CAT  >  Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning

# Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning - Notes | Study Level-wise Practice Questions for CAT Preparation - CAT

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This EduRev document offers 15 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) from the topic Critical Reasoning (Level - 3). These questions are of Level - 3 difficulty and will assist you in the preparation of CAT & other MBA exams. You can practice/attempt these CAT Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and check the explanations for a better understanding of the topic.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: A passage is given below followed by several possible inferences, which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Mark answer (A) if the inference is "DEFINITELY TRUE", i.e. it properly follows from the statement or facts given.
Mark answer (B) if the inference is "PROBABLY TRUE" though not "definitely true" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (C) if the "DATA ARE INADEQUATE", i.e. from the facts given, you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
Mark answer (D) if the inference is "PROBABLY FALSE" though not "definitely false" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (E) if the inference is "DEFINITELY FALSE", i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
The success of a surveillance device is contingent not only on its minuscule nature so as to be overlooked or neglected but also on the way the device is deployed or installed. CCTV cameras perched atop buildings or public places proclaiming the rubric "You are under continual surveillance" challenge the very ability of the cameras deployed to catch and record any spontaneous and damaging response in the purview of the camera. Alerting people by installing a camera at a visible vantage point defeats its very purpose.
Those up to some mischief, in the know of the camera would commit the act in its carefully identified blind spots.
The same holds true for bugged devices. If one knows that one's phone is bugged, why would anyone use it; and if he uses it then why wouldn't he stage a conversation to circumvent the intentions of the alleged snooper.

People behave instinctively when they know they are under surveillance.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: A passage is given below followed by several possible inferences, which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.

Mark answer (A) if the inference is "DEFINITELY TRUE", i.e. it properly follows from the statement or facts given.
Mark answer (B) if the inference is "PROBABLY TRUE" though not "definitely true" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (C) if the "DATA ARE INADEQUATE", i.e. from the facts given, you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
Mark answer (D) if the inference is "PROBABLY FALSE" though not "definitely false" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (E) if the inference is "DEFINITELY FALSE", i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.

The success of a surveillance device is contingent not only on its minuscule nature so as to be overlooked or neglected but also on the way the device is deployed or installed. CCTV cameras perched atop buildings or public places proclaiming the rubric "You are under continual surveillance" challenge the very ability of the cameras deployed to catch and record any spontaneous and damaging response in the purview of the camera. Alerting people by installing a camera at a visible vantage point defeats its very purpose.
Those up to some mischief, in the know of the camera would commit the act in its carefully identified blind spots.
The same holds true for bugged devices. If one knows that one's phone is bugged, why would anyone use it; and if he uses it then why wouldn't he stage a conversation to circumvent the intentions of the alleged snooper.

A bug need not only be small, but also needs to be stealthily deployed.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: A passage is given below followed by several possible inferences, which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Mark answer (A) if the inference is "DEFINITELY TRUE", i.e. it properly follows from the statement or facts given.
Mark answer (B) if the inference is "PROBABLY TRUE" though not "definitely true" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (C) if the "DATA ARE INADEQUATE", i.e. from the facts given, you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
Mark answer (D) if the inference is "PROBABLY FALSE" though not "definitely false" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (E) if the inference is "DEFINITELY FALSE", i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
Are Indian banks doing enough towards financial inclusion? Its Credit-GDP ratio is woefully low compared to China, the biggest emerging economy.
This means that loans and advances offered by banks throughout the length and breadth of India do not constitute a significant portion of the GDP, despite the government laying ever increasing emphasis on the same. Money lenders charging exorbitant rates are still the only recourse of easy finance to farmers in rural areas. What deters the banks from giving loans to these farmers? Or is it that the farmers are not informed enough that they are not able to access the bank loans at cheap rates? But, isn't it still the responsibility of banks to spread awareness amongst its prospects? Or is it that the prior formality in terms of paper work as a pre-requisite to disbursement is too overwhelming for farmers - the completion of which is either too daunting for them or at worst virtually impossible? The only alternative is the money lender who commits large-scale usury knowing too well that farmers have nowhere else to go. This is another reason of growing farmers' indebtedness and suicides in event of major loss of outputs which are primarily monsoon dependent with never receding input costs.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: A passage is given below followed by several possible inferences, which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Mark answer (A) if the inference is "DEFINITELY TRUE", i.e. it properly follows from the statement or facts given.
Mark answer (B) if the inference is "PROBABLY TRUE" though not "definitely true" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (C) if the "DATA ARE INADEQUATE", i.e. from the facts given, you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
Mark answer (D) if the inference is "PROBABLY FALSE" though not "definitely false" in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (E) if the inference is "DEFINITELY FALSE", i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
Are Indian banks doing enough towards financial inclusion? Its Credit-GDP ratio is woefully low compared to China, the biggest emerging economy.
This means that loans and advances offered by banks throughout the length and breadth of India do not constitute a significant portion of the GDP, despite the government laying ever increasing emphasis on the same. Money lenders charging exorbitant rates are still the only recourse of easy finance to farmers in rural areas. What deters the banks from giving loans to these farmers? Or is it that the farmers are not informed enough that they are not able to access the bank loans at cheap rates? But, isn't it still the responsibility of banks to spread awareness amongst its prospects? Or is it that the prior formality in terms of paper work as a pre-requisite to disbursement is too overwhelming for farmers - the completion of which is either too daunting for them or at worst virtually impossible? The only alternative is the money lender who commits large-scale usury knowing too well that farmers have nowhere else to go. This is another reason of growing farmers' indebtedness and suicides in event of major loss of outputs which are primarily monsoon dependent with never receding input costs.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: Read the following short passage and choose the best answer to the question that follows the passage.
Most people feel that they are being confused by the information from the broadcast news. This could be the effect of the information being delivered too quickly or of its being poorly organised. Analysis of the information content of a typical broadcast news story shows that news stories are far lower in information density than the maximum information density with which most people can cope at any one point of time. So, the information in typical broadcast news stories is poorly organised.
Which one of the following is an assumption that the argument requires in order for its conclusion to be properly drawn?

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: The question given below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the given arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Should democratic governments make decisions about people's lifestyles or should people be allowed to make their own decisions?
Arguments:
I. No, this would obstruct their freedom to make decisions for themselves, one of the fundamental rights of individuals.
II. No, trivial lifestyle decisions like the choice of attire are subject to individual's discretion.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: The question given below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the given arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Should artists receive funding from the government in order for them to continue their work?
Arguments:
I. Yes, arts preserve unique culture and heritage, passing a state's precious cultural character and traditions along to future generations.
II. No, states have to deal with other immediate pressures that are more important than the field of arts.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: The question given below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the given arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Should art be made a mandatory subject for children at school?
Arguments:
I. Yes, many of the motions involved in art activities are essential to the growth of fine motor skills in young children.
II. Yes, a sense of innovation develops in kids as they express themselves by creating art.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: The question given below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the given arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument.
Should success of a business be judged by the amount of money the business makes?
Arguments:
I. Yes, to be successful and remain in business, both profitability and growth are important and necessary for a company; these help it to survive and remain attractive to investors and analysts.
II. Yes, the interrelation of profitability and growth is illustrated by a basic operating principle that growth can best be evaluated by examining profit and total sales.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: From the alternatives, choose the one which correctly classifies the four sentences as a
F (Fact): If it relates to a known matter of direct observation or an existing reality or something known to be true.
J (Judgement): If it is an opinion or estimate or anticipation of common sense or intention.
I (Inference): If it is a logical conclusion or deduction about something, based on the knowledge of facts.
Select the answer option that best describes the set of four statements.
1. Unless the banks agree to a deferment of the interest, we cannot show profits this year.
2. This would not have happened had we adopted a stricter credit scheme.
3. The revenues so far cover only the cost and salaries.
4. Let us learn a lesson: we cannot make profits without complete control over credit.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: The question has a set of four sequentially ordered statements. Each statement can be classified as one of the following:
Fact, which deals with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which is open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an 'F')
Inference, which is a conclusion drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an 'I').
Judgement, which is an opinion that implies approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a 'J')
Select the answer option that best describes the set of four statements.
1. ''If others can get it (Bharat Ratna), I see no reason why he (Field Marshal KM Cariappa) shouldn't be a deserving personality for the same,'' the Army chief said.
2. The ministry of food processing industries signed in-principle agreements with the 13 companies at the World Food India 2017 event in New Delhi.
3. Job offers for fresh management graduates in India are at a five-year low, official data show, a trend experts blame on a sluggish economy as well as a mismatch between the years-old curriculum and industry expectations.
4. The Indian Institute of Skills is a state-of-the art skills training centre.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: The question has a set of four sequentially ordered statements. Each statement can be classified as one of the following:
Fact, which deals with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which is open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an 'F')
Inference, which is a conclusion drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an 'I').
Judgement, which is an opinion that implies approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a 'J')
Select the answer option that best describes the set of four statements.
1. This year, till October, around 11,000 cases of theft were registered with the police.
2. As the doctor observed the overflowing sewage from the sewer lines getting mixed with the rainwater, he warned his friends of the fear of diseases that lurked.
3. I am still hopeful, though, that things will change as the importance of the wetlands becomes as clear to the city authorities as it is to me.
4. If we rejuvenate this pond, we will get enough water for the entire village.

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: Read the following passage/information and answer the question that follows:
The new laws require Agra's steel smelting and re-rolling mills to move their operations outside the Agra city limits as they are a major source of air pollutants. The laws require that each manufacturer presents a detailed plan explaining the steps he plans to take in future to reduce pollutants in the city. Clearly, the regulations will not result in significant pollution reduction, however, as the regulations do not force manufacturers to implement their plans.
Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument?

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: Read the following passage/information and answer the question that follows.
I keep finding out that parenthood is a chronic condition. The acuteness may be episodic, but you can never quite root it out. As I write this, I'm in the midst of the highs and the hysteria, the cold sweat, the uppers of that great downer known as exams.
Which of the following can you infer?

Question for Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning
Try yourself:Directions: Read the following passage/information and answer the question that follows.
Government borrowing from RBI, viz. printing of notes, has substituted for other ways of increasing reserve money for keeping monetary growth from slowing excessively in the context of slowing growth of net forex assets. This increasing monetisation of government debt can act only as an interim solution.
Which of the following expresses an idea concurrent to the above?

The document Practice Questions Level 3: Critical Reasoning - Notes | Study Level-wise Practice Questions for CAT Preparation - CAT is a part of the CAT Course Level-wise Practice Questions for CAT Preparation.
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