Monera 4) Plantae
93. The given figures show thalli of a liverwort.  Identify the parts labelled as A, B, C, D in
that
a)  b) 
1)    A - gemma cup ; B - rhizoids  ;   C- Roots  ;   D - Archegoniophore
2)    A - sporophyte  ; B: rhizoids  ;  C -  archegoniophore  ;  D - antheridiophore
3)    A - gemma cup ;  B - rhizoids ;  C -  archegoniophore ;  D - antheridiophore
4)    A - gemma cup ; B - roots  ;  C - archegoniophore  ;  D -  antheridiophore
94. Consider the following statements regarding gymnosperms and choose the correct
option.
A) In gymnosperms, the male and female gametophytes have an independent existence
2) The multicellular female gametophyte is called endosperm
3) The gymnosperms are heterosporous
1) A and B are true but C is false 2) A and C are true but B is false
3) B and C are false but A is true 4) B and C are true but A is false
95. How many plants in the list given below have tap root modifications - Banyan, V anda,
Turnip, Sweet potato, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Monstera
1) Four 2) Two 3) Three 4) Five
BOTANY
indiavidya.com
indiavidya.com
ROUGH
96. Aerial roots are modified for both absorption and assimilation in this genus
1) V anda 2) Monstera 3) Banyan 4) Taeniophyllum
97. The structure which contains vascular bundle and is the modification of stem is
1) Spine 2) Trichome 3) Thorn 4) Prickle
98. Green leaf like modified branches with a single internode are called
1) Phyllode 2) Phylloclade 3) Bulbils 4) Cladode
99. Find the correct match:
1) Mustard plant :  leaves are opposite
2) Guava plant :  leaves are alternate
3) Nerium plant : leaves are whorled
4) Calotropis plant : leaves are alternate
100. Which of the following is not a tendril climber
1) Smilax 2) Pisum 3) Grape vine 4) Bean
101. Cup shaped structure in the flower of guava is
1) Thalamus 2) Peduncle 3) Bracts 4) Ovary
102. A character not applicable to chinarose is
1) Alternate phyllotaxy
2) Twisted aestivation in the second whorl of flower
3) Cohesion in the third whorl of flower 4) Solitary, terminal inflorescence
103. Identify the types of placentations in the diagrams A, B, C, D given below respectively
                 
1) Marginal, axile, parietal, basal 2) Marginal, axile, parietal, parietal
3) Marginal, parietal, parietal, axile 4) Parietal, axile, parietal, marginal
indiavidya.com
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ROUGH
104. Fleshy fruits that develop from inferior ovaries are found in
1) Sunflower, apple, cucumber 2) Apple, cucumber, citrus
3) Tomato, grapes, guava 4) Guava, apple, cucumber
105. Apomictic embryos in Citrus arise from
1) Synergids 2) Maternal sporophytic tissue in ovule
3) Antipodal cells 4) Diploid egg
106. Incorrect statement among the following
1) In mustard flower stamens have no adhesion or cohesion
2) In thorn apple stamens have adhesion, but not cohesion
3) In sunhemp stamens have cohesion, but not adhesion
4) In lily stamens have both cohesion and adhesion
107. Which of the following is wrongly matched:
1) Aloe - medicine 2) Sesbania - green manure
3) Thorn apple - fumigatory 4) Asparagus - vegetable
108. Which of the following biomolecules is correctly characterised ?
1) Lecithin - a phosphorylated glyceride found in cell membrane
2) Palmitic acid - an unsaturated fatty acid with 18 carbon atoms
3) Adenylic acid - adenosine with glucose phosphate molecule
4) Alanine amino acid - contains an amino group and acidic group anywhere in the molecule.
109. Identify the amino acids n-2, n-1, n, n+1 in the following representation of primary
structure a hypothetical protein
O H
2
CH
2 2 2
CH OH CH CH
HN CH CO NH CH C O NH C H CO NH CH CO ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
2
CH
SH
2
CH CO OH
n-2 n-1
n
n+1
1) Glutamic acid, Tyrosine, Cysteine, Serine 2) Serine, cystine, Tyrosine, Glutamic acid
3) Serine, Tyrosine, Glutamic acid, Cystine 4) Serine, Cystein, Tyrosine, Glutamic acid
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ROUGH
110. What is true about ribosomes
1) The prokaryotic ribosomes are 80 S, where "S" stands for sedimentation co-efficient
2) These are composed of ribonucleic acid and protein
3) These are found only in eukaryotic cells
4) These are self - splicing introns of some ribozymes
111. If mitotic division is restricted in the G
1
-Phase of a cell cycle then the condition is
known as
1) S-Phase 2) G
2
-Phase 3) M-Phase 4) G
0
-Phase
112. In the following diagram of phloem identify the parts labelled as A, B, C, D
1) A - Sieve pore, B - Sieve tube element, C-companion cell, D-Phloem parenchyma
2) A - Sieve pore, B-sieve tube element, C-Phloem parenchyma, D-Companion cell
3) A-perforation plate, B-Sieve element, C-Phloem parenchyma, D-companion cell
4) A-Sieve pore, B-companion cell, C-sieve tube element, D- Phloem parenchyma
113. Which of the following statements is correct for secondary succession
1) It begins on a bare rock 2) It occurs on a deforested site
3) It follows primary succession
4) It takes place slowly than that of primary succession
114. A cell is equally permeable to sucrose solution and NaCl solution.  First the cell is put
in 0.6 M sucrose solution, there is no change in size but when put in 0.6 M NaCl solution
the size will
1) Increase 2) Decrease 3) Remain same 4) Can't be said
115. Stomata open at night in
1) hydrophytes 2) Succulents 3) mesophytes 4) halophytes
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Page 5


ROUGH
91. In the five kingdom classification, Chlamydomonas and Chlorella have been included in
1) Protista 2) Algae 3) Plantae 4) Monera
92. Maximum nutritional diversity is found in which of the following groups
1) Fungi 2) Animalia 3) Monera 4) Plantae
93. The given figures show thalli of a liverwort.  Identify the parts labelled as A, B, C, D in
that
a)  b) 
1)    A - gemma cup ; B - rhizoids  ;   C- Roots  ;   D - Archegoniophore
2)    A - sporophyte  ; B: rhizoids  ;  C -  archegoniophore  ;  D - antheridiophore
3)    A - gemma cup ;  B - rhizoids ;  C -  archegoniophore ;  D - antheridiophore
4)    A - gemma cup ; B - roots  ;  C - archegoniophore  ;  D -  antheridiophore
94. Consider the following statements regarding gymnosperms and choose the correct
option.
A) In gymnosperms, the male and female gametophytes have an independent existence
2) The multicellular female gametophyte is called endosperm
3) The gymnosperms are heterosporous
1) A and B are true but C is false 2) A and C are true but B is false
3) B and C are false but A is true 4) B and C are true but A is false
95. How many plants in the list given below have tap root modifications - Banyan, V anda,
Turnip, Sweet potato, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Monstera
1) Four 2) Two 3) Three 4) Five
BOTANY
indiavidya.com
indiavidya.com
ROUGH
96. Aerial roots are modified for both absorption and assimilation in this genus
1) V anda 2) Monstera 3) Banyan 4) Taeniophyllum
97. The structure which contains vascular bundle and is the modification of stem is
1) Spine 2) Trichome 3) Thorn 4) Prickle
98. Green leaf like modified branches with a single internode are called
1) Phyllode 2) Phylloclade 3) Bulbils 4) Cladode
99. Find the correct match:
1) Mustard plant :  leaves are opposite
2) Guava plant :  leaves are alternate
3) Nerium plant : leaves are whorled
4) Calotropis plant : leaves are alternate
100. Which of the following is not a tendril climber
1) Smilax 2) Pisum 3) Grape vine 4) Bean
101. Cup shaped structure in the flower of guava is
1) Thalamus 2) Peduncle 3) Bracts 4) Ovary
102. A character not applicable to chinarose is
1) Alternate phyllotaxy
2) Twisted aestivation in the second whorl of flower
3) Cohesion in the third whorl of flower 4) Solitary, terminal inflorescence
103. Identify the types of placentations in the diagrams A, B, C, D given below respectively
                 
1) Marginal, axile, parietal, basal 2) Marginal, axile, parietal, parietal
3) Marginal, parietal, parietal, axile 4) Parietal, axile, parietal, marginal
indiavidya.com
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ROUGH
104. Fleshy fruits that develop from inferior ovaries are found in
1) Sunflower, apple, cucumber 2) Apple, cucumber, citrus
3) Tomato, grapes, guava 4) Guava, apple, cucumber
105. Apomictic embryos in Citrus arise from
1) Synergids 2) Maternal sporophytic tissue in ovule
3) Antipodal cells 4) Diploid egg
106. Incorrect statement among the following
1) In mustard flower stamens have no adhesion or cohesion
2) In thorn apple stamens have adhesion, but not cohesion
3) In sunhemp stamens have cohesion, but not adhesion
4) In lily stamens have both cohesion and adhesion
107. Which of the following is wrongly matched:
1) Aloe - medicine 2) Sesbania - green manure
3) Thorn apple - fumigatory 4) Asparagus - vegetable
108. Which of the following biomolecules is correctly characterised ?
1) Lecithin - a phosphorylated glyceride found in cell membrane
2) Palmitic acid - an unsaturated fatty acid with 18 carbon atoms
3) Adenylic acid - adenosine with glucose phosphate molecule
4) Alanine amino acid - contains an amino group and acidic group anywhere in the molecule.
109. Identify the amino acids n-2, n-1, n, n+1 in the following representation of primary
structure a hypothetical protein
O H
2
CH
2 2 2
CH OH CH CH
HN CH CO NH CH C O NH C H CO NH CH CO ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
2
CH
SH
2
CH CO OH
n-2 n-1
n
n+1
1) Glutamic acid, Tyrosine, Cysteine, Serine 2) Serine, cystine, Tyrosine, Glutamic acid
3) Serine, Tyrosine, Glutamic acid, Cystine 4) Serine, Cystein, Tyrosine, Glutamic acid
indiavidya.com
indiavidya.com
ROUGH
110. What is true about ribosomes
1) The prokaryotic ribosomes are 80 S, where "S" stands for sedimentation co-efficient
2) These are composed of ribonucleic acid and protein
3) These are found only in eukaryotic cells
4) These are self - splicing introns of some ribozymes
111. If mitotic division is restricted in the G
1
-Phase of a cell cycle then the condition is
known as
1) S-Phase 2) G
2
-Phase 3) M-Phase 4) G
0
-Phase
112. In the following diagram of phloem identify the parts labelled as A, B, C, D
1) A - Sieve pore, B - Sieve tube element, C-companion cell, D-Phloem parenchyma
2) A - Sieve pore, B-sieve tube element, C-Phloem parenchyma, D-Companion cell
3) A-perforation plate, B-Sieve element, C-Phloem parenchyma, D-companion cell
4) A-Sieve pore, B-companion cell, C-sieve tube element, D- Phloem parenchyma
113. Which of the following statements is correct for secondary succession
1) It begins on a bare rock 2) It occurs on a deforested site
3) It follows primary succession
4) It takes place slowly than that of primary succession
114. A cell is equally permeable to sucrose solution and NaCl solution.  First the cell is put
in 0.6 M sucrose solution, there is no change in size but when put in 0.6 M NaCl solution
the size will
1) Increase 2) Decrease 3) Remain same 4) Can't be said
115. Stomata open at night in
1) hydrophytes 2) Succulents 3) mesophytes 4) halophytes
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ROUGH
116. In the illustration of mass flow by Munch, identify A, B, C, D respectively
A
B
D
C
1) A- dilute solution, B- concentrated solution, C-sink, D- source
2) A- dilute solution, B- concentrated solution, C-source, D-sink
3) A-concentrated solution, B-dilute solution, C- sink, D-pure water
4) A- dilute solution, B-concentrated solution, C- sink, D-purewater
117. Which inhibitors are often used in the control of bacterial pathogens
1) Feed back inhibitors 2) Non competitive inhibitors
3) Competitive inhibitors 4) Allosteric inhibitors
118. Photosynthesis in C
4
 plants is relatively less effected by atmospheric CO
2
 levels because
1) Effective pumping of CO
2
 into bundle sheath cells
2) Rubisco in C
4
 
plants has
 
higher affinity for CO
2
3) Four carbon acids are primary initial CO
2
 
fixation products
4) The primary fixation of CO
2
 
is mediated via PEP carboxylase
119. During the operation of non-cyclic photophosphorylation, the immediate source of
electrons to P700 is
1) Cyt f 2) PC 3) PQ 4) Fd
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