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Practice Questions: Transportation in Plants - 2 - Science Class 10

Transportation in PlantsTransportation in Plants

Fill in the blanks :

1. In plants food is transported through .................

2. In plants water is transported through .................

3. Water enter into the root hair from soil by .................

4. Transport of water and minerals is called .................

5. The water moving upward forms a column, which is maintained up to a certain height due to .................

6. Vascular tissues in plants are ................. and .................

7. During day period ............... and .............. help in the upward movement of sap from roots to leaves.

8. Transpiration mainly occurs through .................

9. Guttation takes place through .................

10. Translocation takes place through energy in the form of .................

11. Water enter into sieve tubes containing sugar by the process of .................

12. According to plants requirements, sugar is translocated from ................. osmotic pressure to ................. osmotic pressure areas.

 Match the columns :
Match the items of Column A with items of Column B.

Column A                     Column B 

1. Living part of xylem    (a) Sieve tube

2. Dead part of phloem   (b) Trachieds

3. Living part of phloem  (c) companian cell

4. Dead part of xylem      (d) Vessels

                                           (e) Phloem fibre

                                           (f) xylem parenchyma

                                           (g) phloem parenchyma

                                            (h) xylem fibre

 ANSWER KEY

Fill In The Bnalks : 

1. phloem  
2. xylem  
3. diffusion 
4. Ascent of sap 
5. root pressure

6. xylem, phloem  
7. cohesion force, transpiration pull 
8. Stomata

9. Hydathodes  10. ATP 11. Osmosis 12. Higher, lower

Match the following :
1(f), 2(e), 3(a, c, g), 4(b, d, h),

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FAQs on Practice Questions: Transportation in Plants - 2 - Science Class 10

1. What is transportation in plants?
Ans. Transportation in plants refers to the movement of water, minerals, and nutrients from the roots to the leaves and other parts of the plant. It also involves the movement of sugars and other organic compounds from the leaves to other parts of the plant.
2. How does water move through plants?
Ans. Water is transported through plants by a process called transpiration. Transpiration occurs when water evaporates from the leaves through tiny openings called stomata. This creates a suction force that pulls water up from the roots through the xylem vessels.
3. What is the role of xylem and phloem in plant transportation?
Ans. Xylem and phloem are the two types of vascular tissues in plants that play a crucial role in transportation. Xylem transports water and minerals from the roots to the leaves, while phloem transports sugars and other organic compounds from the leaves to other parts of the plant.
4. How are minerals transported in plants?
Ans. Minerals are transported in plants through the process of active transport. Active transport is the movement of substances against the concentration gradient, which requires energy. Plant roots actively absorb minerals from the soil and transport them to other parts of the plant through the xylem vessels.
5. What is the significance of transportation in plants?
Ans. Transportation in plants is essential for their growth, development, and survival. It ensures the distribution of water, minerals, and nutrients to all parts of the plant, providing the necessary resources for photosynthesis, energy production, and other metabolic processes. Additionally, transportation helps in the removal of waste products and the distribution of hormones throughout the plant.
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