Preposition (Part -2) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

English Grammar

Teaching : Preposition (Part -2) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

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Relations expressed by Prepositions

(1) Time

As,
After his death.
At an early age.
Arrived before me.
Behind time.
By three o' clock.
During the whole day.
For many years.
From January 1, 2001.

(2) Place

As,
Went about the world.
Ran across the road.
Leaned against the wall.
Fell among thieves.
Quarrelled among themselves.
At death's door.
Athwart the deck.
Stood before the door.
Stood behind the curtain.
Fell into a ditch.
Lies near the heart.
Kolkata is on the Hooghly.
The cliff hangs over the sea.
Tour round the world.
Marched through the town.
Came to the end of the road.
Put pen to paper.
Travelled towards Goa.
Lay under the table.

(3) Agency, instrumentality

As,

Sell goods at auction. Sent the parcel by post.
Was stunned by a blow. Was destroyed by fire.
Heard through a friend. Cut it with a knife.


(4) Manner

As,

Dying by inches. Fought with courage.
Worked with enthusiasm. Won with ease.


(5) Cause, Reason, Purpose

As,

Laboured for the good of humanity. Died of fever.
The very place for a picnic. Did it for our good.
Suffers from govt. Died from fatigue.


(6) Possession

As,

There was no money by him.  The church of Bethlehem.
A man of means. The boy with grey hair.


(7) Measure, Standard, Rate, Value

As,

He charges interest at nine per centage.
Stories like these must be taken at what they are worth.
Cloth is sold by the meter.
I am taller than you by five inches.
It was one by the tower-clock.

(8) Contrast, Concession

As,
After every effort, he failed.
For one enemy, he has a hundred friends.
For all his wealth, he is not content.
With all his faults, I adore him.

(9) Inference, Motive, Source or Origin

As,
From what I know of him, I hesitate to trust him.
The knights were brave from gallantry of spirit.
He did it from gratitude.
Light emanates from the Sun.
From labour health, from contentment springs.
This is quotation from Shakespeare.
His skill comes from practice.

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