Preposition - 3 Notes | Study English Grammar Basic - Class 10

Class 10: Preposition - 3 Notes | Study English Grammar Basic - Class 10

The document Preposition - 3 Notes | Study English Grammar Basic - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar Basic.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

Some Important Prepositions

Since and For
Since is used before a point of time, while for is used before a period of time.
As,
Monica has been here since last Monday.
I did not see you for a long time.

Since and From

Both Since and from are used before a point of time but since is preceded by a verb in the perfect tense, while from can be used with any tense.
As,
John has started rowing from (or since) last Monday.
John started rowing from yesterday (Not since).
John starts rowing from today  (Not since).
John will start rowing from tomorrow. (Not since)

Before, By and Within

Before, and by are used with a point of time, while within is used with a period of time.
As,
You must reach here before (or by) 8 o'clock. (Not within)
Henry came back within an hour. (Not before).

Note : There is a distinction in use between before and by :

By means not after the specified limit or time while before means any time within specified limit of time.
As,
You must come back by 5 pm. (not after 5 pm.)
You must come back before 5 pm.
(any time before the clock strikes five)

In and Within
In means at the end of, while within means before the end of.
As,
The game will end within an hour (before the hour is passed).
The game will end in an hour (at the end of, and not exceeding an hour).

In and Into
In refers to a position already inside anything and into refers to a movement towards the inside of anything.
As,
John was in the garden.
Mary went into the garden.

In and At
In refers to a much wider space or time than at.
As, Come at 8 o' clock in the morning.
The Taj is at Agra in India.

In and After
In is used about the future time, while after is used about the past.
As,
Fred will come in a few minutes (not after).
Arthur left after an hour (not in).

On and At
On is used before a particular date or day and at before a particular hour.
As,
I shall come on Friday at 5 o' clock.

Between and Among
Between is used about two persons or things, while among is used for referring to more than two persons or things.
As,
Divide the mango between Ram and Sham.
Distribute all the chocolates among the pupils.
The money was divided not between his two sons only but among all his dependants.

Beside and Besides
Beside means by the side of while, besides means in addition to.
As,

Besides my son, my cousin also sat beside me.

By and With
By is used with the doer or agent, while with is used before the instrument with which a person does a thing.
As,
The tiger was not shot by me.
The tiger was shot with a rifle.

Except and Excepting
The use of the participle excepting formed from the verb of except (= to exclude) is often confused with that of the preposition except (= without).
As,
All the boys except John went there
(Preposition = without).
All the boys not excepting John went there (Participial preposition = not excluding).
All the boys went there, John not being excepted (verb).
There are also a few special prepositions like :

(a) Than
Than is usually a conjunction, but is sometimes used as a preposition.
As,
I cannot accept less than fifty rupees for this article.
I speak of Keats, than whom there is none greater as a poet.

(b) But
As a rule but is a conjunction. When used as a preposition, but means except, with the exception of.
As,
What can he do but die?
All our ambitions death defeats, but one.
None but the brave deserves the award.
She returned all her gifts but one.
All is lost but honour.

(c) A is sometimes used as weakened form of the preposition on.
As,
The house is a building.
I meet her once a week.
Rice is twenty rupees a kg.
His wages are thirty rupees a day.

Nouns Followed by Preposition OF

Covetous ofDefrauded of
Abhorrence ofAssurance of
Doubt ofExperience of
Proof ofResult of
Deprived ofDesirous of
Charge ofDistrust of
Failure ofObservance of
Want of
 


Adjectives Followed by Preposition OF
 

Accused ofAcquitted of
Apprised ofAssured of
Bought ofCautions of
Composed ofConfident of
Covetous ofDefrauded of
Afraid ofApprehensive of
Aware ofBereft of
Certain ofCharacteristic of
Conscious ofConvinced of
Deprived ofDesirous of


Verbs Followed by Preposition OF
 

Acquit ofBeware of
Despair ofDie of
Divest ofDream of
Repent ofTaste of
Boats ofComplain of
Disapprove ofDispose of
Heal ofJudge of


Nouns Followed by Preposition FOR
 

Affection forAmbition for
Appetite forAptitude for
Capacity forCompassion for
Craving forDesire for
Pretext forRelish for
Anxity forApology for
Blame forCandidate for
Compensation forContempt for
Esteem forFitness for
Remorse forReputation for
Adjectives Followed by Preposition FOR
Anxious forCelebrated for
Designed forDestined for
Eminent forFit for
Conspicuous forCustomary for
Eager forEligible for
Good forGrateful for


Verbs Followed by Preposition FOR

Atone forCanvass for
Care forClamour for
Feel forHope for
Mourn forPine for
Start forStipulate for
Sue forWish for
Yearn for
 


Verbs Followed by Preposition ON
 

Comment onDecide on
Deliberate onDepend on
Determine onDwell on
Embark onEncroach on


Nouns Followed by Preposition TO
 

Access toAccession to
Allegiance toAlternative to
Antidote toAntipathy to
Approach toAssent to
Attachment toAttention to
Concession toDisgrace to
Dislike toEncouragement to
Enmity toException to
Incentive toIndifference to
Invitation toKey to


Adjectives Followed by Preposition TO

Abhorrent toAcceptable to
Incidental toInclined to
Indispensable toIndulgent to
Injured toIrrelevant to
Immaterial toImpervious to
Limited toLost to
Natural toNecessary to
Accessible toImpertinent to
Indebted toIndifferent to
Inimical toInsensible to
Favourable toHurtful to
Indigenous toLiable to
Loyal toMaterial to
Obedient toObliged to


Verbs Followed by Preposition To

Accede toAdapt to
Allude toAppologize to
Aspire toAssent to
Attribute toBelong to
Consent toContribute to
Adhere toAllot to
Appoint toAscribe to
Attain toAttend to
Conduce toConform to
Lead toListen to


Adjectives Followed by Preposition in
 

Absorbed inAbstemious in
Accomplished inAccurate in
Assiduous inBackward in
Defective inDeficient in
Enveloped inFertile in
Bigoted inCorrect in
Experienced inDeligent in
Foiled inHonest in


Verbs Followed by Preposition IN
 

Involve inPersist in
Acquiesce inDabble in
Delight inEmploy in
Enlist inExcel in
Fall inGlory in
Increase inIndulge in
Persevere in
 


Nouns Followed by Preposition WITH

Acquaintance withAlliance with
Bargain withCompromise with
Conformity withEnmity with
Intercourse withIntimacy with
Relations with
 


Adjectives Followed by Preposition WITH

Acquainted withAfflicted with
Compatible withCompliant with
Contended withContrasted with
Delighted withDeluged with
Beset withBusy with
Consistent withContemporary with
Conversant withConvulsed with
Disgusted withDrenched with


Verbs Followed by Preposition with

Associate withBear withClash with
Coincide withComply withCondone with
Credit withDeluge withDisagree with
Dispense withFill withGrapple with
Expostulate withIntrigue withMeddle with


Verbs Followed by Preposition From

 

Abstain fromAlight fromCease from
Debar fromDerogate fromDesist from
Detract fromDeviate fromDiffer from
Digress fromDissent fromElicit from
Emerge fromEscape fromExclude from
Preserve fromPrevent fromProhibit from


Nouns Followed by Preposition from
 

Respite fromInference fromAbstinence from
Cessation fromDeliverance fromDescent from
Digression fromEscape fromExemption from
The document Preposition - 3 Notes | Study English Grammar Basic - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar Basic.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

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