News in Shorts: May 2021 Current Affair Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly

Current Affairs : News in Shorts: May 2021 Current Affair Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


	
87	 																																																																											
11.	NEWS	IN	SHORTS	
11.1.	CABINET	APPROVES	PROPOSAL	
FOR	 CREATION	 OF	 LEGISLATIVE	
COUNCIL	IN	WEST	BENGAL	
• Once the Council is set up, West Bengal will 
become the seventh Indian state to have a 
bicameral system of legislature after Andhra 
Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, 
Maharashtra and Karnataka.  
o Under Article 169 of the Constitution, 
Parliament may by law create or abolish the 
legislative council in a state if the Legislative 
Assembly of that state passes a resolution to 
that effect by a special majority. 
• Difference between Legislative Council and 
Assembly: 
Basis of 
Comparison 
Legislative 
Council 
Legislative Assembly 
Meaning Upper house 
of Indian 
States, whose 
members are 
partly elected 
and partly 
nominated. 
Lower house of the 
State legislature, whose 
members are directly 
elected by the people. 
Presiding 
officer 
Chairman Speaker 
Minimum 
age for 
Membership 
30 Years 25 Years 
Strength Maximum 
one third of 
the total 
members of 
the assembly 
and the 
minimum 40 
Maximum 500 and 
minimum 60 
Money Bill It cannot 
introduce/am
end/reject it 
It can 
introduce/amend/reject 
it 
Budget Can discuss 
but cannot 
vote on the 
demands for 
grants. 
Vote on demands is the 
exclusive privilege of the 
assembly. 
Election of 
President of 
India 
It cannot 
participate 
Elected members of the 
assembly of the states 
and Union Territories of 
Delhi and Puducherry 
can participate.  
11.2.	FORMATION	OF	NEW	DISTRICTS	
• Recently, Punjab Government created Malerkotla 
as the 23rd district of the State 
• Formation of New Districts 
? The power to create new districts or alter or 
abolish existing districts rests with the State 
governments, done either through executive 
order or through state assembly 
? However, when a State wants to change the 
name of a district or a railway station, it 
requires a no-objection certificate from a 
number of other ministries and agencies such 
as the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Intelligence 
Bureau, Department of Posts etc. 
11.3.	SELECTION	OF	CBI	CHIEF	
• Recently, a high-powered committee chaired by 
the Prime Minister met to select the new director 
of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).  
o The other two members of the panel included 
the Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha and 
Chief Justice of India.  
• CBI investigates very severe cases from all over 
the country.  
o This organization comes under the Ministry of 
Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. 
o  It was established under the Delhi Special 
Police Establishment Act, 1946. 
11.4.	 DISTRICTS	 EMPOWERED	 TO	
GRANT	CITIZENSHIP	
• Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued a 
notification under the 2009 rules of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955 which empowered non-
Muslims belonging to Afghanistan, Bangladesh 
and Pakistan and residing in 13 districts of five 
states namely Gujarat, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, 
Haryana and Punjab to apply for Indian citizenship. 
o Non-Muslims include Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, 
Parsi, Christian and Buddhists 
• This notification intends to benefit legal migrants 
(who entered on passport/visa) from Pakistan, 
Bangladesh and Afghanistan who have already 
applied for Citizenship under Section 5 (by 
registration) and Section 6 (naturalisation) of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
• Citizenship is a Central subject and the MHA 
periodically delegates powers to States through 
gazette notification under Section 16 of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 provides for the 
acquisition of Indian citizenship viz. birth 
(section 3), descent (section 4), registration 
(section 5), and naturalisation (section 6). 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 prescribes 3 ways of 
losing Indian citizenship viz. Renunciation, 
Termination, and Deprivation. 
• This notification is not related to the Citizenship 
(Amendment) Act (CAA), 2020 that is yet to come 
into effect. 
Page 2


	
87	 																																																																											
11.	NEWS	IN	SHORTS	
11.1.	CABINET	APPROVES	PROPOSAL	
FOR	 CREATION	 OF	 LEGISLATIVE	
COUNCIL	IN	WEST	BENGAL	
• Once the Council is set up, West Bengal will 
become the seventh Indian state to have a 
bicameral system of legislature after Andhra 
Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, 
Maharashtra and Karnataka.  
o Under Article 169 of the Constitution, 
Parliament may by law create or abolish the 
legislative council in a state if the Legislative 
Assembly of that state passes a resolution to 
that effect by a special majority. 
• Difference between Legislative Council and 
Assembly: 
Basis of 
Comparison 
Legislative 
Council 
Legislative Assembly 
Meaning Upper house 
of Indian 
States, whose 
members are 
partly elected 
and partly 
nominated. 
Lower house of the 
State legislature, whose 
members are directly 
elected by the people. 
Presiding 
officer 
Chairman Speaker 
Minimum 
age for 
Membership 
30 Years 25 Years 
Strength Maximum 
one third of 
the total 
members of 
the assembly 
and the 
minimum 40 
Maximum 500 and 
minimum 60 
Money Bill It cannot 
introduce/am
end/reject it 
It can 
introduce/amend/reject 
it 
Budget Can discuss 
but cannot 
vote on the 
demands for 
grants. 
Vote on demands is the 
exclusive privilege of the 
assembly. 
Election of 
President of 
India 
It cannot 
participate 
Elected members of the 
assembly of the states 
and Union Territories of 
Delhi and Puducherry 
can participate.  
11.2.	FORMATION	OF	NEW	DISTRICTS	
• Recently, Punjab Government created Malerkotla 
as the 23rd district of the State 
• Formation of New Districts 
? The power to create new districts or alter or 
abolish existing districts rests with the State 
governments, done either through executive 
order or through state assembly 
? However, when a State wants to change the 
name of a district or a railway station, it 
requires a no-objection certificate from a 
number of other ministries and agencies such 
as the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Intelligence 
Bureau, Department of Posts etc. 
11.3.	SELECTION	OF	CBI	CHIEF	
• Recently, a high-powered committee chaired by 
the Prime Minister met to select the new director 
of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).  
o The other two members of the panel included 
the Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha and 
Chief Justice of India.  
• CBI investigates very severe cases from all over 
the country.  
o This organization comes under the Ministry of 
Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. 
o  It was established under the Delhi Special 
Police Establishment Act, 1946. 
11.4.	 DISTRICTS	 EMPOWERED	 TO	
GRANT	CITIZENSHIP	
• Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued a 
notification under the 2009 rules of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955 which empowered non-
Muslims belonging to Afghanistan, Bangladesh 
and Pakistan and residing in 13 districts of five 
states namely Gujarat, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, 
Haryana and Punjab to apply for Indian citizenship. 
o Non-Muslims include Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, 
Parsi, Christian and Buddhists 
• This notification intends to benefit legal migrants 
(who entered on passport/visa) from Pakistan, 
Bangladesh and Afghanistan who have already 
applied for Citizenship under Section 5 (by 
registration) and Section 6 (naturalisation) of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
• Citizenship is a Central subject and the MHA 
periodically delegates powers to States through 
gazette notification under Section 16 of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 provides for the 
acquisition of Indian citizenship viz. birth 
(section 3), descent (section 4), registration 
(section 5), and naturalisation (section 6). 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 prescribes 3 ways of 
losing Indian citizenship viz. Renunciation, 
Termination, and Deprivation. 
• This notification is not related to the Citizenship 
(Amendment) Act (CAA), 2020 that is yet to come 
into effect. 
	
88	 																																																																						
11.5.	INFRASTRUCTURE	 STATUS	FOR	
EXHIBITION	 AND	 CONVENTION	
CENTRES	
• Benefits available as ‘infrastructure’ projects 
would only be available for projects with a 
minimum built-up floor area of 1,00,000 square 
metres of exclusive exhibition space or convention 
space or both combined. 
• Significance of Infrastructure status 
? Gives industries access to cheaper foreign 
currency funding through the external 
commercial borrowing route.  
? The sector gets credit at competitive rates 
and on long-term basis with enhanced limits. 
• Infrastructure tag no longer involves significant 
tax breaks.  
11.6.	 RBI	 GOVERNOR	 ANNOUNCES	
MEASURES	 TO	 TACKLE	 2ND	 COVID	
WAVE	
• RBI’s assessment of the current economic 
situation 
o Global economy is showing signs of recovery. 
o Agriculture sector continues to be resilient 
with a record food grain production in 2020-
21, which provides food security and support 
to other sectors. 
o Localized and targeted containment 
measures are enabling businesses and 
households to adapt. Hence, effect on 
aggregate demand is expected to be 
moderate in comparison to last year. 
• Key measures announced 
o RBI eased lending and restructuring norms 
for all stakeholders, especially those smaller 
businesses and MSMEs that have been 
impacted by the second wave. 
o Term Liquidity Facility of ?50,000 crore to 
Ease Access to Emergency Health Services.  
o Priority lending facilities have been 
announced for vaccine manufacturers and 
firms engaged in providing key medical 
supplies to hospitals during the pandemic. 
o Special Long Term Repo Operations for Small 
Finance Banks, which primarily lend to micro, 
unorganised and small industries. 
o Earlier, Scheduled banks were allowed to 
deduct credit given to new MSME borrowers 
for calculation of Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), is 
now extended to December 31, 2021.  
o Rationalisation of KYC compliance 
requirements. 
 
 
11.7.	 SC:	 PERSONAL	 GUARANTORS	
LIABLE	FOR	CORPORATE	DEBT	
• The Supreme Court upheld the government’s 
2019 notification under the Indian Bankruptcy 
and Insolvency Code (IBC).  
o The notification allowed lenders to initiate 
insolvency proceedings against personal 
guarantors, who are usually promoters of big 
business houses, along with the stressed 
corporate entities for whom they gave 
guarantee.  
• Now, guarantor would “arrange” for the payment 
of the debt to the creditor bank in order to obtain 
a quick discharge.  
• This would boost banks’ recovery effort involving 
large bad loans as well as maximise the value of 
assets. 
11.8.	MOF	AND	MINISTRY	OF	LABOUR	
&	EMPLOYMENT	(MOLE)	ANNOUNCED	
COVID-19	 RELIEF	 MEASURES	 UNDER	
VARIOUS	SCHEMES			
• Ministry of Finance (MoF) has expanded 
Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme 
(ECLGS). 
• ECLGS aims to provide 100% guaranteed coverage 
to the banks, NBFCs and other lenders in order to 
enable them to extend emergency credit to 
businesses/MSMEs hit by the Covid-19 pandemic 
and struggling to meet their working capital 
requirements. 
o Under ECLGS, 100% guarantee coverage to be 
provided by National Credit Guarantee 
Trustee Company Limited (NCGTC) for 
Collateral Free Automatic Loans up to Rs. 3 
lakh crores to eligible MSMEs and interested 
MUDRA borrowers, in the form of a 
Guaranteed Emergency Credit Line (GECL) 
facility. 
• Government periodically announced ECLGS 1.0, 
ECLGS 2.0 and ECLGS 3.0 and now ECLGS 4.0 (see 
Infographic) to enhance the utility and impact of 
ECLGS by providing additional support to MSMEs. 
• MoLE announced additional benefits through ESIC 
(Employees’ State Insurance Corporation) and 
EPFO (Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation) 
scheme 
o Under the EPFO’s Employees’ Deposit Linked 
Insurance (EDLI) Scheme, amount of 
maximum benefit has been increased from 6 
lakhs to 7 lakhs to the family members of 
deceased employee. 
o Dependent insured persons will be entitled to 
pensions under the ESIC scheme. 
Page 3


	
87	 																																																																											
11.	NEWS	IN	SHORTS	
11.1.	CABINET	APPROVES	PROPOSAL	
FOR	 CREATION	 OF	 LEGISLATIVE	
COUNCIL	IN	WEST	BENGAL	
• Once the Council is set up, West Bengal will 
become the seventh Indian state to have a 
bicameral system of legislature after Andhra 
Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, 
Maharashtra and Karnataka.  
o Under Article 169 of the Constitution, 
Parliament may by law create or abolish the 
legislative council in a state if the Legislative 
Assembly of that state passes a resolution to 
that effect by a special majority. 
• Difference between Legislative Council and 
Assembly: 
Basis of 
Comparison 
Legislative 
Council 
Legislative Assembly 
Meaning Upper house 
of Indian 
States, whose 
members are 
partly elected 
and partly 
nominated. 
Lower house of the 
State legislature, whose 
members are directly 
elected by the people. 
Presiding 
officer 
Chairman Speaker 
Minimum 
age for 
Membership 
30 Years 25 Years 
Strength Maximum 
one third of 
the total 
members of 
the assembly 
and the 
minimum 40 
Maximum 500 and 
minimum 60 
Money Bill It cannot 
introduce/am
end/reject it 
It can 
introduce/amend/reject 
it 
Budget Can discuss 
but cannot 
vote on the 
demands for 
grants. 
Vote on demands is the 
exclusive privilege of the 
assembly. 
Election of 
President of 
India 
It cannot 
participate 
Elected members of the 
assembly of the states 
and Union Territories of 
Delhi and Puducherry 
can participate.  
11.2.	FORMATION	OF	NEW	DISTRICTS	
• Recently, Punjab Government created Malerkotla 
as the 23rd district of the State 
• Formation of New Districts 
? The power to create new districts or alter or 
abolish existing districts rests with the State 
governments, done either through executive 
order or through state assembly 
? However, when a State wants to change the 
name of a district or a railway station, it 
requires a no-objection certificate from a 
number of other ministries and agencies such 
as the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Intelligence 
Bureau, Department of Posts etc. 
11.3.	SELECTION	OF	CBI	CHIEF	
• Recently, a high-powered committee chaired by 
the Prime Minister met to select the new director 
of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).  
o The other two members of the panel included 
the Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha and 
Chief Justice of India.  
• CBI investigates very severe cases from all over 
the country.  
o This organization comes under the Ministry of 
Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. 
o  It was established under the Delhi Special 
Police Establishment Act, 1946. 
11.4.	 DISTRICTS	 EMPOWERED	 TO	
GRANT	CITIZENSHIP	
• Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued a 
notification under the 2009 rules of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955 which empowered non-
Muslims belonging to Afghanistan, Bangladesh 
and Pakistan and residing in 13 districts of five 
states namely Gujarat, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, 
Haryana and Punjab to apply for Indian citizenship. 
o Non-Muslims include Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, 
Parsi, Christian and Buddhists 
• This notification intends to benefit legal migrants 
(who entered on passport/visa) from Pakistan, 
Bangladesh and Afghanistan who have already 
applied for Citizenship under Section 5 (by 
registration) and Section 6 (naturalisation) of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
• Citizenship is a Central subject and the MHA 
periodically delegates powers to States through 
gazette notification under Section 16 of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 provides for the 
acquisition of Indian citizenship viz. birth 
(section 3), descent (section 4), registration 
(section 5), and naturalisation (section 6). 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 prescribes 3 ways of 
losing Indian citizenship viz. Renunciation, 
Termination, and Deprivation. 
• This notification is not related to the Citizenship 
(Amendment) Act (CAA), 2020 that is yet to come 
into effect. 
	
88	 																																																																						
11.5.	INFRASTRUCTURE	 STATUS	FOR	
EXHIBITION	 AND	 CONVENTION	
CENTRES	
• Benefits available as ‘infrastructure’ projects 
would only be available for projects with a 
minimum built-up floor area of 1,00,000 square 
metres of exclusive exhibition space or convention 
space or both combined. 
• Significance of Infrastructure status 
? Gives industries access to cheaper foreign 
currency funding through the external 
commercial borrowing route.  
? The sector gets credit at competitive rates 
and on long-term basis with enhanced limits. 
• Infrastructure tag no longer involves significant 
tax breaks.  
11.6.	 RBI	 GOVERNOR	 ANNOUNCES	
MEASURES	 TO	 TACKLE	 2ND	 COVID	
WAVE	
• RBI’s assessment of the current economic 
situation 
o Global economy is showing signs of recovery. 
o Agriculture sector continues to be resilient 
with a record food grain production in 2020-
21, which provides food security and support 
to other sectors. 
o Localized and targeted containment 
measures are enabling businesses and 
households to adapt. Hence, effect on 
aggregate demand is expected to be 
moderate in comparison to last year. 
• Key measures announced 
o RBI eased lending and restructuring norms 
for all stakeholders, especially those smaller 
businesses and MSMEs that have been 
impacted by the second wave. 
o Term Liquidity Facility of ?50,000 crore to 
Ease Access to Emergency Health Services.  
o Priority lending facilities have been 
announced for vaccine manufacturers and 
firms engaged in providing key medical 
supplies to hospitals during the pandemic. 
o Special Long Term Repo Operations for Small 
Finance Banks, which primarily lend to micro, 
unorganised and small industries. 
o Earlier, Scheduled banks were allowed to 
deduct credit given to new MSME borrowers 
for calculation of Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), is 
now extended to December 31, 2021.  
o Rationalisation of KYC compliance 
requirements. 
 
 
11.7.	 SC:	 PERSONAL	 GUARANTORS	
LIABLE	FOR	CORPORATE	DEBT	
• The Supreme Court upheld the government’s 
2019 notification under the Indian Bankruptcy 
and Insolvency Code (IBC).  
o The notification allowed lenders to initiate 
insolvency proceedings against personal 
guarantors, who are usually promoters of big 
business houses, along with the stressed 
corporate entities for whom they gave 
guarantee.  
• Now, guarantor would “arrange” for the payment 
of the debt to the creditor bank in order to obtain 
a quick discharge.  
• This would boost banks’ recovery effort involving 
large bad loans as well as maximise the value of 
assets. 
11.8.	MOF	AND	MINISTRY	OF	LABOUR	
&	EMPLOYMENT	(MOLE)	ANNOUNCED	
COVID-19	 RELIEF	 MEASURES	 UNDER	
VARIOUS	SCHEMES			
• Ministry of Finance (MoF) has expanded 
Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme 
(ECLGS). 
• ECLGS aims to provide 100% guaranteed coverage 
to the banks, NBFCs and other lenders in order to 
enable them to extend emergency credit to 
businesses/MSMEs hit by the Covid-19 pandemic 
and struggling to meet their working capital 
requirements. 
o Under ECLGS, 100% guarantee coverage to be 
provided by National Credit Guarantee 
Trustee Company Limited (NCGTC) for 
Collateral Free Automatic Loans up to Rs. 3 
lakh crores to eligible MSMEs and interested 
MUDRA borrowers, in the form of a 
Guaranteed Emergency Credit Line (GECL) 
facility. 
• Government periodically announced ECLGS 1.0, 
ECLGS 2.0 and ECLGS 3.0 and now ECLGS 4.0 (see 
Infographic) to enhance the utility and impact of 
ECLGS by providing additional support to MSMEs. 
• MoLE announced additional benefits through ESIC 
(Employees’ State Insurance Corporation) and 
EPFO (Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation) 
scheme 
o Under the EPFO’s Employees’ Deposit Linked 
Insurance (EDLI) Scheme, amount of 
maximum benefit has been increased from 6 
lakhs to 7 lakhs to the family members of 
deceased employee. 
o Dependent insured persons will be entitled to 
pensions under the ESIC scheme. 
	
89	 																																																																												
	
11.9.	 NETWORK	 FOR	 GREENING	 THE	
FINANCIAL	SYSTEM	
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has joined the 
Network for Greening the Financial System 
(NGFS) as a member. 
• NGFS, launched at the Paris One Planet Summit in 
2017 is a group of central banks and supervisors 
willing to 
o Share best practices and contribute to the 
development of environment and climate risk 
management in the financial sector 
o Mobilise mainstream finance to support the 
transition towards a sustainable economy. 
• RBI expects to benefit from the membership of 
NGFS by learning from and contributing to global 
efforts on green finance, which has assumed 
significance in the context of climate change. 
 
 
11.10.	 INFORMATION	 TECHNOLOGY	
(INTERMEDIARY	 GUIDELINES	 AND	
DIGITAL	MEDIA	ETHICS	CODE)	RULES,	
2021	COME	INTO	EFFECT	
• The rules were notified on February 25 and social 
media intermediaries have been given three 
months to comply 
o Rules had been framed by the Central 
Government in exercise of powers under 
section 87 (2) of the Information Technology 
Act, 2000 and in supersession of the earlier 
Information Technology (Intermediary 
Guidelines) Rules 2011. 
• Factors that necessitated formulation of new 
rules  
o Increasing instances of misuse of social 
media by criminals, anti-national elements 
have brought new challenges for law 
enforcement agencies.  
o To tackle Persistent spread of fake news and 
misinformation. 
o Failure of self-regulation despite having 
internal mechanisms to tackle illegal and 
inappropriate content. 
• Concerns associated 
o Break the promise of end-to-end encryption 
of social media companies to identify the first 
originator of the information, misinformation, 
dis-information as the case may be. 
o Conflicts with extraterritorial jurisdiction 
norms made in the IT Act. 
ü Since according to the new rules action 
can be taken against a message that 
originated outside India. 
o Potential for misuse of Verification data in 
the absence of a data protection law 
o  Large number of internet users in India makes 
it difficult to implement new rules. 
	
Page 4


	
87	 																																																																											
11.	NEWS	IN	SHORTS	
11.1.	CABINET	APPROVES	PROPOSAL	
FOR	 CREATION	 OF	 LEGISLATIVE	
COUNCIL	IN	WEST	BENGAL	
• Once the Council is set up, West Bengal will 
become the seventh Indian state to have a 
bicameral system of legislature after Andhra 
Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, 
Maharashtra and Karnataka.  
o Under Article 169 of the Constitution, 
Parliament may by law create or abolish the 
legislative council in a state if the Legislative 
Assembly of that state passes a resolution to 
that effect by a special majority. 
• Difference between Legislative Council and 
Assembly: 
Basis of 
Comparison 
Legislative 
Council 
Legislative Assembly 
Meaning Upper house 
of Indian 
States, whose 
members are 
partly elected 
and partly 
nominated. 
Lower house of the 
State legislature, whose 
members are directly 
elected by the people. 
Presiding 
officer 
Chairman Speaker 
Minimum 
age for 
Membership 
30 Years 25 Years 
Strength Maximum 
one third of 
the total 
members of 
the assembly 
and the 
minimum 40 
Maximum 500 and 
minimum 60 
Money Bill It cannot 
introduce/am
end/reject it 
It can 
introduce/amend/reject 
it 
Budget Can discuss 
but cannot 
vote on the 
demands for 
grants. 
Vote on demands is the 
exclusive privilege of the 
assembly. 
Election of 
President of 
India 
It cannot 
participate 
Elected members of the 
assembly of the states 
and Union Territories of 
Delhi and Puducherry 
can participate.  
11.2.	FORMATION	OF	NEW	DISTRICTS	
• Recently, Punjab Government created Malerkotla 
as the 23rd district of the State 
• Formation of New Districts 
? The power to create new districts or alter or 
abolish existing districts rests with the State 
governments, done either through executive 
order or through state assembly 
? However, when a State wants to change the 
name of a district or a railway station, it 
requires a no-objection certificate from a 
number of other ministries and agencies such 
as the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Intelligence 
Bureau, Department of Posts etc. 
11.3.	SELECTION	OF	CBI	CHIEF	
• Recently, a high-powered committee chaired by 
the Prime Minister met to select the new director 
of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).  
o The other two members of the panel included 
the Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha and 
Chief Justice of India.  
• CBI investigates very severe cases from all over 
the country.  
o This organization comes under the Ministry of 
Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. 
o  It was established under the Delhi Special 
Police Establishment Act, 1946. 
11.4.	 DISTRICTS	 EMPOWERED	 TO	
GRANT	CITIZENSHIP	
• Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued a 
notification under the 2009 rules of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955 which empowered non-
Muslims belonging to Afghanistan, Bangladesh 
and Pakistan and residing in 13 districts of five 
states namely Gujarat, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, 
Haryana and Punjab to apply for Indian citizenship. 
o Non-Muslims include Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, 
Parsi, Christian and Buddhists 
• This notification intends to benefit legal migrants 
(who entered on passport/visa) from Pakistan, 
Bangladesh and Afghanistan who have already 
applied for Citizenship under Section 5 (by 
registration) and Section 6 (naturalisation) of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
• Citizenship is a Central subject and the MHA 
periodically delegates powers to States through 
gazette notification under Section 16 of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 provides for the 
acquisition of Indian citizenship viz. birth 
(section 3), descent (section 4), registration 
(section 5), and naturalisation (section 6). 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 prescribes 3 ways of 
losing Indian citizenship viz. Renunciation, 
Termination, and Deprivation. 
• This notification is not related to the Citizenship 
(Amendment) Act (CAA), 2020 that is yet to come 
into effect. 
	
88	 																																																																						
11.5.	INFRASTRUCTURE	 STATUS	FOR	
EXHIBITION	 AND	 CONVENTION	
CENTRES	
• Benefits available as ‘infrastructure’ projects 
would only be available for projects with a 
minimum built-up floor area of 1,00,000 square 
metres of exclusive exhibition space or convention 
space or both combined. 
• Significance of Infrastructure status 
? Gives industries access to cheaper foreign 
currency funding through the external 
commercial borrowing route.  
? The sector gets credit at competitive rates 
and on long-term basis with enhanced limits. 
• Infrastructure tag no longer involves significant 
tax breaks.  
11.6.	 RBI	 GOVERNOR	 ANNOUNCES	
MEASURES	 TO	 TACKLE	 2ND	 COVID	
WAVE	
• RBI’s assessment of the current economic 
situation 
o Global economy is showing signs of recovery. 
o Agriculture sector continues to be resilient 
with a record food grain production in 2020-
21, which provides food security and support 
to other sectors. 
o Localized and targeted containment 
measures are enabling businesses and 
households to adapt. Hence, effect on 
aggregate demand is expected to be 
moderate in comparison to last year. 
• Key measures announced 
o RBI eased lending and restructuring norms 
for all stakeholders, especially those smaller 
businesses and MSMEs that have been 
impacted by the second wave. 
o Term Liquidity Facility of ?50,000 crore to 
Ease Access to Emergency Health Services.  
o Priority lending facilities have been 
announced for vaccine manufacturers and 
firms engaged in providing key medical 
supplies to hospitals during the pandemic. 
o Special Long Term Repo Operations for Small 
Finance Banks, which primarily lend to micro, 
unorganised and small industries. 
o Earlier, Scheduled banks were allowed to 
deduct credit given to new MSME borrowers 
for calculation of Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), is 
now extended to December 31, 2021.  
o Rationalisation of KYC compliance 
requirements. 
 
 
11.7.	 SC:	 PERSONAL	 GUARANTORS	
LIABLE	FOR	CORPORATE	DEBT	
• The Supreme Court upheld the government’s 
2019 notification under the Indian Bankruptcy 
and Insolvency Code (IBC).  
o The notification allowed lenders to initiate 
insolvency proceedings against personal 
guarantors, who are usually promoters of big 
business houses, along with the stressed 
corporate entities for whom they gave 
guarantee.  
• Now, guarantor would “arrange” for the payment 
of the debt to the creditor bank in order to obtain 
a quick discharge.  
• This would boost banks’ recovery effort involving 
large bad loans as well as maximise the value of 
assets. 
11.8.	MOF	AND	MINISTRY	OF	LABOUR	
&	EMPLOYMENT	(MOLE)	ANNOUNCED	
COVID-19	 RELIEF	 MEASURES	 UNDER	
VARIOUS	SCHEMES			
• Ministry of Finance (MoF) has expanded 
Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme 
(ECLGS). 
• ECLGS aims to provide 100% guaranteed coverage 
to the banks, NBFCs and other lenders in order to 
enable them to extend emergency credit to 
businesses/MSMEs hit by the Covid-19 pandemic 
and struggling to meet their working capital 
requirements. 
o Under ECLGS, 100% guarantee coverage to be 
provided by National Credit Guarantee 
Trustee Company Limited (NCGTC) for 
Collateral Free Automatic Loans up to Rs. 3 
lakh crores to eligible MSMEs and interested 
MUDRA borrowers, in the form of a 
Guaranteed Emergency Credit Line (GECL) 
facility. 
• Government periodically announced ECLGS 1.0, 
ECLGS 2.0 and ECLGS 3.0 and now ECLGS 4.0 (see 
Infographic) to enhance the utility and impact of 
ECLGS by providing additional support to MSMEs. 
• MoLE announced additional benefits through ESIC 
(Employees’ State Insurance Corporation) and 
EPFO (Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation) 
scheme 
o Under the EPFO’s Employees’ Deposit Linked 
Insurance (EDLI) Scheme, amount of 
maximum benefit has been increased from 6 
lakhs to 7 lakhs to the family members of 
deceased employee. 
o Dependent insured persons will be entitled to 
pensions under the ESIC scheme. 
	
89	 																																																																												
	
11.9.	 NETWORK	 FOR	 GREENING	 THE	
FINANCIAL	SYSTEM	
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has joined the 
Network for Greening the Financial System 
(NGFS) as a member. 
• NGFS, launched at the Paris One Planet Summit in 
2017 is a group of central banks and supervisors 
willing to 
o Share best practices and contribute to the 
development of environment and climate risk 
management in the financial sector 
o Mobilise mainstream finance to support the 
transition towards a sustainable economy. 
• RBI expects to benefit from the membership of 
NGFS by learning from and contributing to global 
efforts on green finance, which has assumed 
significance in the context of climate change. 
 
 
11.10.	 INFORMATION	 TECHNOLOGY	
(INTERMEDIARY	 GUIDELINES	 AND	
DIGITAL	MEDIA	ETHICS	CODE)	RULES,	
2021	COME	INTO	EFFECT	
• The rules were notified on February 25 and social 
media intermediaries have been given three 
months to comply 
o Rules had been framed by the Central 
Government in exercise of powers under 
section 87 (2) of the Information Technology 
Act, 2000 and in supersession of the earlier 
Information Technology (Intermediary 
Guidelines) Rules 2011. 
• Factors that necessitated formulation of new 
rules  
o Increasing instances of misuse of social 
media by criminals, anti-national elements 
have brought new challenges for law 
enforcement agencies.  
o To tackle Persistent spread of fake news and 
misinformation. 
o Failure of self-regulation despite having 
internal mechanisms to tackle illegal and 
inappropriate content. 
• Concerns associated 
o Break the promise of end-to-end encryption 
of social media companies to identify the first 
originator of the information, misinformation, 
dis-information as the case may be. 
o Conflicts with extraterritorial jurisdiction 
norms made in the IT Act. 
ü Since according to the new rules action 
can be taken against a message that 
originated outside India. 
o Potential for misuse of Verification data in 
the absence of a data protection law 
o  Large number of internet users in India makes 
it difficult to implement new rules. 
	
	
90	 																																																																												
For	 more	 details,	 kindly	 refer	 February	 2021,	
VISIONIAS	Monthly	current	affairs.	
11.11.	 INDIA	 PARTICIPATES	 IN	 THE	
3RD	 ARCTIC	 SCIENCE	 MINISTERIAL	
(ASM3)	
• ASM3, jointly organised by Iceland and Japan, is 
the first Ministerial meeting being held in Asia to 
highlight the value of Arctic science research 
conducted by non-Arctic States. 
o ASM1 and ASM2 were held in the USA in 2016 
and Germany in 2018, respectively. 
• Objective: To provide opportunities to various 
stakeholders, including academia, indigenous 
communities, governments and policymakers, to 
enhance collective understanding of the Arctic 
region, emphasize and engage in constant 
monitoring, and strengthen observations. 
11.12.	 GLOBAL	 ELECTRIC	 VEHICLES	
(EV)	OUTLOOK		
Recently, International Energy Agency (IEA) and 
Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) released the annual 
Global EV Outlook 2021. 
Major Findings of the Report  
• The world had 10 million electric cars on roads at 
the end of 2020 (Close to 2.5% of the current 
market share). 
• If governments accelerate towards Sustainable 
Development Scenario, the global EV fleet will 
reach to a market share of 12%. Sustainable 
Development Scenario includes-  
o Ensuring universal energy access for all by 
2030. 
o Efforts to bring about sharp reductions in 
emissions of air pollutants.  
o Meeting global climate goals in line with the 
Paris Agreement.  
• Factors supporting EVs sale: 
o Supportive regulatory frameworks. 
o Additional incentives to safeguard EV sales 
from the economic fluctuations.  
o Expanding number of EV models with 
continuous fall in battery cost.  
• 5 major barriers to its adoption are-  
o Limitations of Charging Infrastructure.  
o Current varieties do not satisfy the market 
demand.  
o Initial Cost associated with EVs.  
o Operational issues like long charging time.   
o Uncertain/underdeveloped policy landscape. 
 
About Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) 
• It is a multi-governmental policy forum established 
in 2010 under the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM).  
• Fifteen countries are currently participating in EVI, 
including India, with IEA acting as the coordinator.  
• It works towards accelerating the introduction and 
adoption of electric vehicles worldwide. This 
includes campaigns and programmes like- 
o EV30@30- to have at least 30% new electric 
vehicle sales by 2030.  
o EVI Global EV Pilot City Programme (EVI-PCP)- 
a platform for global cities to communicate and 
cooperate for increasing the uptake of electric 
mobility.  
11.13.	 WORLD’S	 LARGEST	 ICEBERG	
BREAKS	OFF	IN	ANTARCTICA	
• Iceberg A-76, measures around 170 kilometers 
long and 25 kilometers wide, calved from the 
western side of the Ronne Ice Shelf in Antarctica 
and is now floating on the Weddell Sea. 
o Antarctica ice sheet is warming faster than the 
rest of the planet, causing melting of snow 
and ice covers as well as the retreat of 
glaciers, especially around the Weddell Sea. 
• Also, A recent report published in journal Nature 
has predicted that Antarctica is headed for a 
climate tipping point by 2060 if emissions aren’t 
curbed. 
o Tipping points are thresholds where a tiny 
change could push a system into a 
completely new state.  
ü Globally, there are nine “tipping points” 
where a changing climate could push 
parts of the Earth system into abrupt or 
irreversible change. 
ü Nine tipping points are Amazon 
rainforest; Arctic sea ice; Atlantic 
circulation; Boreal forests; Coral reefs; 
Greenland ice sheet; Permafrost; West 
Antarctic ice sheet; Part of East Antarctica 
• Reasons for melting of Antarctica: Human-caused 
global warming; shifting wind patterns linked to 
climate change.  
• Impact: Antarctic contains about 90 percent of the 
planet’s ice, enough to raise global sea levels 200 
feet. 
• Action taken to address Antarctica climate 
change: 
o Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 
deployment of energy efficiency and 
renewable energy systems at all Antarctic 
stations, coordination of transport and 
logistics strategic planning about new facilities 
can bring about regional and global 
environmental benefits as well as cost savings. 
ü Under the environmental protocol of the 
Antarctic Treaty (1959), India has set up 
three research stations -Dakshin Gangotri 
(1983-84); Maitri (1988); Bharati (2015) - 
up till now. 
Page 5


	
87	 																																																																											
11.	NEWS	IN	SHORTS	
11.1.	CABINET	APPROVES	PROPOSAL	
FOR	 CREATION	 OF	 LEGISLATIVE	
COUNCIL	IN	WEST	BENGAL	
• Once the Council is set up, West Bengal will 
become the seventh Indian state to have a 
bicameral system of legislature after Andhra 
Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, 
Maharashtra and Karnataka.  
o Under Article 169 of the Constitution, 
Parliament may by law create or abolish the 
legislative council in a state if the Legislative 
Assembly of that state passes a resolution to 
that effect by a special majority. 
• Difference between Legislative Council and 
Assembly: 
Basis of 
Comparison 
Legislative 
Council 
Legislative Assembly 
Meaning Upper house 
of Indian 
States, whose 
members are 
partly elected 
and partly 
nominated. 
Lower house of the 
State legislature, whose 
members are directly 
elected by the people. 
Presiding 
officer 
Chairman Speaker 
Minimum 
age for 
Membership 
30 Years 25 Years 
Strength Maximum 
one third of 
the total 
members of 
the assembly 
and the 
minimum 40 
Maximum 500 and 
minimum 60 
Money Bill It cannot 
introduce/am
end/reject it 
It can 
introduce/amend/reject 
it 
Budget Can discuss 
but cannot 
vote on the 
demands for 
grants. 
Vote on demands is the 
exclusive privilege of the 
assembly. 
Election of 
President of 
India 
It cannot 
participate 
Elected members of the 
assembly of the states 
and Union Territories of 
Delhi and Puducherry 
can participate.  
11.2.	FORMATION	OF	NEW	DISTRICTS	
• Recently, Punjab Government created Malerkotla 
as the 23rd district of the State 
• Formation of New Districts 
? The power to create new districts or alter or 
abolish existing districts rests with the State 
governments, done either through executive 
order or through state assembly 
? However, when a State wants to change the 
name of a district or a railway station, it 
requires a no-objection certificate from a 
number of other ministries and agencies such 
as the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Intelligence 
Bureau, Department of Posts etc. 
11.3.	SELECTION	OF	CBI	CHIEF	
• Recently, a high-powered committee chaired by 
the Prime Minister met to select the new director 
of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).  
o The other two members of the panel included 
the Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha and 
Chief Justice of India.  
• CBI investigates very severe cases from all over 
the country.  
o This organization comes under the Ministry of 
Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions. 
o  It was established under the Delhi Special 
Police Establishment Act, 1946. 
11.4.	 DISTRICTS	 EMPOWERED	 TO	
GRANT	CITIZENSHIP	
• Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued a 
notification under the 2009 rules of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955 which empowered non-
Muslims belonging to Afghanistan, Bangladesh 
and Pakistan and residing in 13 districts of five 
states namely Gujarat, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, 
Haryana and Punjab to apply for Indian citizenship. 
o Non-Muslims include Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, 
Parsi, Christian and Buddhists 
• This notification intends to benefit legal migrants 
(who entered on passport/visa) from Pakistan, 
Bangladesh and Afghanistan who have already 
applied for Citizenship under Section 5 (by 
registration) and Section 6 (naturalisation) of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
• Citizenship is a Central subject and the MHA 
periodically delegates powers to States through 
gazette notification under Section 16 of the 
Citizenship Act, 1955. 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 provides for the 
acquisition of Indian citizenship viz. birth 
(section 3), descent (section 4), registration 
(section 5), and naturalisation (section 6). 
o Citizenship Act, 1955 prescribes 3 ways of 
losing Indian citizenship viz. Renunciation, 
Termination, and Deprivation. 
• This notification is not related to the Citizenship 
(Amendment) Act (CAA), 2020 that is yet to come 
into effect. 
	
88	 																																																																						
11.5.	INFRASTRUCTURE	 STATUS	FOR	
EXHIBITION	 AND	 CONVENTION	
CENTRES	
• Benefits available as ‘infrastructure’ projects 
would only be available for projects with a 
minimum built-up floor area of 1,00,000 square 
metres of exclusive exhibition space or convention 
space or both combined. 
• Significance of Infrastructure status 
? Gives industries access to cheaper foreign 
currency funding through the external 
commercial borrowing route.  
? The sector gets credit at competitive rates 
and on long-term basis with enhanced limits. 
• Infrastructure tag no longer involves significant 
tax breaks.  
11.6.	 RBI	 GOVERNOR	 ANNOUNCES	
MEASURES	 TO	 TACKLE	 2ND	 COVID	
WAVE	
• RBI’s assessment of the current economic 
situation 
o Global economy is showing signs of recovery. 
o Agriculture sector continues to be resilient 
with a record food grain production in 2020-
21, which provides food security and support 
to other sectors. 
o Localized and targeted containment 
measures are enabling businesses and 
households to adapt. Hence, effect on 
aggregate demand is expected to be 
moderate in comparison to last year. 
• Key measures announced 
o RBI eased lending and restructuring norms 
for all stakeholders, especially those smaller 
businesses and MSMEs that have been 
impacted by the second wave. 
o Term Liquidity Facility of ?50,000 crore to 
Ease Access to Emergency Health Services.  
o Priority lending facilities have been 
announced for vaccine manufacturers and 
firms engaged in providing key medical 
supplies to hospitals during the pandemic. 
o Special Long Term Repo Operations for Small 
Finance Banks, which primarily lend to micro, 
unorganised and small industries. 
o Earlier, Scheduled banks were allowed to 
deduct credit given to new MSME borrowers 
for calculation of Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), is 
now extended to December 31, 2021.  
o Rationalisation of KYC compliance 
requirements. 
 
 
11.7.	 SC:	 PERSONAL	 GUARANTORS	
LIABLE	FOR	CORPORATE	DEBT	
• The Supreme Court upheld the government’s 
2019 notification under the Indian Bankruptcy 
and Insolvency Code (IBC).  
o The notification allowed lenders to initiate 
insolvency proceedings against personal 
guarantors, who are usually promoters of big 
business houses, along with the stressed 
corporate entities for whom they gave 
guarantee.  
• Now, guarantor would “arrange” for the payment 
of the debt to the creditor bank in order to obtain 
a quick discharge.  
• This would boost banks’ recovery effort involving 
large bad loans as well as maximise the value of 
assets. 
11.8.	MOF	AND	MINISTRY	OF	LABOUR	
&	EMPLOYMENT	(MOLE)	ANNOUNCED	
COVID-19	 RELIEF	 MEASURES	 UNDER	
VARIOUS	SCHEMES			
• Ministry of Finance (MoF) has expanded 
Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme 
(ECLGS). 
• ECLGS aims to provide 100% guaranteed coverage 
to the banks, NBFCs and other lenders in order to 
enable them to extend emergency credit to 
businesses/MSMEs hit by the Covid-19 pandemic 
and struggling to meet their working capital 
requirements. 
o Under ECLGS, 100% guarantee coverage to be 
provided by National Credit Guarantee 
Trustee Company Limited (NCGTC) for 
Collateral Free Automatic Loans up to Rs. 3 
lakh crores to eligible MSMEs and interested 
MUDRA borrowers, in the form of a 
Guaranteed Emergency Credit Line (GECL) 
facility. 
• Government periodically announced ECLGS 1.0, 
ECLGS 2.0 and ECLGS 3.0 and now ECLGS 4.0 (see 
Infographic) to enhance the utility and impact of 
ECLGS by providing additional support to MSMEs. 
• MoLE announced additional benefits through ESIC 
(Employees’ State Insurance Corporation) and 
EPFO (Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation) 
scheme 
o Under the EPFO’s Employees’ Deposit Linked 
Insurance (EDLI) Scheme, amount of 
maximum benefit has been increased from 6 
lakhs to 7 lakhs to the family members of 
deceased employee. 
o Dependent insured persons will be entitled to 
pensions under the ESIC scheme. 
	
89	 																																																																												
	
11.9.	 NETWORK	 FOR	 GREENING	 THE	
FINANCIAL	SYSTEM	
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has joined the 
Network for Greening the Financial System 
(NGFS) as a member. 
• NGFS, launched at the Paris One Planet Summit in 
2017 is a group of central banks and supervisors 
willing to 
o Share best practices and contribute to the 
development of environment and climate risk 
management in the financial sector 
o Mobilise mainstream finance to support the 
transition towards a sustainable economy. 
• RBI expects to benefit from the membership of 
NGFS by learning from and contributing to global 
efforts on green finance, which has assumed 
significance in the context of climate change. 
 
 
11.10.	 INFORMATION	 TECHNOLOGY	
(INTERMEDIARY	 GUIDELINES	 AND	
DIGITAL	MEDIA	ETHICS	CODE)	RULES,	
2021	COME	INTO	EFFECT	
• The rules were notified on February 25 and social 
media intermediaries have been given three 
months to comply 
o Rules had been framed by the Central 
Government in exercise of powers under 
section 87 (2) of the Information Technology 
Act, 2000 and in supersession of the earlier 
Information Technology (Intermediary 
Guidelines) Rules 2011. 
• Factors that necessitated formulation of new 
rules  
o Increasing instances of misuse of social 
media by criminals, anti-national elements 
have brought new challenges for law 
enforcement agencies.  
o To tackle Persistent spread of fake news and 
misinformation. 
o Failure of self-regulation despite having 
internal mechanisms to tackle illegal and 
inappropriate content. 
• Concerns associated 
o Break the promise of end-to-end encryption 
of social media companies to identify the first 
originator of the information, misinformation, 
dis-information as the case may be. 
o Conflicts with extraterritorial jurisdiction 
norms made in the IT Act. 
ü Since according to the new rules action 
can be taken against a message that 
originated outside India. 
o Potential for misuse of Verification data in 
the absence of a data protection law 
o  Large number of internet users in India makes 
it difficult to implement new rules. 
	
	
90	 																																																																												
For	 more	 details,	 kindly	 refer	 February	 2021,	
VISIONIAS	Monthly	current	affairs.	
11.11.	 INDIA	 PARTICIPATES	 IN	 THE	
3RD	 ARCTIC	 SCIENCE	 MINISTERIAL	
(ASM3)	
• ASM3, jointly organised by Iceland and Japan, is 
the first Ministerial meeting being held in Asia to 
highlight the value of Arctic science research 
conducted by non-Arctic States. 
o ASM1 and ASM2 were held in the USA in 2016 
and Germany in 2018, respectively. 
• Objective: To provide opportunities to various 
stakeholders, including academia, indigenous 
communities, governments and policymakers, to 
enhance collective understanding of the Arctic 
region, emphasize and engage in constant 
monitoring, and strengthen observations. 
11.12.	 GLOBAL	 ELECTRIC	 VEHICLES	
(EV)	OUTLOOK		
Recently, International Energy Agency (IEA) and 
Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) released the annual 
Global EV Outlook 2021. 
Major Findings of the Report  
• The world had 10 million electric cars on roads at 
the end of 2020 (Close to 2.5% of the current 
market share). 
• If governments accelerate towards Sustainable 
Development Scenario, the global EV fleet will 
reach to a market share of 12%. Sustainable 
Development Scenario includes-  
o Ensuring universal energy access for all by 
2030. 
o Efforts to bring about sharp reductions in 
emissions of air pollutants.  
o Meeting global climate goals in line with the 
Paris Agreement.  
• Factors supporting EVs sale: 
o Supportive regulatory frameworks. 
o Additional incentives to safeguard EV sales 
from the economic fluctuations.  
o Expanding number of EV models with 
continuous fall in battery cost.  
• 5 major barriers to its adoption are-  
o Limitations of Charging Infrastructure.  
o Current varieties do not satisfy the market 
demand.  
o Initial Cost associated with EVs.  
o Operational issues like long charging time.   
o Uncertain/underdeveloped policy landscape. 
 
About Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) 
• It is a multi-governmental policy forum established 
in 2010 under the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM).  
• Fifteen countries are currently participating in EVI, 
including India, with IEA acting as the coordinator.  
• It works towards accelerating the introduction and 
adoption of electric vehicles worldwide. This 
includes campaigns and programmes like- 
o EV30@30- to have at least 30% new electric 
vehicle sales by 2030.  
o EVI Global EV Pilot City Programme (EVI-PCP)- 
a platform for global cities to communicate and 
cooperate for increasing the uptake of electric 
mobility.  
11.13.	 WORLD’S	 LARGEST	 ICEBERG	
BREAKS	OFF	IN	ANTARCTICA	
• Iceberg A-76, measures around 170 kilometers 
long and 25 kilometers wide, calved from the 
western side of the Ronne Ice Shelf in Antarctica 
and is now floating on the Weddell Sea. 
o Antarctica ice sheet is warming faster than the 
rest of the planet, causing melting of snow 
and ice covers as well as the retreat of 
glaciers, especially around the Weddell Sea. 
• Also, A recent report published in journal Nature 
has predicted that Antarctica is headed for a 
climate tipping point by 2060 if emissions aren’t 
curbed. 
o Tipping points are thresholds where a tiny 
change could push a system into a 
completely new state.  
ü Globally, there are nine “tipping points” 
where a changing climate could push 
parts of the Earth system into abrupt or 
irreversible change. 
ü Nine tipping points are Amazon 
rainforest; Arctic sea ice; Atlantic 
circulation; Boreal forests; Coral reefs; 
Greenland ice sheet; Permafrost; West 
Antarctic ice sheet; Part of East Antarctica 
• Reasons for melting of Antarctica: Human-caused 
global warming; shifting wind patterns linked to 
climate change.  
• Impact: Antarctic contains about 90 percent of the 
planet’s ice, enough to raise global sea levels 200 
feet. 
• Action taken to address Antarctica climate 
change: 
o Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 
deployment of energy efficiency and 
renewable energy systems at all Antarctic 
stations, coordination of transport and 
logistics strategic planning about new facilities 
can bring about regional and global 
environmental benefits as well as cost savings. 
ü Under the environmental protocol of the 
Antarctic Treaty (1959), India has set up 
three research stations -Dakshin Gangotri 
(1983-84); Maitri (1988); Bharati (2015) - 
up till now. 
	
91	 																																																																													
o Antarctic Treaty Parties should lead by 
example in the global effort in addressing 
climate change. 
o Implementation of climate adaptation 
strategies include establishing protecting 
areas which are less likely to change such as 
the Ross Sea, biosecurity measures etc. 
through expansion and improvement of 
CCAMLR’s (Commission for the Conservation 
of Antarctic Marine Living Resources) 
Ecosystem Monitoring Program (CEMP) and 
the establishment of a Southern Ocean 
Sentinel program. 
	
11.14.	FIVE	DEEPS	EXPEDITION		
• The Five Deeps Expedition is the first manned 
expedition to reach the deepest points in each of 
the world’s five oceans.  
• The Expedition is led by explorer and private 
equity investor Victor Vescovo.  
 
11.15.	AIM-ICDK	WATER	INNOVATION	
CHALLENGE	
• Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog in 
partnership with Innovation Center Denmark 
(ICDK) concluded the global finals of the Next 
Generation Water Action (NGWA) Water 
Innovation Challenge. 
• Innovative ideas were invited in following 
challenge areas:  
o Digital water management solutions,  
o Solutions for monitoring and prevention of 
leakage in city water supply, 
o Waste water management across rural belts 
and urban settlements,  
o Rainwater harvesting in rural and urban 
settlements, and 
o Safe and sustained drinking water. 
11.16.	BANNI	GRASSLAND	RESERVE	
• Banni Grassland Reserve is in the Kutch district of 
Gujarat.  
o Banni region emerged from the sea as a result 
of tectonic activities, received soils from the 
rivers flown from Bhuj mainland which made 
the land of Banni richer to generate diverse 
grass species 
• Maldhari tribe lives in the Banni Grasslands 
Reserve area, for the past thousand years. 
o Maldhari community is a tribe of herdsmen in 
Gujarat. They live in settlements 
called ness and make their living by selling 
milk from their water buffaloes. 
	
11.17.	TRIBES	IN	NEWS	
Tribes Details 
Van 
Gujjars 
Nomadic 
Tribe 
• The Uttarakhand High Court passed an 
order upholding the right of Van 
Gujjars to migrate to their summer 
homesteads in the bugyals (Himalayan 
alpine meadows) located within the 
Govind Pashu Vihar National Park. 
• The Van Gujjars are nomadic pastoral 
community in Uttarakhand Himalayas 
that pursue transhumance from the 
Terai-Bhabar and Siwalik region to the 
higher bugyals in summer and vice 
versa in winter to enable their 
livestocks to feed on the 
meadows/pastures. 
 
Read More
Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

Objective type Questions

,

Viva Questions

,

pdf

,

past year papers

,

Free

,

video lectures

,

ppt

,

study material

,

mock tests for examination

,

Important questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

News in Shorts: May 2021 Current Affair Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

,

News in Shorts: May 2021 Current Affair Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

,

Exam

,

Semester Notes

,

practice quizzes

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Summary

,

Extra Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

MCQs

,

News in Shorts: May 2021 Current Affair Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

;