Physics Syllabus for NEET 2020 NEET Notes | EduRev

NEET Mock Test Series & Past Year Papers

NEET : Physics Syllabus for NEET 2020 NEET Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


  
PHYSICS 
CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement 
Details:- 
• Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and 
society. 
• Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, 
fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy 
and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant 
figures. 
• Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications. 
UNIT II: Kinematics 
Details:- 
• Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position- time graph, speed and 
velocity. Uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous 
velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity -time and position-time graphs, for 
uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). 
• Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. 
Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, 
general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real 
number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity. 
• Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components. 
• Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform 
velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion. 
UNIT III: Laws of Motion 
Details:- 
•  Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and 
Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of 
conservation of linear momentum and its applications. 
•   Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling 
friction, lubrication. 
Page 2


  
PHYSICS 
CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement 
Details:- 
• Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and 
society. 
• Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, 
fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy 
and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant 
figures. 
• Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications. 
UNIT II: Kinematics 
Details:- 
• Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position- time graph, speed and 
velocity. Uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous 
velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity -time and position-time graphs, for 
uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). 
• Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. 
Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, 
general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real 
number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity. 
• Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components. 
• Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform 
velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion. 
UNIT III: Laws of Motion 
Details:- 
•  Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and 
Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of 
conservation of linear momentum and its applications. 
•   Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling 
friction, lubrication. 
  
•  Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular 
motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road). 
UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power 
Details:- 
•  Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work -energy 
theorem, power. 
•  Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; 
conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); 
nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions 
in one and two dimensions. 
UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 
Details:- 
•  Centre of mass of a two- particle system, momentum conservation and centre of 
mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod. 
•  Moment of a force, -torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular 
momentum with some examples. 
•  Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, 
comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. 
Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel 
and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. 
UNIT VI: Gravitation 
Details:- 
•  Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration 
due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. 
•  Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital 
velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites. 
UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter 
Details:- 
•  Elastic behavior, Stress -strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk 
modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy. 
•  Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and 
turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. 
Page 3


  
PHYSICS 
CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement 
Details:- 
• Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and 
society. 
• Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, 
fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy 
and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant 
figures. 
• Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications. 
UNIT II: Kinematics 
Details:- 
• Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position- time graph, speed and 
velocity. Uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous 
velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity -time and position-time graphs, for 
uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). 
• Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. 
Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, 
general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real 
number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity. 
• Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components. 
• Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform 
velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion. 
UNIT III: Laws of Motion 
Details:- 
•  Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and 
Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of 
conservation of linear momentum and its applications. 
•   Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling 
friction, lubrication. 
  
•  Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular 
motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road). 
UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power 
Details:- 
•  Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work -energy 
theorem, power. 
•  Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; 
conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); 
nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions 
in one and two dimensions. 
UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 
Details:- 
•  Centre of mass of a two- particle system, momentum conservation and centre of 
mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod. 
•  Moment of a force, -torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular 
momentum with some examples. 
•  Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, 
comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. 
Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel 
and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. 
UNIT VI: Gravitation 
Details:- 
•  Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration 
due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. 
•  Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital 
velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites. 
UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter 
Details:- 
•  Elastic behavior, Stress -strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk 
modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy. 
•  Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and 
turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. 
  
•  Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, 
application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise. 
•  Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and 
gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change 
of state – latent heat. 
•  Heat transfer - conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. 
Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green 
House effect. 
•  Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law. 
UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics 
Details:- 
•  Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of 
Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. 
Isothermal and adiabatic processes. 
•  Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat 
engines and refrigerators. 
UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory 
Details:- 
•  Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. 
•  Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and 
temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) 
and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path. 
UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves 
Details:- 
•  Periodic motion -period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic 
functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a 
spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential 
energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, 
forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance. 
•  Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. 
Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, 
reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode 
and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect. 
Page 4


  
PHYSICS 
CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement 
Details:- 
• Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and 
society. 
• Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, 
fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy 
and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant 
figures. 
• Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications. 
UNIT II: Kinematics 
Details:- 
• Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position- time graph, speed and 
velocity. Uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous 
velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity -time and position-time graphs, for 
uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). 
• Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. 
Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, 
general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real 
number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity. 
• Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components. 
• Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform 
velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion. 
UNIT III: Laws of Motion 
Details:- 
•  Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and 
Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of 
conservation of linear momentum and its applications. 
•   Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling 
friction, lubrication. 
  
•  Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular 
motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road). 
UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power 
Details:- 
•  Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work -energy 
theorem, power. 
•  Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; 
conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); 
nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions 
in one and two dimensions. 
UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 
Details:- 
•  Centre of mass of a two- particle system, momentum conservation and centre of 
mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod. 
•  Moment of a force, -torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular 
momentum with some examples. 
•  Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, 
comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. 
Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel 
and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. 
UNIT VI: Gravitation 
Details:- 
•  Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration 
due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. 
•  Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital 
velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites. 
UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter 
Details:- 
•  Elastic behavior, Stress -strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk 
modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy. 
•  Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and 
turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. 
  
•  Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, 
application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise. 
•  Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and 
gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change 
of state – latent heat. 
•  Heat transfer - conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. 
Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green 
House effect. 
•  Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law. 
UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics 
Details:- 
•  Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of 
Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. 
Isothermal and adiabatic processes. 
•  Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat 
engines and refrigerators. 
UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory 
Details:- 
•  Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. 
•  Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and 
temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) 
and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path. 
UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves 
Details:- 
•  Periodic motion -period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic 
functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a 
spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential 
energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, 
forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance. 
•  Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. 
Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, 
reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode 
and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect. 
  
CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Electrostatics 
Details:- 
•  Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point 
charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous 
charge distribution. 
•  Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, 
electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. 
•  Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to 
infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly 
charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside) 
•  Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a 
dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of 
a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field. 
•  Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. 
Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of 
capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parall el plate capacitor with 
and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, 
Van de Graaff generator. 
UNIT II: Current Electricity 
Details:- 
•  Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and 
mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, 
V-I characteristics (liner and non- linear), electrical energy and power, electrical 
resistivity and conductivity. 
•  Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel 
combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance. 
•  Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of 
cells in series and in parallel. 
•  Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge. 
•  Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for 
comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell. 
 
Page 5


  
PHYSICS 
CONTENTS CLASS XI SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Physical World and Measurement 
Details:- 
• Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and 
society. 
• Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, 
fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy 
and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant 
figures. 
• Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications. 
UNIT II: Kinematics 
Details:- 
• Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position- time graph, speed and 
velocity. Uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous 
velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity -time and position-time graphs, for 
uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). 
• Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. 
Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, 
general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real 
number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity. 
• Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components. 
• Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform 
velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion. 
UNIT III: Laws of Motion 
Details:- 
•  Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and 
Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of 
conservation of linear momentum and its applications. 
•   Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling 
friction, lubrication. 
  
•  Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular 
motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road). 
UNIT IV: Work, Energy and Power 
Details:- 
•  Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work -energy 
theorem, power. 
•  Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; 
conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); 
nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions 
in one and two dimensions. 
UNIT V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 
Details:- 
•  Centre of mass of a two- particle system, momentum conservation and centre of 
mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod. 
•  Moment of a force, -torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular 
momentum with some examples. 
•  Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, 
comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. 
Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel 
and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. 
UNIT VI: Gravitation 
Details:- 
•  Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration 
due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. 
•  Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital 
velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites. 
UNIT VII: Properties of Bulk Matter 
Details:- 
•  Elastic behavior, Stress -strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk 
modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy. 
•  Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and 
turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. 
  
•  Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, 
application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise. 
•  Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and 
gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change 
of state – latent heat. 
•  Heat transfer - conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. 
Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green 
House effect. 
•  Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law. 
UNIT VIII: Thermodynamics 
Details:- 
•  Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of 
Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. 
Isothermal and adiabatic processes. 
•  Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat 
engines and refrigerators. 
UNIT IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory 
Details:- 
•  Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. 
•  Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and 
temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) 
and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path. 
UNIT X: Oscillations and Waves 
Details:- 
•  Periodic motion -period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic 
functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a 
spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential 
energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, 
forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance. 
•  Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. 
Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, 
reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode 
and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect. 
  
CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS 
UNIT I: Electrostatics 
Details:- 
•  Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point 
charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous 
charge distribution. 
•  Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, 
electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. 
•  Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to 
infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly 
charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside) 
•  Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a 
dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of 
a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field. 
•  Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. 
Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of 
capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parall el plate capacitor with 
and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, 
Van de Graaff generator. 
UNIT II: Current Electricity 
Details:- 
•  Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and 
mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, 
V-I characteristics (liner and non- linear), electrical energy and power, electrical 
resistivity and conductivity. 
•  Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel 
combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance. 
•  Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of 
cells in series and in parallel. 
•  Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge. 
•  Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for 
comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell. 
 
  
UNIT III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 
Details:- 
•  Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot -Savart law and its 
application to current carrying circular loop. 
•  Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and 
toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric 
fields. Cyclotron. 
•  Force on a current -carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between 
two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced 
by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer -its current 
sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. 
•  Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic 
dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic 
dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a 
magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an 
equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic 
elements. 
•  Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples. 
•  Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets. 
UNIT IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 
Details:- 
•  Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, 
Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. 
•  Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance 
and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, 
resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current. 
•  AC generator and transformer. 
UNIT V: Electromagnetic Waves 
Details:- 
•  Need for displacement current. 
•  Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). 
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. 
•  Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, 
x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses. 
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