Notes : Democracy contemporary world(3) Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Class 9 : Notes : Democracy contemporary world(3) Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


NEXT 
Man taking a piece of the Berlin Wall as a 
souvenir after the fall of communism in East 
Germany (December 1989).  
Struggles for Democracy, 
1945–Present  
China and 
governments in Latin 
America, Africa, and 
the former Soviet 
bloc respond to calls 
for democracy. 
Page 2


NEXT 
Man taking a piece of the Berlin Wall as a 
souvenir after the fall of communism in East 
Germany (December 1989).  
Struggles for Democracy, 
1945–Present  
China and 
governments in Latin 
America, Africa, and 
the former Soviet 
bloc respond to calls 
for democracy. 
NEXT 
Struggles for Democracy, 
1945–Present  
Map 
SECTION 1 
SECTION 2 
SECTION 3 
SECTION 4 
Democracy  
The Challenge of Democracy in Africa  
The Collapse of the Soviet Union  
Changes in Central and Eastern Europe  
SECTION 5 China: Reform and Reaction  
Chart 
Page 3


NEXT 
Man taking a piece of the Berlin Wall as a 
souvenir after the fall of communism in East 
Germany (December 1989).  
Struggles for Democracy, 
1945–Present  
China and 
governments in Latin 
America, Africa, and 
the former Soviet 
bloc respond to calls 
for democracy. 
NEXT 
Struggles for Democracy, 
1945–Present  
Map 
SECTION 1 
SECTION 2 
SECTION 3 
SECTION 4 
Democracy  
The Challenge of Democracy in Africa  
The Collapse of the Soviet Union  
Changes in Central and Eastern Europe  
SECTION 5 China: Reform and Reaction  
Chart 
NEXT 
Section 1 
Democracy  
In Latin America, economic problems and 
authoritarian rule delay democracy.  
Page 4


NEXT 
Man taking a piece of the Berlin Wall as a 
souvenir after the fall of communism in East 
Germany (December 1989).  
Struggles for Democracy, 
1945–Present  
China and 
governments in Latin 
America, Africa, and 
the former Soviet 
bloc respond to calls 
for democracy. 
NEXT 
Struggles for Democracy, 
1945–Present  
Map 
SECTION 1 
SECTION 2 
SECTION 3 
SECTION 4 
Democracy  
The Challenge of Democracy in Africa  
The Collapse of the Soviet Union  
Changes in Central and Eastern Europe  
SECTION 5 China: Reform and Reaction  
Chart 
NEXT 
Section 1 
Democracy  
In Latin America, economic problems and 
authoritarian rule delay democracy.  
NEXT 
Democracy As a Goal  
Democracy  
Difficulties in Establishing Democracy 
• Common practices include free elections and  
 citizen participation 
• Also: majority rule, minority rights, constitutional  
 government 
• Difficult to establish democracy—even in U.S., took  
 many years 
• These practices need conditions in country to  
 support them 
• Education and a stable economy help 
• So do individual rights, rule by law, sense of  
 national identity  
SECTION 
1 
Page 5


NEXT 
Man taking a piece of the Berlin Wall as a 
souvenir after the fall of communism in East 
Germany (December 1989).  
Struggles for Democracy, 
1945–Present  
China and 
governments in Latin 
America, Africa, and 
the former Soviet 
bloc respond to calls 
for democracy. 
NEXT 
Struggles for Democracy, 
1945–Present  
Map 
SECTION 1 
SECTION 2 
SECTION 3 
SECTION 4 
Democracy  
The Challenge of Democracy in Africa  
The Collapse of the Soviet Union  
Changes in Central and Eastern Europe  
SECTION 5 China: Reform and Reaction  
Chart 
NEXT 
Section 1 
Democracy  
In Latin America, economic problems and 
authoritarian rule delay democracy.  
NEXT 
Democracy As a Goal  
Democracy  
Difficulties in Establishing Democracy 
• Common practices include free elections and  
 citizen participation 
• Also: majority rule, minority rights, constitutional  
 government 
• Difficult to establish democracy—even in U.S., took  
 many years 
• These practices need conditions in country to  
 support them 
• Education and a stable economy help 
• So do individual rights, rule by law, sense of  
 national identity  
SECTION 
1 
NEXT 
Dictators and Democracy  
SECTION 
1 
Brazil’s Early History 
• Brazil: monarchy in 1822, republic controlled by  
 wealthy in 1889 
• In 1930s, dictator suppresses opposition but builds  
 economy 
Continued . . . 
Kubitschek’s Ambitious Program 
• Juscelino Kubitschek builds economy, new capital  
 city—Brasília  
• His followers back reforms, but conservatives object  
 to land reform 
• Land reform—breaking up huge estates into  
 holdings for peasants 
• Wealthy Brazilians support takeover by military in  
 1964  
Read More
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