Previous Year Questions Chapter 4 - Globalisation and the Indian Economy, Class 10, SST | EduRev Notes

Social Studies (SST) Class 10

Class 10 : Previous Year Questions Chapter 4 - Globalisation and the Indian Economy, Class 10, SST | EduRev Notes

The document Previous Year Questions Chapter 4 - Globalisation and the Indian Economy, Class 10, SST | EduRev Notes is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

Short Answer Questions

Q.1. Explain any three ways in which MNCs set up or control production in other countries. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Multinational Corporations (MNCs) set up their factories or production units close to markets where they can get desired type of skilled or unskilled labour at low costs along with other factors of production. After ensuring these conditions MNCs set up production units in the following ways :
(a) Jointly with some local companies of the existing country.
(b) Buy the local companies and then expand its production with the help of modern technology.
(c) They place orders for small producers and sell these products under their own brand name to the customers worldwide.

Q.2. How does foreign trade lead to integration of markets across the countries? Give any three examples. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Foreign trade is the main channel which connects the markets of various countries. Foreign trade lead to integration of markets across the countries as follows :
(a) Creates opportunities for the producers to reach beyond the domestic markets or the markets of their own countries.
(b) Import of goods from various countries provides choice of goods for consumer beyond the goods that are produced domestically.
(c) Producers of different countries compete with each other although they are thousands of miles away.

Q.3. Enumerate any three features of Multinational Corporations. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Multinational Companies (MNCs) are the companies that owns or controls the production of their goods in more than one country. The main features of MNCs are :
(a) They set up their factories and offices in more than one country.
(b) The set up their units where the cost of production is low and higher profits can be earned.
(c) They produce and sell their finished products globally.

Q.4. Why did India put barriers on foreign trade and investment after independence? Why was the policy changed in 1991? Mention any two reasons. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Soon after independence India put barriers on foreign trade and independent to create a large industrial base which helped in increasing the industrial production. Policies were changed in 1991 because :
(a) Global competition of Indian producers will improve the quality of Indian goods.
(b) Reduce the problems like unemployment, poverty, inflation etc. and support industrialisation.

Q.5. What is globalization? How can the government ensure fair globalization to its people? Give two points. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Globalisation means unification or integration of the domestic economy with the world economy through trade, capital and technology flows.
Government can ensure fair globalization to its people in the following ways :
(a) Government needs to care about the labour laws so that workers get their rights and support small producers to improve their performance.
(b) Government can negotiate with world trade organisation for fairer rules and can align with developing countries to stand against the domination of developed countries.

Q.6. Should more Indian companies emerge as MNCs? How would it benefit the people in the country ? [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Yes, more Indian companies should emerge as MNCs. It would benefit the people in the country in the following ways :
(a) New job opportunities have been created by the emergence of Indian companies as MNCs.
(b) Local companies that provide raw material and other services to these companies have prospered.
(c) Rise in production standards, improved the standard of living of the people.

Q.7. Analyse any three impacts of globalization in India. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Impacts of globalization in India are as follows :
(a) It improves the productivity and efficiency in the use of resources through the process of competition.
(b) Growth rate of economy has gone up with the increase in foreign investment and foreign technology in India.
(c) It allows the consumers to enjoy a wider range of goods and services at a lower cost.

Q.8. Suggest any three measures to make globalisation just and fair ? [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Globalisation means unification or integration of the domestic economy with the world economy through trade, capital and technology flows.
Government can ensure fair globalization to its people in the following ways :
(a) Government needs to care about the labour laws so that workers get their trade union rights and support small producers to improve their performance.
(b) Government can negotiate with world trade organisation for fairer rules and can align with developing countries to stand against the domination of developed countries.

Q.9. How has liberalisation of trade and investment policies helped the globalisation process? Explain. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Economic liberalisation means reducing government interference in economic activities and
removing trade and business barriers. Liberalisation of trade and investment policies helped the globalisation process in the following ways :
(a) Businesses are free to make decisions for foreign import and export.
(b) Foreign companies could easily set up factories and industries in a country after liberalisation.

Q.10. Describe any three factors which have enabled globalisation in India. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Globalisation means unification or integration of the domestic economy with the world economy through trade, capital and technological flows. Factors that supported globalisation in India are as follows :
(a) Reduction of trade barriers with a view to allowing free flow of goods to and from other countries.
(b) Involvement of various local producers with MNCs in various ways.
(c) Some of the large Indian companies like Tata Motors, Infosys (IT), Ranbaxy, Asian Paints etc. emerged as MNCs and start working globally.

Q.11. Describe any three ways in which Multinational Corporations (MNCs) have spread their production and interaction with local producers in other countries. [2011 (T-2)] 

Ans. Multinational Corporations (MNCs) set up their factories or production units close to markets where they can get desired type of skilled or unskilled labour at low costs along with other factors of production. After ensuring these conditions, MNCs set up production units in the following ways :
(a) Set up jointly with some local companies of the country.
(b) Buy the local companies and then expand its production with the help of modern technology.
(c) They place orders for small producers and sell their products under their own brand name to the customers worldwide.

Q.12. ‘‘The impact of globalization has not been uniform’’. Explain this statement. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. It is true that the impact of globalisation has not been uniform. This can be explained through following points :
(a) It has some negative impacts on employment and real wages. Ushering in of new technology, output is increasing but the employment opportunities are not much especially in rural areas where 75% of the population lives.
(b) It is mainly beneficial to large capitalists, industries and large companies. Consequently it increases the concentration of economic power and lead to inequality.
(c) In India, during 1990-91 more than 1/3rd of national product originated in agricultural sector, this share has come down to 23% in 2004-05.

Q.13. What is the meaning of liberalization of foreign trade? What does it mean in the Indian context? [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Liberalisation of foreign trade means removing barriers or restrictions put by the government on the import and export of goods. Indian government had put barriers to foreign trade and investment after independence so that Indian small-scale and cottage industries could come up. After 1991, process of liberalisation started in India. This was done for the following reasons :
(a) To improve the quality of Indian products our products are put in competition with international products.
(b) To enhance industrialisation and foreign exchange.

Q.14 Define liberalisation. Mention two features of liberalisation. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Liberalisation means removing barriers or restrictions put by the government on the businesses. Features of liberalisation are as follows :
(a) Reduction of trade barriers with a view to allowing free flow of goods among the countries.
(b) Allow private sector to do many of those activities which were earlier restricted to public sector.

Q.15. What is meant by trade barrier ? Why do governments use it ? Explain. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Barriers or restrictions that are imposed by government on free import and export activities are called trade barrier. Tax on imports is a vital trade barrier. Government can use the trade barriers in the following ways :
(a) Increase or decrease of foreign trade of the country.
(b) With the help of trade barriers government can decide what kinds of goods and how much of each, should be traded in the country.

Q.16. Describe the impact of globalization on the lives of consumers. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. (a) Globalization has improved the productivity of products which controlled the rate of inflation.
(b) Wide variety of products are available in the markets due to globalisation which has improved the standard of living of the consumers.

Q.17. Mention any three steps which have been taken by the government of India to attract foreign investment in recent years? [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. Investment made by MNCs is known as foreign investment. In order to attract foreign investment following steps are taken by the Indian government :
(i) Restrictions on trade and investment, have been removed to a large extent.
(ii) India has allowed the Indian producers to compete with the producers of the world.
(iii) Allowing privatization of many public sector industries by the government.

Q.18. ‘‘In spite of numerous advantages, there are many problems that globalisation still faces’’. Support the statement with three problems. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. The problems with globalisation are as follows :
(a) It has sometimes negative impacts on employment and real wages. With the introduction of new technology, output is increasing but the employment opportunities are not.
(b) Because of foreign technology, the problems of energy crisis, water shortage and pollution are increasing very fast.
(c) It is more beneficial to large-scale producers and consequently increasing concentration of economic power.

Q.19. What is WTO? What are its main aims? Mention any one of its limitation. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. World Trade Organisation (WTO) : It is an international organisation which was established on 1st January, 1995 by the members of the UN to promote trade among countries.
The main aims of WTO are :
(a) To act as a forum for multilateral trade negotiations.
(b) Resolve trade disputes.
(c) Liberalize international trade and follow free trade for all.
One limitation of WTO is :
Developed countries unfairly impose trade barriers whereas WTO forces the developing countries to follow completely free trade.

Q.20. Why is ‘tax’ on imports known as a trade barrier? Why did the Indian Government impose barriers to foreign trade and foreign investments after independence? Give three reasons. [2008]

Ans. Tax on imports imposed by the government to regulate foreign trade and investment is known as a trade barrier.
Government imposed barriers on foreign trade and investment for the following reasons :
(i) The competition from importers would have crippled the new-born industries of India.
(ii) To protect the producers within the country from foreign competition.
(iii) Imports of only such commodities were allowed which were quite necessary, for example, machinery and petroleum.

Q.21. How have transportation technology and information and communication technology stimulated the globalisation process? Explain with suitable examples. [2008]

Ans. Transportation technology : Rapid improvement in transportation technology has been one major factors that has stimulated the globalisation process. There are fast trains connecting every nook and corner of a country and faster planes that cover the distance within a few hours between one country to another. Similarly, the cost of air transport has fallen. Information and Communication Technology : In recent times communication and information technology got a boost from the invention of computers and internet etc.
Information Technology (IT) has played a major role in spreading out production of services. For example, a news magazine published for London readers is to be designed and printed in Delhi.

Q.22. Explain visible imports of globalisation on the Indian Economy, with two examples. [2006]

Ans.

(i) Greater Competition among producers : Greater competition among producers both local and foreign, has been of advantage to consumers, particularly the well-off section of the society. Consumers of now have greater choice. For example : Shoes produced by Indian companies and shoes produced by MNCs like Bata, TSF, Woodland etc. Consumers have more choice. They can compare in terms of quality, price etc.
(ii) Phenomenal growth of service sector : The present share of service sector in country’s GDP is more than 50%, which was about 40% in 1990 at the time of start of globalisation. Information and communication technology also grew on an average 20%.

Q.23. Should more Indian companies emerge as MNCs? [HOTS]

Ans. There is much scope for Indian companies to emerge as MNCs. These are the companies mainly related to Information Technology (IT sector), accounting and administrative sector. It will benefit the people in the country by providing them gainful employment and further enhance their quality of life.
MNCs have enormous wealth with them. They have a strong influence on production in different countries.

Long Answer Questions

Q.1. How has WTO affected Indian economy? What were its favourable and unfavourable impact?

Ans. Effect of Functioning of WTO on Indian Economy : The developing countries like India feel cheated as they are forced to open up their markets for the developed countries but are not allowed access to the markets of developed countries.

Favourable Impacts of WTO working : WTO creates environment such as international trade among member countries in an open, uniform and non-discriminatory manner.

Unfavourable Impacts of WTO : WTO is dominated by the developed countries, especially by America, European Union and Japan etc. Developing and poor countries are seldom consulted until the rich nations complete their negotiations.

Q.2. How could you distinguish between ‘foreign trade’ and ‘foreign investment’? Explain the role of MNCs in foreign trade and foreign investments.

Ans. Foreign trade is integration of markets in different countries. For example, export and import of goods and services from one country to another. But foreign investments are investments made by MNCs. For example, investment in land, machines, building etc. to earn profit.

Role of MNCs in foregin trade and foreign investments :

  1. MNCs can provide money for additional investments like buying new machines for faster production to small companies.
  2. MNCs can provide efficient managerial and advanced technology for faster production and efficient use of resources. So MNCs play an important role in foreign investment.
  3. MNCs facilitate movement of goods and services between various countries. Movement of people across the globe also creates better job opportunities and better income. So MNCs promote foreign trade also.

Q.3. What complaint do farmers of developing countries have against developed country governments? [HOTS]

Ans. In developing countries, governments have reduced trade barriers as per WTO rules. But developed countries have ignored the rules of WTO and have continued to pay their farmers vast sums of money for production and for export to other countries. Therefore, farmers of developed countries are able to sell farm products at abnormally low prices in foreign markets which is adversely affecting the farmers of developing countries. Thism is really a case of unfair trade.

Q.4. Explain any four ways in which multinational corporations have spread their production and interaction with local producers in various countries across the globe. [2008]

Ans. The multinational corporations have spread their production and interaction with local producers in the following ways :
(i) Setting up production jointly with local companies. They provide money for additional investments like buying new machines for faster production. For example : Cargil Foods, a very large MNC (USA), has bought smaller Indian companies such as Parekh Foods.
(ii) The MNCs provide efficient managerial and advanced technology for faster production and efficient use of resources.
(iii) They have increased their investments over the past 15 years. They provide employment opportunities to the masses. The local companies supplying raw material to these industries have prospered.
(iv) Many food processing multinational companies such as Pepsi, Coca-Cola have taken over Indian markets in cold drinks and food products. This helps in greater choice for consumers with a variety of goods at cheap prices.

Q.5. ‘Globalisation and competition among producers have been of advantage to the consumers.’ Give arguments in support of this statement. [2009]

Ans.

(i) More choice for consumers : Globalisation and competition among producers has enabled the consumer to have a wide range of choice available in market. For example, Chinese toys and Indian toys both are available. Consumer can compare quality, price, suitability and safety for both type of toys. So consumer is ultimately benefited.
(ii) Better job opportunities : Globalisation and competition among producers have given rise to better job opportunities for skilled persons. People can get better salary and facilities for the specialized skills in other countries.
(iii) Expansion of information and communication technology : Globalisation has facilitated improvement in information and communication technology like computers, internet, telephone including mobile phones etc.

Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

Objective type Questions

,

Previous Year Questions Chapter 4 - Globalisation and the Indian Economy

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

mock tests for examination

,

ppt

,

pdf

,

Class 10

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Free

,

Previous Year Questions Chapter 4 - Globalisation and the Indian Economy

,

Semester Notes

,

Summary

,

Exam

,

Extra Questions

,

MCQs

,

SST | EduRev Notes

,

Class 10

,

Sample Paper

,

practice quizzes

,

SST | EduRev Notes

,

Important questions

,

Viva Questions

,

Class 10

,

past year papers

,

SST | EduRev Notes

,

video lectures

,

study material

,

Previous Year Questions Chapter 4 - Globalisation and the Indian Economy

;