The document RD Sharma Solutions -Ex-18.1(Part - 2), Surface Area And Volume Of A Cuboid And Cube, Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 9 Course RD Sharma Solutions for Class 9 Mathematics.

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**Q11) The dimensions of a rectangular box are in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 4 and the difference between the cost of covering it with a sheet of paper at the rates of Rs 8 and Rs 9.50 per m ^{2} is Rs 1248. Find the dimensions of the box.**

**Solution:**

Let the ratio be ‘x’

Length (l) = 2x

Breadth (b) = 3x

Height (h) = 4x

Therefore, Total Surface area = 2[lb+bh+hl]

= 2(6x^{2}+12x^{2}+8x^{2})

= 52x^{2}m^{2}

When the cost is at Rs.8 per m^{2}

Therefore, the total cost of 52x^{2} = 8∗52x^{2}

= Rs. 416x^{2}

Taking the cost at Rs. 9.5 per m^{2},

Total cost of 52x^{2}m^{2 } = 9.5∗52x^{2}

= Rs. 494x^{2}

Therefore, the Difference in cost = Rs. 494x^{2}– Rs. 416x^{2}

- 1248 = Rs. 78x
^{2} - x
^{2 }= - x
^{2 }= 16 - x = 4

**Q12) A closed iron tank 12 m long, 9 m wide and 4 m deep is to be made. Determine the cost of iron sheet used at the rate of Rs 5 per meter sheet, a sheet being 2 m wide.**

**Solution:**

Length (l) = 12m

Breadth (b) = 9m

Height (h) = 4m

Total surface area of the tank = 2[lb+bh+hl]

= 2[12*9+9*4+12*4]

= 2[108+36+48]

= 384m^{2}

The Length of the Iron sheet =

= 192m.

Cost of the Iron Sheet = Length of the Iron Sheet*Cost rate

= 192*5

= Rs. 960

**Q13) Ravish wanted to make a temporary shelter for his car by making a box-like structure with the tarpaulin that covers all the four sides and the top of the car ( with the front face of a flap which can be rolled up). Assuming that the stitching margins are very small, and therefore negligible, how many tarpaulins would be required to make the shelter of height 2.5 m with base dimensions 4 m x 3m?**

**Solution:**

Given That,

Shelter length = 4m

Breadth = 3m

Height = 2.5m

The tarpaulin will be required for top and four sides of the shelter.

The Area of tarpaulin required = 2h(l+b)+lb

⇒2∗2.5(4+3)+4∗3

⇒5(7)+12

⇒47m^{2}

**Q14) An open box is made of wood 3 cm thick. Its external length, breadth and height are 1.48m, 1.16 m and 8.3 dm. Find the cost of painting the inner surface of Rs 50 per sq. metre.**

**Solution:**

Given Data:

__Outer Dimensions__

Length = 148cm

Breadth = 116cm

Height = 83cm

__Inner Dimensions__

Length = 148-(2*3) = 142cm

Breadth = 116-(2*3) = 110cm

Height = 83-3 = 80

Surface Area of the Inner region = 2h(l+b)+lb

= 2*80(142+110)+142*110

= 2*80*252+142*110

= 55940cm^{2}

= 5.2904m^{2}

Hence, the cost of Painting the Surface Area of the Inner region = 5.2904*50

= Rs. 279.70

**Q15) The cost of preparing the walls of a room 12 m long at the rate of Rs 1.35 per square meter is Rs 340.20 and the cost of matting the floor at 85 paise per square meter is Rs 91.80. Find the height of the room.**

**Solution:**

Given that,

Length of the room = 12m

Let the height of the room be ‘h’

Area of 4 walls = 2(l+b)*h

According to the question

- 2(l+b)*h*1.35 = 340.20
- 2(12+b0*h*1.35 = 340.20
- (12+b)*h = = 126 …..(1)

Also Area of the Floor = l*b

Therefore,l∗b∗0.85 = 91.80

⇒12∗b∗0.85 = 91.80

⇒b = 9m ……(2)

Substituting b = 9m in equation (1)

- (12+9)*h = 126 ; h = 6m

**Q16) The dimensions of a room are 12.5 m by 9 m by 7 m. There are 2 doors and 4 windows in the room; each door measures 2.5 m by 1.2 m and each window 1.5 m by 1 m. Find the cost of painting the walls at Rs 3.50 per square meter.**

**Solution:**

Given Length of the room = 12.5m

Breadth of the room = 9m

Height of the room = 7m

Therefore, total surface area of the four walls = 2(l+b)*h

= 2(12.5+9)*7

= 301 m2

Area of 2 doors = 2 (2.5*1.2)

= 6 m^{2}

Area of 4 windows = 4 (1.5*1)

= 6 m^{2}

Area to be painted on 4 walls = 301 – (6+6)

= 301 – 12

= 289 m^{2}

Therefore, Cost of painting = 289*3.50

= Rs. 1011.5

**Q17) The length and breadth of a hall are in the ratio 4 : 3 and its height is 5.5 meters. The cost of decorating its walls (including doors and windows) at Rs 6.60 per square meter is Rs 5082. Find the length and breadth of the room.**

**Solution:**

Let the length be 4a and breadth be 3a

Height = 5.5m [Given]

As mentioned in the question, the cost of decorating 4 walls at the rate of Rs. 6.60 per m^{2} is Rs. 5082.

- Area of four walls * rate = Total cost of Painting
- 2(l+b)*h*6.6 = 5082
- 2(4a+3a)*5.5*6.6 = 5082
- 7a =
- 7a = 70
- a =
- a = 10

Length = 4a = 4*10 = 40m

Breadth = 3a = 3*10 = 30m

**Q18) A wooden bookshelf has external dimensions as follows: Height = 110 cm, Depth = 25 cm, Breadth = 85cm (See figure 18.5). The thickness of the plank is 5cm everywhere. The external faces are to be polished and the inner faces are to be painted. If the rate of polishing is 20 paise per cm ^{2}. Find the total expenses required for polishing and painting the surface of the bookshelf.**

**Solution:**

External length of book shelf = 85cm

Breadth = 25cm

Height = 110cm

External surface area of shelf while leaving front face of shelf

- lh+2(lb+bh)
- [85*110+2(85*25+25*110)]
- 19100 cm
^{2}

Area of Front face = [85*110 – 75*100+2(75*5)] cm^{2}

= 1850+750 cm^{2}

= 2600 cm^{2}

Area to be polished = 19100+2600 cm^{2}

= 21700 cm^{2}

Cost of polishing 1cm^{2} area = Rs. 0.20

Cost of polishing 21700cm^{2 }area = 21700*0.20

= Rs. 4340

Now, Length(l), breadth(b), height(h) of each row of book shelf is 75cm, 20cm and 30cm =respectively

Area to be painted in 1 row = 2(l+h)b+lh

- [2(75+30)*20+75*30)] cm
^{2} - (4200+2250) cm
^{2} - 6450 cm
^{2}

Area to be painted in 3 rows = 3*6450

= Rs. 19350 cm^{2}

Cost of painting 1cm^{2 }area = Rs. 0.10

Cost of painting 19350cm^{2} area = 19350*0.10

= Rs.1935

Total expense required for polishing and painting the surface of the bookshelf = 4340+1935

= Rs.6275

**Q19) The paint in a certain container is sufficient to paint on an area equal to 9.375 m ^{2}, How many bricks of dimension 22.5cm x 10cm x 7.5cm can be painted out of this container?**

**Solution:**

The paint in the container can paint the area,

A = 9.375 m^{2}

= 93750 cm^{2} [Since 1 m = 100 cm]

Dimensions of a single brick,

Length (l) = 22.5 cm

Breadth (b) = 10 cm

Height (h) = 7.5 cm

We need to find the number of bricks that can be painted.

Surface area of a brick

A’ = 2 (lb + bh + hl)

= 2 (22.5 * 10 + 10 * 7.5 + 7.5 * 22.5)

= 2 (225 + 75 + 168.75) = 937.50 cm^{2}

Number of bricks that can be painted =

= 100

Hence 100 bricks can be painted out of the container.

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