NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-20): Surface Chemistry Notes | EduRev

Chemistry Class 12

Class 12 : NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-20): Surface Chemistry Notes | EduRev

The document NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-20): Surface Chemistry Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 12 Course Chemistry Class 12.
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Q.1. Measuring Zeta potential is useful in determining which property of colloidal solution?     (2020)
A: Stability of the colloidal particles

B: Size of the colloidal particles
C: Viscosity
D: Solubility
Ans: 
A
A large +ve or –ve value of Zeta potential indicate good stability of the colloidal particles.

Q.2. Which mixture of the solutions will lead to the formation of negatively charged colloidal [Agl]l solution ?    (2019)
A: 50 mL of 1 M AgNO3 + 50 mL of 1.5 M KI
B: 50 mL of 1 M AgNO3 + 50 mL of 2 M KI
C: 50 mL of 2 M AgNO3 + 50 mL of 1.5 M KI
D: 50 mL of 0.1 M AgNO3 + 50 mL of 0.1 M KI
Ans:
B
Generally charge present on the colloid is due to adsorption of common ion from dispersion medium. Millimole of KI is maximum in option (B) (50 × 2 = 100) so act as solvent and anion I is adsorbed by the colloid AgI formed.
NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-20): Surface Chemistry Notes | EduRev

Q.3. On which of the following properties does coagulating power of an ion depend ?    (2018)
A: The magnitude of the charge on the ion alone
B: Size of the ion alone
C: Both magnitude and sign of the charge the ion
D: The sign of charge on the ion alone
Ans:
C
According to Hardy Schulze rule : The coagulating power of an ion depends on both magnitude and sign of the charge of the ion.

Q.4. Which one of the following characteristics is associated with adsorption ?    (2016)
A: ΔG and ΔS are negative but ΔH is positive
B: ΔG is negative but ΔH and ΔS are positive
C: ΔG, ΔH and ΔS all are negative
D: ΔG and ΔH are negative but ΔS is positive
Ans: 
C
According to Gibbs Helmholtz equation, ΔG = ΔH & TΔS
Adsorption is a spontaneous process (where ΔS < 0, ΔG < 0 and ΔH < 0)

Q.5. Fog is a Colloidal solution of :    (2016)
A: Gas in gas
B: Liquid in gas
C: Gas in liquid
D: Solid in gas
Ans: 
B
NEET Previous Year Questions (2014-20): Surface Chemistry Notes | EduRev

Q.6. Which property of colloidal solution is independent of charge on the colloidal particles ?    (2015)
A: Tyndall effect
B: Coagulation
C: Electrophoresis
D: Electro-osmosis
Ans:
A
Tyndall effect  is independent of charge on the colloidal particles. It is an optical property and depends on the size of the colloidal particles. The Tyndall effect, also known as Tyndall scattering, is light scattering by particles in a colloid or particles in a fine suspension. However, electro-osmosis, coagulation and electrophoresis depends on the charge on the colloidal particles. These are electrical properties.

Q.7. Which of the following statements is correct for the spontaneous adsorption of a gas?    (2014)
A: ΔS is positive and, therefore, ΔH should be negative
B: ΔS is positive and, therefore, ΔH should also be highly positive
C: ΔS is negative and, therefore, ΔH should be highly positive
D: ΔS is negative and therefore, ΔH should be highly negative
Ans: 
D
Using Gibb's-Helmholtz equation,
ΔG = ΔH - TΔS
During adsorption of a gas, entropy decreases i.e. ΔS < 0
For spontaneous adsorption, ΔG should be negative, which is possible when ΔH is highly negative.

Q.8. Which property of colloids is not dependent on the charge on colloidal particles?    (2014)
A: Electro−osmosis
B: Tyndall effect
C: Coagulation
D: Electrophoresis
Ans: 
B
Tyndall effect  is independent of charge on the colloidal particles. It is an optical property and depends on the size of the colloidal particles. The Tyndall effect, also known as Tyndall scattering, is light scattering by particles in a colloid or particles in a fine suspension. However, electro-osmosis, coagulation and electrophoresis depends on the charge on the colloidal particles. These are electrical properties. 

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