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Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1 - Notes | Study Integrated Reasoning for GMAT - GMAT

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Directions: Consider each of the following statements. Does the information in the three articles support the inference as stated?

Article - 1
News article in an environmental publication.

July 19 – If current trends continue, fossil fuels will be exhausted by 2052. Industry and transportation and the inability of governments to put stricter emissions regulations in place means that there will be a greater demand for alternative energy sources. Additionally, recent concerns about the high-cost of implementing new systems such as public transportation in industrialized areas has led many voters to actually strike down propositions to subsidize alternative fuel research.

Article - 2
Interview with a well-known scientist.

August 3 – Dr. Lisa Goodman, one of the team of architects behind several new battery-operated commercial vehicles, has criticized the government’s unwillingness to aggressively lobby voters to pass measures to reduce fossil fuel usage. She suggests that without a significant reduction in per-person fossil fuel consumption, the rate of global warming could soon increase threefold.
“I know that voters continue to reject costly measures to reduce widespread fossil fuel consumption such as large-scale public transportation projects, and that politicians are naturally going to avoid stumping for unpopular policies. However, if something isn’t done soon, by 2055, a barrel of gasoline may become a luxury that only the rich can afford.”

Article - 3
Article from a weekly news magazine.

August 29 – The price of crude oil has jumped by 500% over the last decade as a decrease in supply has met with an increased demand. This demand has encouraged many new oil wells to launch in the Gulf of Mexico, and some American environmental groups have expressed concern that certain oil companies are not following the safest procedures, emphasizing that the companies are more concerned with the speed of extraction than the well-being of the ecosystem. Some scientists in the Gulf have called for an increase in safety regulations for oil companies drilling off the coast, but the companies warn that this may dramatically increase the cost of crude oil, at a time when many Americans are already struggling to pay the increased price.

Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:An increase in worldwide demand for crude oil has made the oil companies' safety standards fall.
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Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:The actions of the oil companies have led some voters to reject measures they consider costly.
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Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:Politicians are unlikely to press the public to vote for unpopular measures.
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Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:If the change in oil price continues trending in the exact same way, by 2055, the price of oil will be 2000% higher than where it is now.
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Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:Politicians usually do not agree with one another on issues of global warming and fossil fuel consumption.
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Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:Dr. Goodman would likely support a public referendum on whether to require the oil companies to have better safety and ecological regulations.
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Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:An increase in demand for a product could incentivize companies to cut corners.
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Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:An increase in supply would help reduce the impact the oil companies are having on the Gulf’s environment.
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Directions: Consider each of the following statements. Does the information in the three articles support the inference as stated?

Article - 1
From a local Southern California newspaper.

Typically, fewer people vote in local elections that in national ones, but participation can vary widely by state. A new poll has found that more people in California vote in local elections than do people in Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico combined. This has been attributed to the high number of independent voters in our state, as well as the high enthusiasm for local elections. City councilman Brad Zellman was pleased to see such a high turnout at the recent city council election. “It’s a unique opportunity for local citizens’ votes to carry more weight than they would in big national elections, and it’s great to have so much participation in these smaller campaigns state-wide.”

Article - 2
Editorial from the Opinion section of a competing newspaper.

The recent city council election has seen many a politico claim that the increased voter turnout is due to local citizens wanting to be a part of an election where their vote is proportionally more important. However, it is incorrect to suggest that voting in local elections somehow means your vote “counts more.” True, local politicians make decisions that affect day-to-day operations of our cities, but national politicians make decisions that ultimately affect the outcomes of our lives. When you vote for national figures in larger elections, your vote matters more because you are voting for people who will ultimately have a bigger impact on your life long-term.

Article - 3
Results from recent California elections.

City councilman elections: 13,000 local votes cast (22% of the eligible population voted), 80% of citizens who voted were polled as “extremely satisfied” with the results. District representative elections: 1.9 million votes cast (19% of the eligible population voted), 67% of citizens who voted were polled as “extremely satisfied” with the results.

Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:Californians are more concerned with politics than are people in Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico.
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Question for Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1
Try yourself:Local citizens are more satisfied by smaller elections than by larger ones.
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The document Practice Test: Multi Reasoning Problems - 1 - Notes | Study Integrated Reasoning for GMAT - GMAT is a part of the GMAT Course Integrated Reasoning for GMAT.
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