Q.1. How do geographical phenomena help us to know about the history of mankind?
Ans. By watching geographical phenomena we can imagine how small changes could have caused a big change over centuries. They help us to understand where we came from and where we might be heading.
Q.2. What are the indications for the future of mankind?
Ans. Global warming is real. This can bring about drastic climatic changes. The world may not remain the same as we know it. There is real threat to the future of humankind.
Q.3. Why is Antarctica the place to go to understand the earth’s past, present and future?
Ans. Antarctica is the only place on earth that has not supported human population. So, it remains almost as pure as it used to be millions of years ago. There we can observe how a little change can affect the environment. Besides, half-a-millionyear- old carbon records lie trapped in its layers of ice. So, if we want to study the earth’s past, present and future, Antarctica is the right place.
Q.4. How did Tishani Doshi feel on reaching the Antarctica?
Ans. Tishani was filled with wonder at Antarctica’s immense white expanse, uninterrupted blue horizon and isolation. He wondered how Antarctica and India could have been the part of the same landscape Gondwana.
Q.5. What was Gondwana like? How did it change?
Ans. Gondwana was a super continent about 650 million years ago. The climate was warm and there were many species of flora and fauna. There were no human beings. About a million years ago, it disintegrated into separate countries.