Some Important Prepositions
Since and For
Since is used before a point of time, while for is used before a period of time.
Monica has been here since last Monday.
I did not see you for a long time.
Since and From
Both Since and from are used before a point of time but since is preceded by a verb in the perfect tense, while from can be used with any tense.
John has started rowing from (or since) last Monday.
John started rowing from yesterday (Not since).
John starts rowing from today (Not since).
John will start rowing from tomorrow. (Not since)
Before, By and Within
Before, and by are used with a point of time, while within is used with a period of time.
You must reach here before (or by) 8 o'clock. (Not within)
Henry came back within an hour. (Not before).
Note : There is a distinction in use between before and by :
By means not after the specified limit or time while before means any time within specified limit of time.
You must come back by 5 pm. (not after 5 pm.)
You must come back before 5 pm.
(any time before the clock strikes five)
In and Within
In means at the end of, while within means before the end of.
The game will end within an hour (before the hour is passed).
The game will end in an hour (at the end of, and not exceeding an hour).
In and Into
In refers to a position already inside anything and into refers to a movement towards the inside of anything.
John was in the garden.
Mary went into the garden.
In and At
In refers to a much wider space or time than at.
As, Come at 8 o' clock in the morning.
The Taj is at Agra in India.
In and After
In is used about the future time, while after is used about the past.
Fred will come in a few minutes (not after).
Arthur left after an hour (not in).
On and At
On is used before a particular date or day and at before a particular hour.
I shall come on Friday at 5 o' clock.
Between and Among
Between is used about two persons or things, while among is used for referring to more than two persons or things.
Divide the mango between Ram and Sham.
Distribute all the chocolates among the pupils.
The money was divided not between his two sons only but among all his dependants.
Beside and Besides
Beside means by the side of while, besides means in addition to.
Besides my son, my cousin also sat beside me.
By and With
By is used with the doer or agent, while with is used before the instrument with which a person does a thing.
The tiger was not shot by me.
The tiger was shot with a rifle.
Except and Excepting
The use of the participle excepting formed from the verb of except (= to exclude) is often confused with that of the preposition except (= without).
All the boys except John went there
(Preposition = without).
All the boys not excepting John went there (Participial preposition = not excluding).
All the boys went there, John not being excepted (verb).
There are also a few special prepositions like :
Than is usually a conjunction, but is sometimes used as a preposition.
I cannot accept less than fifty rupees for this article.
I speak of Keats, than whom there is none greater as a poet.
As a rule but is a conjunction. When used as a preposition, but means except, with the exception of.
What can he do but die?
All our ambitions death defeats, but one.
None but the brave deserves the award.
She returned all her gifts but one.
All is lost but honour.
(c) A is sometimes used as weakened form of the preposition on.
The house is a building.
I meet her once a week.
Rice is twenty rupees a kg.
His wages are thirty rupees a day.
Nouns Followed by Preposition OF
|Covetous of||Defrauded of|
|Abhorrence of||Assurance of|
|Doubt of||Experience of|
|Proof of||Result of|
|Deprived of||Desirous of|
|Charge of||Distrust of|
|Failure of||Observance of|
Adjectives Followed by Preposition OF
|Accused of||Acquitted of|
|Apprised of||Assured of|
|Bought of||Cautions of|
|Composed of||Confident of|
|Covetous of||Defrauded of|
|Afraid of||Apprehensive of|
|Aware of||Bereft of|
|Certain of||Characteristic of|
|Conscious of||Convinced of|
|Deprived of||Desirous of|
Verbs Followed by Preposition OF
|Acquit of||Beware of|
|Despair of||Die of|
|Divest of||Dream of|
|Repent of||Taste of|
|Boats of||Complain of|
|Disapprove of||Dispose of|
|Heal of||Judge of|
Nouns Followed by Preposition FOR
|Affection for||Ambition for|
|Appetite for||Aptitude for|
|Capacity for||Compassion for|
|Craving for||Desire for|
|Pretext for||Relish for|
|Anxity for||Apology for|
|Blame for||Candidate for|
|Compensation for||Contempt for|
|Esteem for||Fitness for|
|Remorse for||Reputation for|
|Adjectives Followed by Preposition FOR|
|Anxious for||Celebrated for|
|Designed for||Destined for|
|Eminent for||Fit for|
|Conspicuous for||Customary for|
|Eager for||Eligible for|
|Good for||Grateful for|
Verbs Followed by Preposition FOR
|Atone for||Canvass for|
|Care for||Clamour for|
|Feel for||Hope for|
|Mourn for||Pine for|
|Start for||Stipulate for|
|Sue for||Wish for|
Verbs Followed by Preposition ON
|Comment on||Decide on|
|Deliberate on||Depend on|
|Determine on||Dwell on|
|Embark on||Encroach on|
Nouns Followed by Preposition TO
|Access to||Accession to|
|Allegiance to||Alternative to|
|Antidote to||Antipathy to|
|Approach to||Assent to|
|Attachment to||Attention to|
|Concession to||Disgrace to|
|Dislike to||Encouragement to|
|Enmity to||Exception to|
|Incentive to||Indifference to|
|Invitation to||Key to|
Adjectives Followed by Preposition TO
|Abhorrent to||Acceptable to|
|Incidental to||Inclined to|
|Indispensable to||Indulgent to|
|Injured to||Irrelevant to|
|Immaterial to||Impervious to|
|Limited to||Lost to|
|Natural to||Necessary to|
|Accessible to||Impertinent to|
|Indebted to||Indifferent to|
|Inimical to||Insensible to|
|Favourable to||Hurtful to|
|Indigenous to||Liable to|
|Loyal to||Material to|
|Obedient to||Obliged to|
Verbs Followed by Preposition To
|Accede to||Adapt to|
|Allude to||Appologize to|
|Aspire to||Assent to|
|Attribute to||Belong to|
|Consent to||Contribute to|
|Adhere to||Allot to|
|Appoint to||Ascribe to|
|Attain to||Attend to|
|Conduce to||Conform to|
|Lead to||Listen to|
Adjectives Followed by Preposition in
|Absorbed in||Abstemious in|
|Accomplished in||Accurate in|
|Assiduous in||Backward in|
|Defective in||Deficient in|
|Enveloped in||Fertile in|
|Bigoted in||Correct in|
|Experienced in||Deligent in|
|Foiled in||Honest in|
Verbs Followed by Preposition IN
|Involve in||Persist in|
|Acquiesce in||Dabble in|
|Delight in||Employ in|
|Enlist in||Excel in|
|Fall in||Glory in|
|Increase in||Indulge in|
Nouns Followed by Preposition WITH
|Acquaintance with||Alliance with|
|Bargain with||Compromise with|
|Conformity with||Enmity with|
|Intercourse with||Intimacy with|
Adjectives Followed by Preposition WITH
|Acquainted with||Afflicted with|
|Compatible with||Compliant with|
|Contended with||Contrasted with|
|Delighted with||Deluged with|
|Beset with||Busy with|
|Consistent with||Contemporary with|
|Conversant with||Convulsed with|
|Disgusted with||Drenched with|
Verbs Followed by Preposition with
|Associate with||Bear with||Clash with|
|Coincide with||Comply with||Condone with|
|Credit with||Deluge with||Disagree with|
|Dispense with||Fill with||Grapple with|
|Expostulate with||Intrigue with||Meddle with|
Verbs Followed by Preposition From
|Abstain from||Alight from||Cease from|
|Debar from||Derogate from||Desist from|
|Detract from||Deviate from||Differ from|
|Digress from||Dissent from||Elicit from|
|Emerge from||Escape from||Exclude from|
|Preserve from||Prevent from||Prohibit from|
Nouns Followed by Preposition from
|Respite from||Inference from||Abstinence from|
|Cessation from||Deliverance from||Descent from|
|Digression from||Escape from||Exemption from|