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# Previous year Questions (2016-20) - Limits, Continuity and Differentiability Notes | EduRev

## Commerce : Previous year Questions (2016-20) - Limits, Continuity and Differentiability Notes | EduRev

The document Previous year Questions (2016-20) - Limits, Continuity and Differentiability Notes | EduRev is a part of the Commerce Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 12.
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Q.1. Let the function, f :[ 7,0] â†’  be continuous on [âˆ’7, 0] and differentiable on  (âˆ’7, 0). If f (âˆ’7) = âˆ’3 and f'(x) < for all x âˆˆ(-7, 0), then for all such functions f, f(-1) + f(0)  lies in the interval    (2020)
(1) (-âˆž , 20]
(2) [ -3,11]
(3) ( -âˆž ,11]
(4) [ -6, 20]

Ans. (1)
Using LMVT in [ -7, -1], we get
.....(1)
Using LMVT in [ -7, -0], we get
....(2)
From Eqs. (1) and (2), we get f(0) + f(-1) < 20

Q.2. Let S be the set of points where the functionis not differentiable. Thenis equal to ________.    (2020)

Ans. (3.00)
We have,
f (x) =

It is clear from the graph that the function is not differentiable at x =1,3 and 5.
Now,
= f(0) + f(2) + f (0) = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3

Q.3. The value of c in the Lagrangeâ€™s mean value theorem for the function f(x) = x3 - 4x2 + 8x + 11, when x âˆˆ[0,1] is    (2020)
(1)
(2)
(3) 2/3
(4)
Ans. (2)
f(x) is a polynomial function, so it is continuous and differentiable in [0,1].
Now, f(x) = x3 - 4x2 + 8x + 11 â‡’ f'(x) = 3x2 - 8x + 8
f(0) = 11 and f(1) = 1 âˆ’ 4 + 8 + 11 = 16
Using Lagrangeâ€™s mean value theorem, we get

Now,

Q.4. If the function f defined on is continuous, then k is equal to ________.    (2020)
Ans. (5.00)
We have,

The function is continuous, then

â‡’ k =3+2 =5

Q.5. If c is a point at which Rolleâ€™s theorem holds for the function   in the interval [3, 4], where  then f"(c) is equal to    (2020)
(1)
(2)1/12
(3)
(4)
Ans. (2)
Given, Rolleâ€™s theorem holds for the function in the interval [3, 4], Then,
Now,

Q.6. Let S be the set of all functions f : [0,1] â†’which are continuous on [0, 1] and differentiable on (0, 1). Then for every f in S, there exists a c âˆˆ(0,1), depending on f, such that    (2020)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

Ans. (Bonus)
S is a set of all functions
If we consider a constant function, then option 1, 3 and 4 are incorrect.
For option 2:

This may not be true for all the function
If we apply LMVT in (c, 1) then
such that

None of the option are incorrect

Q.7. Let f be any function continuous on [a,b] and twice differentiable on (a,b). If for all  and f"(x)< 0, then for any is greater than    (2020)
(1)
(2) 1
(3)
(4)
Ans. (4)
Using LMVT forwe get

Also, using LMVT for x âˆˆ [c,b], we get

Since f"(x)< 0, then f'(x) is decreasing. Hence,

Q.8. Ifis continuous at x = 0, then a + 2b is equal to    (2020)
(1) 1
(2) -1
(3) 0
(4) -2
Ans. (3)
Given, the function f(x) is continuous at x = 0, then
f(0-) = f(0) = f(0+)
Therefore,

Now,
Therefore, a + 3 = b = 1 â‡’ a = -2 and b = 1
â‡’ a+2b = âˆ’2+2= 0

Q.9. Let [t] denote the greatest integer â‰¤ t and Then, the function f(x) = [x2]sin(Ï€x) is discontinuous, when x is equal to   (2020)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Ans. (1)
We have,

On solving options (2),(3) and (4), we obtain the integer values and integral multiple of Ï€ in sin is always zero.
For option (1), we getHence, f (x) is discontinuous at x =

Q.10. Let (a, k >0) =0, then k is    (2020)
(1) 3/2
(2) 4/3
(3) 2/3
(4) 1/3

Ans. (3)
Given,
xk + yk = ak , (a, k > 0)... (1)

Now, using Eq. (1), we get

On comparing with Eq. (2), we get

Q.11. is equal t0 _______.    (2020)
Ans.
(36.00)
Given

Q.12. Let y = y (x) be a function of x satisfying where k is a constant and
Then is equal to    (2020)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Ans. (2)
Given

Let x = sin Î¸ and y = sin Ï•, then the equation becomes

.....(1)
Differentiating Eq. (1) w.r.t. x, we get

Q.13.is equal to    (2020)
(1) 1/e
(2) 1/e2
(3) e2
(4) e

Ans. (2)
We have,

Q.14. Let f(x) = (sin(tan-1 x) + sin (cot-1 x))2 -1, and thenis equal to    (2020)
(1) 2Ï€/3
(2)
(3) 5Ï€/6
(4) Ï€/3
Ans.
(3)
Let tan-1 x =Î¸  â‡’ x = tanÎ¸ â‡’
Now,

Now,

Given,

Therefore,

Q.15. is equal to    (2020)
(1) 0
(2) 1/10
(3)
(4)

Ans. (1)
We have,

....(using L Hospital rule)

Q.16.       (2019)
(1) exists and equals

(2) exists and equals
(3) exists and equals
(4) does not exist
Ans.
(1)
Solution.

Q.17. For each xâˆˆR, let [x] be greatest integer less than or equal to x. Then

(2019)
(1) - sin 1
(2) 1
(3) sin 1
(4) 0

Ans. (1)
Solution.

Q.18. For each tâˆˆR, let [t] be the greatest integer less than or equal to t. Then,
(2019)
(1) equals 1
(2) equals 0
(3) equals - 1
(4) does not exist

Ans. (2)
Solution.

Q.19. Let f : R â†’ R be a function defined as

Then, f is:       (2019)
(1) continuous if a = 5 and b = 5
(2) continuous if a = - 5 and b = 10
(3) continuous if a = 0 and b = 5
(4) not continuous for any values of a and b

Ans. (4)
Solution.
Let f(x) is continuous at x = 1, then
f(1-) = f(1) = f(1+)
â‡’  5 = a + b    ...(1)
Let f(x) is continuous at x = 3, then
f(3-) = f(3) = f(3+)
â‡’ a + 3b = b + 15    ...(2)
Let f(x) is continuous at x = 5, then
f(5-) = f(5) = f(5+)
â‡’  b + 25 = 30
â‡’ b = 30 - 25 = 5
From (1), a = 0
But a = 0, b = 5 do not satisfy equation (2)
Hence, f(x) is not continuous for any values of a and b

Q.20.

Let S be the set of points in the interval (- 4, 4) at which f is not differentiable. Then S:       (2019)

(1) is an empty set
(2) equals {- 2, - 1, 0, 1, 2}
(3) equals {-2, - 1, 1, 2}
(4) equals {-2,2}
Ans. (2)
Solution.

âˆµ f(x) is not differentiable at -2, -1,0, 1 and 2.
âˆ´ S = {-2,-1,0, 1,2}

Q.21. Let f be a differentiable function such that f'(x)  (x > 0) and f'(1) â‰  4. Then        (2019)
(1) exists and equals 4/7.
(2) exists and equals 4.
(3) does not exist.
(4) exists and equals 0.

Ans. (2)
Solution. Let y = f(x)

Solution of differential equation

Q.22. Let [x] denote the greatest integer less than or equal to x. Then:
(2019)
(1) does not exist
(2) equals Ï€
(3) equals Ï€ + 1
(e) equals 0

Ans. (1)
Solution.

Since, LHL â‰  RHL
Hence, limit does not exist.

Q.23.
(2019)
(1) 0
(2) 2
(3) 4
(4) 1
Ans. (4)
Solution.

Q.24. Let f = R â†’ R be differentiable at c âˆˆ R and f (c) = 0. If g (x) = |f(x)|, then at x = c, g is:       (2019)
(1) not differentiable if f' (c) = 0

(2) differentiable if fâ€™(c) â‰  0
(3) differentiable if fâ€™(c) = 0
(4) not differentiable
Ans. (3)
Solution.

Q.25.

is continuous at x = 0, then the ordered pair (p, q) is equal to:       (2019)

Ans. (3)
Solution.

Q.26. Let f : R â†’ R be a continuously differentiable function such that f(2) = 6 and f'(2) = 1/48.       (2019)

(1) 18
(2) 24
(3) 12
(4) 36
Ans. (1)
Solution.

Q.27.
(2019)
(1) 4
(2) 4âˆš2
(3) 8âˆš2
(4) 8

Ans. (4)
Solution.

Q.28.
(2019)

Ans. (2)
Solution.

Q.29. If the function f defined on

is continuous, then k is equal to:       (2019)
(1) 2
(2) 1/2
(3) 1
(4) 1/âˆš2
Ans. (2)
Solution.
Since, f(x) is continuous, then

Q.30. Let f(x) = 15 - |x - 10|; x âˆˆ R. Then the set of all values of x, at which the function, g(x) = f (f(x)) is not differentiable, is:        (2019)
(1) {5,10,15}
(2) {10,15}
(3) {5, 10,15,20}
(4) {10}

Ans. (1)
Solution.
Since, f(x)= 15 - |(10-x)|
âˆ´ g(x) = f(f(x)) = 15 - |10 - [15 - |10-x|]|
= 15 â€” || 10 â€” x| â€” 5|
âˆ´ Then, the points where function g(x) is Non-differentiable are
10 - x = 0 and |10 â€” x| = 5
â‡’ x = 10 and x - 10 = Â± 5
â‡’ x = 10 and x = 15, 5

Q.31.  where [x] denotes the greatest
integer function, then:        (2019)
(1) f is continuous at x = 4.

Ans. (1)
Solution.

Q.32. If the function  is continuous at x = 5, then the value of a - b is:       (2019)

Ans. (4)
Solution.

âˆµ Function is continuous at x = 5
LHL = RHL
(5 - Ï€) b + 3 = (5 - Ï€) a + 1

Q.33.
(2019)
(1) 4âˆš2
(2) âˆš2
(3) 2âˆš2
(4) 4
Ans. (1)
Solution.

Q.34. Let f : R â†’ R be a differentiable function satisfying f'(3)+fâ€™(2) = 0. Then  is equal to:       (2019)
(1) 1
(2) e-1
(3) e
(4) e2
Ans.
(1)
Solution.

Q.35. If f: R â†’ R is a differentiable function and f(2) = 6, then        (2019)
(1) 24f'(2)
(2) 2f'(2)

(3) 0
(4) 12f'(2)

Ans. (4)
Solution.
Using L' Hospital rule and Leibnitz theorem, we get

Putting x = 2,
2f(2)f'(2) = 12f'(2) [âˆµ f(2) = 6]

Q.36.
(2019)
(1) 8/3
(2) 3/8
(3) 3/2
(4) 4/3
Ans. (1)
Solution.

Q.37.

g(x)= |f(x)|+f(|x|). Then, in the interval (-2,2), g is:       (2019)
(1) differentiable at all points
(2) not continuous
(3) not differentiable at two points
(4) not differentiable at one point

Ans. (4)
Solution.

â‡’ g(x) is non-differentiable at x = 1
â‡’ g(x) is not differentiable at one point.

Q.38. Let K be the set of all real values of x where the function f(x) = sin |x| - |x| + 2 (x - Ï€) cos |x| is not differentiable. Then the set K is equal to:       (2019)
(1) Ï† (an empty set)
(2) {Ï€}
(3) {0}
(4) {0,Ï€}

Ans. (1)
Solution.

Then, function f(x) is differentiable for all x < 0
Now check for x = 0

Then, function  f(x) is differentiable for x = 0. So it is differentiable everywhere
Hence, k = Ï†

Q.39. Let S be the set of all points in (- Ï€ , Ï€) at which the function f(x) = min {sinx, cosx} is not differentiable. Then S is a subset of which of the following?       (2019)

Ans. (2)
Solution.

âˆµ f(x) is not differentiable at

Q.40. Let f: [- 1, 3] â†’ R be defined as

where [t] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to t. Then, f is discontinuous at:       (2019)
(1) only one point
(2) only two points
(3) only three points
(4) four or more points

Ans. (3)
Solution. Given fumction is,

f(x) is discontinuous at x = {0, 1, 3}
Hence, f(x) is discontinuous at only three points.

Q.41.  then a + b is equal to:       (2019)
(1) -4
(2) 5
(3) -7
(4) 1
Ans. (3)
Solution.

â‡’ 2 - a = 5 â‡’ a = - 3 and b = - 4
Then a + b = -3-4 = -7

Q.42.
(2019)
(1) 6
(2) 2
(3) 3
(4) 1
Ans. (2)
Solution.
Given limit is,

Q.43. Let f(x) = 5-|x - 2| and g(x) = |x+ 1|, x âˆˆ R. If f(x) attains maximum value at Î± and g(x) attains minimum value at Î², then        (2019)
(1) 1/2
(2) -3/2
(3) -1/2
(4) 3/2
Ans. (1)
Solution.

By the graph f(x) is maximum at x = 2
âˆ´ Î± = 2
g (x) = |x + 1|
Graph of y = g (x)

By the graph g (x) is minimum at x = - 1

Q.44. Let f: (- 1, 1) â†’ R be a function defined by f(x) = max If K be the set of all points at which f is not differentiable, then K has exactly:       (2019)
(1) five elements
(2) one element
(3) three elements
(4) two elements

Ans. (3)
Solution. Consider the function

Now, the graph of the function

From the graph, it is clear that f(x) is not differentiable at

Hence, K has exactly three elements.

Q.45. For each t âˆˆ R, let [t] be the greatest integer less than or equal to t. Than      (2018)
(1) is equal to 0
(2) is equal to 50
(3) is equal to 120
(4) does not exist (in R)
Ans.
(3)
Solution.

Q.46. Let S = {t âˆˆ R:f(x)= |x - Ï€|.(e|x| - 1) sin |x| is not differentiable at t}. Then the set S is equal to:    (2018)
(1) Ï• (an empty set)
(2) {0}
(3) {Ï€}
(4) {0,Ï€}
Ans.
(1)
Solution.

Q.47. Let S = {Î», Âµ) âˆˆ R Ã— R : f(t) = (|Î»|e|t| âˆ’ Âµ).sin (2|t|), t âˆˆR, is a differentiable function}. Then S is a subset ofâˆ¶    (2018)
(1) R Ã— [0, âˆž)
(2) R Ã— (-âˆž, 0)
(3) (-âˆž, 0) Ã— R
(4) [-âˆž, 0) Ã— R
Ans:
(1)
Solution:

Q.48. If f(x) =      (2018)
(1) Exists and is equal to -2
(2) Exists and is equal to 0
(3) Does not exist
(4) Exists and is equal to 2
Ans:
(1)
Solution:

= cos x âˆ’ tan x [x2 âˆ’ 2x2]
= x2 tan x âˆ’ x2 cos x
fâ€²(x) = 2x tan x + x2 sec2 x âˆ’ 2x cos x + x2 sin x
= 2 tan x + x sec2 x âˆ’ 2 cos x + x sin x
= 0 + 0 âˆ’ 2 + 0 = âˆ’2

Q.49.
equals:    (2018)
(1) -1/6
(2) 1/6
(3) 1/3
(4) -1/3
Ans:
(1)
Solution:

Here â€˜Lâ€™ is in the indeterminate i.e., 0/0
âˆ´ using the  Lâ€™ Hospital rule we get:

Q.50. If the function f defined as f(x) =  is continuous at x = 0, then the ordered pair (k, f(0)) is equal  to:    (2018)
(1) (2, 1)
(2) (3, 1)
(3) (3, 2)
(4)
Ans:
(2)
Solution:

If the function is continuous at x = 0, then

For the limit to exist, power of x in the numerator should be greater than or equal to the power of x in the denominator. Therefore, coefficient of x in numerator is equal to zero
â‡’ 3 - k = 0
â‡’ k = 3
So the limit reduces to

Q.51. equals     (2017)
(1) 1/4
(2) 1/24
(3) 1/16
(4) 1/8
Ans.
(3)
Solution.

= 1/16.

Q.52.      (2017)
(1) 1/âˆš2
(2) 1/2âˆš2
(3) âˆš3/2
(4) âˆš3

Ans. (1)
Solution.

Q.53. The value of K for which the function  is continuous at x = Ï€/2, is    (2017)
(1) 2/5
(2)
(3) 17/20
(4) 3/5
Ans. (4)
Solution.
k + 2/5 = 1
k = 1 - 2/5 = 3/5

Q.54. for some positive real number a, then a is equal to     (2017)
(1) 17/2
(2) 15/2
(3) 7
(4) 8
Ans. (3)
Solution.

Q.55. Let p = then loge p is equal to:     (2016)
(1) 2
(2) 1
(3) 1/2
(4) 1/4
Ans.
(3)
Solution:

Q.56. For x âˆˆ R, f(x) = |log 2 - sin x| and g(x) = f(f(x)), then:    (2016)
(1) g is not differentiable at x = 0
(2) g'(0) = cos (log 2)
(3) g'(0) = - cos(log 2)
(4) g is differentiable at x = 0 and g'(0) = -sin(log 2)
Ans.
(2)
Solution:

Q.57.is equal to:    (2016)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4) 3 log 3 - 2
Ans.
(2)
Solution.

P = 27/e2

Q.58. If f(x) is a differentiable function in the interval (0, âˆž) such that f(1) = 1 and  for each x > 0, then f(3/2) is equal to:    (2016)
(1) 13/6
(2) 23/18
(3) 25/9
(4) 31/18
Ans. (4)
Solution.
Differentiate w.r.t. t

Q.59.      (2016)
(1) 2/3
(2) 3/2
(3) 2
(4) 1/2
Ans. (2)
Solution.
must be of the from 1âˆž

â‡’
= e2a = e3
a = 3/2

Q.60. Let a,b âˆˆ R, (a â‰  0). If the function f defined as     (2016)

Ans. (1)
Solution.

Q.61.    (2016)
(1) 2

(3) 1/2
(4) -2
Ans. (4)
Solution.

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## Mathematics (Maths) Class 12

209 videos|222 docs|124 tests

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