UPSC : Public Services Notes | EduRev
All you need of UPSC at this link: UPSC
- Public Services in India are divided into 3 categories :
- All-India Services
- Central Services
- State Services
- IAS, IPS, IFS are the 3 All-India Services.
- Indian Forest Service was added in 1966.
- Centre in consultation with States makes rules for regulation of the services.
- Centre recruits & trains members to work in State cadres.
- They work in Centre on deputation for fixed tenure.
- Salary & service conditions of officers remain the same throughout the country. States bare the expenses.
- Ultimate control lies with Centre while immediate control is with States.
- Disciplinary action against them can only be taken by Centre.
- Work under exclusive jurisdiction of Centre.
- Categorised into Group A, B, C & D services.
- Some Group A services include Indian Foreign Service / Indian Revenue Service / Indian Audit & Accounts Service etc.
- Most Group A Services have a corresponding Group B service as well.
- Group A and Group B services consist of Gazetted Officers while Group C services consist of clerical personnel, while Group D consist of Manual Personnel.
- Work under the exclusive jurisdiction of State Govts.
- Hold lower positions than members of All-India Services in States.
- Most State services consist of Administrative Service, Police Service, Forest Service, Judicial Service, etc.
- State Services also have categories of Group A, B, C, D or Class I, II, III, IV services.
- Group A and Group B services usually consist of Gazetted Officers while Group C & Group D services consist of non-gazetted employees.
- All-India Services Act of 1951 specifies reservation of a maximum 33.33 % of total All-India posts to be filled through promotion of officers from State services.
- Such promotions are made on recommendation of a selection committee presided over by a UPSC Chairman or member.
Constitutional Provisions for Public Services.
- Article 308 to 314 in Part XIV contain provisions regarding public services.
- Article 308 clarifies that these do not apply to J&K.
- Recruitment & Service Conditions :
- Art 309 empowers Parliament & State Leg to regulate the recruitment & conditions of public servants under Centre & States, respectively.
- Parl or State Leg can impose ‘reasonable restrictions’ on the Fundamental Rights of Public Servants.
- Tenure of Office :
- Art 310 states that members of Central Services, Defence Services & All-India Services hold office during the pleasure of the Prez.
- Members of Civil services of a State hold office during pleasure of Governor.
- Prez or Gov may provide for a contract for payment of Compensation if the position of the public servant is abolished, or if public servant is dismissed for no personal fault or misconduct.
- Safeguards to Civil Servants :
- Art 311 States that Civil servant can’t be dismissed or removed by a subordinate authority.
- Civil Servant cannot be dismissed or removed without an inquiry & reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of the charges.
- The above safeguards are not available to members of defence services.
- All-India Services :
- Article 312 makes following provisions in respect to All-India Services :
- Parl can create a new All-India Service if Rajya Sabha passes a resolution with 2/3rd majority supporting the necessity for the same.
- Parl can regulate the recruitment & conditions of service.
- 42nd Amd of 1976 made provision for All-India Judicial Service, where such a service could be created for posts equivalent to District Judge & above with a law of the Parliament, not requiring any further amendment.