PPT: Poverty & Unemployment - Economy Lecture 15(1) UPSC Notes | EduRev

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UPSC : PPT: Poverty & Unemployment - Economy Lecture 15(1) UPSC Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Lecture 15 
Poverty & Unemployment
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
Page 2


Lecture 15 
Poverty & Unemployment
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Concept of Inclusive Growth & Sustainable Development 
GiNi Coefficient & Lorenz Curve 
Concept of Poverty & Poverty Line Estimates 
Government Interventions  
Various terms related to employment 
Types of Unemployment 
Gig Economy 
Issues related to Unemployment Data 
Labour reforms 
International Labour Organisation 
Economic Survey 2019-20
Page 3


Lecture 15 
Poverty & Unemployment
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Concept of Inclusive Growth & Sustainable Development 
GiNi Coefficient & Lorenz Curve 
Concept of Poverty & Poverty Line Estimates 
Government Interventions  
Various terms related to employment 
Types of Unemployment 
Gig Economy 
Issues related to Unemployment Data 
Labour reforms 
International Labour Organisation 
Economic Survey 2019-20
Inclusive Growth
The agenda for “inclusive growth” was 
envisaged in the 11th Five Year Plan which 
not only intended faster growth but a growth 
process which ensures broad-based 
improvement in quality of life of people. 
Inclusive growth brings special focus on 
poor, SC/STs, OBCs, minorities and women. 
Plus it seeks to provide “equality of 
opportunity”. 
Page 4


Lecture 15 
Poverty & Unemployment
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Concept of Inclusive Growth & Sustainable Development 
GiNi Coefficient & Lorenz Curve 
Concept of Poverty & Poverty Line Estimates 
Government Interventions  
Various terms related to employment 
Types of Unemployment 
Gig Economy 
Issues related to Unemployment Data 
Labour reforms 
International Labour Organisation 
Economic Survey 2019-20
Inclusive Growth
The agenda for “inclusive growth” was 
envisaged in the 11th Five Year Plan which 
not only intended faster growth but a growth 
process which ensures broad-based 
improvement in quality of life of people. 
Inclusive growth brings special focus on 
poor, SC/STs, OBCs, minorities and women. 
Plus it seeks to provide “equality of 
opportunity”. 
Elements of 
Inclusive 
Growth
Employment  
Generation
Agriculture 
Development
Social Sector 
Development
Equitable Distribution 
Of Income
Environment  
Protection
Reduce 
Regional Disparities
Industrial  
Development
Poverty 
Reduction
Page 5


Lecture 15 
Poverty & Unemployment
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Concept of Inclusive Growth & Sustainable Development 
GiNi Coefficient & Lorenz Curve 
Concept of Poverty & Poverty Line Estimates 
Government Interventions  
Various terms related to employment 
Types of Unemployment 
Gig Economy 
Issues related to Unemployment Data 
Labour reforms 
International Labour Organisation 
Economic Survey 2019-20
Inclusive Growth
The agenda for “inclusive growth” was 
envisaged in the 11th Five Year Plan which 
not only intended faster growth but a growth 
process which ensures broad-based 
improvement in quality of life of people. 
Inclusive growth brings special focus on 
poor, SC/STs, OBCs, minorities and women. 
Plus it seeks to provide “equality of 
opportunity”. 
Elements of 
Inclusive 
Growth
Employment  
Generation
Agriculture 
Development
Social Sector 
Development
Equitable Distribution 
Of Income
Environment  
Protection
Reduce 
Regional Disparities
Industrial  
Development
Poverty 
Reduction
Sustainable Development
Meeting human development while at the same time sustaining the ability of 
natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon 
which the economy and society depends. 
One of the first uses of the term sustainable in the contemporary sense was 
by “Club of Rome” in 1972 in its classic report on the “Limits to Growth”, 
written by a group of scientists. 
In 1987, the UN World Commission on Environment and Development released 
the report “Our Common Future”, commonly called the “Brundtland Report”. 
Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) : 
-
In September 2015, UNGA formally adopted the “universal, integrated and 
transformative” 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. 
-
A set of 17 SDGs were adopted in this agenda with 169 targets between them. 
-
The goals are to be implemented and achieved in every country from 
2016-2030. 
-
This is to be operated under UNDP.
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