hi I'm drew chica I welcome you to the English Academy here I have a poem for students of class 12 the name of the poem is keeping quiet by Pablo Neruda this is the famous personality who was born in the year 1904 and wrote by the pen name of Pablo Neruda later he made it his legal name he was a famous Chilean poet diplomat and politician who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in the year 1971 his usual style of writing was that he used green ink which was his personal symbol for the desire and hope he had his writings are considered to be simple and this is their beauty originally he wrote in Spanish this poem which we are talking about was written originally in Spanish and its essence is based on introspection and retrospection so the poet is trying to convey that we need soul-searching to be at peace with ourselves and with others now I would give an explanation of the poem the first stanza says now we will count to 12 and we will all keep still for once on the face of the earth let's not speak in any language let's stop for one second and not move our arms so students you can see that the language of the poem is very simple there are no difficult words here and I would like to tell you now what the poet is trying to convey in this stanza the poet asks us to count up to 12 in our minds so what correlation can you draw about the number 12 well I feel that the number 12 represents the 12 hours of the clock or even the number of months in a year so the poet is telling all of us to keep calm and stay still he does not want us to move now generally I don't think that ever it comes in the it has happened that everything has come to a still in the whole world so what this poet is saying is something very unusual very unrealistic he wants all the people across the nations and continents to unite together as one they should keep quiet and not speak any particular language now we all have different languages in different countries so due to that we have created a barrier between people of different regions so he wants us to break those barriers and consider ourselves to be one we should not be have any distinction even of languages and rather he wants everyone to be same to be united and speak the language of silence that will be same I think he feels like that the poet feels that by doing so there will be unity among all the human beings on the face of the earth so then he says for at least one single moment no one shall move his arms so arms can we can see our physical arms also and also the arms and ammunitions the weapons which people are using so much indiscriminately they are using the weapons against each other so he is trying to say that we should not fight with each other we should not use our arms to signal to each other anything or argue with each other the second stanza of the poem it would be an exotic moment without rush without engines we would all be together in a sudden strangeness fishermen in the cold sea would not harm veils and the man gathering salt would look at his hot hands again the language of the stanza the language of the poet is very simple now I were to give the meaning what he saying in this passage so he says that when everything will come to a standstill so this will be very rare this has never happened earlier in the history of the world that everything all the people are just standing still doing nothing so he says no engines would be running because people are not moving their arms they would not switch on any engines engines could be like the vehicles the aeroplanes the machinery in the factories any type of engines machines he's trying to say he says that everyone will be calm and quiet no engines no noise no sound so there will be calmness all around and everything will get united in a strange atmosphere now why he says it's strange because it has never happened earlier so people will find it strange he says that no person would be harming any other living being when he says that no one no person would be fishing any whales out of the seas so he says that no person will harm any other living being either for his food to satisfy his hunger or to earn his livelihood people hunt people fish out animals and sell them to earn money so he says it no one would be doing anything of that sort and he feels that all the people will get some spare time to look at their own selves he says that the person who is collecting salt will look at his own injured hands so they can we are so busy in doing our works that we do not get any time to look at our own selves that how we have ruined our our own selves so when we will be calm quiet sitting at peace for some time we would have the time to look at our own selves to ponder over what we are doing are we doing something good for us or are we ruining our own selves so that's the aim of the poet that why he wants that the world should come at a standstill for some moments the third stanza of the poem those who prepare green wars wars with gas wars with fire victory with no survivors but put on clean clothes and walk about doing and walk about with their brothers in the shade doing nothing what I want should not be confused with total inactivity life is what it is about I want no truck with death so what does he try to convey in this passage he says is that people who exploit the nature the green wealth of our earth by doing different types of acts maybe deforestation or extensive mining or fishing or else people are extracting oils out of the earth doing deep mining into the earth so what we are doing we are doing a green war against our own earth we are digging our own graves by doing so and the other vorgitch is saying is that we are killing our own fellow human beings with fire with weapons so he says that we need some time to think to think within ourselves into what we are really doing what is the consequence of our actions we are by killing the earth by killing fellow human beings by killing animals we are ourselves digging our own graves we are bringing ourselves to the doom so he says that people some people are merely following their orders some adjusted earning their livelihoods but actually they just don't know what is the consequence of death action so he says rather we should consider that we all are one they all are brothers and sisters he says he wants them to put on new clothes now new clothes means to adopt a new approach towards your own life and realize that killing so many people is in no way a victory so the poet says that you think that you have become victorious when you win a war but actually you are ruined your own foundations are getting weaker so he is trying to promote Brotherhood universal brotherhood peace and fraternity equality among all the people he does not want us to stop our works he says that I don't want it everything should come to a standstill that I want people should not do any thing but he wants people to take out some time from their busy schedule and to analyze the consequences the results of what they are doing the fourth stanza of the poem if we were not so single-minded about keeping our lives moving and for once could do nothing perhaps a huge silence might interrupt this sadness of never understanding ourselves and of threatening ourselves with death this is a very meaningful stanza from the poem in this the poet is saying that all the human beings are busy doing just their tasks achieving their goals so what is the aim the aim is of survival in order to survive in this world they have to accomplish these tasks which have they have been assigned they are threatened by death death can come at any moment so everyone is in a hurry to complete as many tasks as they can till the time they die so this mad rush they just don't analyze what they are doing this is very meaningful very deeply the poet has gone into the psychology of all the people he says that perhaps if you pause for a while you just stop all doing all these tasks which you are in a mad rush about you could just appreciate your achievements and feel happy about it people are so busy in accomplishing their task that they don't even feel happy about what they have accomplished it's just like okay come Monday next day next day they're in a hurry hurry hurry so that is how your life passes and you just don't even realize the consequences of what you have done you don't even enjoy what you have achieved in life so he suggests that by keeping quiet for a few moments perhaps we will be able to understand the true purpose of our life that we would get a true meaning to our life then the fifth stanza perhaps the earth can teach us as when everything seems dead and later proves to be alive now I count up to 12 and you keep quiet and I will go so in this stanza the poet is saying that perhaps we should take a teaching from our nature from our earth how the earth undergoes changes in winters everything on the earth freezes becomes lifeless so we think if we consider that everything is over it's not like that because as the season changes again spring comes and everything is alive again all the trees plants seas which had frozen earlier which were relief less lifeless again cheer up again come back to life similarly he say is that if we take a pause and introspect into our life give it a new meaning after that again we will we can give a new meaning to our life he says that after that we would be able to understand the purpose of our life it would be like a rebirth for our souls so the poet has conveyed to the people the purpose of his message and after that he feels that he now the people know why he is said this poem why he is asking us to keep quiet after that he says that ok now I have told you the purpose of my message why I am saying this now I will give you a count of 12 and he walks out of the scene and he hopes that all the people will count till twelve they will give an introspection into their lives in extra section into their relationship with others and they will give a better meaning to their life better purpose to their life and give a rebirth to themselves students are hope that I have explained and you have understand the poem in a better way thank you for watching this video and for more such lessons do visit the english academy
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