Q.1. Describe the distribution of the population in India. [CBSE 2016,15]
Ans. (a) The population of India, as on March 2011, stood at 1,210.6 million. These 1.21 billion people are unevenly distributed over 3.28 million square km.
(b) The population is divided into Very densely population—Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh.
Very sparsely population—Sikkim Lakshadweep, Rajasthan, Arunachal Pradesh.
Moderately population—States like Assam and Peninsular states.
(c) The dense population is due to fertile, flat land and favourable climate. On the other hand, hilly areas or regions with low rainfall do not allow people to settle there.
Q.2. What were the causes of the uneven population in India? [CBSE 2016]
Ans. The population of India is unevenly distributed in India because of the following reasons:
(a) Relief of the land: Where there are mountain s and rugged relief the population is sparse. Flat and fertile land favours the population density.
(b) Climate: Fewer people live in cold climate, in a very hot climate and where it is dry. More people live in areas where the climate is favourable.
(c) In regions where the industrial development is more the population is dense as occupations are more. Moreover, the transport facilities also favour the growth of population.
Q.3. Why is ‘Age Composition’ considered as one of the most basic characteristics of the population? Explain. [CBSE 2016]
Ans. (a) Age composition is considered as the most basic characteristics of population as age influences what a person needs, buys and his capacity to perform.
(b) The number and percentage of a population found within the children, working-age and aged groups are an important factor to determine the society’s social and economic structure.
(c) The age structure in India gives more weight age to aduits-58,7%, aged 6.9% and children-34.4%.