Natural Hazards and Disasters ( Part - 2) Notes | EduRev

Geography for UPSC CSE

UPSC : Natural Hazards and Disasters ( Part - 2) Notes | EduRev

The document Natural Hazards and Disasters ( Part - 2) Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course Geography for UPSC CSE.
All you need of UPSC at this link: UPSC

NDMA Guidelines for Crowd Management

Planning the strategy for management

1. Understanding visitors

2. Understanding stakeholders

3. Crowd Management strategies

  • Capacity planning
  • Understanding Crowd behavior
  • Crowd disaster process
  • Crowd control
  • Stakeholder approach

Natural Hazards and Disasters ( Part - 2) Notes | EduRev

4. Risk analysis and preparedness

  • Identify threats or causes
  • Risk assessment
  • Planning
  • Develop a course of action

5. Information management and dissemination
6. Safety and security measures

7. Medical Emergency Services

Role of Media
Broadly we can categorize the role of media in the following way:

  • Educational
  • Critical
  • Suggestive

Before a disaster:

  • Bring to the attention of the authorities
  • Prepare the community and making them aware of Do’s and Don’ts
  • Keeping a watch on anti-social elements, thereby helping in maintaining the law and order situation

During a disaster:

  • Broadcasting accurate information to stop rumors and hence reduce panic
  • Make people aware of their Do’s and Don’ts to reduce further damage of a probable secondary risk
  • Can assist the authorities in reaching out to the victims and their families
  • Facilitate resource mobilization (funds) for relief operations

Natural Hazards and Disasters ( Part - 2) Notes | EduRev

After a disaster:

  • Informing the people about the post-disaster rehabilitation measures for putting pressure on the authorities
  • Provide aid in investigating the causes of the disaster
  • Can help generate expert opinion through debates/discussions for better preparedness levels in future

Role of Science and Technology Disaster Mitigation and Prevention

  • Geographic information system
  • Radiofrequency identification
  • Radio, Television, SMS, etc.

These all including other technologies and methods help in creating early warning systems, information dissemination, search and rescue, insurance processing, etc.

Legal Provisions

  • Disaster Management Act, 2005
  • The Police Act, 1961
  • Kerala Police Act, 2011
  • UP Melas Act, 1938
  • Cinematograph Act, 1952
  • Delhi Cinematograph Rules, 1953

Disaster Prevention and Mitigation
Proper planning and mitigation measures can play a leading role in risk-prone areas to minimize the worst effects of hazards such as earthquakes, floods, and cyclones. These are the key areas which should be addressed to achieve this objective:

  • Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Mapping: Mapping and vulnerability analysis in a multi-risk structure will be conducted utilizing Geographic Information System (GIS) based databases like the National Database for Emergency Management (NDEM) and National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI).
  • Increasing Trend of Disasters in Urban Areas:- Steps to prevent unplanned urbanization must be undertaken, with the plan of action formulated being given the highest priority. State Governments/UTs concerned on the other hand focus on urban drainage systems with special attention on non-obstruction of natural drainage systems.
  • Critical Infrastructure:- Critical infrastructure like roads, dams, bridges, irrigation canals, bridges, power stations, railway lines, delta water distribution networks, ports and river, and coastal embankments should be continuously checked for safety standards concerning worldwide safety benchmarks and fortified if the current measures prove to be inadequate.
  • Environmentally Sustainable Development:– Environmental considerations and developmental efforts, should be handled simultaneously for ensuring sustainability.
  • Climate Change Adaptation:-. The challenges of the increase in the frequency and intensity of natural disasters like cyclones, floods, and droughts should be tackled in a sustained and effective manner with the promotion of strategies for climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction.

Natural Hazards and Disasters ( Part - 2) Notes | EduRev


Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

past year papers

,

Summary

,

mock tests for examination

,

practice quizzes

,

Natural Hazards and Disasters ( Part - 2) Notes | EduRev

,

ppt

,

video lectures

,

MCQs

,

Viva Questions

,

Objective type Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

Exam

,

Natural Hazards and Disasters ( Part - 2) Notes | EduRev

,

Free

,

pdf

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

study material

,

Extra Questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Important questions

,

Semester Notes

,

Natural Hazards and Disasters ( Part - 2) Notes | EduRev

;