Q.1. Give two examples of pre-monsoon showers. [CBSE 2016]
Ans. The two examples of pre-monsoon showers are the 'mango showers’ in Kerala and Karnataka and the ‘Kaal Baisakhi’ which causes rainfall in West Bengal.
Q.2. Explain any three factors which affect the mechanism of monsoons. [CBSE 2016]
Ans. The three factors are:
Q.3. Why do the Monsoon winds change their direction? Give any one reason. [CBSE 2015]
Ans. Monsoon winds change their direction when the lofty Himalayas obstruct their passage. For example, the Himalayas causes the monsoon winds to deflect towards the west over the Ganga Plains.
Q.1. Describe the regional variations in the climatic conditions of India with the help of suitable examples. [CBSE 2016]
Ans. There are great variations in the climate of India.
Q.2. Describe the role of El Nino and Southern Oscillation to control the climate of India. [CBSE 2016]
Study the table given above and answer the following questions:
(a) What type of climate does station A have and why?
(b) What type of climate does station B have and why? [CBSE 2016]
Ans. (a) Since station A is located closer to the equator and at a height of 909 m it has a moderate climate.
(b) Station B is located at 26°N in the interior of the country, north of the Tropic of Cancer.
Q.4. Development of tropical cyclones is a distinguishing feature of the monsoon. How do tropical cyclones influence the distribution of rainfall in India? [CBSE 2016]
|1. What is climate change?|
|2. How does climate change affect our daily lives?|
|3. What are the main causes of climate change?|
|4. How can we mitigate climate change?|
|5. What is the difference between weather and climate?|