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Noun & its Classifications (Part -2) - English Grammar | English Grammar Basic - Class 10 PDF Download

Noun: Case

Cases in nouns tell about the position and role of a noun in a sentence. 

There are four kinds of cases:

  1. Nominative
  2. Accusative
  3. Possessive 
  4. Dative

Question for Noun & its Classifications (Part -2) - English Grammar
Try yourself:How many types of noun cases are there?
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Let us discuss these cases in detail. Each noun case is made bold. 

Nominative Case

If a noun or a pronoun is used as the subject, it is called nominative use.

Noun & its Classifications (Part -2) - English Grammar | English Grammar Basic - Class 10

For example,

She is reading.
       ↓
Nominative
Mohan is walking
      ↓
Nominative

Accusative Case

If a noun or pronoun is used as the object, called accusative use.

Noun & its Classifications (Part -2) - English Grammar | English Grammar Basic - Class 10

For example,
I like her.
       ↓
Accusative
That is Anjali.
     ↓
Accusative

Possessive Case


A possessive case shows the possessionownership, or authority of a noun. That case shows a relationship between two nouns or between a noun and a pronoun.  

Noun & its Classifications (Part -2) - English Grammar | English Grammar Basic - Class 10

For example,
Rahul's book.
     ↓
possession
Sharukh's brother.
     ↓
relation


Question for Noun & its Classifications (Part -2) - English Grammar
Try yourself:Which of the following is not a type of noun case?
View Solution


Rules to write possessive cases.

1. At the end of a singular noun we put —'s for possessive case :
For example,
Rajiv's book, Meena's mother, President's bodyguard.

2. —s ending plural nouns take only (’)
For example
Boys' hostel, Girls' school
But,
Women's college, Men's competition, Children's park

3. In compound nouns, we use possessive with the last term.
For example,
Commander-in-chief's order
Mother-in-law's house
Father-in-law's problem
Engineer-in-chiefs' office
Brother-in-law's wife.

4. If possessive is used before than, it should be used after than.
For example,
Ravi's sister is more beautiful than Karan. —wrong
Ravi's sister is more beautiful than Karan's. —correct.
Kareena's husband is more handsome than Karishma.  — wrong
Kareena's husband is more handsome than Karishma's.  — correct
Rohan's brother is more intelligent than Mohan. —wrong
Rohan's brother is more intelligent than Mohan's. —correct

Dative Case

A noun is said to be in a dative case if it is the Indirect object of the verb. (Indirect object of the verb is the noun for whom or for which the action of the verb is carried out). There should not be a preposition before the indirect object because in that case, it will be the object of that preposition.


Noun & its Classifications (Part -2) - English Grammar | English Grammar Basic - Class 10

For example,
Get him a pen
   ↓
Dative

The postman brought me a letter.
   ↓
Dative

The document Noun & its Classifications (Part -2) - English Grammar | English Grammar Basic - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar Basic.
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FAQs on Noun & its Classifications (Part -2) - English Grammar - English Grammar Basic - Class 10

1. What are the different classifications of nouns based on case in English grammar?
Ans. The different classifications of nouns based on case in English grammar are nominative case, accusative case, genitive case, and dative case.
2. How does the nominative case function in English grammar?
Ans. The nominative case is used for the subject of a sentence or clause. It is the form of a noun that appears when it is the doer of an action or the one performing the verb.
3. What is the role of the accusative case in English grammar?
Ans. The accusative case is used for the direct object of a verb or for the object of certain prepositions. It is the form of a noun that receives the action of the verb.
4. When is the genitive case used in English grammar?
Ans. The genitive case is used to indicate possession or ownership. It is the form of a noun that shows that something belongs to someone or something else.
5. How is the dative case employed in English grammar?
Ans. The dative case is used to indicate the indirect object of a verb or the object of certain prepositions. It is the form of a noun that receives the action indirectly or indicates the recipient of an action.
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