Odd one out Previous Year Questions Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

CAT: Odd one out Previous Year Questions Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

The document Odd one out Previous Year Questions Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT is a part of the CAT Course Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC).
All you need of CAT at this link: CAT

Q.1: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out.
Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
(1) One argument is that actors that do not fit within a single, well-defined category may suffer an “illegitimacy discount”.
(2) Others believe that complex identities confuse audiences about an organization’s role or purpose.
(3) Some organizations have complex and multidimensional identities that span or combine categories, while other organizations possess narrow identities.
(4) Identity is one of the most important features of organizations, but there exist opposing views among sociologists about how identity affects organizational performance.
(5) Those who think that complex identities are beneficial point to the strategic advantages of ambiguity, and organizations’ potential to differentiate themselves from competitors.

CAT 2019 Slot 1

Correct Answer is Option (1)
Statement 1 says that actors who do not fit within a certain category such as "humour", "action" etc will face certain difficulty
Statement 2 has a negative tone. It starts with "others" indicating that the preceding statement is likely to have a positive tone.
Statement 4 is a good opening statement as it sets the agenda for the passage by saying that there are opposing views with regard to effects of identities in organisations.
Statement 5 is a favourable view to complex identities, a positive tone. Hence 52 is a logical block.
Statement 3 cannot open the paragraph as the succeeding statement 4 will be disconnected to the central idea of statement 1. Statement 3 can neither be a conclusion as it is too generic. Hence, statement 3 can logically occur only after statement 4 and before the logical block 52.
4 - Idea of organizational identity introduced
3 - One of the features of organisational identities explained
52 - Two opposing views expressed Statement 1 is unrelated to organisational identity as it speaks about stereotyping the actors. Hence statement 1 is odd one out


Q.2: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out.
Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
(1) His idea to use sign language was not a completely new idea as Native Americans used hand gestures to communicate with other tribes.
(2) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, for example, observed that men who are deaf are incapable of speech.
(3) People who were born deaf were denied the right to sign a will as they were “presumed to understand nothing; because it is not possible that they have been able to learn to read or write.”
(4) Pushback against this prejudice began in the 16th century when Pedro Ponce de León created a formal sign language for the hearing impaired.
(5) For millennia, people with hearing impairments encountered marginalization because it was believed that language could only be learned by hearing the spoken word.

CAT 2019 Slot 1

Correct Answer is Option (2)
Statement 34 makes a logical block as statement 4 speaks about "this prejudice" against deaf people. While statement 3 highlights the prejudice by saying that they were considered to be dumb and not allowed to sign a will.
The idea of sign language is continued in statement 1 where the pronoun "he" refers to pedro and the statement discusses about the origin of the sign language.
Statement 5 is a good opening statement as it introduces the idea of discrimination against deaf and this idea is continued by an example in statement 3. Hence these statements can be arranged in the order 5341.
Statement 2 is a good standalone opening statement. Yet, this statement cannot be succeeded by any of the other statements as it is a misfit in the paragraph. Hence statement 2 is the odd one out.


Q.3: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
(1) A particularly interesting example of inference occurs in many single panel comics.
(2) It’s the creator’s participation and imagination that makes the single-panel comic so engaging and so rewarding.
(3) Often, the humor requires you to imagine what happened in the instant immediately before or immediately after the panel you’re being shown.
(4) To get the joke, you actually have to figure out what some of these missing panels must be.
(5) It is as though the cartoonist devised a series of panels to tell the story and has chosen to show you only one - and typically not even the funniest.

CAT 2019 Slot 2 

Correct Answer is Option (2)
After reading all the sentences it is clear that the paragraph talks about how to understand the humor behind the single panel comics.
The sentence 1 sets the platform for the author to explain how to infer humour in a single panel comic.
Consider the sentences 3, 4, 5. Those sentences are aimed at the reader.
"3. Often, the humor requires you to imagine what happened in the instant immediately before or immediately after the panel you’re being shown."
"4. To get the joke, you actually have to figure out what some of these missing panels must be."
"5. It is as though the cartoonist devised a series of panels to tell the story and has chosen to show you only one - and typically not even the funniest."
Sentence 2 on the other hand is a stand alone sentence that does not fit in with the rest of the paragraph. Hence, it is an odd sentence.


Q.4: Five sentences related to a topic are given below in a jumbled order. Four of them form a coherent and unified paragraph. Identify the odd sentence that does not go with the four. Key in the number of the options that you choose.
(1) Socrates told us that ‘the unexamined life is not worth living’ and that to ‘know thyself’ is the path to true wisdom
(2) It suggests that you should adopt an ancient rhetorical method favored by the likes of Julius Caesar and known as ‘illeism’ - or speaking about yourself in the third person.
(3) Research has shown that people who are prone to rumination also often suffer from impaired decision making under pressure and are at a substantially increased risk of depression.
(4) Simple rumination - the process of churning your concerns around in your head - is not the way to achieve self-realization.
(5) The idea is that this small change in perspective can clear your emotional fog, allowing you to see past your biases.

CAT 2019 Slot 2

Correct Answer is Option (1)
After reading all the sentences, it can be reasonably inferred that the passage talks about how rumination is not the way to achieve-self realization, but another method favored by Caesar, 'illeism' would help a person see past his biases.
Sentence 4 introduces the idea of rumination. Hence this sentence would serve as the introductory sentence. Sentence 3 follows sentence 4 because it indicates the results of the research done on rumination. Sentence 2 would be the next logical progression, since it puts forth an alternative to rumination, known as illeism. Sentence 2 and sentence 5 would form a block as sentence 5 explains the consequences of adopting the ancient method of illeism, mentioned in sentence 2.
4-3-2-5 would be the correct ordering of the sentences. Sentence 1 does not fit in with the passage and hence, it is the correct answer.


Q.5: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
(1) Ocean plastic is problematic for a number of reasons, but primarily because marine animals eat it.
(2) The largest numerical proportion of ocean plastic falls in small size fractions.
(3) Aside from clogging up the digestive tracts of marine life, plastic also tends to adsorb pollutants from the water column.
(4) Plastic in the oceans is arguably one of the most important and pervasive environmental problems today.
(5) Eating plastic has a number of negative consequences such as the retention of plastic particles in the gut for longer periods than normal food particles.

CAT 2019 Slot 2

Correct Answer is Option (2)
After reading all the sentences it can be inferred that the passage talks about the impact of ocean plastic on marine organisms.
Sentence 4 introduces the important and pervasive environmental problem of having plastic in the oceans. Hence it is the first sentence of the passage. Sentence 1 gives the reason behind why ocean plastic is problematic, elucidating that marine animals eat it. Hence it should follow sentence 4. Sentence 5 gives the consequences of marine animals eating ocean plastic. Sentence 3 further elaborates sentence 5 and follows it.
Hence the correct order of sentences is 4-1-5-3. Sentence 2 does not fit in with the rest of the passage and is the correct option.


Q.6: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out.
(1) In many cases time inconsistency is what prevents our going from intention to action.
(2) For people to continuously postpone getting their children immunized, they would need to be constantly fooled by themselves.
(3) In the specific case of immunization, however, it is hard to believe that time inconsistency by itself would be sufficient to make people permanently postpone the decision if they were fully cognizant of its benefits.
(4) In most cases, even a small cost of immunization was large enough to discourage most people.
(5) Not only do they have to think that they prefer to spend time going to the camp next month rather than today, they also have to believe that they will indeed go next month.

CAT 2018 Slot 1

Correct Answer is Option (4)
All sentences except sentence 4 talk about how time inconsistency prevents people from immunizing their children. Sentence 4 states that the cost of immunization acts as a deterrent which is not in line with the other 4 sentences.
1 should be the opening sentence since it is a general statement introducing time inconsistency. Sentence 1 should be followed by sentence 3 since it explains how time inconsistency, in itself, acts as a deterrent in the specific case of immunization. Sentences 2 and 5 form a pair. Sentence 2 states how people should be fooling themselves to postpone their child's immunization. Sentence 5 explains how they should be fooling themselves to not get their child immunized.
Sentences 1325 can be put together into a coherent paragraph. Therefore, 4 is the correct answer.


Q.7: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out.
(1) Displacement in Bengal is thus not very significant in view of its magnitude.
(2) A factor of displacement in Bengal is the shifting course of the Ganges leading to erosion of river banks.
(3) The nature of displacement in Bengal makes it an interesting case study.
(4) Since displacement due to erosion is well spread over a long period of time, it remains invisible.
(5) Rapid displacement would have helped sensitize the public to its human costs.

CAT 2018 Slot 1

Correct Answer is Option (5)
On reading the sentences, we can infer that the paragraph revolves around the displacement of people in Bengal due to erosion. 3 should be the opening sentence since it introduces the topic of discussion - displacement in Bengal. 3 should be followed by sentence 2 since it elaborates that the displacement is due to the shifting of the course of the Ganges and the erosion. We have to decide the pair between 5, 4, and 1.
Sentence 4 is definitely a part of the paragraph since it fits well with both the sentences. Also, it states an important detail - the displacement is spread out over a period of time and hence, remains invisible. Since the displacement is not rapid, its magnitude is not significant. Sentences 4 and 1 form a pair and hence, sentence 5 is the one out of context.


Q.8: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the ODD ONE out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
(1) Translators are like bumblebees.
(2) Though long since scientifically disproved, this factoid is still routinely trotted out.
(3) Similar pronouncements about the impossibility of translation have dogged practitioners since Leonardo Bruni’s De interpretatione recta, published in 1424.
(4) Bees, unaware of these deliberations, have continued to flit from flower to flower, and translators continue to translate.
(5) In 1934, the French entomologist August Magnan pronounced the flight of the bumblebee to be aerodynamically impossible.

CAT 2018 Slot 1

Correct Answer is Option (2)
Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the ODD ONE out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
1. Translators are like bumblebees.
2. Though long since scientifically disproved, this factoid is still routinely trotted out.
3. Similar pronouncements about the impossibility of translation have dogged practitioners since Leonardo Bruni’s De interpretatione recta, published in 1424.
4. Bees, unaware of these deliberations, have continued to flit from flower to flower, and translators continue to translate.
5. In 1934, the French entomologist August Magnan pronounced the flight of the bumblebee to be aerodynamically impossible.


Q.9: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out.
(1) As India looks to increase the number of cities, our urban planning must factor in potential natural disasters and work out contingencies in advance.
(2) Authorities must revise data and upgrade infrastructure and mitigation plans even if their local area hasn’t been visited by a natural calamity yet.
(3) Extreme temperatures, droughts, and forest fires have more than doubled since 1980.
(4) There is no denying the fact that our baseline normal weather is changing.
(5) It is no longer a question of whether we will be hit by nature's fury but rather when.

CAT 2018 Slot 2

Correct Answer is Option (3)
If we read all the sentences together, we see that the author is arguing for India preparing itself in advance for future natural disasters.
Sentence 4, which introduces the broader context makes for a good opening line. Sentences 1 and 2 together make the main point that the author is trying to make through the paragraph - that India should prepare itself for future natural disasters. Sentence 5 emphasizes the main point by adding that natural disasters will occur in the future and thus makes for a good concluding line.
Sentence 3, that talks about extreme temperatures does not lead off to any of the other sentences nor does it add to any of the other sentences. Hence, it is the odd one.
Additional Explanation: 1-2 is a block, both are talking about things that authorities should do 45 are rhetorical opinions of the author on the weather. 3 is a fact.
We use facts to draw reasonable conclusions. This standalone fact cannot be used to draw any conclusion. The style of the author's writing in 4 and 5 are more opinionated than factual. So 3 is a misfit. Moreover, we cannot make a connection between 1-4, 1 says we need contingencies for natural disasters(suggestive) whereas, 4 says whether it is changing(rhetorical).


Q.10: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key the number in:
(1) Our smartphones can now track our diets, our biological cycles, even our digestive systems and sleep-patterns.
(2) Researchers have even coined a new term, “orthosomnia”, to describe the insomnia brought on by paying too much attention to smartphones and sleep-tracking apps.
(3) Sleep, nature’s soft nurse, is a blissful, untroubled state all too easily disturbed by earthly worries or a guilty conscience.
(4) The existence of a market for such apps is unsurprising: shift work, a long-hours culture and blue light from screens have conspired to rob many of us of sufficient rest.
(5) A new threat to a good night’s rest has emerged - smart-phones, with sleep-tracking apps.

CAT 2018 - Slot 2

Correct Answer is Option (3)
The use of the word "such apps" in 4 indicates that 4 must be preceded by a line that mentions a type of app. We find this in 5 and 2. So the pairs could be 5-4 or 2-4. If we see the sentences 5 and 1 they introduce the topic under discussion and provide context for the details provided in 2 and 4. Hence, 1 and 5 should come at the start of the paragraph and 2-4 should be the end of the paragraph. Between 5 and 1, 5 provides a better opening line as it introduces the main topic of discussion. Hence, the order of the paragraph should be 5-1-2-4.
Sentence 3 which talks of "guilty conscience" is out of context with the rest of the paragraph.


Q.11: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out.
(1) Much has been recently discovered about the development of songs in birds.
(2) Some species are restricted to a single song learned by all individuals, others have a range of songs.
(3) The most important auditory stimuli for the birds are the sounds of other birds.
(4) For all bird species there is a prescribed path to development of the final song,
(5) A bird begins with the subsong, passes through plastic song, until it achieves the species song.

CAT 2018 - Slot 2

Correct Answer is Option (3)
On reading the sentences, we can infer that the paragraph talks about the development of songs in birds.
1 should be the opening sentence since it introduces the topic of discussion, the development of songs in birds. 1 provides a proper introduction to the paragraph by stating that much has been discovered about the development of songs in birds.
4 should be the sentence that follows 1 since it states that the development of songs in birds follows a template process.
5 explains the mechanism in which the song is developed. Therefore, sentence 5 should follow sentence 4.
2 should be the last sentence since it states that some species restrict themselves to one song while other species have more than one song.
Sentences 1452 form a coherent paragraph. Sentence 3 talks about the sounds of birds while the other sentences are about how a species develops a song. Therefore, sentence 3 is the one out of context and hence, 3 is the right answer.


Q.12: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out.
(1) The water that made up ancient lakes and perhaps an ocean was lost.
(2) Particles from the Sun collided with molecules in the atmosphere, knocking them into space or giving them an electric charge that caused them to be swept away by the solar wind.
(3) Most of the planet's remaining water is now frozen or buried, but clues over the past decade suggested that some liquid water, a presumed necessity for life, might survive in underground aquifers.
(4) Data from NASA's MAVEN orbiter show that solar storms stripped away most of Mars's once-thick atmosphere.
(5) A recent study reveals how Mars lost much of its early water, while another indicates that some liquid water remains.

CAT 2017

Correct Answer is Option (1)
On reading the sentences, we can infer that the paragraph is about how Mars lost most of its water.
Sentence 5 states that Mars has lost much of its water according to one study but some liquid water remains according to another. Therefore, the rest of the paragraph should explain about these 2 findings.
Sentences 4 and 2 together substantiate the first study. They try to explain how a solar storm swept away Mar's water content. Both the sentences talk about the solar storm. Sentence 3 talks about the water that is remaining on the planet.
Sentences 5423 can be put together into a coherent paragraph.
Therefore, sentence 1 is the odd one out.


Q.13: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out.
(1) Neuroscientists have just begun studying exercise's impact within brain cells — on the genes themselves.
(2) Even there, in the roots of our biology, they' ve found signs of the body's influence on the mind.
(3) It turns out that moving our muscles produces proteins that travel through the bloodstream and into the brain, where they play pivotal roles in the mechanisms of our highest thought processes.
(4) In today's technology-driven, plasma-screened-in world, it's easy to forget that we are born movers-animals, in fact — because we' ve engineered movement right out of our lives.
(5) It's only in the past few years that neuroscientists have begun to describe these factors and how they work, and each new discovery adds awe-inspiring depth to the picture.

CAT 2017

Correct Answer is Option (4)
After reading all the sentences, we know that the passage is about the study of the effect of exercise on the mind by the neuroscientists.
Statement 1 is the opening sentence as it introduces the main idea and suggests that neuroscientists have started studying the effect of exercise on the mind.
Statement 2 discusses the findings of the study mentioned in statement 1.
Statement 3 further elaborates the finding and explains the reasons behind the effect of exercise on brain cells. Statement 5 is a conclusion sentence based on the study mentioned in the three sentences mentioned earlier. Thus, 1235 forms a meaningful paragraph.
Statement 4 focuses on our ignorance of movements due to the widespread use of technology. Other four sentences are about the relationship between exercise and brain cells. However, statement 4 is about a different topic. Therefore, statement 4 is an odd sentence which does not fit in the paragraph.
Hence, 4 is the correct answer.


Q.14: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.
Identify the odd one out.
(1) People who study children's language spend a lot of time watching how babies react to the speech they hear around them.
(2) They make films of adults and babies interacting, and examine them very carefully to see whether the babies show any signs of understanding what the adults say.
(3) They believe that babies begin to react to language from the very moment they are born.
(4) Sometimes the signs are very subtle — slight movements of the baby's eyes or the head or the hands.
(5) You'd never notice them if you were just sitting with the child, but by watching a recording over and over, you can spot them.

CAT 2017

Correct Answer is Option (3)
After reading all the sentences, we know that the paragraph is about the children's language and the signs that they show.
Statement 1 is the opening sentence as it introduces us to the method adopted to study children's language.
Statement 2 further explains the method how people study the signs given by children.
Statements 4 and 5 are about the signs mentioned in statement 2. Thus, all the four statements are related to the methodology adopted by people to study children's language. Therefore, these 4 sentences form a paragraph.
Statement 3 is about the reaction of children to a certain language. So, statement 3 is about a different topic and does not fit in the paragraph. Hence, 3 is the correct answer.

The document Odd one out Previous Year Questions Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT is a part of the CAT Course Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC).
All you need of CAT at this link: CAT

How to Prepare for CAT

Read our guide to prepare for CAT which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers

Download free EduRev App

Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!

Related Searches

Odd one out Previous Year Questions Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

,

Summary

,

Semester Notes

,

Odd one out Previous Year Questions Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

,

practice quizzes

,

pdf

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Important questions

,

Objective type Questions

,

Free

,

mock tests for examination

,

past year papers

,

video lectures

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Extra Questions

,

MCQs

,

Viva Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

study material

,

ppt

,

Exam

,

Odd one out Previous Year Questions Notes | Study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

;