Short Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Describe the ethnic massacre in Kosovo. [CBSE 2016]
What was the background of the ethnic massacre that took place in Kosovo?
Ans. (a) Kosovo was a province of Yugoslavia before it split. In this province, the Serbs were in minority and Albanians were in majority while it was the other way round in the rest of the country.
(b) A narrow-minded Serb nationalist Milosevic had won the elections. His government was hostile to the Kosovo Albanians.
(c) He wanted the Serbs to dominate the country. According to many Serbs leaders, ethnic minorities like the Albanians should either leave the country or accept the dominance of the Serbs.
Q.2.What are rights? [CBSE 2015]
Ans. Rights are reasonable claims of a person recognised by society and sanctioned by law.
Q.3.Which fundamental right says that no person can be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law? [CBSE 2015]
Ans. Right to freedom.
Q.4. What is meant by a ‘secular state’? [CBSE 2015]
Ans. It is a state which does not have an official religion. All religions are given equal status and respect.
Long Answer Type Questions
Q.1. Describe any five Freedom granted to the citizens of India under the Right to Freedom. [CBSE 2016]
What are rights to Freedom? Mention different rights that come under it.
Ans. Everybody wants to live in the freedom which means the absence of constraints. We want to live in a society but we want to be free and do not want to be dictated by anyone. So the constitution of India has given to its citizens the following rights:
(a) Right to freedom of speech and expression.
(b) Right to assemble in a peaceful manner.
(c) Right to form associations and unions.
(d) Right to move freely throughout the country.
(e) Right to reside in any part of the country.
(f) Right to practice any profession or carry out any occupation, trade or business. These freedoms are not unlimited licences to do anything we want. The government has/can impose certain restrictions on these freedoms of the citizens under certain conditions for the good of society.
|1. What are democratic rights?|
|2. How are democratic rights protected in a democracy?|
|3. Are democratic rights absolute?|
|4. Can democratic rights be taken away?|
|5. How can individuals exercise their democratic rights effectively?|