1. Present Participle
2. Past Participle
# Present Participle
- Here running is come alone without any helping verb, so from this we got to know that 'running ' is not a part of tense.
- If we use only ' run ' instead of ' running ' it doesn't make any sense
- So when v1 + ing comes alone, without them sentence doesn't make any sense is known as participle.
- If it in the present tense (is, are is used) , then the participle is known as Present Participle.
- Here participle is act as an adjective.
# Past Participle
- Used for all perfect tense forms of a verb and in the passive voice.
Example: He hid the money in his recently gotten shirt.
Here gotten is past participle because :
- It acts as adjective because it adds the quality or describes about noun. (Here noun is shirt)
- No helping verb is used with ' gotten ' so it cannot be apart of tense.
- It is third form of verb.
Example : He took the gun. He shot the tiger.
Having taken the gun, he shot the tiger. [Active Voice]
Here past participle is used with having
So in the active voice past participle can come as having + v3
Having been taken the gun, he shot the tiger. [Passive Voice]
[He : Subject of Reference]