Preposition (Part -3) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

English Grammar

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Teaching : Preposition (Part -3) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

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Some Important Prepositions

Since and For
Since is used before a point of time, while for is used before a period of time.
Monica has been here since last Monday.
I did not see you for a long time.

Since and From

Both Since and from are used before a point of time but since is preceded by a verb in the perfect tense, while from can be used with any tense.
John has started rowing from (or since) last Monday.
John started rowing from yesterday (Not since).
John starts rowing from today  (Not since).
John will start rowing from tomorrow. (Not since)

Before, By and Within

Before, and by are used with a point of time, while within is used with a period of time.
You must reach here before (or by) 8 o'clock. (Not within)
Henry came back within an hour. (Not before).

Note : There is a distinction in use between before and by :

By means not after the specified limit or time while before means any time within specified limit of time.
You must come back by 5 pm. (not after 5 pm.)
You must come back before 5 pm.
(any time before the clock strikes five)

In and Within
In means at the end of, while within means before the end of.
The game will end within an hour (before the hour is passed).
The game will end in an hour (at the end of, and not exceeding an hour).

In and Into
In refers to a position already inside anything and into refers to a movement towards the inside of anything.
John was in the garden.
Mary went into the garden.

In and At
In refers to a much wider space or time than at.
As, Come at 8 o' clock in the morning.
The Taj is at Agra in India.

In and After
In is used about the future time, while after is used about the past.
Fred will come in a few minutes (not after).
Arthur left after an hour (not in).

On and At
On is used before a particular date or day and at before a particular hour.
I shall come on Friday at 5 o' clock.

Between and Among
Between is used about two persons or things, while among is used for referring to more than two persons or things.
Divide the mango between Ram and Sham.
Distribute all the chocolates among the pupils.
The money was divided not between his two sons only but among all his dependants.

Beside and Besides
Beside means by the side of while, besides means in addition to.

Besides my son, my cousin also sat beside me.

By and With
By is used with the doer or agent, while with is used before the instrument with which a person does a thing.
The tiger was not shot by me.
The tiger was shot with a rifle.

Except and Excepting
The use of the participle excepting formed from the verb of except (= to exclude) is often confused with that of the preposition except (= without).
All the boys except John went there
(Preposition = without).
All the boys not excepting John went there (Participial preposition = not excluding).
All the boys went there, John not being excepted (verb).
There are also a few special prepositions like :

(a) Than
Than is usually a conjunction, but is sometimes used as a preposition.
I cannot accept less than fifty rupees for this article.
I speak of Keats, than whom there is none greater as a poet.

(b) But
As a rule but is a conjunction. When used as a preposition, but means except, with the exception of.
What can he do but die?
All our ambitions death defeats, but one.
None but the brave deserves the award.
She returned all her gifts but one.
All is lost but honour.

(c) A is sometimes used as weakened form of the preposition on.
The house is a building.
I meet her once a week.
Rice is twenty rupees a kg.
His wages are thirty rupees a day.

Nouns Followed by Preposition OF

Covetous of Defrauded of
Abhorrence of Assurance of
Doubt of Experience of
Proof of Result of
Deprived of Desirous of
Charge of Distrust of
Failure of Observance of
Want of

Adjectives Followed by Preposition OF

Accused of Acquitted of
Apprised of Assured of
Bought of Cautions of
Composed of Confident of
Covetous of Defrauded of
Afraid of Apprehensive of
Aware of Bereft of
Certain of Characteristic of
Conscious of Convinced of
Deprived of Desirous of

Verbs Followed by Preposition OF

Acquit of Beware of
Despair of Die of
Divest of Dream of
Repent of Taste of
Boats of Complain of
Disapprove of Dispose of
Heal of Judge of

Nouns Followed by Preposition FOR

Affection for Ambition for
Appetite for Aptitude for
Capacity for Compassion for
Craving for Desire for
Pretext for Relish for
Anxity for Apology for
Blame for Candidate for
Compensation for Contempt for
Esteem for Fitness for
Remorse for Reputation for
Adjectives Followed by Preposition FOR
Anxious for Celebrated for
Designed for Destined for
Eminent for Fit for
Conspicuous for Customary for
Eager for Eligible for
Good for Grateful for

Verbs Followed by Preposition FOR

Atone for Canvass for
Care for Clamour for
Feel for Hope for
Mourn for Pine for
Start for Stipulate for
Sue for Wish for
Yearn for

Verbs Followed by Preposition ON

Comment on Decide on
Deliberate on Depend on
Determine on Dwell on
Embark on Encroach on

Nouns Followed by Preposition TO

Access to Accession to
Allegiance to Alternative to
Antidote to Antipathy to
Approach to Assent to
Attachment to Attention to
Concession to Disgrace to
Dislike to Encouragement to
Enmity to Exception to
Incentive to Indifference to
Invitation to Key to

Adjectives Followed by Preposition TO

Abhorrent to Acceptable to
Incidental to Inclined to
Indispensable to Indulgent to
Injured to Irrelevant to
Immaterial to Impervious to
Limited to Lost to
Natural to Necessary to
Accessible to Impertinent to
Indebted to Indifferent to
Inimical to Insensible to
Favourable to Hurtful to
Indigenous to Liable to
Loyal to Material to
Obedient to Obliged to

Verbs Followed by Preposition To

Accede to Adapt to
Allude to Appologize to
Aspire to Assent to
Attribute to Belong to
Consent to Contribute to
Adhere to Allot to
Appoint to Ascribe to
Attain to Attend to
Conduce to Conform to
Lead to Listen to

Adjectives Followed by Preposition in

Absorbed in Abstemious in
Accomplished in Accurate in
Assiduous in Backward in
Defective in Deficient in
Enveloped in Fertile in
Bigoted in Correct in
Experienced in Deligent in
Foiled in Honest in

Verbs Followed by Preposition IN

Involve in Persist in
Acquiesce in Dabble in
Delight in Employ in
Enlist in Excel in
Fall in Glory in
Increase in Indulge in
Persevere in

Nouns Followed by Preposition WITH

Acquaintance with Alliance with
Bargain with Compromise with
Conformity with Enmity with
Intercourse with Intimacy with
Relations with

Adjectives Followed by Preposition WITH

Acquainted with Afflicted with
Compatible with Compliant with
Contended with Contrasted with
Delighted with Deluged with
Beset with Busy with
Consistent with Contemporary with
Conversant with Convulsed with
Disgusted with Drenched with

Verbs Followed by Preposition with

Associate with Bear with Clash with
Coincide with Comply with Condone with
Credit with Deluge with Disagree with
Dispense with Fill with Grapple with
Expostulate with Intrigue with Meddle with

Verbs Followed by Preposition From


Abstain from Alight from Cease from
Debar from Derogate from Desist from
Detract from Deviate from Differ from
Digress from Dissent from Elicit from
Emerge from Escape from Exclude from
Preserve from Prevent from Prohibit from

Nouns Followed by Preposition from

Respite from Inference from Abstinence from
Cessation from Deliverance from Descent from
Digression from Escape from Exemption from

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