Paragraph Completion - Grammar, Verbal Banking Exams Notes | EduRev

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Banking Exams : Paragraph Completion - Grammar, Verbal Banking Exams Notes | EduRev

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As the name suggests, Para-completion requires you to complete the paragraph in a way that it is coherent and complete. It tests your comprehension skills. All it asks of you is to complete a missing line from a paragraph, and this line is generally the last line of the paragraph. It is a pretty simple thing to do, isn't it? Well, not quite. Among various competitive exams, CAT is a peculiar paper and it does have its little pitfalls here and there.

Example:

The audiences for crosswords and Sudoku, understandably, overlap greatly, but there are differences, too. A crossword attracts a more literary person, while Sudoku appeals to a keenly logical mind. Some crossword enthusiasts turn up their noses at Sudoku because they feel it lacks depth. A good crossword requires vocabulary, knowledge, mental flexibility and sometimes even a sense of humor to complete. It touches numerous areas of life and provides an "Aha!" or two along the way. (_____________)

  1. Sudoku, on the other hand, is just a logical exercise, each one similar to the last.
  2. Sudoku, incidentally, is growing faster in popularity than crosswords, even among the literati.
  3. Sudoku, on the other hand, can be attempted and enjoyed even by children.
  4. Sudoku, however, is not exciting in any sense of the term.

Can you spot the answer here?

The answer is option 1. The paragraph's central idea is the comparison between crosswords and Sudoku. It first talks about crosswords and then points out how Sudoku is different. In the last two sentences crossword is discussed, hence the next sentence would be how Sudoku is different on the same lines.

The Strategy for Para-completion Questions:

Let's take an example to understand the strategy part for these questions:

Most firms consider expert individuals to be too elitist, temperamental, egocentric, and difficult to work with. Force such people to collaborate on a high- stakes project and they just might come to fisticuffs. Even the very notion of managing such a group seems unimaginable. So, most organizations fall into the default mode, setting up project teams of people who get along nicely.

  1. The result, however, is disastrous.
  2. The result is mediocrity.
  3. The result is creation of experts who then become elitists.
  4. Naturally, they drive innovations.

Identify the gist of the paragraph : This paragraph is about negative character traits of expert individuals and how they are avoided by firms.

Identify the continuing thread of thought : The author leaves us at a peculiar place: how companies choose employees that get along well. These cannot be experts because it is not in their nature to get along well. So it has to be people who are not experts. A simple inference we draw.
Continue the thread of thought keep in mind the 'first thing' : We continue the inference we have drawn above. People who are not experts are not in a position to drive innovation or become experts. But we cannot say their results will be disastrous as the passage mentions how well they get along. So, we adopt a middle path and the choice that represents this balanced approach, option 2.

Handy Tips and Tricks for the Topic:

Do not get stuck on words.

Do not get stuck on the last line. The last line is vastly different from the last thought. Para-completion in a way is thought completion.

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