Class 10  >  English Grammar Basic  >  Noun & its Classifications (Part -3) - English Grammar

Noun & its Classifications (Part -3) - English Grammar - English Grammar Basic - Class 10

Noun : Gender

What is gender ?

In grammar, there is a classification of a noun or pronoun as masculine or feminine. Therefore, gender is the sexual classification in grammar. Gender comes from Latin genus, meaning kind or sort.

We know that living beings are of either the male or the female sex.

A B A B
Boy Girl Tiger Tigress
Actor Actress Man Woman
Hero Heroine Cock Hen
Lion Lioness Brother Sister


The words in the first column under A are the names of all male animals.

And, the words in the second column under B are the names of all female animals.

A noun that denotes a male animal is said to be of the Masculine Gender.

A noun that denotes a female animal is said to be of the Feminine Gender.

Besides, Masculine Gender and Feminine Gender, there is a gender which is said to be the Common Gender. In this, a noun that denotes either a male or a female is included.

As,
Parent, child, pupil, servant, friend, thief, relation, enemy, cousin, orphan, student, person, baby, guardian, monarch, infant, neighbour, tutor etc.

A noun that denotes a thing that is neither male nor female is said to be of Neuter Gender.

[Neuter means neither, i.e., neither male nor female.]

As,
Book, pen, table, chair, room, wall, tree, paper, ball, sword, radio, telephone, bag, cloth, cigarette, music, key, bus, auto, motor, song etc.

Masculine Gender is often applied to objects remarkable for strength, violence, sublimity and superiority.

As,
Death, time, winter, summer, the sun, fear, love etc.

Feminine Gender is often applied to objects remarkable for beauty, gentleness, gracefulness, fertility, softness, sweetness and weakness etc.

As,
The moon, the earth, spring, liberty, autumn, nature, charity, church, hope, justice, mercy, peace, religion, spring, truth, virtue, names of countries, locomotive engines, cars, ships and of arts and sciences.

Note : 1. Some Masculine nouns are used in the Common Gender.

As,  Actor,  Advocate, Author, Chairman, Doctor, Hound, Lawyer, Man, Painter, Poet, Teacher, Tutor, Hunter
2. Some Feminine nouns are used in the Common Gender.

As, Cow, Duck, Bee
3. Some Feminine nouns have no corresponding Masculine forms.

As,
House-wife (mistress of the house)

Virgin (an unmarried woman)

Flirt (woman pretending to make love) Virago (a turbulent woman)

Dowager (widow with late husband's property)

Siren (an enticing woman)

Brunette (a dark-complexioned woman)

Prude (a woman of a affected modestry)

4. Some Masculines have no corresponding Feminines. 

As,
Captain, Judge, Knight, Squire, Parson

The document Noun & its Classifications (Part -3) - English Grammar | English Grammar Basic - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar Basic.
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FAQs on Noun & its Classifications (Part -3) - English Grammar - English Grammar Basic - Class 10

1. What is a noun?
Ans. A noun is a word that represents a person, place, thing, or idea. It is one of the basic parts of speech in English grammar.
2. What are the different classifications of nouns?
Ans. Nouns can be classified into several categories, including common nouns, proper nouns, concrete nouns, abstract nouns, countable nouns, and uncountable nouns.
3. What are common nouns?
Ans. Common nouns are general names for people, places, things, or ideas. They are not capitalized unless they appear at the beginning of a sentence.
4. Can you provide examples of proper nouns?
Ans. Proper nouns are specific names for people, places, or things. They are always capitalized. Examples include names of individuals (e.g., John, London), names of organizations (e.g., Microsoft, Apple), and names of specific products (e.g., iPhone, Coca-Cola).
5. What is the difference between countable and uncountable nouns?
Ans. Countable nouns refer to things that can be counted, such as "books" or "chairs," and they can be singular or plural. Uncountable nouns, on the other hand, refer to things that cannot be counted individually, such as "water" or "information," and they do not have a plural form.
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