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Previous Year Questions - Population - Social Studies (SST) Class 9

Q.1. Describe the distribution of the population in India.    [CBSE 2016,15]
Ans.
(a) The population of India, as on March 2011, stood at 1,210.6 million. These 1.21 billion people are unevenly distributed over 3.28 million square km.
(b) The population is divided into Very densely population—Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh.
Very sparsely population—Sikkim Lakshadweep, Rajasthan, Arunachal Pradesh.
Moderately population—States like Assam and Peninsular states.
(c) The dense population is due to fertile, flat land and favourable climate. On the other hand, hilly areas or regions with low rainfall do not allow people to settle there.

Q.2. What were the causes of the uneven population in India?   [CBSE 2016]
Ans. The population of India is unevenly distributed in India because of the following reasons:
(a) Relief of the land: Where there are mountain s and rugged relief the population is sparse. Flat and fertile land favours the population density.
(b) Climate: Fewer people live in cold climate, in a very hot climate and where it is dry. More people live in areas where the climate is favourable.
(c) In regions where the industrial development is more the population is dense as occupations are more. Moreover, the transport facilities also favour the growth of population.

Q.3. Why is ‘Age Composition’ considered as one of the most basic characteristics of the population? Explain.   [CBSE 2016]
Ans. (a) Age composition is considered as the most basic characteristics of population as age influences what a person needs, buys and his capacity to perform.
(b) The number and percentage of a population found within the children, working-age and aged groups are an important factor to determine the society’s social and economic structure.
(c) The age structure in India gives more weight age to aduits-58,7%, aged 6.9% and children-34.4%.

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FAQs on Previous Year Questions - Population - Social Studies (SST) Class 9

1. What is population?
Ans. Population refers to the total number of individuals living in a specific geographical area or region. It includes both human beings and other living organisms present in that area.
2. Why is it important to study population?
Ans. Studying population is crucial for various reasons. It helps in understanding the demographic characteristics of a region, such as age distribution, gender ratio, and population growth rate. This information aids in making informed decisions regarding resource allocation, urban planning, healthcare, education, and economic development.
3. What are the factors that influence population growth?
Ans. Several factors affect population growth. These include birth rate, death rate, immigration, and emigration. Higher birth rates and lower death rates lead to population growth, while immigration adds to the population, and emigration decreases it.
4. How does population growth impact the environment?
Ans. Population growth can put significant stress on the environment. As the population increases, the demand for resources such as water, land, and energy also rises. This can lead to deforestation, habitat destruction, increased pollution, and depletion of natural resources, causing negative impacts on the environment.
5. What are the different methods used to measure population size?
Ans. There are various methods used to measure population size. These include census, sample survey, and vital registration. Census involves counting every individual in a given area, while sample surveys collect data from a representative sample of the population. Vital registration records births, deaths, and other vital events in a population. These methods help in estimating population size accurately.
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