Q. 1 If the path of an irrigation canal is below the bed level of a natural stream, the type of cross-drainage structure provided is
(a) Level crossing
(b) Super passage
(d) Sluicegate [2019 : 1 Mark, Set-I]
HFL: High Flood Level of Drain
SBL: Stream Bed Level
FSL: Full Supply Level of Canal
CBL: Canal Bed Level
Superpassage, as the given elevation condition suits CDW (as shown in diagram).
Q. 2 Group I contains three broad classes of irrigation supply canal outlets. Group II presents hydraulic performance attributes.
P. Non-modular outlet
Q. Semi-modular outlet
R. Modular outlet
1. Outlet discharge depends on the water levels in both the supply canal as well as the receiving water course
2. Outlet discharge is fixed and is independent of the water levels in both the supply canal as well as the receiving water course
3. Outlet discharge depends only on the water level in the supply canal
The correct match of the items in Group I with the items in Group II is
(a) P-1; Q-2; R-3
(b) P-3; Q-1; R-2
(c) P-2; Q-3; R-1
(d) P-1; Q-3; R-2 [2017 : 2 Marks, Set-I]
Non-modular outlet: These are the outlets whose discharge depends on the difference in water levels in the distributing channel and the water course. The discharge of such outlets, therefore, varies with the variation of the water levels in the distributing channel and the water course.
Semi-modular outlet: These are the outlets whose discharge varies with the variation of the water level in the distribution channel but it is independent of the water level in the water course, so long as the minimum working head required for their working is available.
Modular outlet: These are the outlets whose discharge is independent of the water levels in the distributing channel and the water course, within reasonable working limits. In other words modular outlets maintain a constant discharge irrespective of variation of the water levels in the distributing channel and the water course.
Q. 3 Profile of a weir on permeable foundation is shown in figure I and an elementary profile of upstream pile only case’ according to Khosla’s theory is shown in figure II. The uplift pressure heads at key points Q, R and S are 3.14 m, 2.75 m and 0 m, respectively (refer figure II)
What is the up lift pressure head at point P downstream of the weir (junction of floor and pile as shown in the figure-1)?
(a) 2.75 m
(b) 1.25 m
(c) 0.8 m
(d) Data not sufficient [2016 : 1 Mark, Set-Il]
Q. 4 A conventional flow duration curve is a plot between
(a) Flow and percentage time flow is exceeded
(b) Duration of flooding and ground level elevation
(c) Duration of water supply in a city and proportion of area receiving supply exceeding this duration
(d) Flow rate and duration of time taken to empty a reservoir at that flow rate [2014: 1 Mark, Set-I]
Ans : (a)